Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2012

 

Key Terms and Concepts for Section 2 1

Table characteristics

Age. Age classification is based on the age of the person at his or her last birthday as of March 2013. A married couple's age is defined as the age of the husband—unless he is under age 55 and the wife is 55 or older, in which case it is the age of the wife.

Aged unit. With age 55 as the cutoff, aged units are defined as married couples living together—at least one of whom is 55 or older—and nonmarried persons 55 or older.

Marital status. Married persons are married and living with their spouse. Nonmarried persons may be divorced, widowed, never married, separated, or married but living apart from their spouse.

Race. The categories White alone, Black alone, and Asian alone reflect respondents who reported only one race. Because of changes to the race category, data on race are not directly comparable to editions prior to 2002. A person's race is his or her reported race. A married couple's race is defined as the race of the husband.

Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. A married couple is of Hispanic origin if the husband is of Hispanic origin.

Family. A family is a group of two or more people (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; all such people (including related subfamily members) are considered as members of one family.

Social Security beneficiary. A beneficiary may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, or transitionally insured benefits.

Poverty. The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to detect who is poor. If a family's total income is less than that family's threshold, then that family, and every individual in it, is considered poor.

Per capita income. Per capita income is total family income divided by the number of persons in the family.

The ratio of Social Security income to total income. This ratio is defined as Social Security income divided by total income. Units and persons in families with less than $1 of total income or negative earnings or asset income are excluded from these tables.

Income sources

Earnings

Wages and salaries. Wages and salaries is defined as total money earnings received for work performed as an employee during the income year. It includes wages, salary, Armed Forces pay, commissions, tips, piece-rate payments, and cash bonuses earned, before deductions are made for taxes, bonds, pensions, union dues, and so forth. Earnings for self-employed persons in incorporated businesses are considered wage and salary.

Self-employment. Income from self-employment is the combined income from farm and nonfarm self-employment.

Retirement benefits

Social Security. Includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, and transitionally insured benefits.

Government employee pensions. Government employee pensions include regular payments from federal government (civil service), military, and state or local governments.

Private pensions and annuities. Private pensions and annuities include regular payments from companies or unions, annuities or paid-up insurance policies, individual retirement accounts (IRAs), Keogh, or 401(k) payments. Nonregular (nonannuitized or lump-sum) withdrawals from IRA, Keogh, and 401(k) plans are not included as income.

Asset income

Interest income. Interest includes payments people receive (or have credited to their accounts) from bonds, treasury notes, IRAs, certificates of deposit, interest-bearing savings and checking accounts, and all other investments that pay interest.

Dividends. Dividends include income people receive from stock holdings and mutual fund shares. The CPS does not include capital gains from the sale of stock holdings as income.

Rents, royalties, and estates and trusts. Include net income people receive from the rental of a house, store, or other property, receipts from boarders or lodgers, net royalty income, and periodic payments from estate or trust funds.

Other income

Unemployment compensation. Includes payments the respondent received from government unemployment agencies or private companies during periods of unemployment and any strike benefits the respondent received from union funds.

Workers' compensation. Includes payments people receive periodically from public or private insurance companies for injuries received at work.

Veterans' payments. Include payments disabled members of the armed forces or survivors of deceased veterans receive periodically from the Department of Veterans Affairs for education and on-the-job training, and means-tested assistance to veterans.

Personal contributions. Include child support, alimony, and financial assistance from friends and relatives.

Public Assistance—Cash benefits

Supplemental Security Income. Supplemental Security Income includes payments made by federal, State, and local welfare agencies to low-income persons who are aged (65 or older), blind, or disabled, and who have limited income and financial resources.

Other Public Assistance. Includes cash public assistance payments low-income people receive, such as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC, ADC), temporary assistance to needy families (TANF), general assistance, and emergency assistance.

Public Assistance—Noncash Benefits

Noncash benefits. Include SNAP benefits, energy assistance, and housing assistance. Receipt of noncash benefits is only reported in the section on the sources of income received. No dollar values are assigned to the noncash benefits in this publication, and they are not included in total money income. A person or aged unit is indicated as having received a noncash benefit if any person in the household received food, energy, or housing assistance.

Food. In this publication, food noncash benefits are comprised solely of SNAP benefits.

Energy. The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program provides financial assistance to qualified households to help them pay heating costs.

Housing. There are some programs through which housing assistance is provided to low-income families and individuals living in public or privately owned dwellings. Two of the more common types of programs in which federal, State, and local funds are used to subsidize private sector housing are rent supplement and interest reduction plans.

