Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2006

 

Key Terms and Concepts for Section 8 1

Age. Age classification is based on the age of the person at his or her last birthday as of March 2007. A married couple's age is defined as the age of the husband—unless he is under age 55 and the wife is 55 or older, in which case it is the age of the wife.

Aged unit. With age 55 as the cutoff, aged units are defined as married couples living together—at least one of whom is 55 or older—and nonmarried persons 55 or older.

Marital status. Married persons are married and living with their spouse. Nonmarried persons may be divorced, widowed, never married, separated, or married but living apart from their spouse.

Race. The categories White alone, Black alone, and Asian alone reflect respondents who reported only one race. Because of changes to the race category, data on race are not directly comparable to editions prior to 2002. A person's race is his or her reported race. A married couple's race is defined as the race of the husband.

Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. A married couple is of Hispanic origin if the husband is of Hispanic origin.

Family. A family is a group of two or more people (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; all such people (including related subfamily members) are considered as members of one family.

Social Security beneficiary. A beneficiary may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, or transitionally insured benefits.

Per capita income. Per capita income is total family income divided by the number of persons in the family.

Relative Importance of Income Source. The relative importance of a source is the ratio of the amount of income from a given source to total income for an aged unit or family. These tables are distributions of persons or aged units by the importance of a given source at the individual unit level.

Poverty. The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to detect who is poor. If a family's total income is less than that family's threshold, then that family, and every individual in it, is considered poor. The poverty thresholds do not vary geographically, but they are updated annually for inflation with the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). The official poverty definition counts money income before taxes and excludes capital gains and noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid, and food stamps).

Income sources

Retirement benefits. Include Social Security benefits, Railroad Retirement income, government employee pensions, and private pensions or annuities.

Social Security. Includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, and transitionally insured benefits.

Government employee pensions. Government employee pensions include regular payments from federal government (civil service), military, and state or local governments.

Private pensions and annuities. Private pensions and annuities include regular payments from companies or unions, annuities or paid-up insurance policies, individual retirement accounts (IRAs), Keogh, or 401(k) payments. Nonregular (nonannuitized or lump-sum) withdrawals from IRA, Keogh, and 401(k) plans are not included as income.

Earnings. Include wages and salaries and self-employment. Wages and salaries is defined as total money earnings received for work performed as an employee during the income year. It includes wages, salary, Armed Forces pay, commissions, tips, piece-rate payments, and cash bonuses earned, before deductions are made for taxes, bonds, pensions, union dues, and so forth. Earnings for self-employed incorporated businesses are considered wage and salary. Self-employment is the combined income from farm and nonfarm self-employment.

Asset income. Includes income from interest, dividends, rent, royalties, and estates and trusts. Interest includes payments people receive (or have credited to their accounts) from bonds, treasury notes, IRAs, certificates of deposit, interest-bearing savings and checking accounts, and all other investments that pay interest. Dividends include income from stock holdings and mutual fund shares. The CPS does not include capital gains from the sale of stock holdings as income. Rents, royalties, and estates and trusts includes net income from the rental of a house, store, or other property, receipts from boarders or lodgers, net royalty income, and periodic payments from estate or trust funds.

Public Assistance. Includes Supplemental Security Income and other monetary public assistance programs. Noncash benefits are not included.

