Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Asia and the Pacific, 2012

 

Yemen

Exchange rate: US$1.00 = 214.50 rials.

Old Age, Disability, and Survivors

Regulatory Framework

First law: 1980.

Current law: 1991 (pensions).

Type of program: Social insurance system.

Coverage

Public-sector system: Permanent employees of government agencies and all public-sector or quasi-public entities.

Special system for military and police personnel.

Private-sector system: Private-sector employees (nationals and foreigners), including Yemeni workers abroad.

Exclusions: Casual workers, self-employed persons, agricultural workers, household workers, seamen, and fishermen.

Source of Funds

Insured person: 6% of earnings (public- and private-sector systems).

The earnings used to calculate contributions include the basic salary plus all allowances paid to an employee, excluding bonuses and overtime wages.

Self-employed person: Not applicable.

Employer: 6% of payroll (public-sector system); 9% of payroll (old-age private-sector system).

Government: None (public- and private-sector systems); contributes 6% of payroll as an employer (public-sector system).

Qualifying Conditions

Public-sector system

Old-age pension: Age 60 with at least 15 years of contributions (men) or age 55 with at least 10 years of contributions (women); age 50 (men) with at least 26 years of contributions; age 46 (women) with at least 20 years of contributions; at any age with at least 30 years of contributions (men) or 25 years of contributions (women).

Early pension: At any age with at least 25 years of contributions if the insured becomes involuntarily unemployed.

Disability pension: Paid for a permanent total or partial disability.

Survivor pension: Paid when an insured person dies before retirement age.

Eligible survivors include the deceased's spouse(s), sons, daughters, parents, brothers, sisters, and dependent nephews and nieces.

Private-sector system

Old-age pension: Age 60 (men) or age 55 (women) with at least 15 years of contributions.

Early pension: Age 50 (men) with more than 25 years of contributions or age 46 (women) with at least 20 years of contributions; at any age with at least 30 years of contributions (men) or 25 years of contributions (women).

Reduced pension: Age 50 (men) or age 45 (women) with at least 20 years of contributions.

Disability pension: Paid for a permanent disability.

Disability grant: Paid to those ineligible for the nonwork-related or work-related disability pension with at least one year of contributions.

Survivor pension: Paid when an insured person dies before retirement age.

Eligible survivors include the deceased's spouse(s), sons, daughters, parents, brothers, sisters, and dependent nephews and nieces.

Old-Age Benefits

Public-sector system

Old-age pension: The pension is the insured's last gross monthly salary multiplied by the number of months of contributions, divided by 420.

The minimum monthly pension is 20,000 rials.

The maximum monthly pension is 100% of the insured's last gross monthly salary with at least 35 years of contributions; 43% with at least 15 years.

Early pension: The pension is calculated in the same way as the old-age pension.

Benefit adjustment: Benefits are adjusted by 50% of the value of any increase in the active civil servant salary.

Private-sector system

Old-age pension: The pension is the insured's last gross monthly salary multiplied by the number of months of contributions, divided by 420.

The minimum pension is 50% of the insured's last gross monthly salary.

Early pension: The pension is calculated in the same way as the old-age pension.

Reduced pension: If the insured retires from normal employment at age 45, the pension is reduced by 10%; at age 50, by 5%.

Benefit adjustment: Benefits are adjusted by 50% of the value of any increase in the active civil servant salary.

Permanent Disability Benefits

Public-sector system

Work-related disability pension: 100% of the insured's last gross monthly salary plus a lump sum of 39,000 rials is paid.

Permanent partial disability: A reduced pension and a reduced lump sum are paid according to the assessed degree of disability and a schedule in law.

Nonwork-related disability pension: For a total disability, the pension is 50% of the insured's last gross monthly salary or the value of the old-age pension (but no less than the minimum pension), whichever is greater.

The minimum pension is 50% of the insured's last gross monthly salary.

End-of-service payment: A lump sum of 9% of the insured's last gross monthly salary multiplied by the number of months of contributions is paid.

Benefit adjustment: Benefits are adjusted by 50% of the value of any increase in the active civil servant salary.

Private-sector system

Work-related disability pension: 100% of the covered monthly salary in the last year is paid for a total disability.

Nonwork-related disability pension: 50% of the average monthly salary in the last year is paid for a total disability.

Disability grant: A lump sum of 12% of the average monthly salary in the last year multiplied by the number of years of contribution is paid.

Benefit adjustment: Benefits are adjusted by 50% of the value of any increase in the active civil servant salary.

Survivor Benefits

Survivor pension (public- and private-sector systems): The pension is based on the deceased's entitlement to either the old-age or disability pension. The pension is split equally among named survivors.

Benefit adjustment: Benefits are adjusted by 50% of the value of any increase in the active civil servant salary.

Administrative Organization

General Authority for Social Security and Pensions, supervised by a board of directors, administers the public-sector system.

General Corporation for Social Security, supervised by a tripartite board of directors, administers the private-sector system.

Sickness and Maternity

Regulatory Framework

A health insurance system exists for public-sector em-ployees. A new system for public- and private-sector employees was approved by the parliament but has not yet been implemented.

Work Injury

Regulatory Framework

First and current law: 1991 (work injury).

Type of program: Social insurance system.

Coverage

Cash benefits: Permanent employees of government agencies and all public-sector or quasi-public entities; private-sector employees.

Exclusions: Self-employed persons.

Medical benefits: Public-sector employees.

Exclusions: Self-employed persons.

Source of Funds

Insured person: None.

Self-employed person: Not applicable.

Employer: 4% of total payroll (private sector).

Government: None; contributes 1% of payroll as an employer (government, public sector and quasi-public sector).

Qualifying Conditions

Work injury benefits: Permanent disability as a result of a work injury.

Temporary Disability Benefits

No benefits are provided.

Permanent Disability Benefits

Permanent disability benefits: Work-related disability benefits are provided under Old Age, Disability, and Survivors.

Workers' Medical Benefits

Medical benefits are provided only for public-sector employees under the health insurance program.

Survivor Benefits

Survivor pension: Survivor benefits are provided under Old Age, Disability, and Survivors.

Administrative Organization

General Authority for Social Security and Pensions, supervised by a board of directors, administers the public-sector system.

General Corporation for Social Security, supervised by a tripartite board of directors, administers the private-sector system.