Notes

1 For more information, consult the Glossary for this report.

Tables

Income Sources of Aged Units Table 2.A1 Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status and age, 2012
Source of income Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
  All units
Earnings 79.0 66.5 28.3 49.7 30.6 19.8 8.5
Wages and salaries 75.2 62.2 25.5 45.5 27.4 17.1 7.5
Self-employment 10.5 9.3 4.9 8.6 5.6 3.6 1.3
Retirement benefits 22.9 49.7 88.9 81.2 91.5 92.4 93.0
Social Security 13.4 40.1 86.0 76.7 88.7 90.5 91.2
Benefits other than Social Security 12.6 23.9 39.4 37.7 40.9 41.7 38.8
Other public pensions 6.1 10.9 14.8 15.8 14.6 15.5 13.6
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Government employee pensions 6.0 10.7 14.4 15.4 14.1 15.2 13.1
Military 1.2 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.3 2.2 1.7
Federal 1.3 2.5 3.7 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.6
State or local 3.6 7.1 9.4 10.3 9.8 9.5 8.1
Private pensions or annuities 6.7 13.9 26.8 24.1 29.0 28.6 26.9
Income from assets 49.6 50.7 51.3 53.0 52.4 50.4 49.3
Interest 45.9 47.5 47.9 49.5 49.3 47.3 45.7
Other income from assets 24.8 24.8 23.7 25.5 25.5 22.1 21.4
Dividends 19.9 19.8 18.9 20.5 20.5 17.4 16.7
Rent or royalties 8.7 8.7 8.6 9.3 9.1 7.9 7.8
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3
Veterans' benefits 2.4 5.1 4.2 4.7 3.4 4.0 4.6
Unemployment compensation 6.6 5.6 1.7 3.1 1.8 1.3 0.4
Workers' compensation 1.3 1.1 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 15.1 14.6 13.1 12.5 12.8 13.8 13.5
Cash public assistance 6.0 5.2 3.6 4.0 3.9 3.3 3.2
Supplemental Security Income 5.4 4.8 3.3 3.6 3.5 2.9 3.1
Other 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.2
Noncash benefits 12.8 11.9 11.6 11.0 11.1 12.8 11.9
Food 10.4 9.0 7.3 7.7 7.9 7.4 6.4
Energy 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.1 4.2 3.1
Housing 3.7 3.4 4.3 3.3 3.7 5.5 5.1
Personal contributions 2.0 1.3 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Number (thousands) 20,433 6,971 32,667 10,178 7,372 5,593 9,524
  Married couples
Earnings 92.2 81.1 43.2 64.8 41.0 29.7 16.7
Wages and salaries 89.0 77.3 38.9 59.7 36.7 25.4 14.2
Self-employment 14.2 12.2 8.7 12.9 8.8 6.3 2.9
Retirement benefits 23.5 52.5 89.5 82.6 92.5 94.9 93.8
Social Security 12.7 41.6 86.6 77.9 90.1 93.1 92.4
Benefits other than Social Security 14.7 27.9 47.3 43.9 48.0 50.9 49.9
Other public pensions 7.4 13.1 18.8 19.7 16.9 19.2 19.3
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8
Government employee pensions 7.4 12.8 18.2 19.1 16.3 18.7 18.5
Military 1.9 2.7 2.2 2.2 1.5 3.1 2.5
Federal 1.2 2.6 5.0 4.8 4.4 5.5 5.5
State or local 4.5 8.4 11.7 12.7 11.0 11.0 11.2
Private pensions or annuities 7.6 16.1 32.4 27.8 35.2 35.8 34.2
Income from assets 61.6 60.7 63.2 64.5 63.4 61.8 61.9
Interest 57.3 57.4 59.3 60.2 59.9 57.9 58.1
Other income from assets 32.7 31.6 32.3 33.0 33.3 32.0 29.8
Dividends 26.4 25.4 25.9 26.4 27.7 25.3 22.9
Rent or royalties 11.3 11.3 11.9 12.7 11.3 12.2 10.8
Estates or trusts 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.2
Veterans' benefits 2.7 6.1 5.6 6.1 4.2 5.3 6.8
Unemployment compensation 7.8 7.4 2.4 3.8 2.1 1.7 0.7
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.3 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.2 7.0 6.2 5.3 6.6 7.7 6.3
Cash public assistance 3.1 3.3 2.1 1.9 2.4 2.1 2.0
Supplemental Security Income 2.5 2.9 1.9 1.6 2.2 1.9 1.9
Other 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.0
Noncash benefits 5.3 4.8 5.1 3.9 5.1 7.1 5.3
Food 4.5 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.6 3.9 3.1
Energy 1.0 1.6 1.5 1.1 1.7 2.1 1.5
Housing 0.7 0.6 1.2 0.4 0.9 2.8 1.9
Personal contributions 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5
Number (thousands) 10,397 3,374 13,898 5,170 3,611 2,441 2,676
  Nonmarried persons
Earnings 65.4 52.7 17.2 34.1 20.7 12.1 5.3
Wages and salaries 60.9 48.1 15.5 30.9 18.6 10.7 4.8
Self-employment 6.7 6.6 2.1 4.2 2.5 1.5 0.6
Retirement benefits 22.2 47.0 88.4 79.7 90.4 90.4 92.7
Social Security 14.0 38.7 85.6 75.5 87.4 88.5 90.7
Benefits other than Social Security 10.4 20.2 33.6 31.4 34.0 34.6 34.4
Other public pensions 4.7 8.9 11.9 11.8 12.3 12.6 11.3
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4
Government employee pensions 4.5 8.7 11.6 11.7 12.1 12.5 10.9
Military 0.6 0.7 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.4
Federal 1.3 2.4 2.8 2.8 2.6 3.1 2.9
State or local 2.6 5.9 7.7 7.8 8.7 8.4 6.9
Private pensions or annuities 5.8 11.8 22.6 20.2 23.1 23.0 24.0
Income from assets 37.3 41.4 42.5 41.1 41.8 41.5 44.3
Interest 34.1 38.1 39.5 38.4 39.1 39.1 40.8
Other income from assets 16.7 18.3 17.4 17.7 18.0 14.4 18.1
Dividends 13.2 14.6 13.7 14.4 13.5 11.3 14.3
Rent or royalties 6.0 6.2 6.1 5.7 7.1 4.6 6.6
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.4
Veterans' benefits 2.0 4.2 3.2 3.3 2.5 3.0 3.7
Unemployment compensation 5.3 4.0 1.2 2.4 1.5 1.1 0.3
Workers' compensation 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 23.2 21.6 18.2 20.0 18.8 18.5 16.3
Cash public assistance 9.0 7.0 4.7 6.0 5.3 4.1 3.7
Supplemental Security Income 8.4 6.5 4.3 5.6 4.8 3.7 3.5
Other 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.2
Noncash benefits 20.6 18.5 16.4 18.3 16.8 17.1 14.5
Food 16.4 14.3 10.2 12.4 12.1 10.1 7.7
Energy 5.6 5.0 4.8 6.1 4.4 5.7 3.7
Housing 6.9 6.1 6.6 6.3 6.4 7.6 6.4
Personal contributions 3.0 2.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Number (thousands) 10,036 3,597 18,769 5,008 3,761 3,152 6,847
Income Sources of Aged Units Table 2.A2 Percentage with income from specified source, by Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, and age, 2012
Source of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  Beneficiary units
Earnings 40.0 44.7 24.5 70.1 66.2 38.8 11.9 23.1 13.8
Wages and salaries 37.8 41.6 21.7 66.7 62.8 34.4 10.7 20.3 12.2
Self-employment 4.1 5.4 4.7 6.7 7.1 8.2 1.6 3.6 2.0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 23.2 35.9 42.5 31.1 40.9 51.3 15.8 30.8 35.9
Other public pensions 8.4 13.8 15.3 12.0 17.0 19.8 5.1 10.7 11.9
Railroad Retirement 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.1
Government employee pensions 8.4 13.7 15.0 12.0 16.8 19.3 5.0 10.7 11.8
Military 1.2 2.1 1.8 1.4 3.3 2.3 0.9 0.9 1.4
Federal 1.5 2.9 3.7 1.2 3.1 5.0 1.7 2.7 2.7
State or local 5.8 9.5 10.0 9.5 11.6 12.8 2.4 7.4 8.0
Private pensions or annuities 15.3 23.5 29.6 20.2 26.2 35.7 10.8 20.8 25.0
Income from assets 33.2 47.0 53.1 46.0 58.5 64.6 21.1 35.5 44.4
Interest 29.8 43.4 49.5 41.5 55.2 60.3 18.7 31.6 41.3
Other income from assets 13.7 21.9 24.3 22.0 28.7 32.8 5.9 15.0 17.9
Dividends 8.7 16.2 19.2 14.9 22.8 26.1 2.9 9.5 14.0
Rent or royalties 6.7 9.3 8.9 10.3 11.9 12.1 3.3 6.7 6.5
Estates or trusts 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.3
Veterans' benefits 3.8 7.5 4.5 4.1 8.2 6.0 3.5 6.7 3.4
Unemployment compensation 5.3 4.9 1.6 9.0 7.0 2.3 1.8 2.8 1.1
Workers' compensation 2.4 1.1 0.5 4.0 1.3 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 30.3 17.7 12.1 15.1 7.7 5.5 44.6 27.9 17.1
Cash public assistance 9.0 4.0 2.1 5.9 3.1 1.4 12.0 4.9 2.7
Supplemental Security Income 8.0 3.7 1.9 4.7 2.7 1.2 11.0 4.6 2.4
Other 1.4 0.5 0.3 1.2 0.5 0.2 1.6 0.4 0.4
Noncash benefits 27.3 15.6 11.2 11.6 5.3 4.6 42.1 26.0 16.1
Food 21.0 11.8 6.7 9.6 3.6 3.0 31.8 20.1 9.6
Energy 8.1 4.5 3.6 3.8 1.8 1.5 12.2 7.1 5.1
Housing 9.6 5.0 4.2 1.7 0.6 1.0 16.9 9.6 6.5
Personal contributions 2.1 1.0 0.8 1.4 0.6 0.5 2.7 1.4 1.0
Number (thousands) 2,732 2,797 28,096 1,323 1,404 12,030 1,410 1,393 16,066
  Nonbeneficiary units
Earnings 85.0 81.0 51.4 95.4 91.8 71.7 74.1 71.4 37.4
Wages and salaries 80.9 76.0 48.8 92.2 87.5 68.2 69.1 65.7 35.3
Self-employment 11.5 11.9 6.5 15.3 15.8 12.1 7.5 8.4 2.7
Retirement benefits 11.0 15.9 20.4 12.4 18.7 21.9 9.5 13.5 19.4
Social Security 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Benefits other than Social Security 11.0 15.9 20.4 12.4 18.7 21.9 9.5 13.5 19.4
Other public pensions 5.7 9.0 12.0 6.8 10.4 12.5 4.6 7.7 11.6
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.4 1.5 0.1 0.5 2.0 0.2 0.2 1.1
Government employee pensions 5.6 8.7 10.6 6.7 10.0 10.7 4.4 7.5 10.5
Military 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.9 2.2 1.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Federal 1.2 2.2 4.2 1.2 2.2 4.8 1.2 2.2 3.9
State or local 3.3 5.5 5.5 3.8 6.1 4.4 2.7 4.9 6.3
Private pensions or annuities 5.4 7.5 9.5 5.8 8.9 10.7 5.0 6.2 8.6
Income from assets 52.2 53.2 40.7 63.9 62.2 54.8 39.9 45.2 30.9
Interest 48.4 50.2 38.5 59.6 59.0 52.7 36.7 42.2 28.8
Other income from assets 26.6 26.7 19.9 34.3 33.7 28.7 18.5 20.5 13.9
Dividends 21.6 22.2 16.8 28.1 27.1 24.4 14.9 17.8 11.5
Rent or royalties 9.0 8.3 6.6 11.5 10.9 10.4 6.4 5.9 4.0
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.0
Veterans' benefits 2.2 3.5 2.8 2.5 4.6 3.2 1.8 2.6 2.5
Unemployment compensation 6.8 6.1 2.5 7.7 7.7 2.9 5.9 4.7 2.2
Workers' compensation 1.2 1.1 0.4 1.5 1.4 0.3 0.8 0.7 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 12.7 12.5 19.3 6.1 6.6 11.2 19.7 17.7 24.8
Cash public assistance 5.5 6.0 12.5 2.7 3.5 6.7 8.5 8.3 16.5
Supplemental Security Income 5.0 5.5 11.8 2.2 3.1 6.1 7.9 7.7 15.7
Other 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9
Noncash benefits 10.5 9.4 14.1 4.3 4.4 7.9 17.1 13.8 18.3
Food 8.7 7.1 10.8 3.8 3.2 6.0 13.9 10.6 14.1
Energy 2.5 2.6 2.5 0.6 1.4 1.4 4.5 3.6 3.2
Housing 2.8 2.3 5.2 0.6 0.6 2.6 5.2 3.9 6.9
Personal contributions 2.0 1.5 1.4 1.1 0.4 0.7 3.0 2.5 1.9
Number (thousands) 17,701 4,174 4,571 9,074 1,970 1,868 8,627 2,204 2,703
Income Sources of Aged Units Table 2.A3 Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2012
Source of income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  All units
Earnings 81.2 69.0 28.8 65.4 49.5 23.8 85.0 73.0 28.8 75.6 55.1 25.5
Wages and salaries 77.2 64.4 25.9 62.7 48.2 22.4 78.3 66.7 25.6 71.2 51.5 23.4
Self-employment 11.2 10.2 5.2 5.6 3.5 2.1 12.8 10.1 4.8 8.6 5.6 3.4
Retirement benefits 23.1 51.0 90.4 24.7 48.7 83.1 9.3 28.6 71.1 16.5 43.5 77.1
Social Security 13.2 41.3 87.6 16.8 39.1 79.3 4.0 20.5 68.7 11.2 38.7 74.8
Benefits other than Social Security 13.1 25.1 41.1 11.0 21.6 33.1 6.8 11.7 21.4 6.9 12.0 19.4
Other public pensions 6.3 11.2 15.3 5.2 11.2 13.5 3.9 4.7 8.0 3.2 3.8 6.7
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2
Government employee pensions 6.1 11.0 14.8 5.0 11.2 13.2 3.9 4.7 7.9 3.2 3.7 6.4
Military 1.2 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.2 0.3 1.3 0.6 0.2 0.3
Federal 1.2 2.3 3.8 1.5 3.5 3.9 0.7 2.2 2.1 0.7 1.0 2.1
State or local 3.9 7.4 9.8 2.2 6.8 8.1 2.2 2.2 4.9 2.0 2.7 4.1
Private pensions or annuities 7.1 14.8 28.2 5.8 11.0 21.5 3.0 7.2 14.7 3.7 8.5 13.5
Income from assets 54.1 55.9 55.3 24.6 22.9 25.9 48.0 38.9 37.9 24.8 24.1 24.8
Interest 50.1 52.4 51.7 21.9 20.8 23.9 45.0 36.4 35.7 22.1 21.0 21.9
Other income from assets 27.5 27.7 26.1 9.7 10.0 8.0 24.5 14.4 17.1 9.3 9.5 8.5
Dividends 22.3 22.4 20.9 6.9 6.8 5.1 18.5 11.4 14.6 6.1 6.7 5.0
Rent or royalties 9.5 9.5 9.3 3.7 4.7 4.1 10.9 4.8 5.0 4.2 3.8 4.9
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0
Veterans' benefits 2.3 5.4 4.3 3.3 4.1 4.6 0.6 1.8 1.8 1.5 3.0 2.9
Unemployment compensation 6.6 6.0 1.6 6.9 3.9 2.3 6.0 4.0 1.5 5.8 5.0 1.6
Workers' compensation 1.3 1.0 0.5 1.3 0.5 0.4 1.5 2.2 0.2 1.3 0.7 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 12.5 12.0 11.0 30.6 29.4 26.2 10.9 14.7 19.5 21.3 30.9 27.2
Cash public assistance 5.0 4.3 2.7 12.2 10.2 7.8 2.7 5.3 11.8 7.4 13.6 9.9
Supplemental Security Income 4.5 3.9 2.4 11.1 9.7 7.1 2.3 5.3 11.1 6.3 12.9 9.5
Other 0.7 0.4 0.3 1.3 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.0 0.8 1.1 1.2 0.4
Noncash benefits 10.3 9.5 9.9 27.6 25.7 24.0 9.4 11.5 12.7 19.5 22.6 23.2
Food 8.4 7.1 6.1 22.7 20.6 16.5 6.7 7.5 7.5 15.8 18.2 17.3
Energy 2.8 2.7 3.0 6.2 6.7 6.2 1.4 4.2 2.8 3.6 5.3 5.1
Housing 2.6 2.5 3.4 10.4 9.4 10.1 2.9 4.4 6.4 5.4 6.1 8.3
Personal contributions 2.0 1.5 0.9 2.2 0.3 1.0 1.9 1.2 0.7 1.5 1.3 1.6
Number (thousands) 16,512 5,689 27,582 2,618 843 3,304 814 314 1,227 2,246 621 2,512
  Married couples
Earnings 92.7 81.7 43.1 87.4 72.2 43.2 91.9 87.6 44.9 90.5 75.9 41.7
Wages and salaries 89.5 77.7 38.8 85.4 70.5 40.0 86.6 81.8 39.6 85.7 72.4 38.1
Self-employment 14.7 12.9 8.9 8.9 5.5 5.7 14.7 10.9 8.3 13.0 8.1 6.8
Retirement benefits 23.8 53.7 90.7 26.7 55.6 85.4 8.7 31.3 71.7 16.8 40.2 83.3
Social Security 12.9 43.1 87.8 14.5 39.4 82.4 3.8 21.9 69.4 10.8 34.5 80.6
Benefits other than Social Security 15.0 28.5 48.8 16.2 32.5 42.1 6.3 14.4 26.1 7.9 12.3 24.7
Other public pensions 7.5 13.6 19.2 7.7 14.0 18.2 3.8 6.0 9.2 4.4 3.5 9.8
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3