Notes

1 For more information, consult the Glossary for this report.

Tables

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged UnitsTable 8.A1 Percentage distribution of units, by source of income and age, 2006
Proportion of income Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 15.6 33.4 74.9 52.9 71.0 81.2 93.5
1–19 1.8 4.2 4.4 5.7 5.5 5.7 1.5
20–39 2.5 5.5 4.2 6.5 5.5 3.9 1.5
40–59 4.9 8.0 5.4 10.1 6.4 3.9 1.3
60–79 8.7 9.6 5.4 11.1 6.6 2.9 1.1
80 or more 66.4 39.3 5.7 13.7 5.0 2.5 1.2
50 or more 78.2 52.7 14.0 30.7 15.0 7.1 2.9
90 or more 59.0 32.8 3.9 9.7 2.9 1.9 0.7
100 24.5 13.1 1.9 4.4 1.9 1.1 0.4
Mean proportion 74.2 50.7 13.5 28.4 14.6 7.9 3.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 87.9 76.1 53.8 60.2 50.4 42.0 47.3
Number (thousands) 16,555 5,268 26,700 7,282 5,827 5,642 7,949
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 74.4 41.3 6.5 12.8 5.5 3.9 3.1
1–19 6.5 11.0 4.5 8.5 4.4 3.0 1.9
20–39 5.4 10.1 9.2 13.9 10.9 7.2 4.9
40–59 3.1 7.1 9.8 11.5 10.1 9.3 8.4
60–79 2.1 6.5 12.2 11.7 12.1 13.2 12.2
80 or more 8.4 24.0 57.9 41.6 56.9 63.5 69.5
50 or more 11.9 34.1 75.1 58.4 73.8 81.3 86.9
90 or more 7.4 20.6 50.2 35.4 48.7 55.2 61.3
100 5.1 12.6 29.7 20.9 28.0 31.9 37.3
Mean proportion 13.5 35.5 73.0 59.3 72.5 77.9 82.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 52.6 60.4 78.0 68.1 76.7 81.1 84.9
Number (thousands) 16,555 5,268 26,700 7,282 5,827 5,642 7,949
Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 86.8 53.1 9.4 16.7 8.0 6.3 5.8
1–19 2.9 11.6 9.3 14.2 10.1 7.3 5.7
20–39 2.8 10.8 15.3 19.4 17.9 13.5 10.8
40–59 1.8 7.0 16.7 15.5 17.1 18.1 16.4
60–79 1.0 4.4 13.7 10.0 13.9 15.9 15.6
80 or more 4.7 13.1 35.6 24.2 32.9 38.8 45.8
50 or more 6.5 20.6 57.6 41.0 55.4 63.0 70.6
90 or more 4.1 11.4 29.3 20.5 26.7 31.7 37.6
100 3.4 7.9 19.6 14.6 18.4 21.0 24.2
Mean proportion 7.3 23.6 58.0 45.5 56.6 62.5 67.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 55.1 50.2 64.0 54.6 61.6 66.7 71.4
Number (thousands) 16,555 5,268 26,700 7,282 5,827 5,642 7,949
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 92.5 87.6 86.0 86.3 86.2 85.4 85.8
1–19 2.2 3.5 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.2 2.5
20–39 2.4 3.5 3.7 4.0 3.4 3.9 3.7
40–59 1.0 1.8 3.7 3.0 3.9 3.9 3.9
60–79 0.6 1.9 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.5
80 or more 1.1 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.3 1.1 1.6
50 or more 2.3 4.4 5.5 5.1 5.6 5.7 5.7
90 or more 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.5 1.2
100 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.6
Mean proportion 3.0 5.1 6.2 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 40.2 41.4 44.1 43.4 44.1 42.5 45.8
Number (thousands) 16,555 5,268 26,700 7,282 5,827 5,642 7,949
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 91.1 80.3 70.2 73.8 66.6 69.2 70.3
1–19 3.8 8.2 12.4 10.6 13.8 11.4 13.7
20–39 2.2 5.1 10.0 8.6 11.3 11.6 9.2
40–59 1.1 3.6 5.1 4.8 5.7 5.5 4.7
60–79 0.6 1.3 1.6 1.5 2.0 1.6 1.4
80 or more 1.2 1.5 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7
50 or more 2.2 4.5 4.1 4.3 4.7 4.2 3.5
90 or more 1.0 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6
100 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.4
Mean proportion 3.0 6.4 8.4 7.7 9.5 8.9 8.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 34.3 32.3 28.3 29.5 28.4 28.9 26.9
Number (thousands) 16,555 5,268 26,700 7,282 5,827 5,642 7,949
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 42.5 42.4 43.8 42.6 43.2 43.7 45.5
1–19 49.0 46.2 39.0 42.7 41.2 38.0 34.7
20–39 3.9 5.1 9.2 8.4 8.5 9.7 10.0
40–59 2.2 3.0 4.4 3.8 3.8 4.3 5.3
60–79 0.9 1.4 2.3 1.5 2.2 2.7 2.9
80 or more 1.5 1.8 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.5
50 or more 3.4 4.7 5.5 4.0 5.3 6.2 6.4
90 or more 1.3 1.5 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9
100 1.2 1.3 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7
Mean proportion 5.9 7.4 9.6 8.2 9.0 10.3 10.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 10.3 12.8 17.0 14.3 15.8 18.2 19.7
Number (thousands) 16,555 5,268 26,700 7,282 5,827 5,642 7,949
Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 95.3 94.7 96.2 95.9 96.1 96.3 96.4
1–19 0.9 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.0
20–39 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8
40–59 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4
60–79 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
80 or more 2.2 2.7 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.0 1.3
50 or more 2.8 3.1 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.5
90 or more 2.1 2.7 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.0 1.3
100 2.0 2.5 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.3
Mean proportion 3.0 3.4 1.9 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 63.7 64.3 50.6 52.9 50.3 45.7 52.1
Number (thousands) 16,555 5,268 26,700 7,282 5,827 5,642 7,949
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged UnitsTable 8.A2 Percentage distribution of units, by source of income, marital status, and age, 2006
Proportion of income Married couples Nonmarried persons
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 8.0 22.4 61.6 41.4 61.1 71.7 86.6 25.8 46.0 84.4 65.6 79.7 88.2 96.1
1–19 1.6 4.5 7.2 7.7 7.2 9.5 3.6 2.2 3.8 2.4 3.5 3.9 2.9 0.7
20–39 2.8 7.2 6.7 8.4 8.1 5.6 3.0 2.1 3.6 2.4 4.4 3.1 2.6 0.8
40–59 6.5 9.6 8.2 12.5 9.2 5.6 2.4 2.7 6.1 3.3 7.5 4.0 2.5 0.9
60–79 11.3 13.6 8.0 13.9 8.3 3.9 2.1 5.3 5.0 3.5 8.0 5.2 2.1 0.7
80 or more 69.9 42.7 8.3 16.2 6.1 3.6 2.3 61.8 35.4 3.9 11.0 4.1 1.7 0.8
50 or more 85.3 60.4 21.0 37.8 19.3 10.1 5.7 68.8 43.9 9.1 22.9 11.2 4.9 1.9
90 or more 60.9 34.1 5.2 10.6 3.1 2.5 1.3 56.7 31.2 3.0 8.6 2.7 1.5 0.6
100 20.4 11.7 2.1 3.8 1.6 1.2 0.5 29.9 14.6 1.9 4.9 2.2 0.9 0.3
Mean proportion 80.0 57.8 20.2 34.6 19.1 11.4 6.0 66.5 42.5 8.8 21.5 10.7 5.4 2.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 86.9 74.4 52.5 59.0 49.0 40.1 44.7 89.6 78.7 56.1 62.5 52.7 45.2 50.7
Number (thousands) 9,442 2,811 11,126 3,818 2,734 2,397 2,177 7,113 2,457 15,574 3,464 3,093 3,244 5,772
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 73.2 40.0 6.7 11.9 4.7 4.1 3.0 76.0 42.8 6.3 13.9 6.2 3.9 3.2
1–19 8.7 15.6 7.3 12.3 6.1 4.3 3.4 3.5 5.7 2.4 4.3 3.0 1.9 1.3
20–39 7.5 13.1 12.0 16.5 13.7 8.7 5.9 2.7 6.7 7.1 11.1 8.5 6.0 4.5
40–59 3.8 7.9 11.4 12.5 12.0 10.9 9.3 2.2 6.2 8.7 10.5 8.4 8.1 8.0
60–79 2.0 7.4 14.1 13.1 13.9 14.8 15.2 2.2 5.5 10.9 10.0 10.5 11.9 11.0
80 or more 4.7 16.1 48.4 33.7 49.6 57.2 63.1 13.3 33.1 64.6 50.3 63.4 68.2 72.0
50 or more 8.2 27.4 67.8 52.1 68.6 77.2 84.2 16.7 41.8 80.2 65.4 78.3 84.3 87.9
90 or more 3.9 12.4 39.8 26.7 41.1 47.2 52.9 12.0 30.1 57.7 45.0 55.5 61.2 64.5
100 2.2 6.0 18.9 12.2 18.9 22.1 27.2 9.0 20.2 37.3 30.5 36.1 39.2 41.1
Mean proportion 10.9 29.8 66.6 53.9 68.3 73.8 78.6 16.8 41.9 77.5 65.3 76.3 81.0 83.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 40.9 49.7 71.3 61.2 71.6 76.9 81.0 70.0 73.3 82.8 75.8 81.3 84.3 86.4
Number (thousands) 9,442 2,811 11,126 3,818 2,734 2,397 2,177 7,113 2,457 15,574 3,464 3,093 3,244 5,772
Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 87.0 54.2 9.5 15.9 7.2 6.0 5.0 86.5 51.8 9.2 17.5 8.7 6.5 6.1
1–19 4.4 16.5 13.9 19.8 13.7 9.6 8.8 1.0 6.1 6.0 8.1 7.0 5.6 4.5
20–39 3.9 13.1 19.4 23.3 21.0 16.3 14.2 1.2 8.2 12.3 15.1 15.2 11.5 9.5
40–59 1.9 7.1 18.6 14.7 20.2 21.9 19.9 1.8 7.0 15.3 16.3 14.4 15.4 15.1
60–79 0.8 3.7 14.1 10.1 15.0 15.3 18.6 1.3 5.2 13.5 9.8 13.0 16.3 14.4
80 or more 2.0 5.5 24.4 16.1 23.0 30.9 33.5 8.2 21.7 43.6 33.2 41.6 44.6 50.5
50 or more 3.6 12.1 47.0 32.3 47.7 55.6 62.7 10.4 30.2 65.1 50.5 62.2 68.5 73.6
90 or more 1.7 4.3 18.5 12.5 17.7 22.9 25.2 7.3 19.5 37.0 29.4 34.7 38.3 42.2
100 1.3 3.0 10.6 7.2 10.6 12.4 14.7 6.2 13.5 26.0 22.6 25.3 27.4 27.7
Mean proportion 5.0 16.7 49.7 38.8 50.3 56.8 60.3 10.3 31.5 63.9 52.9 62.2 66.7 69.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 38.6 36.4 54.9 46.1 54.2 60.4 63.5 76.1 65.3 70.4 64.1 68.2 71.3 74.5
Number (thousands) 9,442 2,811 11,126 3,818 2,734 2,397 2,177 7,113 2,457 15,574 3,464 3,093 3,244 5,772
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 91.5 84.4 83.5 84.3 83.3 83.9 82.0 93.9 91.3 87.7 88.6 88.7 86.5 87.3
1–19 3.0 5.0 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.6 4.2 1.3 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.8 2.3 1.8
20–39 3.1 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.6 1.6 2.1 3.2 3.4 2.4 3.6 3.3
40–59 1.3 2.6 4.2 3.4 4.4 4.5 5.0 0.7 0.9 3.3 2.5 3.4 3.5 3.5
60–79 0.7 2.3 2.4 2.0 2.8 1.9 3.3 0.6 1.4 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.9 2.1
80 or more 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.9 2.5 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.3 1.9
50 or more 1.8 4.6 5.6 5.0 6.2 5.1 6.7 2.9 4.2 5.4 5.3 5.0 6.1 5.4
90 or more 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.7 1.6 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.6 1.4
100 0.1 0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.7
Mean proportion 2.8 5.7 6.5 6.2 6.8 6.1 7.4 3.2 4.5 5.9 5.6 5.5 6.3 6.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 33.2 36.5 39.7 39.7 40.6 37.7 40.8 53.1 51.6 48.2 49.0 48.7 46.6 48.5
Number (thousands) 9,442 2,811 11,126 3,818 2,734 2,397 2,177 7,113 2,457 15,574 3,464 3,093 3,244 5,772
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 89.9 75.6 63.2 68.5 59.2 61.7 60.4 92.7 85.6 75.3 79.6 73.2 74.8 74.0
1–19 4.8 11.0 16.1 13.9 18.1 15.5 18.2 2.6 5.0 9.7 7.0 9.9 8.4 12.0
20–39 2.6 6.7 12.5 10.3 13.9 14.1 13.2 1.6 3.3 8.2 6.7 9.0 9.9 7.7
40–59 1.2 4.3 5.8 4.8 6.4 6.7 5.6 0.9 2.8 4.6 4.8 5.1 4.6 4.3
60–79 0.6 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.3 2.1 0.6 1.3 1.4 1.1 2.0 1.9 1.1
80 or more 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.6 1.6 2.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8
50 or more 1.9 4.5 4.4 4.8 4.2 4.1 4.5 2.5 4.5 3.9 3.8 5.0 4.3 3.1
90 or more 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 1.5 1.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6
100 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0 0.3 1.0 1.5 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.5
Mean proportion 3.0 7.0 10.0 8.8 10.8 10.5 10.4 3.2 5.6 7.4 6.6 8.3 7.7 7.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 29.4 28.7 27.1 27.8 26.5 27.5 26.2 43.2 39.3 29.7 32.4 30.9 30.5 27.3
Number (thousands) 9,442 2,811 11,126 3,818 2,734 2,397 2,177 7,113 2,457 15,574 3,464 3,093 3,244 5,772
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 33.8 33.1 33.5 32.3 32.5 34.2 36.3 54.0 53.0 51.2 53.9 52.8 50.8 49.0
1–19 58.0 53.8 48.0 51.5 50.7 44.8 41.8 37.1 37.6 32.6 33.0 32.8 33.1 32.0
20–39 4.5 5.9 10.3 9.5 9.4 11.2 11.9 3.1 4.3 8.3 7.1 7.8 8.6 9.3
40–59 2.1 3.8 4.6 4.1 4.5 5.0 5.3 2.2 2.1 4.2 3.5 3.2 3.8 5.3
60–79 0.8 1.5 2.4 1.7 2.1 3.3 2.9 1.1 1.4 2.3 1.3 2.3 2.3 2.9
80 or more 0.8 2.0 1.1 0.8 0.9 1.5 1.7 2.5 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.5
50 or more 2.4 5.5 5.6 4.1 5.7 7.2 6.1 4.7 3.9 5.4 3.7 5.0 5.5 6.6
90 or more 0.7 1.6 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.9 2.2 1.3 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
100 0.6 1.5 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.5 2.1 1.1 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Mean proportion 5.5 8.6 10.4 9.1 9.9 11.9 11.8 6.4 6.0 8.9 7.2 8.1 9.0 10.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 8.3 12.9 15.7 13.4 14.7 18.1 18.6 14.0 12.7 18.3 15.6 17.2 18.3 20.3
Number (thousands) 9,442 2,811 11,126 3,818 2,734 2,397 2,177 7,113 2,457 15,574 3,464 3,093 3,244 5,772
Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 97.7 97.2 97.8 97.9 97.2 98.3 97.8 92.3 91.9 95.0 93.7 95.2 94.9 95.9
1–19 0.7 1.1 0.8 0.7 1.3 0.4 0.6 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.8 1.2
20–39 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.4 1.0
40–59 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.5
60–79 0.1 0.3 0.1 0 0.1 0 0 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
80 or more 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.9 4.4 5.0 1.8 2.7 2.0 1.2 1.4
50 or more 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.1 5.4 5.6 2.2 3.3 2.4 1.8 1.7
90 or more 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.9 4.2 5.0 1.8 2.7 2.0 1.2 1.4
100 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.9 3.8 4.9 1.7 2.5 1.8 1.2 1.4
Mean proportion 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.3 5.5 5.9 2.6 3.7 2.8 2.2 2.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 44.7 42.4 44.8 37.2 36.9 59.7 57.2 71.3 73.0 52.5 58.7 57.3 42.2 51.0