Government employee pensions 7.4 13.2 18.6 7.7 14.0 17.7 3.8 6.0 8.9 4.4 3.2 9.5
Military 1.7 2.7 2.1 3.5 4.4 3.1 1.5 0.5 1.7 1.2 0.0 0.3
Federal 1.2 2.5 5.1 1.3 2.9 4.9 1.1 2.6 2.7 0.8 1.2 3.9
State or local 4.8 8.8 12.1 3.0 7.9 10.6 1.6 2.9 5.4 2.5 2.0 5.5
Private pensions or annuities 7.8 16.3 33.4 8.6 20.2 29.4 2.5 8.6 18.8 3.5 9.3 16.4
Income from assets 64.2 64.4 66.3 36.6 30.4 35.4 60.6 48.6 48.9 33.9 31.8 34.0
Interest 59.9 60.9 62.2 31.9 27.4 32.2 58.0 46.6 46.0 30.3 27.6 30.2
Other income from assets 34.4 33.9 34.3 17.0 17.3 13.7 29.5 17.5 24.0 13.9 13.1 13.3
Dividends 28.1 27.4 27.6 12.1 12.2 9.0 22.0 13.0 21.2 8.8 8.4 8.0
Rent or royalties 11.7 12.0 12.5 7.0 7.2 7.0 12.9 6.1 7.5 6.9 6.4 7.5
Estates or trusts 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0
Veterans' benefits 2.5 6.5 5.6 5.6 3.9 6.9 1.1 2.1 1.9 1.7 2.7 5.5
Unemployment compensation 7.6 7.6 2.3 10.1 5.8 3.7 6.5 6.5 2.4 9.1 6.0 1.7
Workers' compensation 1.9 1.2 0.7 1.1 0.3 1.0 2.1 3.7 0.4 2.4 1.5 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.1 5.8 5.3 16.0 13.8 11.9 8.5 12.5 17.0 13.6 18.8 17.3
Cash public assistance 2.7 2.8 1.6 7.4 6.0 3.5 1.9 4.5 10.5 3.8 9.9 5.9
Supplemental Security Income 2.2 2.4 1.5 6.2 5.5 3.1 1.2 4.5 9.6 3.5 9.4 5.6
Other 0.6 0.4 0.2 1.2 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.0 0.8 0.3 1.1 0.4
Noncash benefits 4.2 3.6 4.4 12.8 11.0 10.0 7.7 11.3 11.8 12.2 13.0 14.5
Food 3.7 2.6 2.9 10.9 7.7 7.3 6.0 5.7 7.7 10.2 10.5 10.6
Energy 0.7 1.0 1.4 3.0 3.5 2.5 1.1 6.1 2.3 3.1 3.4 2.5
Housing 0.4 0.3 0.9 2.5 1.5 2.4 2.1 3.8 5.6 1.3 1.7 4.5
Personal contributions 1.0 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.0 0.5 1.2 0.9 0.3 0.8 0.0 1.5
Number (thousands) 8,900 2,892 12,205 804 250 923 478 184 581 997 252 969
  Nonmarried persons
Earnings 67.6 55.8 17.5 55.6 39.9 16.2 75.1 52.2 14.4 63.8 40.8 15.3
Wages and salaries 62.9 50.5 15.6 52.6 38.8 15.6 66.7 45.0 13.1 59.6 37.2 14.2
Self-employment 7.2 7.3 2.3 4.1 2.6 0.7 10.1 8.9 1.7 5.1 3.8 1.3
Retirement benefits 22.3 48.1 90.2 23.8 45.8 82.3 10.2 24.6 70.5 16.2 45.7 73.2
Social Security 13.5 39.4 87.6 17.8 38.9 78.1 4.3 18.5 68.0 11.5 41.6 71.2
Benefits other than Social Security 10.9 21.5 35.0 8.6 17.0 29.6 7.5 7.9 17.2 6.1 11.8 16.2
Other public pensions 4.8 8.8 12.1 4.0 10.0 11.7 3.9 2.7 7.0 2.3 3.9 4.7
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2
Government employee pensions 4.6 8.7 11.8 3.8 10.0 11.5 3.9 2.7 7.0 2.3 3.9 4.5
Military 0.6 0.9 1.4 0.6 0.0 0.9 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.1 0.4 0.3
Federal 1.2 2.1 2.8 1.5 3.8 3.6 0.1 1.5 1.6 0.6 0.8 1.0
State or local 2.8 5.9 8.0 1.8 6.4 7.1 3.0 1.2 4.5 1.6 3.2 3.3
Private pensions or annuities 6.2 13.4 24.0 4.6 7.2 18.5 3.6 5.2 11.0 3.8 7.9 11.7
Income from assets 42.3 47.2 46.6 19.3 19.8 22.3 30.1 25.2 28.1 17.5 18.9 19.0
Interest 38.8 43.5 43.4 17.5 18.1 20.7 26.5 21.8 26.4 15.5 16.5 16.6
Other income from assets 19.5 21.4 19.6 6.4 6.9 5.8 17.4 10.0 10.9 5.6 7.1 5.4
Dividends 15.5 17.2 15.6 4.5 4.5 3.6 13.5 9.0 8.7 3.9 5.6 3.1
Rent or royalties 7.0 7.0 6.8 2.3 3.7 2.9 8.2 3.0 2.7 2.2 2.0 3.2
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Veterans' benefits 2.0 4.2 3.2 2.2 4.1 3.7 0.0 1.4 1.7 1.3 3.1 1.2
Unemployment compensation 5.3 4.3 1.1 5.5 3.0 1.8 5.3 0.3 0.8 3.2 4.2 1.5
Workers' compensation 0.6 0.8 0.4 1.4 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 19.9 18.4 15.6 37.0 36.0 31.8 14.2 17.9 21.8 27.5 39.1 33.4
Cash public assistance 7.7 5.8 3.5 14.3 11.9 9.5 3.9 6.5 12.9 10.2 16.1 12.4
Supplemental Security Income 7.1 5.4 3.2 13.3 11.5 8.6 3.9 6.5 12.5 8.6 15.3 11.9
Other 0.8 0.5 0.3 1.3 0.8 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.7 1.3 0.5
Noncash benefits 17.5 15.6 14.2 34.2 31.9 29.4 11.8 11.9 13.5 25.4 29.2 28.6
Food 13.9 11.7 8.6 28.0 26.0 20.1 7.7 9.9 7.4 20.3 23.5 21.6
Energy 5.2 4.4 4.3 7.6 8.1 7.6 1.8 1.4 3.3 4.1 6.7 6.7
Housing 5.2 4.8 5.4 13.9 12.7 13.1 4.1 5.4 7.1 8.7 9.2 10.6
Personal contributions 3.0 2.5 1.1 2.7 0.5 1.1 2.9 1.7 1.2 2.0 2.2 1.7
Number (thousands) 7,612 2,796 15,377 1,813 593 2,380 336 129 646 1,249 369 1,542
Income Sources of Aged Units Table 2.A4 Percentage with income from specified source, by Social Security beneficiary status, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2012
Source of income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  Beneficiary units
Earnings 43.9 47.5 25.1 22.2 26.5 18.8 a a 26.0 31.1 32.8 21.0
Wages and salaries 41.4 44.2 22.2 21.2 24.3 17.4 a a 22.4 31.1 29.4 19.1
Self-employment 4.8 5.5 4.9 1.0 4.2 2.1 a a 5.5 0.0 4.6 2.8
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 a a 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 a a 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 24.2 37.3 43.8 18.2 30.7 36.9 a a 27.7 14.5 18.8 23.0
Other public pensions 9.0 13.9 15.5 5.7 14.2 14.2 a a 9.6 4.3 4.4 7.9
Railroad Retirement 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2 a a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Government employee pensions 8.9 13.8 15.3 5.7 14.1 14.0 a a 9.6 4.3 4.4 7.8
Military 1.1 2.3 1.8 1.0 0.8 1.7 a a 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.4
Federal 1.6 2.8 3.7 1.4 4.0 3.9 a a 2.6 0.6 1.4 2.3
State or local 6.3 9.5 10.3 3.5 9.9 8.7 a a 5.8 3.7 3.7 5.2
Private pensions or annuities 15.8 25.2 30.6 12.8 16.6 25.0 a a 19.9 10.2 14.4 16.0
Income from assets 36.5 51.0 56.5 14.6 22.5 27.2 a a 44.5 19.8 23.7 27.7
Interest 32.8 47.3 52.7 12.0 19.9 25.0 a a 41.3 17.5 18.9 24.5
Other income from assets 15.1 24.1 26.4 6.5 8.6 8.3 a a 20.8 6.4 8.8 9.2
Dividends 9.6 18.3 21.0 3.8 3.2 5.1 a a 17.4 3.3 5.3 5.2
Rent or royalties 7.4 9.9 9.5 3.2 6.1 4.2 a a 6.2 3.4 4.3 5.2
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 a a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Veterans' benefits 4.0 7.9 4.4 2.9 6.1 5.2 a a 2.6 3.7 4.0 3.2
Unemployment compensation 5.4 5.2 1.6 5.0 2.2 1.8 a a 1.6 5.2 4.1 1.6
Workers' compensation 2.7 1.2 0.6 1.6 0.1 0.4 a a 0.3 3.7 0.7 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 26.9 15.0 10.4 45.6 34.7 25.5 a a 13.5 38.4 33.5 26.0
Cash public assistance 8.2 3.4 1.6 12.7 8.6 5.6 a a 4.9 12.9 13.3 7.4
Supplemental Security Income 7.2 3.1 1.5 11.4 7.9 4.9 a a 4.5 11.3 12.7 7.1
Other 1.5 0.4 0.2 1.3 0.7 0.9 a a 0.4 1.6 2.0 0.4
Noncash benefits 24.1 13.0 9.6 43.4 31.1 24.1 a a 10.5 32.8 26.8 22.6
Food 18.3 9.8 5.6 34.3 24.2 16.2 a a 5.8 24.1 20.9 16.7
Energy 7.8 3.7 3.2 10.4 9.4 6.2 a a 2.9 10.1 6.7 5.7
Housing 7.5 3.7 3.3 19.9 13.6 10.6 a a 5.9 12.3 9.6 8.5
Personal contributions 1.9 1.0 0.8 2.8 0.8 1.0 a a 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.3
Number (thousands) 2,176 2,349 24,175 439 329 2,620 32 64 842 252 240 1,880
  Nonbeneficiary units
Earnings 86.8 84.1 54.9 74.1 64.2 42.8 86.2 79.6 35.1 81.3 69.1 38.9
Wages and salaries 82.7 78.6 51.8 71.1 63.6 41.8 79.5 72.1 32.6 76.3 65.5 36.3
Self-employment 12.2 13.5 7.6 6.5 3.0 2.3 13.1 10.5 3.3 9.7 6.2 5.1
Retirement benefits 11.4 16.5 22.6 9.5 15.8 18.5 5.6 10.1 7.7 5.9 7.7 9.0
Social Security 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Benefits other than Social Security 11.4 16.5 22.6 9.5 15.8 18.5 5.6 10.1 7.7 5.9 7.7 9.0
Other public pensions 5.9 9.4 13.2 5.1 9.3 10.7 3.6 3.8 4.5 3.1 3.4 3.0
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.5 1.8 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.5
Government employee pensions 5.7 9.0 11.6 4.9 9.3 10.2 3.6 3.8 4.0 3.1 3.2 2.5
Military 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.0 0.9 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.0
Federal 1.2 1.9 4.7 1.5 3.3 3.9 0.7 2.7 1.0 0.7 0.7 1.4
State or local 3.5 5.9 5.9 1.9 4.9 5.6 2.2 0.9 3.0 1.8 2.1 1.1
Private pensions or annuities 5.7 7.6 10.6 4.4 7.5 8.3 2.0 6.3 3.3 2.9 4.7 6.2
Income from assets 56.8 59.4 46.9 26.7 23.2 20.9 47.5 39.1 23.6 25.4 24.4 16.1
Interest 52.8 55.9 44.5 23.9 21.4 19.9 44.3 38.0 23.3 22.6 22.4 13.9
Other income from assets 29.4 30.3 23.9 10.3 10.9 7.1 24.4 14.9 8.9 9.7 10.0 6.4
Dividends 24.2 25.3 20.3 7.5 9.0 5.1 18.3 12.0 8.6 6.4 7.6 4.2
Rent or royalties 9.9 9.3 7.8 3.8 3.8 3.4 10.7 4.4 2.3 4.4 3.5 3.8
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0
Veterans' benefits 2.0 3.6 3.3 3.3 2.8 2.2 0.6 2.3 0.0 1.2 2.3 2.0
Unemployment compensation 6.7 6.5 2.2 7.3 5.0 4.1 6.0 3.4 1.4 5.9 5.5 1.7
Workers' compensation 1.1 0.9 0.5 1.3 0.8 0.6 1.5 2.7 0.0 1.1 0.7 0.0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 10.3 9.9 15.7 27.6 26.0 28.8 10.7 12.2 32.8 19.2 29.2 30.9
Cash public assistance 4.5 4.9 10.1 12.1 11.2 16.1 2.5 6.6 26.8 6.7 13.8 17.3
Supplemental Security Income 4.1 4.5 9.4 11.1 10.9 15.5 2.1 6.6 25.6 5.7 13.0 16.6
Other 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.3 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.0 1.7 1.0 0.8 0.7
Noncash benefits 8.3 7.0 11.6 24.4 22.3 23.5 9.3 8.2 17.6 17.8 20.0 24.8
Food 6.9 5.1 9.1 20.4 18.2 18.0 6.8 4.9 11.3 14.8 16.5 19.4
Energy 2.0 2.0 1.7 5.3 5.0 6.3 1.4 3.9 2.8 2.8 4.5 3.1
Housing 1.9 1.7 4.2 8.5 6.6 8.3 2.7 2.5 7.6 4.6 3.9 7.6
Personal contributions 2.0 1.8 1.7 2.1 0.0 0.7 2.0 0.7 0.2 1.7 2.1 2.5
Number (thousands) 14,336 3,339 3,407 2,179 514 683 782 249 385 1,994 380 632
a. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
Income Sources of Aged Units Table 2.A5 Percentage distribution of units with number and type of retirement benefits, by marital status, age, and receipt of earnings and income from assets, 2012
Retirement benefits Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total Earnings Income from assets Total Earnings Income from assets Total Earnings Income from assets
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
  All units
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No benefit 77.1 84.4 49.8 78.0 76.2 50.3 62.7 25.7 50.0 50.7 11.1 21.9 6.9 7.6 14.8
One benefit type 19.7 13.8 41.8 18.5 20.9 34.9 27.5 49.7 31.5 38.5 52.1 47.0 54.2 44.4 60.3
Social Security only 10.3 5.0 29.9 5.6 14.9 25.7 17.6 41.9 19.1 32.6 49.4 43.7 51.7 41.2 58.1
Private pension or annuity only 4.6 4.1 6.1 6.1 3.1 4.2 4.4 3.8 5.6 2.7 1.2 1.6 1.0 1.3 1.0
Government employee pension only 4.7 4.5 5.4 6.6 2.8 4.9 5.4 3.7 6.5 3.1 1.3 1.6 1.3 1.7 1.0
Railroad Retirement only 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Two benefit types 3.1 1.8 8.2 3.5 2.8 14.1 9.7 22.9 17.6 10.5 34.7 29.7 36.6 44.7 24.1
Social Security and federal pension only 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.3 2.0 0.8 0.9 2.6 2.4 2.6 3.0 2.1
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state, local, or military pension only 0.9 0.5 2.2 1.0 0.7 3.9 3.2 5.3 5.2 2.7 8.2 7.7 8.5 11.0 5.4
Social Security and private pension only 2.0 1.1 5.3 2.0 1.9 8.8 5.7 15.0 11.1 6.5 23.4 19.0 25.1 30.0 16.5
Other combination 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.1
Three or more benefit types 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.1 1.6 1.0 0.3 2.1 1.4 2.3 3.3 0.8
Number (thousands) 20,433 16,148 4,285 10,144 10,288 6,971 4,633 2,338 3,538 3,433 32,667 9,234 23,433 16,765 15,902
  Married couples
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No benefit 76.5 79.9 35.5 77.5 74.8 47.5 54.3 17.9 47.0 48.1 10.5 18.6 4.4 8.4 14.2
One benefit type 19.4 17.2 44.8 18.4 20.9 35.1 32.7 45.5 33.0 38.3 44.9 45.9 44.1 39.7 53.9
Social Security only 8.8 7.0 29.6 5.7 13.7 24.6 21.4 38.2 20.8 30.5 42.2 42.5 41.9 36.7 51.6
Private pension or annuity only 4.9 4.6 7.9 5.8 3.4 4.9 5.1 3.9 5.7 3.6 1.3 1.7 0.9 1.4 1.0
Government employee pension only 5.7 5.5 7.0 6.8 3.9 5.4 6.1 2.6 6.2 4.2 1.3 1.6 1.0 1.4 1.1
Railroad Retirement only 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
Two benefit types 4.0 2.7 18.8 3.9 4.1 16.4 12.8 32.1 18.7 12.9 40.9 33.8 46.3 47.2 30.1
Social Security and federal pension only 0.1 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.2 0.8 0.3 3.3 0.5 1.4 3.3 2.8 3.7 3.5 3.0
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state, local, or military pension only 1.3 0.8 6.5 1.2 1.3 5.0 4.3 8.1 6.3 2.9 9.6 8.8 10.3 11.2 6.9
Social Security and private pension only 2.4 1.7 10.8 2.4 2.5 10.0 7.6 19.9 11.1 8.2 27.3 21.3 31.9 31.6 20.0
Other combination 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.2
Three or more benefit types 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.1 1.0 0.2 4.5 1.2 0.6 3.7 1.7 5.2 4.7 1.8
Number (thousands) 10,397 9,585 811 6,403 3,994 3,374 2,737 637 2,048 1,326 13,898 6,002 7,896 8,790 5,108
  Nonmarried persons
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No benefit 77.8 90.8 53.1 78.8 77.2 53.0 74.9 28.7 54.0 52.3 11.6 27.9 8.2 6.9 15.1
One benefit type 20.0 8.8 41.1 18.5 20.8 34.8 19.9 51.3 29.4 38.6 57.5 49.1 59.3 49.6 63.3