Number (thousands) 9,442 2,811 11,126 3,818 2,734 2,397 2,177 7,113 2,457 15,574 3,464 3,093 3,244 5,772
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged UnitsTable 8.A3 Percentage distribution of units, by source of income, Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, and age, 2006
Proportion of income Beneficiary units Nonbeneficiary units
All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 57.9 54.5 77.8 35.6 38.8 64.8 86.3 71.6 87.0 9.2 14.7 47.2 3.8 8.5 30.9 16.3 22.1 59.2
1–19 3.7 7.1 4.7 3.8 8.3 7.7 3.6 5.8 2.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.2 1.4 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.2
20–39 4.9 6.7 4.4 7.3 8.9 7.1 1.7 4.4 2.5 2.1 4.4 2.4 2.1 5.7 3.5 2.2 2.9 1.6
40–59 8.6 10.5 5.6 13.4 12.7 8.6 2.4 8.1 3.5 4.3 5.7 2.7 5.5 6.9 4.5 2.8 4.3 1.5
60–79 15.1 12.5 5.4 24.4 18.5 8.1 3.1 6.0 3.5 7.7 7.0 5.1 9.3 9.5 7.2 5.7 4.1 3.5
80 or more 9.9 8.7 2.1 15.3 12.9 3.7 2.9 4.1 0.9 75.1 66.4 41.0 78.1 67.9 51.9 71.1 64.7 32.9
50 or more 29.7 25.9 10.6 47.6 36.3 16.7 7.0 14.7 6.2 85.6 76.3 47.3 90.9 80.7 61.7 78.5 71.0 36.8
90 or more 3.3 3.4 0.5 4.7 4.8 1.0 1.5 1.8 0.2 67.6 58.7 36.5 69.2 58.9 44.7 65.3 58.6 30.4
100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 28.2 24.6 20.8 23.4 21.6 21.7 34.6 28.2 20.2
Mean proportion 25.5 24.3 10.2 40.2 34.0 16.1 6.8 13.7 6.0 81.6 74.0 45.8 85.9 77.9 58.9 75.8 69.3 36.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 60.6 53.4 45.8 62.5 55.5 45.8 49.8 48.3 45.8 89.9 86.8 86.8 89.3 85.1 85.3 90.7 89.1 88.6
Number (thousands) 2,191 2,473 24,203 1,227 1,288 10,069 964 1,184 14,135 14,364 2,796 2,497 8,215 1,523 1,058 6,150 1,273 1,439
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 85.8 77.8 69.2 84.2 73.9 70.5 87.9 82.6 68.2
1–19 15.7 13.9 4.6 24.5 20.6 7.6 4.6 6.6 2.4 5.1 8.4 3.2 6.3 11.3 4.6 3.4 4.9 2.2
20–39 17.6 17.4 9.8 26.7 22.7 12.9 6.0 11.5 7.6 3.6 3.7 2.5 4.6 4.9 3.6 2.2 2.2 1.7
40–59 12.6 12.0 10.5 14.7 12.9 12.2 9.9 11.0 9.3 1.7 2.8 3.1 2.2 3.6 3.9 1.0 1.7 2.5
60–79 8.6 11.0 13.1 8.5 11.9 15.1 8.9 9.9 11.6 1.1 2.6 4.0 1.1 3.6 4.1 1.2 1.4 3.9
80 or more 45.5 45.8 62.0 25.6 31.9 52.1 70.7 60.9 69.0 2.8 4.7 18.0 1.6 2.7 13.3 4.3 7.1 21.4
50 or more 60.1 62.4 80.4 40.2 49.7 72.9 85.4 76.3 85.7 4.5 9.0 23.8 3.5 8.5 19.8 5.9 9.6 26.8
90 or more 40.1 39.4 53.8 21.9 24.6 42.8 63.2 55.4 61.7 2.4 4.0 15.5 1.2 2.0 11.2 4.0 6.4 18.6
100 30.5 24.1 31.8 13.9 12.1 20.3 51.6 37.0 39.9 1.2 2.5 9.1 0.5 0.8 5.3 2.3 4.5 11.9
Mean proportion 63.5 64.8 78.1 48.5 54.2 71.5 82.5 76.3 82.8 5.8 9.5 22.8 5.3 9.2 19.3 6.5 9.9 25.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 63.5 64.8 78.1 48.5 54.2 71.5 82.5 76.3 82.8 41.0 43.0 74.0 33.6 35.2 65.4 53.9 57.0 79.9
Number (thousands) 2,191 2,473 24,203 1,227 1,288 10,069 964 1,184 14,135 14,364 2,796 2,497 8,215 1,523 1,058 6,150 1,273 1,439
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 89.4 84.1 86.1 86.7 78.8 83.3 92.8 90.0 88.2 93.0 90.7 84.0 92.2 89.2 86.1 94.1 92.5 82.6
1–19 3.2 3.9 3.0 4.3 5.9 4.5 1.9 1.7 2.0 2.1 3.2 1.2 2.8 4.2 2.3 1.2 2.1 0.4
20–39 3.8 5.1 4.0 4.4 6.9 4.7 3.1 3.1 3.5 2.2 2.0 1.3 2.9 2.7 2.0 1.3 1.2 0.8
40–59 1.9 2.7 3.8 2.2 4.0 4.4 1.4 1.4 3.4 0.9 1.0 2.4 1.1 1.5 2.6 0.6 0.4 2.3
60–79 1.2 2.3 2.4 1.5 2.6 2.5 0.8 2.0 2.3 0.6 1.5 1.6 0.5 2.1 1.5 0.6 0.7 1.7
80 or more 0.5 1.8 0.7 1.0 1.8 0.7 0 1.8 0.6 1.2 1.6 9.4 0.5 0.3 5.5 2.2 3.1 12.2
50 or more 2.6 5.4 4.8 3.8 6.3 5.3 1.0 4.5 4.4 2.2 3.6 12.4 1.5 3.2 8.4 3.1 4.0 15.4
90 or more 0 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.9 0.2 0 0.5 0.2 1.1 1.4 7.4 0.3 0.3 4.2 2.0 2.6 9.7
100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.6 3.8 0.1 0 1.4 1.0 1.2 5.5
Mean proportion 3.6 6.5 5.6 4.6 8.0 6.3 2.3 4.8 5.1 2.9 4.0 11.9 2.6 3.7 8.5 3.4 4.2 14.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 34.2 40.7 40.5 34.9 37.7 37.8 32.5 47.6 43.1 41.5 42.5 74.2 32.7 34.4 61.2 57.0 56.5 81.9
Number (thousands) 2,191 2,473 24,203 1,227 1,288 10,069 964 1,184 14,135 14,364 2,796 2,497 8,215 1,523 1,058 6,150 1,273 1,439
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 81.7 72.3 68.5 77.9 64.4 60.8 86.4 80.8 74.0 92.6 87.4 86.6 91.7 85.0 85.3 93.7 90.2 87.6
1–19 8.0 10.9 13.4 10.9 14.7 17.4 4.3 6.7 10.5 3.2 5.9 2.8 3.9 7.9 3.4 2.3 3.4 2.4
20–39 6.3 9.0 10.9 6.9 12.2 13.7 5.6 5.5 8.9 1.6 1.7 1.4 2.0 2.1 1.5 1.0 1.2 1.3
40–59 2.9 5.8 5.5 3.0 6.9 6.2 2.7 4.7 5.0 0.8 1.6 1.2 1.0 2.1 2.1 0.6 1.0 0.6
60–79 1.1 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.7 0.7 1.8 1.4 0.5 1.0 2.0 0.4 1.2 2.2 0.6 0.7 1.9
80 or more 0.1 0.3 0.2 0 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.2 1.3 2.5 5.9 1.0 1.6 5.5 1.9 3.5 6.2
50 or more 2.2 4.4 3.7 2.5 4.7 4.0 1.7 4.0 3.4 2.2 4.6 8.6 1.8 4.3 8.9 2.7 5.1 8.4
90 or more 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.1 2.1 5.6 0.7 1.1 5.4 1.7 3.2 5.8
100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 1.6 3.6 0.3 0.5 2.8 1.1 2.8 4.2
Mean proportion 4.7 8.1 8.4 5.2 9.8 10.1 4.1 6.2 7.3 2.8 4.9 8.4 2.6 4.7 8.8 3.0 5.1 8.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 25.8 29.1 26.8 23.7 27.5 25.8 30.1 32.5 28.0 37.5 38.5 63.2 31.7 31.2 59.7 47.6 51.7 66.2
Number (thousands) 2,191 2,473 24,203 1,227 1,288 10,069 964 1,184 14,135 14,364 2,796 2,497 8,215 1,523 1,058 6,150 1,273 1,439
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 60.4 46.4 43.2 47.9 35.9 32.8 76.3 57.7 50.5 39.7 38.9 50.3 31.7 30.8 40.1 50.5 48.5 57.8
1–19 33.8 42.2 39.7 46.1 50.8 48.6 18.0 32.8 33.4 51.4 49.9 32.0 59.8 56.3 41.7 40.1 42.2 24.9
20–39 3.1 5.8 9.5 3.7 6.7 10.6 2.5 4.8 8.7 4.1 4.6 6.4 4.7 5.1 8.0 3.2 3.9 5.2
40–59 1.8 3.0 4.5 1.0 3.6 4.7 2.8 2.2 4.4 2.2 3.0 2.8 2.3 3.9 3.5 2.1 2.0 2.3
60–79 0.9 2.0 2.5 1.3 2.1 2.5 0.5 1.8 2.5 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.9 0.9
80 or more 0 0.8 0.6 0 0.9 0.7 0 0.6 0.6 1.7 2.8 7.5 0.9 3.0 5.5 2.9 2.5 9.0
50 or more 2.0 4.1 5.0 2.2 5.0 5.3 1.8 3.2 4.9 3.6 5.3 9.6 2.4 5.9 8.0 5.2 4.5 10.7
90 or more 0 0.2 0.1 0 0.3 0.2 0 0.2 0.1 1.5 2.6 6.9 0.8 2.8 5.2 2.6 2.3 8.2
100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.4 2.5 6.6 0.7 2.8 4.8 2.5 2.0 8.0
Mean proportion 3.6 6.8 9.2 4.0 8.1 10.3 3.0 5.4 8.5 6.3 7.9 12.8 5.7 9.0 12.0 7.0 6.5 13.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 9.0 12.7 16.2 7.7 12.7 15.3 12.6 12.8 17.2 10.4 12.9 25.7 8.4 13.0 20.1 14.1 12.7 31.4
Number (thousands) 2,191 2,473 24,203 1,227 1,288 10,069 964 1,184 14,135 14,364 2,796 2,497 8,215 1,523 1,058 6,150 1,273 1,439
Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 92.7 96.1 97.4 96.4 97.7 98.5 88.1 94.3 96.7 95.7 93.5 84.3 97.8 96.8 91.2 92.9 89.6 79.2
1–19 3.8 2.1 1.2 1.7 1.4 0.7 6.4 3.0 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.4 0 0.2
20–39 1.4 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.3 0.5 2.1 1.3 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.2 0.5 0.3 0.2
40–59 1.6 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.2 2.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.8
60–79 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.5 0 0.7 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.5
80 or more 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.6 5.0 13.7 0.7 1.1 6.3 5.1 9.7 19.1
50 or more 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.1 1.5 0.8 0.4 3.0 5.3 14.3 0.8 1.3 6.6 6.0 10.0 20.0
90 or more 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.5 5.0 13.6 0.6 1.1 6.3 4.9 9.7 18.9
100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.3 4.8 13.2 0.6 0.9 6.3 4.4 9.4 18.2
Mean proportion 1.8 1.0 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.4 3.1 1.5 0.8 3.1 5.5 14.4 1.1 1.7 7.0 5.9 10.1 19.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 25.5 26.4 24.9 25.1 26.1 23.8 25.6 26.6 25.2 73.6 84.5 91.9 49.6 52.4 79.6 83.4 96.6 95.7
Number (thousands) 2,191 2,473 24,203 1,227 1,288 10,069 964 1,184 14,135 14,364 2,796 2,497 8,215 1,523 1,058 6,150 1,273 1,439
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units 65 or OlderTable 8.A4 Percentage distribution of units, by source of income, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 2006
Proportion of income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 74.5 61.8 84.0 79.0 59.1 86.5 73.9 63.2 84.3 75.0 59.2 85.1
1–19 4.7 7.4 2.5 3.1 6.1 2.0 1.2 1.9 0.5 2.1 3.6 1.1
20–39 4.3 6.6 2.6 3.0 6.7 1.6 3.9 6.4 1.5 2.5 4.4 1.3
40–59 5.6 8.3 3.5 4.0 9.2 2.1 2.5 3.5 1.5 4.8 7.6 2.9
60–79 5.4 7.8 3.6 5.0 9.4 3.4 6.5 10.5 2.5 5.2 7.9 3.4
80 or more 5.5 8.0 3.7 5.8 9.6 4.3 12.0 14.4 9.7 10.4 17.2 6.1
50 or more 14.0 20.7 9.0 12.6 22.6 8.9 20.1 27.6 12.7 17.7 28.5 10.9
90 or more 3.7 4.9 2.8 4.5 6.9 3.6 8.9 10.7 7.3 8.4 13.2 5.4
100 1.7 1.8 1.7 3.2 4.4 2.7 4.7 5.0 4.4 6.9 10.6 4.5
Mean proportion 13.5 19.8 8.8 12.2 22.6 8.3 18.5 25.1 12.1 17.1 27.7 10.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 52.9 51.8 54.9 58.2 55.3 61.6 71.0 68.3 77.3 68.3 68.0 68.9
Number (thousands) 23,044 9,911 13,133 2,496 680 1,816 776 384 393 1,705 663 1,042
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 5.7 6.2 5.3 9.5 7.7 10.1 19.7 18.5 20.8 15.0 18.3 12.9
1–19 4.6 7.3 2.6 2.3 5.1 1.2 6.5 9.9 3.2 3.2 6.1 1.3
20–39 9.5 12.1 7.5 7.2 12.6 5.1 7.4 10.5 4.4 6.7 10.5 4.3
40–59 10.2 11.6 9.2 6.1 9.1 5.0 8.1 10.4 5.8 6.8 8.0 6.1
60–79 12.8 14.4 11.7 8.0 10.9 6.9 8.6 11.5 5.8 8.8 10.2 7.9
80 or more 57.1 48.4 63.7 67.0 54.6 71.7 49.7 39.1 59.9 59.5 46.8 67.6
50 or more 75.2 68.0 80.5 77.9 70.3 80.8 62.6 57.8 67.2 72.0 61.5 78.7
90 or more 49.1 39.4 56.4 62.4 48.9 67.5 43.3 34.6 51.8 55.6 42.4 64.1
100 27.4 17.8 34.7 49.3 34.3 54.9 30.8 20.7 40.7 45.2 30.6 54.5
Mean proportion 72.9 66.7 77.5 77.1 69.8 79.8 61.3 55.7 66.8 70.7 60.9 76.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 77.3 71.1 81.9 85.1 75.6 88.8 76.4 68.4 84.4 83.1 74.6 88.3
Number (thousands) 23,044 9,911 13,133 2,496 680 1,816 776 384 393 1,705 663 1,042
Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 8.4 8.7 8.1 13.8 13.5 14.0 24.2 23.6 24.7 17.3 20.2 15.4
1–19 9.8 14.3 6.4 4.9 9.7 3.1 9.2 13.2 5.2 5.1 9.1 2.6
20–39 15.8 19.5 12.9 12.3 19.9 9.4 11.4 14.4 8.5 9.2 13.5 6.5
40–59 17.5 19.2 16.2 11.0 12.8 10.3 11.9 14.0 9.8 10.2 11.5 9.3
60–79 14.4 14.6 14.1 10.6 9.9 10.9 6.6 9.1 4.2 10.5 11.8 9.8
80 or more 34.3 23.6 42.3 47.4 34.1 52.3 36.7 25.7 47.5 47.7 33.9 56.4
50 or more 57.3 47.1 65.0 63.2 49.0 68.5 49.4 42.5 56.2 63.5 51.4 71.2
90 or more 27.8 17.7 35.5 41.8 28.2 46.9 31.2 20.8 41.4 43.4 29.2 52.4
100 17.7 9.6 23.8 34.8 22.2 39.6 24.7 15.2 34.0 35.7 21.8 44.6
Mean proportion 57.6 49.7 63.6 63.5 53.3 67.4 50.6 43.8 57.3 62.7 52.1 69.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 62.9 54.4 69.2 73.7 61.6 78.3 66.8 57.4 76.1 75.8 65.3 82.2
Number (thousands) 23,044 9,911 13,133 2,496 680 1,816 776 384 393 1,705 663 1,042
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 85.7 83.6 87.3 87.1 80.2 89.7 89.3 88.8 89.8 93.4 91.3 94.6
1–19 2.9 4.2 2.0 2.1 5.0 1.0 2.5 3.1 1.8 1.1 1.7 0.7
20–39 3.9 4.5 3.4 2.8 3.7 2.4 3.2 4.7 1.7 1.7 2.3 1.3
40–59 3.8 4.3 3.5 2.9 4.7 2.2 1.6 1.3 1.9 1.4 1.5 1.2
60–79 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.6 3.5 2.3 1.8 1.1 2.5 1.7 1.9 1.6
80 or more 1.4 1.1 1.6 2.6 2.9 2.4 1.6 1.0 2.1 0.8 1.3 0.5
50 or more 5.4 5.5 5.4 6.5 9.3 5.5 4.1 2.5 5.7 2.9 3.6 2.4
90 or more 0.7 0.4 1.0 1.9 2.2 1.8 1.1 0.9 1.2 0.5 0.8 0.4
100 0.3 0.1 0.4 1.0 0.6 1.2 0.3 0 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.2
Mean proportion 6.2 6.4 6.0 6.7 9.2 5.7 4.8 4.2 5.4 3.2 4.1 2.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 43.3 39.3 47.2 52.0 46.7 55.7 45.3 37.7 53.5 48.4 47.1 49.8
Number (thousands) 23,044 9,911 13,133 2,496 680 1,816 776 384 393 1,705 663 1,042
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 68.5 61.6 73.8 80.8 75.8 82.6 84.2 79.4 88.8 85.6 82.4 87.7
1–19 13.3 16.8 10.6 6.8 11.0 5.3 5.3 7.2 3.5 5.6 8.3 3.9
20–39 10.6 13.2 8.7 6.1 7.9 5.4 4.3 5.5 3.1 4.4 5.9 3.5
40–59 5.3 6.1 4.8 3.4 2.0 3.9 3.7 4.4 3.1 2.8 2.2 3.2
60–79 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.3 1.8 1.1 0.9 1.3 0.5 0.3 0.8 0
80 or more 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 2.2 1.0 1.3 0.5 1.7
50 or more 4.1 4.4 3.9 4.1 4.6 3.9 3.7 4.9 2.4 2.7 2.3 2.9
90 or more 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.6 2.2 1.0 1.1 0.2 1.6
100 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.6 2.2 1.0 1.1 0.2 1.6
Mean proportion 8.7 10.3 7.6 6.6 7.2 6.4 5.9 7.7 4.1 4.7 4.7 4.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 27.8 26.8 28.8 34.4 29.6 36.9 37.0 37.1 36.9 32.8 26.9 38.2
Number (thousands) 23,044 9,911 13,133 2,496 680 1,816 776 384 393 1,705 663 1,042
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 40.1 31.0 46.9 73.4 61.8 77.8 55.4 45.3 65.3 75.2 65.1 81.5
1–19 41.3 49.7 35.0 21.0 29.9 17.6 29.8 36.2 23.5 17.8 24.9 13.2