Social Security only 11.8 2.2 30.0 5.3 15.7 26.8 12.0 43.3 16.8 33.9 54.8 45.9 56.7 46.3 61.2
Private pension or annuity only 4.2 3.4 5.7 6.5 2.9 3.5 3.3 3.7 5.5 2.2 1.1 1.6 1.0 1.3 1.0
Government employee pension only 3.8 3.1 5.0 6.4 2.2 4.3 4.5 4.2 7.0 2.5 1.4 1.6 1.4 2.0 1.0
Railroad Retirement only 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1
Two benefit types 2.3 0.4 5.8 2.7 2.0 11.9 5.2 19.4 16.0 9.0 30.0 22.1 31.6 41.9 21.2
Social Security and federal pension only 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.8 0.3 1.5 1.2 0.6 2.0 1.6 2.1 2.4 1.7
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state, local, or military pension only 0.5 0.1 1.3 0.7 0.4 2.9 1.7 4.3 3.6 2.5 7.2 5.5 7.6 10.7 4.6
Social Security and private pension only 1.5 0.2 4.0 1.5 1.5 7.8 3.0 13.1 11.0 5.5 20.5 14.7 21.7 28.3 14.8
Other combination 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.1
Three or more benefit types 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.6 0.3
Number (thousands) 10,036 6,562 3,474 3,742 6,295 3,597 1,895 1,701 1,490 2,107 18,769 3,232 15,537 7,975 10,794
Income Sources of Units 65 or Older Table 2.A6 Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status and quintile of total money income, 2012
Source of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Earnings 4.8 8.9 20.6 39.4 67.6 13.6 21.5 42.4 60.9 77.6 3.8 5.1 9.1 22.6 45.3
Wages and salaries 3.6 7.7 18.6 35.8 61.6 11.2 19.3 38.1 56.0 70.0 3.1 3.7 8.3 20.5 41.7
Self-employment 1.3 1.3 2.8 5.7 13.6 2.9 3.6 7.7 11.1 18.3 0.7 1.4 0.8 2.6 5.0
Retirement benefits 75.2 96.0 94.8 91.9 86.5 82.8 96.2 93.8 91.0 83.8 67.1 97.0 96.9 94.1 86.6
Social Security 73.2 94.3 92.5 88.6 81.4 80.3 94.3 91.8 87.9 78.5 65.0 95.4 95.5 91.6 80.2
Benefits other than Social Security 7.1 24.7 47.7 59.6 58.0 15.5 43.9 60.1 61.5 55.8 5.4 12.4 30.9 58.5 59.8
Other public pensions 2.2 6.1 14.7 21.8 29.3 4.6 11.2 19.7 29.7 28.8 1.4 3.7 7.7 19.4 27.2
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.5
Government employee pensions 1.9 6.0 14.2 21.2 28.8 3.6 10.7 19.3 28.8 28.4 1.3 3.6 7.4 18.9 26.7
Military 0.2 0.3 1.8 2.4 3.8 0.2 1.3 2.1 3.3 4.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 2.6 3.2
Federal 0.5 1.6 3.4 5.3 7.9 0.9 3.1 5.1 8.3 7.4 0.2 0.9 2.1 4.3 6.6
State or local 1.2 4.2 9.0 14.2 18.5 2.5 6.4 12.6 18.4 18.4 0.9 2.5 5.1 12.2 17.9
Private pensions or annuities 5.0 18.8 34.2 41.0 34.9 11.7 33.7 44.2 39.0 33.2 4.0 8.8 23.5 40.5 35.7
Income from assets 19.1 37.8 52.9 64.4 82.4 34.5 53.6 64.3 75.5 88.3 15.9 28.9 39.5 55.8 71.8
Interest 17.7 35.0 48.9 60.1 77.9 31.2 49.8 60.8 70.4 84.3 14.6 27.5 36.5 51.5 67.1
Other income from assets 4.3 10.3 20.7 31.4 51.9 11.2 21.2 29.3 37.8 61.9 3.4 6.3 10.7 23.0 43.1
Dividends 2.8 7.2 15.7 24.6 43.9 7.1 15.1 23.3 30.8 53.0 2.1 4.3 8.0 18.1 35.7
Rent or royalties 1.6 3.5 6.9 11.2 19.6 4.9 7.8 9.8 12.9 24.0 1.3 2.3 3.1 7.8 16.0
Estates or trusts 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.8
Veterans' benefits 1.6 2.2 4.8 6.6 6.0 2.8 5.1 7.5 7.2 5.3 1.1 2.2 2.2 4.8 6.0
Unemployment compensation 0.7 1.0 1.7 2.7 2.5 0.9 1.5 3.9 3.3 2.4 0.7 0.7 1.2 1.8 1.7
Workers' compensation 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.7 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 34.0 18.7 7.8 3.8 1.2 19.9 5.8 3.2 1.7 0.7 36.8 27.9 15.9 7.8 3.0
Cash public assistance 11.9 2.8 1.5 1.0 0.7 6.1 1.7 1.2 1.1 0.4 15.8 4.3 1.7 1.2 0.7
Supplemental Security Income 11.4 2.5 1.3 0.7 0.5 6.0 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.2 15.2 3.9 1.5 1.0 0.3
Other 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.3
Noncash benefits 30.4 17.3 6.9 2.9 0.5 17.7 4.5 2.2 0.6 0.3 31.9 26.4 14.8 7.0 2.5
Food 22.9 8.4 3.5 1.4 0.4 12.5 2.4 1.2 0.6 0.2 24.4 16.1 6.6 3.4 1.2
Energy 7.9 6.3 2.2 0.7 0.0 5.4 1.6 0.7 0.0 0.0 8.0 9.3 4.7 2.0 0.3
Housing 11.8 6.9 1.8 0.9 0.1 4.6 0.9 0.4 0.0 0.1 12.6 11.0 6.4 1.9 1.1
Personal contributions 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.9 0.9 1.4 1.2 1.4
Number (thousands) 6,532 6,527 6,541 6,531 6,536 2,778 2,778 2,779 2,781 2,781 3,720 3,642 3,897 3,756 3,754
NOTE: Quintile limits are $13,292, $22,021, $35,493, and $63,648 for all units; $26,818, $39,798, $59,252, and $94,000 for married couples; and $10,799, $15,599, $21,941, and $36,797 for nonmarried persons.
Income Sources of Beneficiary Units 65 or Older Table 2.A7 Percentage of Social Security beneficiary aged units with income from specified source, by proportion of income from Social Security and marital status, 2012
Source of income Proportion of income from Social Security
Less than 50 percent 50–89 percent 90–99 percent 100 percent
All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
Earnings 51.7 63.7 35.4 19.3 25.1 14.4 4.0 5.0 3.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wages and salaries 46.1 56.7 31.7 17.3 22.6 12.8 3.2 4.2 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
Self-employment 10.1 14.1 4.8 2.9 4.1 1.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 63.4 62.5 64.6 62.6 63.9 61.5 17.2 19.4 16.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other public pensions 31.9 32.1 31.5 13.4 13.9 13.0 1.5 1.8 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Railroad Retirement 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Government employee pensions 31.5 31.6 31.4 13.0 13.4 12.8 1.4 1.6 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Military 4.2 3.9 4.5 1.2 1.4 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Federal 8.6 9.3 7.6 2.2 1.8 2.5 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
State or local 20.1 20.0 20.1 9.8 10.3 9.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Private pensions or annuities 36.7 37.3 36.0 51.0 52.8 49.5 15.8 17.9 14.9 0.0 0.0 0.0
Income from assets 72.5 76.3 67.3 59.4 65.6 54.1 82.9 84.8 82.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Interest 67.8 71.7 62.6 55.2 61.7 49.7 78.4 79.3 78.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other income from assets 41.8 44.4 38.2 24.9 30.2 20.4 16.9 19.9 15.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dividends 34.1 36.7 30.6 19.2 23.6 15.4 12.9 13.8 12.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Rent or royalties 15.9 16.3 15.3 8.2 10.1 6.5 4.5 6.1 3.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Veterans' benefits 7.7 7.5 8.0 5.3 7.1 3.8 1.9 2.1 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
Unemployment compensation 2.9 3.3 2.4 2.0 2.5 1.5 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Workers' compensation 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 3.9 2.3 6.2 12.9 6.0 18.6 16.1 9.2 19.3 21.4 13.5 23.7
Cash public assistance 1.3 1.0 1.7 5.0 2.7 7.0 2.2 1.3 2.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
Supplemental Security Income 1.1 0.9 1.5 4.5 2.4 6.3 2.0 1.3 2.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Noncash benefits 3.4 1.6 5.7 10.6 4.6 15.8 15.6 8.4 18.8 21.4 13.5 23.7
Food 1.8 1.0 2.8 6.4 3.2 9.2 7.3 4.6 8.6 14.3 8.4 16.0
Energy 1.0 0.4 1.9 3.4 1.5 4.9 6.4 4.4 7.4 6.1 3.9 6.8
Housing 1.2 0.4 2.4 3.4 0.8 5.6 6.2 2.1 8.1 8.4 3.5 9.9
Personal contributions 1.0 0.7 1.4 1.4 0.5 2.0 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number (thousands) 9,880 5,685 4,195 7,985 3,660 4,325 3,459 1,088 2,371 6,616 1,483 5,133
NOTE: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Family Income Sources of Aged Persons Table 2.B1 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex, marital status, and age, 2012
Source of family income Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
  All persons
Earnings 84.3 72.6 39.6 56.4 40.2 31.3 22.7
Wages and salaries 81.3 68.7 36.5 52.4 36.9 28.6 20.8
Self-employment 11.7 10.5 6.2 9.1 6.2 4.8 3.2
Retirement benefits 31.1 58.7 90.3 84.5 92.5 93.2 93.8
Social Security 21.0 49.9 87.5 80.4 90.2 91.3 91.9
Benefits other than Social Security 16.7 28.9 42.9 41.7 44.3 44.5 42.0
Other public pensions 7.7 13.2 16.5 17.7 15.7 16.8 15.6
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6
Government employee pensions 7.6 13.0 16.0 17.2 15.3 16.3 15.0
Military 1.5 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.6 2.4 1.9
Federal 1.7 2.8 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.5 4.2
State or local 4.7 8.7 10.4 11.6 10.2 10.1 9.4
Private pensions or annuities 9.5 17.1 29.3 27.1 31.9 30.6 28.8
Income from assets 54.8 55.6 56.2 57.5 56.3 55.9 54.7
Interest 51.6 53.3 53.0 54.2 53.4 53.0 51.1
Other income from assets 27.6 27.1 26.6 28.1 28.0 25.1 24.4
Dividends 22.9 22.4 21.6 23.4 22.8 20.1 19.3
Rent or royalties 8.9 9.4 9.1 9.6 9.5 8.6 8.4
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3
Veterans' benefits 3.1 5.9 4.7 4.8 3.7 4.8 5.5
Unemployment compensation 8.0 6.8 2.9 4.2 2.8 2.3 1.9
Workers' compensation 1.5 1.3 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 13.5 12.7 12.2 11.4 11.8 12.7 13.3
Cash public assistance 6.5 5.8 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.4 4.1
Supplemental Security Income 5.8 5.2 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.8
Other 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4
Noncash benefits 10.5 9.5 9.9 9.0 9.4 10.7 11.0
Food 8.5 7.3 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.2 5.9
Energy 2.7 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.7 3.3 3.0
Housing 2.8 2.5 3.6 2.5 3.1 4.6 4.7
Personal contributions 2.3 1.8 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2
Number (thousands) 28,278 10,213 43,287 14,437 10,264 7,598 10,988
  All men
Earnings 85.7 75.1 43.1 61.0 42.2 34.1 22.9
Wages and salaries 82.2 71.1 39.7 56.8 38.8 30.4 20.8
Self-employment 12.9 10.9 7.3 10.6 7.3 5.8 3.3
Retirement benefits 27.2 54.3 89.3 83.0 92.3 93.7 92.7
Social Security 17.3 43.6 86.3 78.2 89.8 91.7 91.1
Benefits other than Social Security 14.4 27.5 45.3 41.6 46.5 47.7 48.1
Other public pensions 7.0 12.1 17.0 17.9 16.0 17.4 16.5
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Government employee pensions 6.8 11.9 16.5 17.3 15.4 17.0 16.0
Military 1.4 2.4 2.1 2.1 1.6 2.9 2.3
Federal 1.4 2.4 4.6 4.6 4.1 4.7 5.0
State or local 4.2 7.7 10.5 11.3 10.4 10.3 9.4
Private pensions or annuities 7.8 16.6 31.4 26.7 34.0 33.7 34.2
Income from assets 54.9 56.0 58.8 60.1 58.6 57.6 57.9
Interest 51.6 53.4 55.5 56.4 55.7 54.8 54.2
Other income from assets 28.3 27.4 28.9 29.7 29.5 28.9 27.0
Dividends 23.6 22.5 23.7 24.5 24.7 23.7 21.6
Rent or royalties 9.2 9.3 10.0 10.7 9.4 9.9 9.4
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1
Veterans' benefits 3.2 6.9 6.1 6.4 4.6 5.9 7.2
Unemployment compensation 8.4 7.8 2.9 4.4 2.7 2.3 1.3
Workers' compensation 1.6 1.3 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 12.0 11.4 9.9 9.5 10.2 10.6 9.8
Cash public assistance 5.8 5.3 3.9 3.8 4.3 3.9 3.4
Supplemental Security Income 5.2 4.9 3.5 3.3 4.0 3.5 3.1
Other 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2
Noncash benefits 9.1 7.9 7.8 7.3 7.7 8.7 8.1
Food 7.4 5.9 5.1 5.3 5.4 4.7 4.6
Energy 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.8 2.0
Housing 2.0 1.9 2.5 1.7 2.5 3.5 3.0
Personal contributions 1.8 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.6
Number (thousands) 13,584 4,739 19,298 6,900 4,704 3,233 4,460
  Married men
Earnings 93.2 83.1 48.3 68.2 46.6 36.3 22.9
Wages and salaries 90.6 79.9 44.4 63.8 42.8 32.1 20.4
Self-employment 14.5 11.7 8.6 12.2 8.6 6.5 3.7
Retirement benefits 26.9 54.7 90.2 83.7 93.1 95.0 94.4
Social Security 16.0 43.7 87.3 79.0 90.7 93.2 93.0
Benefits other than Social Security 15.8 29.1 48.0 44.7 48.5 51.1 50.6
Other public pensions 7.8 13.6 19.0 20.0 17.1 19.2 19.5
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Government employee pensions 7.7 13.3 18.4 19.4 16.5 18.7 18.7
Military 1.7 2.8 2.2 2.1 1.5 3.1 2.5
Federal 1.4 2.6 5.0 4.9 4.4 5.4 5.6
State or local 4.9 8.7 11.9 13.0 11.2 11.1 11.4
Private pensions or annuities 8.4 16.9 32.8 28.4 35.6 36.0 34.7
Income from assets 62.3 61.3 63.5 65.0 63.5 61.7 62.0
Interest 58.9 59.1 60.1 61.3 60.5 58.9 58.7
Other income from assets 32.7 31.3 32.0 32.7 33.0 31.6 29.5
Dividends 27.3 26.2 26.3 26.9 28.1 25.9 23.2
Rent or royalties 10.6 10.2 11.1 12.1 10.3 11.3 10.3
Estates or trusts 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.2
Veterans' benefits 2.9 6.3 5.7 6.2 4.4 5.6 7.0
Unemployment compensation 9.1 8.3 3.1 4.6 2.8 2.5 1.1
Workers' compensation 2.0 1.4 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.8 7.9 6.9 6.1 7.2 8.7 6.6
Cash public assistance 4.2 4.5 3.2 3.2 3.7 3.4 2.4
Supplemental Security Income 3.5 4.1 2.8 2.7 3.3 3.0 2.2
Other 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.1
Noncash benefits 5.0 4.7 5.0 3.8 4.9 7.2 5.2
Food 4.3 3.3 3.3 3.0 3.5 3.9 2.9
Energy 1.0 1.7 1.5 1.1 1.7 2.2 1.4
Housing 0.7 0.5 1.3 0.4 0.9 2.8 2.0