20–39 9.9 10.7 9.3 3.2 4.3 2.8 8.1 12.7 3.6 4.2 5.2 3.5
40–59 4.8 4.9 4.7 1.0 1.7 0.7 3.8 3.8 3.7 1.3 2.2 0.7
60–79 2.6 2.5 2.6 0.7 1.7 0.4 1.5 1.3 1.7 0.7 1.2 0.3
80 or more 1.3 1.2 1.4 0.7 0.5 0.8 1.4 0.6 2.2 0.9 1.3 0.7
50 or more 5.9 5.9 6.0 2.0 3.3 1.5 4.9 3.2 6.6 2.2 3.8 1.2
90 or more 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.7 1.1 0.1 2.1 0.8 1.1 0.6
100 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.1 0.1 2.1 0.6 0.9 0.4
Mean proportion 10.3 11.0 9.9 3.3 4.8 2.8 8.3 9.0 7.7 3.8 5.6 2.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 17.2 15.9 18.6 12.6 12.5 12.6 18.7 16.4 22.2 15.5 16.2 14.6
Number (thousands) 23,044 9,911 13,133 2,496 680 1,816 776 384 393 1,705 663 1,042
Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 97.3 98.2 96.6 89.4 96.2 86.9 87.8 90.0 85.7 88.4 91.3 86.6
1–19 0.9 0.6 1.1 3.0 2.4 3.3 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.6 2.9 2.5
20–39 0.7 0.5 0.8 2.4 0.9 3.0 1.5 2.2 0.9 2.4 2.2 2.6
40–59 0.3 0.2 0.3 1.1 0.2 1.4 1.4 0.5 2.2 1.7 1.0 2.1
60–79 0.1 0 0.1 0.8 0.1 1.1 0.3 0 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.4
80 or more 0.9 0.4 1.2 3.2 0.2 4.4 6.8 5.7 7.9 4.3 1.8 5.8
50 or more 1.0 0.6 1.3 4.7 0.5 6.2 8.2 5.7 10.7 5.4 2.6 7.2
90 or more 0.8 0.4 1.2 3.2 0.2 4.4 6.8 5.7 7.9 4.3 1.8 5.8
100 0.8 0.4 1.1 3.2 0.2 4.3 6.7 5.7 7.8 4.2 1.8 5.7
Mean proportion 1.3 0.8 1.7 5.3 0.9 7.0 8.5 6.8 10.1 6.5 3.8 8.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 47.5 42.4 49.5 50.5 23.7 53.4 69.6 68.0 70.7 55.9 43.8 60.9
Number (thousands) 23,044 9,911 13,133 2,496 680 1,816 776 384 393 1,705 663 1,042
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units 65 or OlderTable 8.A5 Percentage distribution of units, by source of income, marital status, and quintile of total money income, 2006
Proportion of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 95.9 92.6 82.3 64.5 41.6 88.4 80.3 63.9 48.1 28.9 97.2 96.3 91.4 79.7 59.6
1–19 1.1 2.2 3.8 6.7 7.7 3.1 6.7 8.7 9.1 7.9 0.7 1.3 2.5 2.6 4.7
20–39 0.5 1.7 3.7 7.0 7.7 2.0 3.9 9.4 9.8 8.1 0.1 0.8 2.0 4.7 4.3
40–59 0.5 1.3 4.3 8.5 11.6 1.2 3.2 9.2 13.7 13.5 0.6 0.4 2.0 5.9 7.2
60–79 0.3 0.5 2.4 7.9 15.4 1.0 2.6 5.1 11.0 20.1 0.1 0.2 0.8 3.0 12.9
80 or more 1.7 1.6 3.4 5.4 16.0 4.3 3.2 3.7 8.4 21.6 1.4 1.1 1.3 4.0 11.3
50 or more 2.1 2.6 8.1 18.2 37.8 5.6 7.4 14.3 27.6 49.2 1.6 1.3 3.0 10.2 27.9
90 or more 1.7 1.5 2.8 4.3 8.9 4.1 2.2 2.3 5.9 11.4 1.4 1.0 1.1 3.8 7.3
100 1.5 1.1 2.1 2.5 2.5 3.4 1.7 1.1 2.2 2.0 1.2 0.8 1.0 2.8 3.4
Mean proportion 2.3 3.3 8.6 17.6 34.5 6.3 8.3 15.2 26.5 43.8 1.8 1.7 3.6 10.6 24.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 57.2 44.4 48.6 49.6 59.0 54.6 42.0 42.1 51.0 61.6 63.9 45.9 42.2 52.3 61.5
Number (thousands) 4,811 5,480 5,471 5,468 5,471 2,114 2,254 2,254 2,254 2,251 2,698 3,218 3,186 3,254 3,218
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 12.0 3.0 3.4 5.0 9.6 10.3 3.1 3.3 6.2 11.0 14.5 3.3 2.0 4.6 8.5
1–19 0.3 0.3 0.6 2.3 18.3 0.2 0.8 2.1 5.3 27.7 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.4 10.2
20–39 1.0 1.6 4.8 11.6 26.0 1.8 3.3 6.7 18.9 29.0 0.8 0.7 2.3 7.0 23.6
40–59 2.3 5.1 10.6 15.0 15.2 2.8 7.7 13.5 19.6 12.9 2.4 2.6 7.0 14.7 15.5
60–79 5.9 9.2 13.8 19.0 12.4 6.5 13.2 22.2 19.9 8.1 5.7 6.7 10.9 17.7 12.6
80 or more 78.5 80.8 66.8 47.2 18.6 78.4 71.9 52.2 30.2 11.3 76.3 86.6 77.3 55.5 29.6
50 or more 85.8 93.1 86.6 73.9 37.2 86.4 90.0 80.4 58.6 24.9 83.3 95.0 92.3 81.4 49.7
90 or more 74.1 74.3 56.2 36.8 12.4 73.7 59.0 39.8 21.7 6.8 71.8 81.9 69.1 46.2 22.1
100 57.9 48.9 29.1 12.9 2.9 48.3 28.5 12.6 5.9 0.9 58.7 59.5 42.7 21.5 8.0
Mean proportion 83.1 88.8 81.2 69.6 43.3 83.6 83.7 74.1 58.4 34.0 80.7 91.6 87.4 75.6 53.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 94.4 91.6 84.1 73.2 47.9 93.2 86.3 76.6 62.2 38.2 94.4 94.8 89.2 79.2 57.9
Number (thousands) 4,811 5,480 5,471 5,468 5,471 2,114 2,254 2,254 2,254 2,251 2,698 3,218 3,186 3,254 3,218
Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 14.7 5.3 5.4 7.5 14.5 13.8 4.6 4.7 9.6 15.1 17.4 4.8 4.1 7.1 14.2
1–19 0.4 1.2 1.8 5.8 36.4 1.0 2.3 4.7 9.7 51.4 0.2 0.5 1.5 2.6 24.4
20–39 1.3 3.8 9.4 25.1 35.2 2.6 6.3 15.2 40.9 31.1 0.9 1.7 5.4 13.3 38.4
40–59 2.7 7.7 24.8 35.1 11.3 3.4 14.7 38.0 33.8 2.2 2.6 3.8 11.2 38.5 17.9
60–79 7.7 16.1 23.3 19.2 1.6 9.5 27.3 28.4 4.7 0.3 7.0 10.0 22.1 24.2 3.2
80 or more 73.2 65.9 35.3 7.3 0.9 69.7 44.8 8.9 1.3 0 71.9 79.2 55.8 14.3 2.1
50 or more 82.5 86.8 73.5 42.4 5.7 81.3 81.0 58.2 16.2 0.6 80.4 91.9 84.2 61.6 10.4
90 or more 67.1 54.7 24.8 3.7 0.8 61.7 28.5 3.9 1.1 0 65.8 72.3 41.4 9.0 1.8
100 52.3 35.1 12.8 1.6 0.2 39.9 13.0 1.5 0.5 0 54.1 51.0 24.7 4.2 0.9
Mean proportion 79.2 80.3 65.4 45.8 21.9 77.3 70.9 52.0 34.3 15.7 77.2 87.3 76.1 54.1 27.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 92.8 84.8 69.1 49.5 25.6 89.7 74.4 54.5 37.9 18.5 93.5 91.7 79.3 58.2 31.8
Number (thousands) 4,811 5,480 5,471 5,468 5,471 2,114 2,254 2,254 2,254 2,251 2,698 3,218 3,186 3,254 3,218
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 97.5 93.1 88.3 77.7 74.6 95.9 90.7 81.1 76.1 74.5 97.4 96.3 91.3 84.3 70.9
1–19 0.7 1.5 1.6 3.6 6.5 1.6 2.1 4.0 5.3 8.2 1.0 0.6 1.8 1.2 4.6
20–39 0.8 1.6 3.2 5.7 7.1 1.1 2.8 5.1 6.4 6.7 0.9 1.1 1.9 4.0 7.7
40–59 0.3 1.4 3.6 6.8 5.6 0.5 2.1 5.6 7.5 5.1 0.3 0.6 2.0 5.9 7.0
60–79 0.3 1.4 2.0 3.6 4.2 0.3 1.5 2.0 3.8 4.4 0.1 0.8 2.0 2.4 5.7
80 or more 0.3 1.0 1.3 2.6 2.0 0.6 0.9 2.1 1.0 1.1 0.4 0.5 1.0 2.2 4.2
50 or more 0.8 2.7 4.9 9.7 8.9 1.2 3.2 7.1 8.6 7.7 0.6 1.4 3.7 6.8 13.9
90 or more 0.2 0.8 0.6 1.6 1.0 0.3 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.8 1.1 2.6
100 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.5 0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.8 0.5
Mean proportion 1.0 3.3 5.5 10.4 10.2 1.5 3.9 8.1 9.7 9.2 1.0 1.7 4.2 7.9 14.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 38.8 47.1 46.8 46.7 40.1 37.3 42.1 42.8 40.5 36.2 36.7 47.2 47.7 50.1 48.3
Number (thousands) 4,811 5,480 5,471 5,468 5,471 2,114 2,254 2,254 2,254 2,251 2,698 3,218 3,186 3,254 3,218
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 93.1 79.9 64.0 55.6 61.1 86.2 64.2 48.7 54.5 63.5 94.3 90.3 72.1 57.4 65.5
1–19 3.1 11.0 14.3 15.0 17.5 7.7 17.4 19.1 15.5 20.2 2.4 6.3 13.8 13.1 11.9
20–39 1.5 6.2 12.7 17.7 10.8 2.5 12.8 22.4 16.2 8.2 1.0 2.3 10.6 15.8 10.0