Personal contributions 1.8 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.6
Number (thousands) 9,287 3,273 13,770 5,108 3,587 2,419 2,656
  Nonmarried men
Earnings 69.5 57.4 30.2 40.2 28.0 27.4 22.8
Wages and salaries 64.2 51.5 27.9 36.8 26.0 25.4 21.5
Self-employment 9.5 9.1 4.1 6.2 3.3 3.7 2.7
Retirement benefits 27.8 53.6 87.1 81.1 89.7 89.6 90.3
Social Security 20.2 43.5 83.8 76.0 86.8 87.1 88.3
Benefits other than Social Security 11.6 23.9 38.8 32.7 40.2 37.8 44.4
Other public pensions 5.2 8.9 12.0 11.7 12.4 11.9 12.2
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.2
Government employee pensions 4.9 8.7 11.9 11.6 12.0 11.9 12.0
Military 0.8 1.4 1.9 2.0 1.6 2.2 1.9
Federal 1.6 1.8 3.5 3.6 3.0 2.7 4.1
State or local 2.5 5.5 6.8 6.4 7.6 7.6 6.4
Private pensions or annuities 6.6 15.9 27.7 21.7 29.1 26.7 33.4
Income from assets 39.1 44.0 47.3 46.2 43.0 45.5 51.8
Interest 35.7 40.5 43.9 42.5 40.6 42.8 47.7
Other income from assets 18.9 18.7 21.3 21.2 18.2 20.8 23.4
Dividends 15.4 14.2 17.3 17.6 13.8 17.3 19.4
Rent or royalties 6.3 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.5 5.9 8.2
Estates or trusts 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0
Veterans' benefits 3.8 8.1 6.9 7.3 5.5 6.9 7.5
Unemployment compensation 6.9 6.5 2.5 3.8 2.3 1.7 1.6
Workers' compensation 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 21.2 19.1 17.4 19.1 19.8 16.5 14.6
Cash public assistance 9.3 7.1 5.5 5.5 6.5 5.7 4.8
Supplemental Security Income 8.8 6.6 5.0 4.8 6.1 5.0 4.4
Other 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.8 0.4
Noncash benefits 17.8 15.1 14.9 17.2 16.7 13.3 12.3
Food 14.2 11.9 9.5 11.9 11.4 7.2 7.0
Energy 4.3 3.1 4.2 5.1 4.4 4.6 2.9
Housing 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.5 7.4 5.4 4.5
Personal contributions 1.7 2.0 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.5
Number (thousands) 4,297 1,466 5,527 1,792 1,117 814 1,804
  All women
Earnings 83.0 70.4 36.8 52.3 38.6 29.2 22.6
Wages and salaries 80.5 66.6 34.0 48.3 35.4 27.2 20.8
Self-employment 10.6 10.1 5.3 7.8 5.3 4.0 3.2
Retirement benefits 34.7 62.5 91.0 85.7 92.7 92.8 94.5
Social Security 24.3 55.3 88.6 82.4 90.5 91.0 92.5
Benefits other than Social Security 18.8 30.2 40.9 41.8 42.4 42.1 37.9
Other public pensions 8.4 14.2 16.1 17.5 15.5 16.4 15.0
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.6
Government employee pensions 8.3 13.9 15.6 17.0 15.1 15.8 14.4
Military 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 2.1 1.6
Federal 1.9 3.2 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.3 3.7
State or local 5.2 9.5 10.4 11.8 10.0 10.0 9.5
Private pensions or annuities 11.0 17.6 27.6 27.5 30.0 28.4 25.1
Income from assets 54.8 55.4 54.1 55.2 54.3 54.5 52.5
Interest 51.6 53.2 51.1 52.3 51.4 51.6 49.0
Other income from assets 26.9 26.8 24.7 26.6 26.7 22.2 22.6
Dividends 22.3 22.3 20.0 22.4 21.3 17.5 17.6
Rent or royalties 8.6 9.5 8.4 8.6 9.6 7.7 7.6
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4
Veterans' benefits 3.1 5.0 3.6 3.4 2.9 4.0 4.3
Unemployment compensation 7.6 6.0 3.0 4.0 2.8 2.3 2.3
Workers' compensation 1.3 1.2 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.7 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 14.8 13.8 14.0 13.1 13.1 14.2 15.6
Cash public assistance 7.1 6.2 5.2 5.8 5.2 4.7 4.6
Supplemental Security Income 6.3 5.6 4.7 5.3 4.6 4.3 4.3
Other 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5
Noncash benefits 11.8 10.9 11.6 10.5 10.8 12.2 13.0
Food 9.5 8.5 7.1 7.0 7.5 7.3 6.8
Energy 3.4 3.0 3.5 3.6 3.1 3.7 3.6
Housing 3.5 3.0 4.5 3.3 3.6 5.5 5.8
Personal contributions 2.8 2.4 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.6
Number (thousands) 14,694 5,474 23,990 7,537 5,561 4,364 6,528
  Married women
Earnings 90.2 74.8 41.0 55.2 38.5 29.7 20.3
Wages and salaries 87.8 70.7 37.1 50.5 34.4 26.5 17.7
Self-employment 13.5 12.7 7.4 10.1 6.5 5.7 3.3
Retirement benefits 38.0 71.2 92.0 89.1 93.9 94.5 93.1
Social Security 26.3 64.0 89.8 86.1 92.5 92.5 91.8
Benefits other than Social Security 21.9 36.3 49.9 48.5 51.4 50.9 49.4
Other public pensions 9.7 16.8 19.8 21.0 17.4 19.6 21.0
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.4 1.2 0.8
Government employee pensions 9.6 16.4 19.1 20.3 17.0 18.6 20.2
Military 1.9 3.0 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.8 1.8
Federal 2.0 3.4 5.2 4.9 5.4 5.2 5.9
State or local 6.1 11.1 12.3 13.9 10.3 11.2 13.5
Private pensions or annuities 12.9 21.7 34.4 32.3 38.2 35.1 32.3
Income from assets 63.1 62.5 63.7 63.9 62.8 65.1 63.1
Interest 59.8 60.5 60.5 60.4 59.7 62.0 60.0
Other income from assets 33.3 32.0 32.1 33.3 32.6 30.5 29.9
Dividends 27.9 26.2 26.4 28.4 26.5 24.3 23.4
Rent or royalties 10.5 12.4 10.8 10.8 11.4 10.8 9.3
Estates or trusts 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1
Veterans' benefits 4.2 6.4 5.1 4.5 4.0 5.7 7.6
Unemployment compensation 8.4 6.1 2.6 4.0 2.2 1.6 1.0
Workers' compensation 1.5 1.4 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.7 7.1 6.8 6.9 7.2 6.2 6.7
Cash public assistance 4.2 4.0 3.1 3.6 3.4 2.7 1.9
Supplemental Security Income 3.6 3.6 2.8 3.2 3.0 2.5 1.5
Other 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.4
Noncash benefits 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.2 5.3 4.8 5.6
Food 4.0 3.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.7
Energy 1.3 1.0 1.5 1.3 1.9 1.0 2.3
Housing 0.4 0.6 1.4 0.7 1.5 2.2 1.8
Personal contributions 1.2 1.3 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.8
Number (thousands) 8,955 3,343 10,748 4,321 2,916 2,027 1,484
  Nonmarried women
Earnings 71.7 63.5 33.4 48.4 38.6 28.9 23.3
Wages and salaries 69.1 60.1 31.5 45.5 36.4 27.7 21.7
Self-employment 6.1 6.1 3.5 4.7 4.0 2.5 3.1
Retirement benefits 29.5 48.9 90.2 81.3 91.3 91.3 94.9
Social Security 21.3 41.6 87.5 77.4 88.2 89.7 92.7
Benefits other than Social Security 14.0 20.6 33.7 32.8 32.5 34.6 34.4
Other public pensions 6.3 10.0 13.2 12.9 13.3 13.6 13.2
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.6
Government employee pensions 6.1 9.9 12.9 12.7 13.1 13.4 12.6
Military 0.8 0.2 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.5 1.6
Federal 1.8 3.0 3.0 2.5 2.8 3.5 3.0
State or local 3.7 7.0 8.9 9.1 9.6 9.0 8.3
Private pensions or annuities 8.1 11.2 22.0 21.0 21.0 22.5 23.0
Income from assets 41.8 44.2 46.4 43.5 45.0 45.4 49.4
Interest 38.9 41.7 43.4 41.3 42.3 42.5 45.8
Other income from assets 16.8 18.8 18.8 17.6 20.1 15.0 20.5
Dividends 13.6 16.1 14.7 14.4 15.5 11.6 15.9
Rent or royalties 5.6 5.0 6.5 5.6 7.6 4.9 7.1
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5
Veterans' benefits 1.4 2.8 2.5 1.8 1.6 2.4 3.4
Unemployment compensation 6.3 5.8 3.2 4.0 3.6 2.8 2.7
Workers' compensation 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.3 0.7 0.8 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 25.9 24.4 19.8 21.5 19.6 21.1 18.2
Cash public assistance 11.7 9.5 6.8 8.8 7.3 6.5 5.4
Supplemental Security Income 10.6 8.7 6.2 8.1 6.3 5.9 5.1
Other 1.8 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.5
Noncash benefits 22.6 20.8 17.0 19.0 16.8 18.5 15.2
Food 18.0 15.9 10.5 12.6 12.3 11.2 8.0
Energy 6.5 6.3 5.1 6.6 4.4 6.1 4.0
Housing 8.3 6.8 7.0 6.8 6.0 8.3 7.0
Personal contributions 5.3 4.1 2.4 3.3 2.6 2.3 1.9
Number (thousands) 5,739 2,131 13,242 3,216 2,644 2,338 5,043
Family Income Sources of Aged Persons Table 2.B2 Percentage with family income from specified source, by family's Social Security beneficiary status and aged person's sex and age, 2012
Source of family income Total Men Women
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  Persons in beneficiary families
Earnings 63.7 58.5 35.7 61.7 58.9 38.6 65.1 58.3 33.5
Wages and salaries 61.2 54.9 32.6 58.7 55.7 35.1 62.8 54.3 30.6
Self-employment 7.1 7.7 5.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 7.3 8.3 5.1
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 31.2 40.3 45.9 26.3 38.5 49.0 34.5 41.5 43.5
Other public pensions 11.7 16.6 17.1 10.7 15.0 17.7 12.5 17.6 16.6
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4
Government employee pensions 11.6 16.3 16.7 10.6 14.7 17.4 12.3 17.4 16.2
Military 1.5 2.5 2.0 1.5 2.9 2.2 1.5 2.3 1.9
Federal 2.5 3.4 4.2 1.5 2.9 4.5 3.2 3.6 4.0
State or local 7.8 11.4 11.1 7.7 9.7 11.4 7.9 12.5 10.9
Private pensions or annuities 20.8 26.0 32.0 16.7 25.5 34.7 23.5 26.4 29.9
Income from assets 46.0 53.5 57.6 42.3 51.8 60.1 48.4 54.6 55.6
Interest 42.7 51.0 54.2 38.8 48.7 56.6 45.3 52.5 52.4
Other income from assets 19.6 25.4 27.1 18.4 23.5 29.4 20.3 26.8 25.3
Dividends 15.3 20.2 21.9 13.8 18.3 24.0 16.2 21.4 20.3
Rent or royalties 7.7 9.9 9.3 7.6 9.3 10.2 7.8 10.4 8.6
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3
Veterans' benefits 6.0 7.7 5.0 5.6 9.5 6.4 6.3 6.5 3.8
Unemployment compensation 7.3 6.3 2.8 8.2 7.1 2.7 6.7 5.8 2.8
Workers' compensation 2.2 1.2 0.8 2.8 1.3 0.7 1.7 1.2 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 21.7 13.9 11.2 22.6 13.5 8.9 21.0 14.2 13.0
Cash public assistance 8.7 5.1 3.3 9.3 5.5 2.7 8.4 4.9 3.8
Supplemental Security Income 8.0 4.7 2.9 8.4 5.0 2.4 7.7 4.5 3.3
Other 1.2 0.7 0.5 1.2 0.9 0.4 1.2 0.6 0.5
Noncash benefits 17.7 10.9 9.5 17.8 9.9 7.4 17.7 11.7 11.2
Food 13.9 8.6 5.7 13.5 7.5 4.6 14.1 9.3 6.6
Energy 5.4 2.9 3.0 4.7 2.6 2.4 5.9 3.1 3.6
Housing 4.9 3.0 3.4 5.0 2.7 2.3 4.9 3.2 4.2
Personal contributions 2.4 1.7 1.3 2.0 1.0 0.9 2.6 2.2 1.5
Number (thousands) 5,928 5,094 37,897 2,354 2,067 16,649 3,574 3,027 21,249
  Persons in nonbeneficiary families
Earnings 89.7 86.6 67.1 90.7 87.7 71.4 88.8 85.4 63.0
Wages and salaries 86.7 82.4 64.1 87.2 83.0 68.4 86.2 81.8 60.0
Self-employment 13.0 13.2 8.1 14.2 13.9 10.1 11.7 12.4 6.1
Retirement benefits 12.8 17.6 21.7 12.0 19.0 22.1 13.7 16.2 21.3
Social Security 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Benefits other than Social Security 12.8 17.6 21.7 12.0 19.0 22.1 13.7 16.2 21.3
Other public pensions 6.6 9.9 12.7 6.2 10.0 12.7 7.1 9.9 12.7
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.4 1.7 0.2 0.3 1.8 0.1 0.4 1.7
Government employee pensions 6.5 9.6 11.1 6.0 9.7 11.0 7.0 9.4 11.1
Military 1.4 1.7 1.3 1.4 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.4 0.9
Federal 1.5 2.3 4.5 1.4 2.0 5.1 1.5 2.7 3.9
State or local 3.8 5.9 5.6 3.4 6.1 4.4 4.3 5.7 6.8
Private pensions or annuities 6.5 8.3 10.2 5.9 9.8 10.6 7.0 6.8 9.9
Income from assets 57.2 57.8 46.8 57.6 59.2 50.6 56.8 56.2 43.2
Interest 54.0 55.6 44.5 54.3 57.0 48.1 53.7 54.1 41.0
Other income from assets 29.7 28.8 23.0 30.4 30.5 25.8 29.0 27.0 20.3
Dividends 24.9 24.6 19.5 25.6 25.7 22.2 24.3 23.3 16.9
Rent or royalties 9.2 8.9 7.5 9.6 9.2 8.4 8.9 8.5 6.6
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.1
Veterans' benefits 2.4 4.0 2.9 2.7 4.9 3.8 2.1 3.1 2.1
Unemployment compensation 8.1 7.3 4.2 8.4 8.3 4.0 7.8 6.1 4.3
Workers' compensation 1.3 1.3 0.6 1.4 1.4 0.4 1.2 1.1 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 11.3 11.5 18.9 9.8 9.7 16.3 12.8 13.4 21.4
Cash public assistance 5.9 6.4 13.4 5.1 5.2 10.9 6.7 7.8 15.9
Supplemental Security Income 5.2 5.8 12.5 4.5 4.8 9.9 5.9 6.9 15.1
Other 0.9 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.5 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.0
Noncash benefits 8.6 8.1 12.6 7.2 6.3 10.8 10.0 10.0 14.4
Food 7.1 6.1 9.5 6.2 4.7 8.2 8.0 7.5 10.8
Energy 2.0 2.3 2.3 1.5 1.7 1.6 2.5 3.0 2.9
Housing 2.2 2.0 4.9 1.4 1.4 3.5 3.1 2.7 6.2
Personal contributions 2.3 1.9 2.4 1.7 1.3 1.3 2.9 2.7 3.4
Number (thousands) 22,350 5,119 5,390 11,230 2,672 2,649 11,120 2,447 2,741
Family Income Sources of Aged Persons Table 2.B3 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2012
Source of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  All persons
Earnings 85.4 73.1 38.5 74.0 63.2 41.1 93.1 86.3 60.8 83.6 71.7 48.7
Wages and salaries 82.3 68.9 35.3 71.8 61.8 39.5 89.4 82.1 56.4 80.1 69.7 45.6
Self-employment 12.4 11.3 6.3 6.9 4.2 3.4 13.3 10.5 9.4 10.6 6.9 5.7
Retirement benefits 31.0 59.8 91.5 34.2 56.5 85.6 22.5 44.8 74.4 25.0 50.1 80.3
Social Security 20.6 51.0 88.9 24.4 47.0 81.8 15.9 36.7 72.0 19.1 45.0 78.0
Benefits other than Social Security 16.9 30.0 44.5 16.3 26.6 36.4 12.2 17.0 25.3 9.2 15.0 22.3
Other public pensions 7.7 13.7 17.0 7.3 12.8 15.0 6.6 6.1 9.4 4.4 5.2 8.3
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3
Government employee pensions 7.6 13.3 16.5 7.2 12.7 14.6 6.6 6.1 9.3 4.4 5.2 7.9
Military 1.3 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.3 0.9 2.1 0.6 0.2 0.6
Federal 1.6 2.7 4.3 2.1 3.6 4.3 1.4 1.9 2.4 1.1 1.3 2.6
State or local 4.9 9.1 10.9 3.5 8.0 8.9 3.0 3.7 5.4 2.8 4.0 4.8
Private pensions or annuities 9.7 17.9 30.5 9.5 14.5 24.3 6.0 11.8 17.7 4.9 10.5 15.0
Income from assets 58.6 59.8 59.5 29.0 27.2 29.4 56.5 52.4 53.5 29.4 29.4 31.3