40–59 0.5 1.3 7.5 9.6 6.1 0.6 4.1 8.8 10.9 4.2 0.5 0.4 2.1 11.6 7.8
60–79 0.3 0.8 0.9 1.9 3.9 1.0 0.9 0.8 2.2 3.8 0.2 0.2 0.9 1.3 4.5
80 or more 1.5 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.5 1.8 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.1 1.5 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.4
50 or more 2.1 2.1 3.3 5.7 7.2 3.2 2.5 3.2 7.3 5.9 2.1 0.8 2.5 4.8 9.0
90 or more 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.4 1.7 0.3 0.1 0.5 0 1.5 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.2
100 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.1 0 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.4 0
Mean proportion 2.6 4.7 10.0 13.2 11.0 4.3 8.6 13.8 13.9 8.9 2.4 2.1 6.6 13.3 11.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 38.6 23.7 27.7 29.6 28.3 31.1 24.1 26.8 30.6 24.5 42.8 21.5 23.6 31.2 33.3
Number (thousands) 4,811 5,480 5,471 5,468 5,471 2,114 2,254 2,254 2,254 2,251 2,698 3,218 3,186 3,254 3,218
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 75.6 59.5 43.0 29.6 15.4 65.9 41.6 28.7 21.5 11.9 79.0 69.4 52.8 37.0 22.5
1–19 17.5 31.8 42.6 50.1 50.3 29.0 47.2 54.3 54.0 54.2 14.2 25.0 35.3 42.0 43.5
20–39 2.7 5.8 9.6 13.4 13.6 2.0 8.6 12.8 15.3 12.5 2.3 4.1 7.7 13.4 13.2
40–59 0.7 2.1 3.5 5.5 9.7 0.5 2.4 3.5 6.6 9.9 0.6 1.0 3.2 5.1 10.5
60–79 0.3 0.6 1.0 1.1 8.4 0.4 0.1 0.3 2.2 8.8 0.3 0.3 0.8 2.1 7.8
80 or more 3.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 2.6 2.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 2.8 3.7 0.2 0.3 0.4 2.5
50 or more 3.6 1.7 2.5 3.2 16.2 2.9 1.0 2.0 5.6 16.2 4.2 0.6 2.5 4.2 15.2
90 or more 3.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.7 2.1 0 0.3 0.1 0.8 3.5 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.6
100 2.9 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 2.1 0 0.2 0 0.1 3.5 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2
Mean proportion 5.1 4.7 7.5 10.1 19.8 4.3 6.0 8.8 12.0 20.6 5.5 2.9 6.4 10.3 19.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 20.9 11.6 13.2 14.4 23.4 12.6 10.3 12.4 15.3 23.4 26.0 9.6 13.5 16.3 24.5
Number (thousands) 4,811 5,480 5,471 5,468 5,471 2,114 2,254 2,254 2,254 2,251 2,698 3,218 3,186 3,254 3,218
Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 86.5 96.5 98.4 99.2 99.2 92.4 99.0 98.8 98.9 99.4 82.8 94.6 97.6 98.8 99.4
1–19 3.5 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.7 1.6 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.5 4.4 1.7 0.5 0.5 0.5
20–39 2.6 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.2 1.7 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1 2.9 1.4 0.8 0.3 0.1
40–59 1.0 0.8 0.2 0.1 0 1.0 0.1 0.1 0 0 1.3 0.5 0.8 0.2 0
60–79 0.4 0.2 0.1 0 0 0.2 0.1 0 0 0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0
80 or more 6.1 0.8 0 0 0 3.2 0 0 0 0 8.2 1.6 0.1 0 0
50 or more 7.0 1.4 0.2 0 0 3.8 0.1 0 0 0 9.1 2.1 0.7 0.2 0
90 or more 6.1 0.8 0 0 0 3.2 0 0 0 0 8.2 1.6 0.1 0 0
100 5.9 0.8 0 0 0 3.2 0 0 0 0 7.9 1.5 0 0 0
Mean proportion 7.9 1.7 0.5 0.2 0.1 4.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 10.4 2.6 0.9 0.4 0.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 58.7 48.4 30.4 19.9 12.9 58.4 29.9 20.0 12.7 14.5 60.2 48.0 36.3 31.8 11.6
Number (thousands) 4,811 5,480 5,471 5,468 5,471 2,114 2,254 2,254 2,254 2,251 2,698 3,218 3,186 3,254 3,218
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Quintile limits are $11,519, $18,622, $28,911, and $50,064 for all units; $22,083, $32,000, $45,796, and $76,746 for married couples; and $9,330, $13,374, $19,062, and $30,202 for nonmarried persons.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Aged PersonsTable 8.B1 Percentage distribution, by source of family income, sex, and age, 2006
Proportion of family income All persons Men Women
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 13.1 29.3 63.5 11.4 25.4 59.3 14.8 32.8 66.6
1–19 2.6 5.3 5.6 2.0 4.8 6.2 3.1 5.8 5.1
20–39 3.6 6.8 5.7 3.1 6.6 6.8 4.1 7.0 5.0
40–59 6.6 10.3 7.4 5.9 9.4 8.6 7.2 11.0 6.5
60–79 12.0 12.2 8.9 11.3 12.3 9.6 12.6 12.1 8.4
80 or more 62.1 36.1 8.9 66.3 41.5 9.5 58.2 31.3 8.5
50 or more 78.0 53.7 21.9 81.4 58.1 23.9 74.9 49.8 20.5
90 or more 52.8 27.5 5.1 56.8 32.1 5.7 49.0 23.3 4.7
100 19.1 10.0 2.2 20.5 11.4 2.5 17.9 8.7 2.0
Mean proportion 73.1 50.6 20.5 76.2 55.3 22.5 70.2 46.5 18.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 84.2 71.6 56.0 86.0 74.1 55.3 82.4 69.1 56.7
Number (thousands) 23,796 7,757 35,636 11,531 3,641 15,252 12,265 4,116 20,384
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 65.7 33.5 6.7 70.4 38.7 7.4 61.2 28.9 6.1
1–19 10.3 14.6 8.0 9.6 15.3 8.1 11.1 13.9 7.9
20–39 8.6 12.6 12.3 7.7 12.2 13.4 9.6 13.0 11.5
40–59 4.4 8.9 11.2 3.6 7.6 12.0 5.2 10.0 10.6
60–79 3.3 8.0 13.2 2.7 6.8 13.3 3.8 9.0 13.1
80 or more 7.7 22.4 48.6 6.1 19.2 45.7 9.1 25.2 50.8
50 or more 12.9 34.6 67.2 10.2 29.9 64.8 15.4 38.7 69.0
90 or more 6.3 18.2 40.9 5.1 15.6 37.9 7.6 20.4 43.1
100 3.7 9.6 21.5 3.0 8.3 19.2 4.4 10.8 23.3
Mean proportion 15.5 36.8 66.3 12.7 32.2 64.3 18.0 40.8 67.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 45.0 55.3 71.1 43.0 52.6 69.5 46.5 57.4 72.3
Number (thousands) 23,796 7,757 35,636 11,531 3,641 15,252 12,265 4,116 20,384
Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 78.2 44.0 9.3 83.0 52.0 10.2 73.6 36.8 8.6
1–19 7.8 16.8 14.0 6.2 16.5 15.3 9.3 17.1 13.0
20–39 6.0 14.6 18.4 4.6 12.5 19.8 7.4 16.5 17.4
40–59 2.9 8.5 17.1 2.0 6.7 18.2 3.6 10.1 16.2
60–79 1.5 5.2 13.7 1.2 3.7 13.0 1.7 6.4 14.2
80 or more 3.7 10.9 27.5 3.0 8.6 23.4 4.3 13.0 30.6
50 or more 6.4 19.6 49.2 5.2 15.0 44.9 7.6 23.7 52.5
90 or more 3.0 9.1 21.7 2.5 7.2 18.1 3.5 10.8 24.3
100 2.3 5.8 13.2 2.0 4.8 10.8 2.6 6.7 14.9
Mean proportion 8.6 24.3 51.5 6.7 19.5 48.2 10.3 28.6 54.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 39.2 43.4 56.8 39.5 40.6 53.7 39.1 45.3 59.1
Number (thousands) 23,796 7,757 35,636 11,531 3,641 15,252 12,265 4,116 20,384
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 91.0 85.8 84.8 91.6 85.9 84.3 90.4 85.7 85.2
1–19 3.1 4.6 3.8 3.1 4.2 3.9 3.2 4.9 3.7
20–39 2.8 4.0 4.3 2.8 4.1 4.3 2.8 4.0 4.4
40–59 1.3 2.7 3.6 1.2 2.2 4.0 1.4 3.3 3.4
60–79 0.9 1.4 2.2 0.7 1.9 2.3 1.1 0.9 2.2
80 or more 0.8 1.4 1.2 0.6 1.7 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.2
50 or more 2.3 4.1 5.2 1.8 4.5 5.4 2.9 3.7 4.9
90 or more 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.6