Interest 55.3 57.4 56.2 25.8 25.4 26.9 54.4 49.2 51.1 26.4 26.5 28.5
Other income from assets 29.9 29.6 28.6 12.0 10.8 9.8 28.5 21.0 24.7 11.5 12.0 10.9
Dividends 25.1 24.6 23.5 8.4 7.5 6.5 22.8 17.6 20.9 7.8 8.6 7.3
Rent or royalties 9.4 10.2 9.7 4.6 5.0 4.6 11.6 6.8 7.4 5.2 4.5 5.6
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0
Veterans' benefits 3.0 6.0 4.7 4.5 5.3 5.2 2.1 3.4 3.1 2.7 2.8 3.6
Unemployment compensation 7.8 6.8 2.7 8.6 6.6 4.6 8.9 4.4 4.1 8.1 8.0 4.2
Workers' compensation 1.5 1.2 0.8 1.4 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.9 0.3 1.8 1.5 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 11.3 10.3 10.3 28.2 27.5 25.2 12.2 16.3 20.2 21.4 28.7 26.6
Cash public assistance 5.5 4.7 3.6 13.0 12.0 9.7 6.4 8.5 12.9 10.2 15.4 11.9
Supplemental Security Income 4.8 4.1 3.2 11.8 11.4 8.7 6.0 8.4 12.0 8.5 13.9 11.1
Other 0.9 0.6 0.4 1.7 1.3 1.4 0.5 0.1 1.0 2.0 2.3 1.2
Noncash benefits 8.5 7.6 8.4 24.7 22.3 21.8 7.9 10.1 12.5 17.8 20.7 21.3
Food 6.9 5.7 5.1 20.3 18.2 15.0 5.8 6.6 7.5 14.5 16.9 15.8
Energy 2.3 2.1 2.6 5.8 5.6 5.7 1.8 3.3 2.8 3.4 4.9 4.6
Housing 1.9 1.8 2.8 8.7 7.4 8.9 2.2 3.8 6.3 4.6 5.0 7.4
Personal contributions 2.2 1.8 1.3 2.7 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 2.4 2.4 3.1
Number (thousands) 23,171 8,489 37,039 3,180 1,072 3,893 1,291 488 1,669 2,859 877 3,213
  All men
Earnings 86.8 75.6 42.1 74.7 65.9 44.1 94.2 91.0 62.9 85.9 69.4 49.0
Wages and salaries 83.2 71.2 38.7 72.1 64.1 42.0 89.7 87.8 58.6 82.3 67.0 45.8
Self-employment 13.5 11.5 7.5 8.1 4.8 4.1 15.7 13.3 9.6 12.2 7.1 6.8
Retirement benefits 27.1 54.7 90.7 31.9 56.7 83.7 14.4 41.7 71.1 22.8 48.5 81.3
Social Security 17.0 44.4 87.7 21.9 43.4 80.1 9.8 28.3 69.0 16.6 42.6 78.8
Benefits other than Social Security 14.7 28.0 47.0 14.4 27.0 39.0 7.4 20.2 25.2 8.8 15.9 23.1
Other public pensions 7.0 12.5 17.5 6.9 11.9 15.3 4.7 6.8 8.3 4.7 3.4 8.8
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.3
Government employee pensions 6.8 12.2 17.0 6.6 11.9 14.8 4.7 6.8 8.0 4.7 3.2 8.5
Military 1.3 2.5 2.1 2.2 2.5 2.2 1.4 0.4 1.4 0.7 0.4 0.5
Federal 1.4 2.3 4.7 2.1 2.7 4.5 1.0 3.1 2.5 1.3 1.1 3.4
State or local 4.4 8.0 10.9 2.5 7.3 8.5 2.7 3.3 4.9 2.7 1.7 4.7
Private pensions or annuities 8.1 16.9 32.5 7.8 16.1 27.2 2.7 14.3 19.0 4.2 12.8 15.3
Income from assets 58.4 59.3 62.0 29.2 30.0 32.4 58.0 54.3 52.5 29.9 29.9 32.3
Interest 54.9 56.6 58.6 25.9 28.1 29.4 55.9 51.7 50.3 26.9 26.3 29.2
Other income from assets 30.5 29.5 31.0 12.2 13.4 11.8 29.8 19.9 25.5 11.7 11.5 11.6
Dividends 25.6 24.5 25.6 8.7 8.4 8.3 22.8 16.4 22.7 8.2 8.0 7.6
Rent or royalties 9.7 9.7 10.6 4.7 6.7 5.5 12.4 6.0 7.1 5.1 4.6 5.9
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0
Veterans' benefits 2.9 7.0 6.0 5.5 7.2 8.4 0.8 2.6 2.5 2.5 4.3 5.4
Unemployment compensation 8.3 7.8 2.7 8.4 6.2 4.8 9.5 7.4 3.3 9.5 8.6 3.5
Workers' compensation 1.7 1.2 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.8 3.2 0.5 1.9 1.3 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 10.1 9.3 8.3 25.4 23.1 19.9 12.0 19.4 22.2 18.7 28.7 22.1
Cash public assistance 4.9 4.2 3.0 12.1 9.2 7.8 6.6 12.7 14.3 9.3 16.4 8.6
Supplemental Security Income 4.3 3.7 2.7 11.4 8.9 6.9 5.9 12.5 12.9 8.0 14.7 7.8
Other 0.7 0.6 0.4 1.0 1.1 1.3 0.7 0.1 1.7 1.6 2.9 1.3
Noncash benefits 7.4 6.3 6.6 21.3 19.2 17.1 8.0 10.6 13.2 15.7 19.0 18.0
Food 6.2 4.7 4.2 17.5 15.6 11.7 5.6 5.6 8.3 12.7 16.0 13.5
Energy 1.7 1.6 2.1 4.3 4.3 3.8 1.6 5.4 2.9 2.9 5.6 3.8
Housing 1.3 1.4 1.9 7.0 6.1 6.2 1.8 3.9 6.5 3.2 3.8 5.9
Personal contributions 1.7 1.1 0.9 1.9 2.0 1.3 1.5 1.0 0.9 1.9 1.8 2.4
Number (thousands) 11,311 4,013 16,635 1,393 441 1,633 575 211 721 1,392 397 1,378
  Married men
Earnings 93.5 83.0 47.0 89.1 78.3 52.7 96.0 93.7 65.4 92.7 82.8 53.0
Wages and salaries 90.8 79.5 43.2 87.1 77.8 49.8 92.7 91.5 60.7 90.0 80.5 49.1
Self-employment 15.0 12.3 8.7 9.1 5.4 5.6 15.6 11.7 9.9 13.6 8.4 7.9
Retirement benefits 27.1 55.5 91.4 29.9 58.4 86.4 12.7 37.7 72.6 20.9 43.0 84.4
Social Security 16.0 45.1 88.4 17.5 40.6 83.6 8.0 26.8 70.3 15.0 37.2 81.9
Benefits other than Social Security 16.0 29.4 49.4 17.0 35.5 43.6 6.9 17.7 26.2 8.2 13.5 25.2
Other public pensions 7.9 13.9 19.4 7.3 16.0 18.9 4.1 6.3 9.2 4.3 3.6 10.0
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3
Government employee pensions 7.8 13.6 18.8 7.3 16.0 18.2 4.1 6.3 8.9 4.3 3.4 9.7
Military 1.5 2.8 2.1 2.9 4.6 3.1 1.6 0.5 1.7 0.9 0.0 0.3
Federal 1.3 2.5 5.1 1.3 3.0 4.9 1.2 2.8 2.7 0.9 1.3 4.0
State or local 5.2 9.1 12.3 3.2 9.5 11.0 1.7 3.1 5.4 2.5 2.1 5.6
Private pensions or annuities 8.5 16.9 33.8 9.8 21.3 30.4 2.9 11.5 19.2 3.9 10.4 16.7
Income from assets 64.6 64.4 66.2 38.0 32.8 36.4 64.8 55.3 54.2 34.9 33.2 35.2
Interest 61.3 62.2 62.8 33.8 30.8 33.1 62.7 52.4 51.7 31.9 29.5 32.0
Other income from assets 34.3 33.3 33.8 17.5 17.9 14.2 32.2 20.2 26.5 14.8 13.0 13.0
Dividends 28.9 28.1 27.9 12.5 12.9 9.9 24.8 16.6 23.6 10.3 8.6 8.1
Rent or royalties 10.9 10.7 11.6 6.9 7.2 6.6 12.6 6.4 7.7 6.5 6.0 6.9
Estates or trusts 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.0
Veterans' benefits 2.7 6.7 5.8 5.5 3.9 7.5 1.1 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.8 5.6
Unemployment compensation 8.9 8.3 2.8 10.4 6.9 5.4 9.2 7.0 3.3 11.7 9.3 3.2
Workers' compensation 2.1 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.3 1.1 2.3 3.9 0.5 2.8 2.1 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.6 6.5 6.0 16.1 13.7 12.7 10.1 18.2 17.9 14.7 21.0 19.1
Cash public assistance 3.7 3.8 2.7 8.8 5.5 5.2 5.2 10.9 11.4 6.3 13.6 8.3
Supplemental Security Income 3.0 3.4 2.4 7.5 4.9 4.8 4.4 10.7 10.4 5.4 12.4 7.6
Other 0.7 0.5 0.3 1.5 0.6 1.0 0.8 0.2 1.0 0.9 2.3 1.1
Noncash benefits 4.1 3.5 4.3 12.4 10.0 9.9 6.6 11.8 11.8 12.0 13.5 14.4
Food 3.6 2.5 2.8 10.4 7.4 7.2 5.0 6.0 7.7 10.1 10.8 10.4
Energy 0.7 1.1 1.4 3.2 3.7 2.5 1.2 6.4 2.3 3.1 3.5 2.6
Housing 0.4 0.3 0.9 2.8 0.8 2.4 1.6 3.9 5.6 1.3 1.8 4.7
Personal contributions 1.7 0.8 0.9 1.3 0.9 1.4 1.5 1.0 1.2 2.1 1.3 2.5
Number (thousands) 7,958 2,815 12,090 701 237 915 440 176 581 870 243 947
  Nonmarried men
Earnings 70.8 58.3 29.1 60.1 51.3 33.2 88.3 a 52.5 74.6 48.1 40.1
Wages and salaries 65.2 51.9 26.7 57.0 48.2 32.0 79.9 a 50.3 69.4 45.7 38.7
Self-employment 9.8 9.8 4.2 7.2 4.2 2.2 16.0 a 8.0 9.8 5.0 4.3
Retirement benefits 27.0 52.7 88.9 33.9 54.7 80.2 19.8 a 65.3 25.9 57.2 74.2
Social Security 19.2 42.6 85.7 26.4 46.7 75.7 15.3 a 63.7 19.2 51.3 71.9
Benefits other than Social Security 11.6 24.8 40.5 11.9 17.1 33.2 8.8 a 20.8 10.0 19.7 18.4
Other public pensions 4.9 8.9 12.5 6.6 7.1 10.8 6.8 a 4.5 5.3 3.1 6.3
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.2 0.0 a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4
Government employee pensions 4.6 8.8 12.3 6.0 7.1 10.5 6.8 a 4.5 5.3 3.1 5.9
Military 0.6 1.8 2.1 1.4 0.0 1.1 0.8 a 0.0 0.2 1.0 1.0
Federal 1.4 1.6 3.5 2.9 2.3 4.0 0.2 a 1.9 2.1 0.9 2.2
State or local 2.6 5.5 7.2 1.7 4.8 5.4 5.8 a 2.6 2.9 1.2 2.7
Private pensions or annuities 7.0 16.8 29.0 5.7 10.0 23.0 2.0 a 17.8 4.7 16.6 12.1
Income from assets 43.6 47.2 50.9 20.2 26.7 27.4 36.0 a 45.4 21.5 24.6 26.1
Interest 39.8 43.3 47.3 17.9 25.0 24.8 33.9 a 44.5 18.7 21.2 23.2
Other income from assets 21.6 20.6 23.6 6.7 8.3 8.6 22.3 a 21.4 6.4 9.2 8.6
Dividends 17.9 16.1 19.4 4.9 3.3 6.1 16.6 a 18.6 4.7 6.9 6.6
Rent or royalties 7.1 7.6 7.8 2.4 6.0 3.9 11.6 a 4.4 2.7 2.2 3.5
Estates or trusts 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Veterans' benefits 3.5 7.6 6.5 5.6 10.9 9.7 0.0 a 5.2 3.4 6.6 5.0
Unemployment compensation 7.0 6.5 2.1 6.4 5.4 4.0 10.4 a 3.6 5.8 7.4 4.0
Workers' compensation 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.9 1.8 0.4 0.0 a 0.3 0.4 0.0 1.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 18.3 16.0 14.6 34.9 34.0 29.1 18.4 a 40.0 25.3 41.1 28.6
Cash public assistance 7.7 5.2 3.9 15.4 13.6 11.2 11.3 a 26.2 14.5 20.9 9.3
Supplemental Security Income 7.1 4.6 3.6 15.3 13.6 9.7 10.8 a 23.4 12.4 18.2 8.2
Other 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.6 1.8 1.7 0.5 a 4.2 2.7 3.9 1.7
Noncash benefits 15.3 12.7 12.7 30.3 29.9 26.3 12.4 a 19.0 21.8 27.9 26.0
Food 12.4 9.7 8.0 24.6 25.2 17.3 7.3 a 10.8 17.0 24.2 20.3
Energy 4.1 2.7 3.9 5.5 5.0 5.4 2.7 a 5.4 2.5 9.0 6.3
Housing 3.5 3.9 4.5 11.3 12.3 10.9 2.5 a 10.2 6.3 7.0 8.6
Personal contributions 1.6 1.9 0.8 2.5 3.3 1.2 1.4 a 0.0 1.5 2.6 2.4
Number (thousands) 3,354 1,197 4,545 692 204 717 135 35 141 522 153 431
  All women
Earnings 84.0 70.9 35.5 73.5 61.3 39.0 92.2 82.7 59.3 81.4 73.7 48.4
Wages and salaries 81.5 66.8 32.5 71.6 60.2 37.6 89.1 77.8 54.8 78.0 71.9 45.5
Self-employment 11.3 11.2 5.4 6.0 3.7 2.9 11.5 8.4 9.3 9.1 6.8 5.0
Retirement benefits 34.7 64.5 92.2 36.1 56.3 87.0 29.1 47.1 76.9 27.1 51.3 79.6
Social Security 24.1 57.0 89.9 26.4 49.5 83.0 20.8 43.2 74.2 21.5 46.9 77.4
Benefits other than Social Security 19.0 31.7 42.5 17.7 26.4 34.6 16.0 14.6 25.3 9.5 14.4 21.7
Other public pensions 8.4 14.8 16.6 7.7 13.4 14.8 8.0 5.5 10.2 4.1 6.7 7.8
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3
Government employee pensions 8.3 14.4 16.0 7.6 13.3 14.4 8.0 5.5 10.2 4.1 6.7 7.5
Military 1.4 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.5 3.0 1.2 2.7 0.5 0.0 0.6
Federal 1.8 3.2 4.0 2.1 4.2 4.1 1.8 0.9 2.3 0.9 1.4 2.1
State or local 5.4 10.0 10.8 4.4 8.5 9.2 3.2 4.0 5.8 2.8 5.8 4.9
Private pensions or annuities 11.2 18.8 28.9 10.8 13.4 22.2 8.6 9.9 16.7 5.5 8.7 14.8
Income from assets 58.9 60.2 57.5 28.9 25.3 27.2 55.2 51.0 54.4 28.9 28.9 30.5
Interest 55.7 58.1 54.3 25.7 23.5 25.0 53.2 47.3 51.7 25.8 26.6 27.9
Other income from assets 29.3 29.8 26.7 12.0 9.0 8.4 27.4 21.9 24.1 11.3 12.4 10.3
Dividends 24.5 24.7 21.8 8.2 6.8 5.3 22.8 18.5 19.6 7.4 9.2 7.0
Rent or royalties 9.2 10.5 8.9 4.6 3.9 4.0 10.9 7.4 7.7 5.3 4.5 5.4
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0
Veterans' benefits 3.0 5.1 3.7 3.6 3.9 2.8 3.1 4.0 3.6 2.9 1.6 2.3
Unemployment compensation 7.4 6.0 2.7 8.8 6.9 4.4 8.5 2.1 4.6 6.7 7.5 4.8
Workers' compensation 1.3 1.2 0.8 1.9 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.2 1.6 1.7 0.9
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 12.4 11.2 11.9 30.3 30.5 29.0 12.3 14.0 18.7 24.0 28.7 30.0
Cash public assistance 6.0 5.0 4.1 13.7 13.9 11.0 6.2 5.2 11.8 11.0 14.5 14.3
Supplemental Security Income 5.3 4.5 3.7 12.1 13.1 9.9 6.0 5.2 11.3 8.9 13.3 13.5
Other 1.0 0.6 0.5 2.2 1.5 1.5 0.3 0.0 0.5 2.5 1.8 1.1
Noncash benefits 9.5 8.8 9.8 27.3 24.4 25.2 7.9 9.7 11.9 19.9 22.1 23.7
Food 7.6 6.7 5.8 22.4 20.0 17.4 6.1 7.3 6.9 16.2 17.6 17.6
Energy 2.8 2.6 3.1 6.9 6.4 7.0 1.9 1.8 2.7 4.0 4.2 5.2
Housing 2.5 2.2 3.6 10.0 8.2 10.9 2.6 3.7 6.2 6.0 6.1 8.5
Personal contributions 2.7 2.5 1.7 3.3 1.9 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.9 3.0 3.7
Number (thousands) 11,860 4,476 20,404 1,787 631 2,260 716 277 948 1,467 481 1,835
  Married women
Earnings 90.3 74.4 40.2 86.6 72.4 43.7 94.5 83.4 54.0 87.2 78.8 44.7
Wages and salaries 87.8 70.2 36.2 84.3 69.5 41.1 92.5 79.1 49.0 83.2 76.8 40.1
Self-employment 14.0 13.5 7.6 9.7 6.1 4.7 11.0 9.5 8.4 12.9 8.7 6.9
Retirement benefits 37.6 72.7 92.6 44.7 64.7 91.5 33.0 55.9 80.2 32.3 55.7 84.7
Social Security 26.0 65.2 90.6 30.0 59.2 88.0 23.3 53.7 77.5 24.9 52.1 82.7
Benefits other than Social Security 21.6 37.7 51.0 26.8 33.8 45.1 18.4 16.8 32.4 11.4 17.5 27.2
Other public pensions 9.6 17.6 20.2 9.6 14.5 19.4 9.6 5.6 12.1 5.6 7.8 11.8
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.6
Government employee pensions 9.5 17.1 19.5 9.5 14.5 18.4 9.6 5.6 12.1 5.5 7.8 11.2
Military 1.7 3.0 2.0 2.8 3.2 3.4 3.8 1.4 4.1 0.9 0.0 0.8
Federal 1.9 3.5 5.3 1.5 2.6 5.7 2.5 0.3 2.7 0.7 2.0 4.0
State or local 6.3 11.7 12.8 5.5 9.4 10.3 3.3 4.8 6.1 4.2 6.1 6.6
Private pensions or annuities 12.6 22.4 35.2 19.1 19.8 31.6 9.7 12.5 22.8 6.1 10.9 17.2
Income from assets 65.6 65.6 66.1 37.7 32.5 34.4 60.7 56.8 57.0 35.8 36.4 35.8
Interest 62.4 63.7 62.8 32.1 30.8 32.1 59.8 52.0 54.8 31.8 32.5 33.5
Other income from assets 34.6 33.9 33.6 19.3 11.9 12.6 31.7 26.4 28.3 15.6 17.0 13.8
Dividends 29.3 27.8 27.8 13.2 8.4 8.8 26.3 21.7 24.7 10.1 11.7 9.8
Rent or royalties 10.6 13.2 11.2 8.3 6.0 5.7 12.8 9.4 8.3 7.9 6.9 7.3
Estates or trusts 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0
Veterans' benefits 3.8 6.4 5.1 7.7 7.6 4.4 4.3 4.5 5.1 4.6 1.7 4.1
Unemployment compensation 8.2 6.2 2.5 9.8 8.3 3.8 9.0 1.9 3.6 9.7 5.4 2.4
Workers' compensation 1.5 1.4 0.9 1.6 0.8 0.7 0.4 1.2 0.2 2.5 2.5 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.8 6.0 5.9 14.4 16.0 12.4 10.9 11.6 18.5 17.0 20.8 19.8
Cash public assistance 3.8 3.3 2.6 6.3 9.5 4.4 6.4 5.5 12.3 9.3 12.3 9.3
Supplemental Security Income 3.2 2.9 2.3 5.9 8.8 3.6 6.1 5.5 11.3 7.4 11.1 8.9
Other 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.7 1.5 1.0 0.4 0.0 1.0 2.5 2.0 0.6
Noncash benefits 4.1 3.8 4.1 11.7 10.6 9.7 6.5 7.2 11.8 11.9 15.6 14.5
Food 3.4 3.2 2.4 9.6 9.7 6.6 5.3 4.8 7.5 9.8 13.3 10.7
Energy 1.0 0.8 1.4 3.5 1.2 2.7 2.2 1.7 2.5 2.7 3.6 2.9
Housing 0.3 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.8 2.4 1.6 2.6 6.1 1.5 2.4 4.1
Personal contributions 1.2 1.3 0.9 0.6 1.0 1.5 1.3 2.0 1.1 2.3 2.4 2.2
Number (thousands) 7,602 2,877 9,572 666 242 598 515 182 442 740 265 724
  Nonmarried women
Earnings 72.9 64.8 31.3 65.7 54.4 37.3 86.5 81.3 63.9 75.4 67.4 50.9
Wages and salaries 70.2 60.7 29.3 64.0 54.4 36.4 80.3 75.3 59.8 72.8 65.9 49.0
Self-employment 6.5 7.0 3.4 3.7 2.2 2.2 12.5 6.3 10.0 5.2 4.5 3.7
Retirement benefits 29.5 49.6 91.8 31.0 51.1 85.4 19.1 30.1 74.1 21.9 46.0 76.3
Social Security 20.7 42.2 89.4 24.3 43.4 81.2 14.3 23.0 71.3 17.9 40.4 74.0
Benefits other than Social Security 14.5 21.1 35.0 12.3 21.8 30.8 9.9 10.3 19.1 7.6 10.5 18.1
Other public pensions 6.2 9.6 13.4 6.5 12.7 13.1 4.0 5.3 8.6 2.7 5.4 5.2
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Government employee pensions 6.0 9.4 13.0 6.5 12.6 13.0 4.0 5.3 8.6 2.7 5.4 5.1
Military 0.8 0.2 1.4 0.7 0.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.5
Federal 1.5 2.5 2.9 2.5 5.1 3.5 0.1 2.1 1.9 1.1 0.8 0.8
State or local 3.7 7.0 9.1 3.6 7.9 8.8 3.0 2.3 5.6 1.4 5.4 3.8
Private pensions or annuities 8.8 12.3 23.2 5.9 9.4 18.8 5.9 5.0 11.4 4.9 6.0 13.3
Income from assets 46.9 50.6 49.8 23.7 20.7 24.6 41.3 39.8 52.0 21.8 19.7 27.1
Interest 43.7 47.9 46.7 21.9 19.0 22.5 36.1 38.4 49.0 19.8 19.4 24.2
Other income from assets 19.6 22.2 20.6 7.6 7.1 6.9 16.4 13.0 20.4 6.9 6.7 8.1
Dividends 16.0 19.0 16.4 5.3 5.8 4.0 13.7 12.4 15.1 4.7 6.1 5.2
Rent or royalties 6.6 5.8 6.9 2.4 2.6 3.4 6.3 3.4 7.2 2.6 1.5 4.2
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Veterans' benefits 1.6 2.9 2.5 1.2 1.7 2.3 0.0 2.9 2.3 1.1 1.5 1.1
Unemployment compensation 5.9 5.5 2.8 8.1 6.0 4.6 7.2 2.6 5.5 3.7 10.1 6.3
Workers' compensation 0.8 0.9 0.8 2.1 0.3 0.7 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.7 1.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 22.4 20.6 17.1 39.8 39.5 34.9 15.7 18.7 18.8 31.2 38.4 36.6
Cash public assistance 10.1 8.1 5.4 18.1 16.6 13.4 5.8 4.8 11.3 12.7 17.3 17.6
Supplemental Security Income 9.1 7.3 4.9 15.8 15.8 12.2 5.8 4.8 11.2 10.4 15.9 16.5
Other 1.6 0.8 0.7 3.0 1.5 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.5 1.6 1.3
Noncash benefits 19.2 17.7 14.9 36.5 33.0 30.7 11.4 14.5 12.0 27.9 30.2 29.6
Food 15.2 13.1 8.9 30.0 26.4 21.3 7.9 12.2 6.4 22.7 23.0 22.1
Energy 6.0 5.7 4.5 8.9 9.7 8.5 1.1 1.9 2.8 5.3 5.0 6.8
Housing 6.5 5.4 5.8 15.5 12.9 14.0 5.2 5.9 6.3 10.4 10.7 11.4
Personal contributions 5.3 4.6 2.4 4.9 2.5 2.5 3.8 2.8 3.0 3.4 3.6 4.6
Number (thousands) 4,258 1,599 10,832 1,121 389 1,663 201 94 506 727 215 1,111
a. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
Family Income Sources of Aged Persons Table 2.B4 Percentage with family income from specified source, by family's Social Security beneficiary status and aged person's race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2012
Source of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  Persons in beneficiary families
Earnings 64.7 59.1 34.9 51.0 48.3 36.2 91.4 74.3 55.5 57.3 57.0 41.8
Wages and salaries 62.0 55.2 31.7 49.3 45.9 34.4 88.9 72.9 51.3 55.3 54.9 38.8
Self-employment 7.2 8.0 6.0 3.7 4.7 3.2 19.5 9.0 9.8 6.2 5.4 5.3
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 31.7 41.5 47.1 26.6 36.5 39.9 34.5 24.4 31.6 16.9 22.1 25.6
Other public pensions 11.7 16.9 17.4 10.4 16.0 15.7 15.0 8.2 11.3 6.1 7.3 9.2
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3
Government employee pensions 11.6 16.6 17.0 10.2 15.9 15.3 15.0 8.2 11.3 6.1 7.3 9.0
Military 1.4 2.6 1.9 1.4 2.1 2.0 2.7 2.1 3.0 0.2 0.0 0.5
Federal 2.5 3.3 4.2 2.2 3.9 4.3 3.0 0.9 3.0 1.6 2.0 2.9
State or local 7.9 11.7 11.5 6.8 10.7 9.5 9.3 6.1 6.3 4.3 5.7 5.7
Private pensions or annuities 21.2 27.1 32.9 17.9 20.8 27.5 21.9 18.7 22.8 10.8 15.8 17.6
Income from assets 48.8 56.9 60.5 23.0 24.9 30.6 69.0 57.9 58.0 30.8 28.0 32.9
Interest 45.8 54.4 57.1 18.8 23.1 27.9 67.1 52.8 54.5 27.7 23.3 30.3
Other income from assets 20.5 27.4 28.9 10.5 7.9 10.1 35.9 26.3 29.0 11.0 11.0 10.9
Dividends 16.2 22.1 23.5 6.7 3.1 6.7 29.2 20.0 24.1 6.5 5.9 7.2
Rent or royalties 7.9 10.5 9.8 4.7 5.3 4.7 17.0 11.5 8.8 6.9 5.9 5.6
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Veterans' benefits 6.0 7.8 4.9 6.2 7.7 5.9 4.0 3.9 4.0 5.2 3.7 4.0
Unemployment compensation 7.4 6.5 2.5 6.2 4.1 4.0 11.4 4.4 3.9 6.3 7.8 4.3
Workers' compensation 2.2 1.3 0.8 1.9 0.4 0.8 2.1 0.0 0.4 2.9 1.4 0.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 19.4 11.7 9.7 37.2 29.1 24.3 11.4 21.4 14.0 32.6 29.6 25.8
Cash public assistance 8.0 4.2 2.7 13.5 11.2 7.8 6.9 8.8 6.2 15.3 15.9 9.9
Supplemental Security Income 7.3 3.8 2.4 12.3 10.6 6.9 6.9 8.8 5.5 14.9 14.1 9.3
Other 1.1 0.6 0.4 2.2 1.7 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.7 3.4 1.0
Noncash benefits 15.4 9.2 8.1 33.8 24.1 21.9 8.1 14.0 9.7 25.5 21.3 21.1
Food 12.0 7.2 4.7 26.8 19.5 14.7 5.0 10.0 5.6 20.6 17.3 15.5
Energy 5.0 2.4 2.7 8.8 6.4 5.6 1.9 2.6 2.6 7.2 4.4 5.2
Housing 3.8 2.2 2.7 12.5 9.0 9.2 1.5 5.8 5.4 6.6 6.3 7.5
Personal contributions 2.0 1.7 1.2 3.8 1.6 1.7 0.0 3.6 1.5 1.8 2.0 2.8
Number (thousands) 4,778 4,330 32,936 777 504 3,184 205 179 1,201 545 394 2,506
  Persons in nonbeneficiary families
Earnings 90.7 87.8 66.9 81.5 76.4 63.3 93.4 93.2 74.6 89.8 83.8 73.0
Wages and salaries 87.6 83.2 63.8 79.1 75.9 62.1 89.4 87.5 69.6 85.9 81.8 69.7
Self-employment 13.7 14.8 8.8 8.0 3.7 4.2 12.2 11.4 8.4 11.7 8.1 7.2
Retirement benefits 13.1 18.0 23.5 13.0 17.8 21.1 7.9 12.7 8.8 7.4 9.3 10.5
Social Security 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Benefits other than Social Security 13.1 18.0 23.5 13.0 17.8 21.1 7.9 12.7 8.8 7.4 9.3 10.5
Other public pensions 6.7 10.3 13.8 6.4 9.9 12.0 4.9 4.8 4.4 4.0 3.6 4.8
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.4 2.0 0.2 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.6
Government employee pensions 6.5 9.9 12.0 6.2 9.9 11.4 4.9 4.8 4.0 4.0 3.4 4.2
Military 1.3 1.9 1.4 1.9 1.4 1.2 2.2 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.8
Federal 1.3 2.1 5.0 2.1 3.3 4.2 1.1 2.4 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.8
State or local 4.1 6.3 5.9 2.5 5.6 6.3 1.8 2.3 3.1 2.4 2.6 1.6
Private pensions or annuities 6.7 8.3 11.1 6.8 8.8 9.8 3.0 7.9 4.5 3.5 6.3 5.9
Income from assets 61.2 62.8 51.7 31.0 29.3 23.8 54.1 49.3 42.0 29.0 30.5 25.5
Interest 57.8 60.5 48.9 28.0 27.5 22.3 52.0 47.1 42.3 26.0 29.0 22.1
Other income from assets 32.3 32.0 26.7 12.5 13.4 8.3 27.1 17.9 13.7 11.6 12.8 10.6
Dividends 27.4 27.2 22.9 9.0 11.4 5.9 21.6 16.2 12.7 8.1 10.9 7.4
Rent or royalties 9.8 9.8 8.3 4.6 4.8 4.3 10.5 4.0 4.1 4.8 3.4 5.8
Estates or trusts 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.0
Veterans' benefits 2.2 4.1 3.4 3.9 3.1 1.9 1.7 3.1 0.8 2.1 2.1 2.4
Unemployment compensation 7.9 7.1 3.6 9.4 8.9 7.0 8.5 4.4 4.4 8.5 8.1 4.0
Workers' compensation 1.3 1.1 0.7 1.3 0.9 0.6 0.9 2.9 0.0 1.5 1.6 1.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 9.2 8.9 15.0 25.3 26.0 29.0 12.3 13.4 36.0 18.8 28.0 29.4
Cash public assistance 4.8 5.1 10.7 12.8 12.7 18.1 6.3 8.2 30.1 9.0 15.0 18.9
Supplemental Security Income 4.1 4.5 9.9 11.6 12.1 16.7 5.8 8.1 28.7 7.0 13.8 17.4
Other 0.8 0.7 0.9 1.5 1.0 1.5 0.6 0.1 1.8 2.1 1.4 1.8
Noncash benefits 6.7 6.0 10.2 21.7 20.6 21.3 7.9 7.9 19.6 16.0 20.3 21.7
Food 5.6 4.3 7.9 18.1 17.0 16.2 6.0 4.6 12.5 13.0 16.5 17.1
Energy 1.6 1.8 1.5 4.8 4.8 6.0 1.7 3.8 3.2 2.6 5.3 2.3
Housing 1.4 1.4 3.9 7.5 6.0 7.7 2.4 2.6 8.7 4.1 4.0 7.0
Personal contributions 2.2 2.0 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.1 0.6 1.9 2.5 2.8 4.4
Number (thousands) 18,393 4,158 4,103 2,403 568 710 1,086 309 468 2,314 483 707
Family Income Sources of Nonmarried Aged Persons Table 2.B5 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex, marital status, and age, 2012
Source of family income Widowed Divorced Never married
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  Men
Earnings 63.9 53.8 25.6 71.2 55.4 32.6 65.3 60.6 32.2
Wages and salaries 57.6 51.4 23.9 66.0 49.3 30.3 60.3 52.7 29.9
Self-employment 8.7 5.8 3.2 9.2 8.7 4.3 9.6 11.4 4.3
Retirement benefits 38.6 66.0 91.7 25.6 54.9 86.0 29.6 49.0 80.1
Social Security 27.5 55.6 89.1 17.2 44.2 82.1 23.2 40.2 76.1
Benefits other than Social Security 15.3 33.7 45.8 12.0 25.7 34.0 10.9 20.4 32.8
Other public pensions 8.1 9.1 13.1 4.9 10.6 10.2 5.6 6.4 12.2
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1
Government employee pensions 8.0 9.1 12.8 4.5 10.3 10.1 5.3 6.4 12.1
Military 2.8 2.4 2.0 0.7 1.2 1.9 0.6 0.8 0.6
Federal 1.7 3.5 4.2 1.3 1.7 3.1 2.1 2.0 3.3
State or local 3.7 3.5 7.0 2.6 7.4 5.5 2.7 3.6 8.6
Private pensions or annuities 7.5 24.8 34.2 7.2 15.9 24.4 5.8 15.6 21.3
Income from assets 36.7 47.5 50.1 38.4 43.9 44.1 43.7 47.1 48.8
Interest 33.3 39.3 46.6 35.7 40.0 40.7 38.9 44.4 46.2
Other income from assets 22.7 25.8 21.8 17.4 17.0 20.0 21.6 22.2 24.4
Dividends 21.2 22.0 18.0 13.7 12.5 16.3 17.4 16.8 20.0
Rent or royalties 7.0 5.8 8.3 6.3 7.2 6.3 6.8 9.1 6.6
Estates or trusts 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.0
Veterans' benefits 4.8 8.5 7.4 4.3 8.5 7.5 2.7 6.3 3.9
Unemployment compensation 7.4 1.3 1.7 7.7 8.2 3.5 6.7 5.8 2.2
Workers' compensation 2.0 0.6 0.4 1.2 2.0 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 26.2 13.4 16.7 19.5 18.5 15.5 23.3 21.2 19.5
Cash public assistance 11.0 5.2 5.2 7.9 6.0 4.2 11.6 9.4 8.7
Supplemental Security Income 10.1 5.2 5.0 7.3 5.6 3.8 11.1 9.2 7.2
Other 1.3 1.8 0.2 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.9 2.0
Noncash benefits 21.6 12.0 14.5 16.9 14.9 13.7 18.9 14.9 15.4
Food 18.1 9.0 10.2 13.5 11.8 8.3 15.1 11.7 9.8
Energy 4.8 1.7 3.2 4.7 3.0 5.1 4.0 3.9 4.1
Housing 3.5 5.0 4.4 4.1 4.4 5.5 6.8 5.4 5.5
Personal contributions 0.8 0.0 1.0 2.1 2.3 0.8 1.6 2.4 0.2
Number (thousands) 290 151 2,327 2,069 756 1,861 1,454 439 873
  Women
Earnings 66.6 60.1 29.5 74.9 64.8 41.9 69.2 66.1 38.0
Wages and salaries 64.5 57.4 27.5 72.2 60.8 39.9 66.4 63.3 36.2
Self-employment 4.5 4.9 3.4 6.2 6.6 4.2 6.2 5.6 2.7
Retirement benefits 45.1 62.0 94.2 25.9 46.7 85.9 30.1 43.8 78.9
Social Security 30.8 53.0 91.6 19.0 39.6 82.7 22.1 34.9 75.4
Benefits other than Social Security 24.5 28.3 35.5 11.8 18.3 32.2 13.9 22.9 32.1
Other public pensions 8.0 13.4 13.5 5.3 8.4 13.1 8.0 12.1 14.8
Railroad Retirement 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1
Government employee pensions 7.5 13.4 13.1 5.3 8.2 12.8 8.0 12.1 14.7
Military 1.0 0.5 1.8 0.6 0.2 0.6 1.0 0.0 0.6
Federal 1.9 4.5 3.3 1.6 3.0 2.7 2.1 2.2 2.0
State or local 4.7 8.4 8.5 3.2 5.5 9.5 4.9 10.0 12.4
Private pensions or annuities 16.9 16.1 23.9 6.6 10.1 20.3 6.7 11.6 18.9
Income from assets 40.1 40.7 48.5 43.3 47.2 45.4 44.2 46.0 39.3
Interest 36.9 37.8 45.4 40.5 45.1 42.7 41.4 43.1 36.0
Other income from assets 15.4 20.7 19.2 17.3 18.2 18.3 19.7 20.6 18.8
Dividends 12.4 16.0 14.9 13.6 16.3 14.9 16.5 17.8 15.8
Rent or royalties 6.2 6.8 6.9 6.1 5.0 6.2 5.0 3.4 3.8
Estates or trusts 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.4
Veterans' benefits 4.2 7.8 3.3 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.6 0.3
Unemployment compensation 6.5 5.5 2.9 7.3 5.6 3.9 5.1 7.2 3.7
Workers' compensation 1.2 1.5 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.0 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 24.4 19.3 17.1 24.7 23.2 22.9 28.0 27.6 25.8
Cash public assistance 13.2 5.3 5.6 10.7 9.4 8.2 11.8 10.7 9.3
Supplemental Security Income 11.3 5.0 5.1 9.7 8.7 7.5 10.4 9.9 8.2
Other 2.5 0.5 0.6 1.7 0.8 0.9 1.7 1.0 1.3
Noncash benefits 20.5 17.2 14.3 21.8 20.3 20.2 24.2 22.7 23.3
Food 16.4 13.0 8.5 17.7 15.3 12.8 18.4 17.5 16.4
Energy 6.4 4.0 4.2 6.4 7.5 6.1 7.6 5.6 6.8
Housing 6.4 4.8 5.7 7.9 5.6 8.7 9.0 9.6 10.4
Personal contributions 3.9 2.6 1.8 6.6 5.4 4.6 3.2 2.2 1.1
Number (thousands) 978 518 8,738 2,801 1,011 2,934 1,349 420 1,030
Family Income Sources of Persons 65 or Older Table 2.B6 Percentage with family income from specified source, by number of persons in family and quintile of per-capita family total money income, 2012
Source of family income Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth
  All persons
Earnings 39.6 20.6 22.8 36.2 52.2 66.3
Wages and salaries 36.5 18.5 21.2 33.6 48.4 60.9
Self-employment 6.2 3.0 2.7 4.7 8.0 12.5
Retirement benefits 90.3 80.9 95.4 94.7 92.6 87.7
Social Security 87.5 78.3 93.6 93.3 89.9 82.6
Benefits other than Social Security 42.9 12.7 32.1 49.2 61.9 58.6
Other public pensions 16.5 3.7 8.7 14.8 26.4 29.0
Railroad Retirement 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.6 1.1 0.5
Government employee pensions 16.0 3.4 8.3 14.3 25.5 28.6
Military 1.9 0.2 0.8 1.4 3.2 4.0
Federal 4.2 0.8 2.3 3.9 6.8 7.4
State or local 10.4 2.3 5.3 9.3 16.5 18.7
Private pensions or annuities 29.3 9.4 24.4 35.9 41.1 35.6
Income from assets 56.2 26.1 44.9 57.3 69.6 83.2
Interest 53.0 24.2 42.1 54.1 65.5 79.3
Other income from assets 26.6 7.1 15.0 22.5 33.8 54.6
Dividends 21.6 4.8 11.2 17.5 27.5 47.2
Rent or royalties 9.1 2.8 4.8 7.4 10.8 19.7
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.5
Veterans' benefits 4.7 2.2 4.0 4.7 7.1 5.7
Unemployment compensation 2.9 2.5 2.4 3.4 4.0 2.3
Workers' compensation 0.8 0.3 0.6 1.0 1.1 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 12.2 33.3 15.4 7.6 3.0 1.5
Cash public assistance 4.6 13.4 4.2 2.7 1.7 0.9
Supplemental Security Income 4.1 12.4 3.8 2.3 1.5 0.7
Other 0.6 1.4 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.1
Noncash benefits 9.9 29.2 12.6 5.5 1.5 0.6
Food 6.2 21.9 6.1 2.1 0.6 0.3
Energy 3.0 8.0 4.5 1.8 0.5 0.0
Housing 3.6 9.9 5.0 2.1 0.5 0.3
Personal contributions 1.4 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.1 0.7
Number (thousands) 43,287 8,658 8,657 8,657 8,656 8,659
  Persons in 1-person families
Earnings 18.1 3.7 6.2 12.0 26.5 46.3
Wages and salaries 16.3 2.8 5.5 10.4 24.5 42.6
Self-employment 2.2 0.8 0.8 1.8 2.9 5.3
Retirement benefits 91.2 80.1 98.0 96.8 93.0 88.4
Social Security 88.4 78.1 97.0 95.7 89.6 81.3
Benefits other than Social Security 36.8 6.8 19.3 41.5 64.2 60.5
Other public pensions 13.0 1.9 4.6 10.7 22.4 29.1
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.7 0.5
Government employee pensions 12.7 1.8 4.6 10.3 21.7 28.6
Military 1.4 0.2 0.4 0.5 2.7 3.7
Federal 3.1 0.3 1.3 2.6 5.0 6.9
State or local 8.6 1.3 2.9 7.4 14.3 19.2
Private pensions or annuities 24.9 4.8 15.0 31.5 43.6 34.9
Income from assets 48.5 21.6 37.0 51.1 63.1 75.8
Interest 45.4 20.2 34.8 48.0 58.2 71.3
Other income from assets 20.7 4.5 8.9 15.9 31.4 47.6
Dividends 16.7 3.0 6.2 12.3 25.6 40.4
Rent or royalties 7.0 1.6 2.8 5.1 9.9 17.4
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.4 1.0
Veterans' benefits 3.5 1.3 2.2 3.0 5.8 6.0
Unemployment compensation 1.2 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.8 1.8
Workers' compensation 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 17.3 39.8 25.0 10.7 4.4 1.9
Cash public assistance 4.2 15.1 2.3 1.3 0.5 0.4
Supplemental Security Income 3.9 14.4 2.2 1.0 0.5 0.2
Other 0.4 1.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2
Noncash benefits 16.0 36.5 23.9 9.8 4.0 1.5
Food 8.3 25.3 9.7 2.8 0.8 0.4
Energy 5.4 10.6 9.8 3.3 1.8 0.1
Housing 8.2 18.6 12.4 5.0 1.6 1.0
Personal contributions 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.8 1.0 0.8
Number (thousands) 13,516 2,927 2,870 2,805 2,307 2,607
  Persons in 2-person families
Earnings 40.0 12.3 17.3 35.2 53.0 71.1
Wages and salaries 36.0 10.4 16.1 31.8 47.7 64.1
Self-employment 7.2 2.2 1.9 5.2 9.0 15.2
Retirement benefits 92.6 85.3 97.4 96.7 94.3 88.5
Social Security 89.9 82.4 95.5 95.3 91.7 84.0
Benefits other than Social Security 49.2 14.4 39.6 56.6 66.2 59.6
Other public pensions 19.3 4.1 10.1 17.2 29.8 30.1
Railroad Retirement 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 1.3 0.5
Government employee pensions 18.7 3.5 9.5 16.7 28.6 29.7
Military 2.4 0.2 0.9 1.8 4.0 4.1
Federal 5.1 1.0 2.6 4.5 7.6 8.0
State or local 12.1 2.4 6.1 10.7 18.2 19.4
Private pensions or annuities 33.8 10.8 30.3 41.6 43.8 36.6
Income from assets 63.4 31.9 51.2 62.3 74.1 87.1
Interest 60.1 29.7 47.9 59.2 70.6 83.0
Other income from assets 31.8 9.4 19.1 27.0 35.7 59.1
Dividends 26.2 6.3 14.7 21.3 29.2 51.6
Rent or royalties 10.9 4.0 5.8 8.6 11.8 21.1
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.4
Veterans' benefits 5.3 2.3 4.4 5.3 8.2 5.5
Unemployment compensation 2.5 1.4 1.9 3.2 3.6 2.0
Workers' compensation 0.7 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.9
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.7 24.3 7.1 4.6 1.2 0.8
Cash public assistance 2.7 9.0 2.3 2.0 0.8 0.7
Supplemental Security Income 2.5 8.4 2.3 1.8 0.7 0.6
Other 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Noncash benefits 5.4 21.7 5.8 3.2 0.4 0.1
Food 3.5 15.9 3.0 1.2 0.3 0.0
Energy 1.7 6.6 1.9 1.3 0.0 0.0
Housing 1.6 6.7 1.5 0.8 0.1 0.1
Personal contributions 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5
Number (thousands) 22,743 3,698 4,421 4,506 4,966 5,152
  Persons in families of 3 or more
Earnings 79.8 60.1 75.2 89.9 92.3 97.2
Wages and salaries 76.9 55.6 71.1 88.2 90.8 95.4
Self-employment 10.5 7.7 9.3 8.8 12.7 18.0
Retirement benefits 80.9 73.8 83.5 83.5 86.0 81.3
Social Security 78.4 71.0 80.5 81.5 84.2 78.3
Benefits other than Social Security 34.2 18.0 34.8 40.4 42.4 47.7
Other public pensions 14.2 5.7 12.7 15.7 21.3 22.6
Railroad Retirement 0.6 0.5 0.2 1.3 0.9 0.1
Government employee pensions 13.7 5.3 12.5 14.5 20.6 22.4
Military 1.5 0.4 1.4 1.9 1.2 3.6
Federal 3.9 1.2 3.6 4.3 6.5 5.7
State or local 8.8 3.6 7.7 8.6 14.3 13.8
Private pensions or annuities 23.1 13.5 24.7 26.2 27.0 32.0
Income from assets 47.9 22.2 41.4 53.5 64.2 82.0
Interest 44.8 20.0 38.4 49.9 59.3 80.8
Other income from assets 21.2 6.6 14.4 21.3 31.0 49.0
Dividends 16.5 4.6 10.3 15.6 24.7 41.5
Rent or royalties 7.3 2.3 5.4 8.0 8.7 18.6
Estates or trusts 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Veterans' benefits 5.1 3.1 6.6 5.8 5.1 6.1
Unemployment compensation 7.9 7.3 7.6 9.7 9.1 5.3
Workers' compensation 1.7 0.8 1.5 2.3 2.8 1.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 20.1 40.2 22.3 11.3 7.3 4.0
Cash public assistance 11.5 19.0 14.1 8.2 6.7 3.1
Supplemental Security Income 9.9 16.6 11.8 7.0 5.9 2.7
Other 1.9 3.2 2.6 1.3 0.8 0.4
Noncash benefits 12.6 32.3 11.1 3.9 1.3 1.2
Food 10.9 28.1 8.8 3.5 1.2 1.2
Energy 2.3 6.9 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Housing 1.2 3.1 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.0
Personal contributions 4.3 5.3 5.5 4.7 3.1 1.2
Number (thousands) 7,029 2,033 1,367 1,346 1,383 900
NOTE: Per-capita family total money income quintile limits are $12,159, $17,750, $25,835, and $41,479.
Family Income Sources of Persons 65 or Older Table 2.B7 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex and ratio of family total money income to the poverty threshold, 2012
Source of family income All persons Men Women
Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more
Earnings 11.4 14.6 15.1 19.8 51.7 15.6 15.5 17.0 18.9 53.0 9.3 14.1 14.1 20.5 50.5
Wages and salaries 10.0 12.5 13.1 18.5 47.9 13.8 13.5 14.3 17.2 49.1 8.2 12.0 12.5 19.3 46.7
Self-employment 1.7 2.9 2.3 1.9 8.3 2.4 2.9 3.1 2.3 9.1 1.4 2.8 1.9 1.7 7.4
Retirement benefits 69.8 92.8 94.0 95.3 91.5 59.7 91.3 92.6 94.9 90.8 74.7 93.6 94.7 95.5 92.2
Social Security 67.2 90.8 92.2 93.7 88.4 56.7 89.6 90.8 93.0 87.4 72.3 91.5 93.0 94.1 89.4
Benefits other than Social Security 7.4 12.1 18.3 28.1 55.5 6.7 10.1 16.8 27.1 56.0 7.7 13.2 19.1 28.9 55.1
Other public pensions 2.5 3.9 4.3 7.2 22.5 2.5 2.9 4.0 6.3 21.8 2.5 4.5 4.4 7.8 23.1
Railroad Retirement 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.7
Government employee pensions 2.0 3.7 4.3 6.8 21.9 1.7 2.5 4.0 5.9 21.3 2.1 4.3 4.4 7.4 22.4
Military 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.6 2.7 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.6 2.8 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.6 2.6
Federal 0.6 1.1 1.1 1.6 5.8 0.5 0.7 0.5 1.1 6.0 0.6 1.3 1.4 2.0 5.6
State or local 1.2 2.1 3.1 4.6 14.2 1.1 1.3 3.5 4.1 13.4 1.3 2.5 2.8 5.0 15.0
Private pensions or annuities 5.3 8.3 14.3 21.9 37.2 4.5 7.5 13.2 21.8 38.1 5.6 8.7 14.9 21.9 36.3
Income from assets 20.2 27.9 35.2 43.3 68.0 19.4 27.3 33.5 42.1 68.8 20.6 28.2 36.2 44.1 67.3
Interest 18.5 26.1 33.4 40.2 64.3 18.1 24.8 31.7 39.1 65.1 18.6 26.8 34.4 41.0 63.7
Other income from assets 5.3 6.2 8.8 13.0 35.5 5.2 7.0 9.5 12.5 36.4 5.3 5.7 8.4 13.4 34.7
Dividends 3.5 4.6 6.5 9.1 29.4 3.9 5.1 6.8 8.7 30.3 3.3 4.3 6.3 9.4 28.5
Rent or royalties 2.0 2.2 2.9 4.5 12.1 1.6 2.6 3.3 4.4 12.6 2.2 2.0 2.6 4.5 11.7
Estates or trusts 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.4
Veterans' benefits 1.5 2.0 2.3 3.8 5.8 1.5 4.5 3.6 5.6 6.8 1.5 0.7 1.5 2.5 4.8
Unemployment compensation 1.4 2.2 1.8 2.0 3.5 1.5 2.3 1.0 1.6 3.4 1.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 3.6
Workers' compensation 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.7 1.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 39.4 34.9 23.4 16.6 4.6 39.3 32.3 21.6 16.0 4.1 39.5 36.3 24.4 17.0 5.1
Cash public assistance 16.1 9.8 5.0 4.8 2.5 17.1 7.6 5.3 4.6 2.2 15.5 10.9 4.9 4.9 2.8
Supplemental Security Income 15.1 8.8 4.3 4.6 2.2 16.3 7.0 4.4 4.4 1.8 14.5 9.7 4.2 4.7 2.5
Other 1.5 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.4 1.3 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.4 1.6 1.6 0.9 0.3 0.3
Noncash benefits 35.9 32.7 21.5 13.8 2.6 35.2 31.2 19.7 13.1 2.2 36.3 33.4 22.4 14.3 2.9
Food 28.0 22.0 11.0 6.5 1.4 28.8 21.4 11.2 6.3 1.3 27.7 22.4 11.0 6.6 1.4
Energy 9.4 9.8 9.1 4.4 0.6 8.6 9.2 9.0 4.0 0.5 9.7 10.0 9.2 4.7 0.7
Housing 14.2 12.0 8.5 4.8 0.7 12.8 10.4 6.1 4.2 0.5 14.9 12.9 9.9 5.3 0.9
Personal contributions 1.7 2.3 1.1 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.9 2.5 1.2 2.2 1.6
Number (thousands) 3,926 2,381 2,729 5,560 28,692 1,282 818 972 2,291 13,934 2,643 1,562 1,757 3,269 14,757
NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty lines of families in 2012.
Family Income Sources of Persons 65 or Older in Beneficiary Families Table 2.B8 Percentage with family income from specified source, by proportion of family income from Social Security and sex, 2012
Source of family income Proportion of family income from Social Security
Less than 50 percent 50–89 percent 90–99 percent 100 percent
All persons Men Women All persons Men Women All persons Men Women All persons Men Women
Earnings 63.5 64.1 63.0 24.7 25.2 24.2 4.9 6.1 4.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wages and salaries 58.2 58.4 58.0 22.2 22.8 21.8 4.2 5.2 3.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
Self-employment 10.9 12.0 9.9 3.6 3.7 3.5 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 58.9 60.6 57.4 61.6 62.4 61.0 17.8 18.7 17.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other public pensions 29.4 28.9 29.8 13.6 12.8 14.2 1.5 1.3 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
Railroad Retirement 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Government employee pensions 28.9 28.5 29.3 13.2 12.4 13.8 1.5 1.3 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
Military 3.7 3.8 3.5 1.3 1.2 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Federal 8.1 8.3 8.0 2.1 1.7 2.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
State or local 18.4 17.7 19.0 9.9 9.6 10.2 1.2 1.0 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Private pensions or annuities 35.2 37.3 33.3 50.2 51.9 48.9 16.5 17.6 15.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
Income from assets 70.7 72.6 69.0 61.5 62.1 61.1 82.5 81.1 83.4 0.0 0.0 0.0
Interest 66.4 68.0 64.9 57.6 58.3 57.0 77.7 76.0 78.9 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other income from assets 39.8 41.6 38.2 26.5 27.0 26.1 18.2 18.8 17.9 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dividends 32.7 34.3 31.2 20.6 21.2 20.2 13.9 14.2 13.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
Rent or royalties 14.4 15.1 13.8 8.5 8.8 8.2 4.7 4.7 4.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Veterans' benefits 7.0 8.5 5.7 5.6 7.1 4.5 2.2 3.2 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
Unemployment compensation 4.7 4.2 5.1 2.3 2.4 2.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
Workers' compensation 1.2 1.1 1.3 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.3 5.2 7.3 12.0 9.2 14.1 15.2 13.4 16.4 21.0 18.5 22.4
Cash public assistance 3.3 2.7 3.8 5.7 4.4 6.6 2.2 1.7 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Supplemental Security Income 2.9 2.4 3.3 5.1 4.0 6.0 1.9 1.5 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Noncash benefits 4.3 3.5 5.1 9.3 6.8 11.2 14.6 12.8 15.7 21.0 18.5 22.4
Food 2.9 2.4 3.3 5.8 4.3 6.9 6.6 6.0 6.9 12.7 11.4 13.4
Energy 1.0 0.7 1.3 3.1 2.2 3.8 6.5 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.6 6.8
Housing 1.1 0.8 1.3 2.8 1.7 3.7 5.5 4.0 6.4 9.6 7.9 10.6
Personal contributions 1.8 1.4 2.2 1.2 0.7 1.7 0.8 0.3 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number (thousands) 16,598 7,920 8,678 10,977 4,798 6,179 3,979 1,551 2,428 6,086 2,258 3,827
NOTE: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.