100 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3
Mean proportion 3.2 5.3 6.1 2.8 5.5 6.3 3.6 5.0 5.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 35.7 37.0 40.0 33.4 39.3 40.2 37.7 35.1 39.9
Number (thousands) 23,796 7,757 35,636 11,531 3,641 15,252 12,265 4,116 20,384
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 87.8 76.6 67.8 89.4 76.7 64.7 86.4 76.4 70.2
1–19 6.0 10.6 14.7 5.2 10.4 15.3 6.7 10.8 14.3
20–39 3.0 6.7 10.5 2.7 6.4 11.9 3.3 7.0 9.5
40–59 1.5 3.7 4.9 1.2 4.1 5.9 1.9 3.4 4.1
60–79 0.7 1.3 1.4 0.7 1.4 1.6 0.8 1.3 1.3
80 or more 0.9 1.1 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.6 1.0 1.1 0.6
50 or more 2.2 4.2 3.7 1.9 4.4 4.3 2.5 3.9 3.3
90 or more 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.4
100 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.2
Mean proportion 3.5 6.7 8.4 3.1 6.8 9.5 4.0 6.7 7.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 29.0 28.8 26.3 28.8 29.3 27.0 29.2 28.4 25.6
Number (thousands) 23,796 7,757 35,636 11,531 3,641 15,252 12,265 4,116 20,384
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 38.2 38.3 39.3 37.6 37.1 36.7 38.7 39.3 41.2
1–19 52.6 49.7 43.6 53.9 50.9 45.9 51.4 48.6 41.9
20–39 4.9 6.4 9.5 4.7 5.7 9.6 5.0 7.0 9.5
40–59 2.3 3.0 4.3 2.0 3.3 4.4 2.6 2.8 4.1
60–79 0.9 1.4 2.3 0.8 1.3 2.4 1.1 1.5 2.2
80 or more 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.7 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.1
50 or more 3.1 4.2 5.1 2.7 4.6 5.4 3.5 3.9 4.9
90 or more 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.9 1.3 0.6 1.1 0.7 0.6
100 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.5
Mean proportion 6.0 7.5 9.5 5.6 7.7 9.8 6.3 7.3 9.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 9.7 12.1 15.7 9.1 12.2 15.4 10.3 12.0 15.9
Number (thousands) 23,796 7,757 35,636 11,531 3,641 15,252 12,265 4,116 20,384
Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 94.7 94.2 95.5 95.4 95.1 96.6 94.1 93.4 94.6
1–19 2.1 2.5 2.1 1.7 2.7 1.5 2.5 2.3 2.4
20–39 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.8 0.5 0.9 1.2 1.6 1.3
40–59 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.6
60–79 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2
80 or more 1.4 1.5 0.8 1.4 1.1 0.6 1.3 1.8 0.9
50 or more 1.9 1.8 1.0 1.8 1.4 0.8 1.9 2.2 1.2
90 or more 1.3 1.4 0.7 1.4 0.9 0.6 1.2 1.8 0.9
100 1.2 1.3 0.7 1.2 0.8 0.6 1.1 1.6 0.8
Mean proportion 2.3 2.4 1.6 2.2 1.8 1.2 2.4 3.0 1.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 43.0 41.9 34.7 47.1 37.0 35.1 40.0 45.2 34.4
Number (thousands) 23,796 7,757 35,636 11,531 3,641 15,252 12,265 4,116 20,384
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or OlderTable 8.B2 Percentage distribution, by income source, sex, and age, 2006
Proportion of family income All persons Men Women
65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 46.4 60.6 70.6 79.5 42.0 57.9 66.8 78.9 50.3 62.7 73.6 79.8
1–19 6.6 6.9 6.3 2.6 6.8 6.6 7.9 3.4 6.4 7.2 5.1 2.2
20–39 7.9 6.9 4.9 3.0 8.5 7.8 6.1 3.8 7.3 6.2 4.1 2.5
40–59 11.3 8.0 5.5 3.9 12.2 9.6 6.5 4.2 10.6 6.8 4.6 3.8
60–79 13.2 9.2 6.9 5.4 14.3 9.9 7.1 4.8 12.2 8.7 6.8 5.7
80 or more 14.6 8.3 5.8 5.6 16.1 8.2 5.6 4.9 13.2 8.4 5.9 6.0
50 or more 34.4 22.1 15.4 13.1 37.7 23.2 15.8 11.9 31.4 21.2 15.1 13.8
90 or more 9.4 4.5 3.1 2.4 10.5 4.5 3.3 2.4 8.4 4.6 2.9 2.5
100 3.8 2.3 1.3 1.0 4.0 2.4 1.6 1.0 3.5 2.3 1.1 1.0
Mean proportion 31.7 20.9 14.9 12.0 34.6 22.2 15.9 11.4 29.1 19.7 14.2 12.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 59.1 52.9 50.8 58.5 59.7 52.9 48.0 54.1 58.4 53.0 53.5 61.1
Number (thousands) 10,494 8,297 7,481 9,364 4,945 3,682 3,231 3,394 5,549 4,614 4,250 5,970
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 11.2 6.1 4.4 3.8 12.3 6.1 4.8 4.0 10.3 6.1 4.2 3.7
1–19 11.3 7.5 6.0 6.4 12.1 7.3 5.8 5.5 10.6 7.7 6.2 6.9
20–39 15.6 13.4 11.0 8.7 16.7 14.9 11.9 8.4 14.6 12.3 10.3 8.8
40–59 12.9 11.4 10.5 9.7 12.6 12.4 11.6 11.1 13.1 10.6 9.7 9.0
60–79 12.2 13.7 13.9 13.3 12.1 13.4 14.0 14.5 12.3 14.0 13.7 12.5
80 or more 36.8 47.8 54.2 58.1 34.2 45.9 51.9 56.6 39.2 49.4 56.0 59.0
50 or more 54.6 67.0 73.2 76.8 51.7 65.3 71.4 77.4 57.2 68.5 74.6 76.4
90 or more 29.9 39.7 46.2 50.0 27.8 38.0 43.5 47.3 31.8 41.0 48.2 51.6
100 15.1 20.3 23.8 27.9 14.1 19.2 20.9 24.9 16.0 21.2 26.0 29.6
Mean proportion 56.2 66.4 71.2 73.8 53.9 65.2 69.8 73.5 58.3 67.3 72.3 74.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 63.3 70.7 74.5 76.8 61.4 69.5 73.3 76.6 65.0 71.7 75.4 76.9
Number (thousands) 10,494 8,297 7,481 9,364 4,945 3,682 3,231 3,394 5,549 4,614 4,250 5,970
Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 14.6 8.2 6.8 6.4 16.0 8.6 7.0 6.7 13.4 7.9 6.7 6.2
1–19 17.9 13.9 11.5 11.6 19.7 15.2 12.4 11.8 16.3 12.9 10.9 11.5
20–39 21.0 21.0 17.0 14.4 22.3 22.0 18.1 15.6 19.8 20.2 16.1 13.7
40–59 16.4 16.8 18.8 16.6 15.1 18.9 20.3 20.0 17.6 15.2 17.7 14.6
60–79 10.8 14.2 15.4 15.0 9.6 12.9 14.7 16.5 11.9 15.4 15.9 14.2
80 or more 19.2 25.8 30.5 36.1 17.4 22.4 27.5 29.5 20.9 28.4 32.7 39.8
50 or more 37.0 47.9 54.3 60.1 33.4 44.2 50.5 57.0 40.2 50.9 57.1 61.9
90 or more 15.6 20.0 23.7 28.4 14.1 17.6 20.7 22.0 16.9 21.9 25.9 32.1
100 9.7 12.4 14.1 16.9 8.7 11.2 12.0 12.5 10.6 13.4 15.8 19.5
Mean proportion 42.4 50.9 55.6 59.0 39.6 48.3 53.4 55.7 44.9 53.0 57.2 60.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 49.7 55.5 59.6 63.0 47.2 52.8 57.4 59.7 51.9 57.6 61.3 64.9
Number (thousands) 10,494 8,297 7,481 9,364 4,945 3,682 3,231 3,394 5,549 4,614 4,250 5,970
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 85.4 85.2 84.4 84.2 85.1 84.6 84.4 82.8 85.6 85.7 84.4 84.9
1–19 3.9 3.4 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.6 4.4 4.1 4.1 3.1 3.7 3.9
20–39 4.4 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.0 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.8 4.4
40–59 3.0 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.3 4.1 4.1 4.7 2.8 4.0 3.6 3.2
60–79 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5 1.9 2.5 1.9 2.9 2.1 2.0 2.5 2.2
80 or more 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.3
50 or more 4.7 5.4 5.2 5.4 4.7 6.0 5.2 6.1 4.7 5.0 5.3 5.0
90 or more 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.4 1.0
100 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0 0.2 0.2 0.5
Mean proportion 5.7 6.1 6.1 6.5 5.9 6.4 5.9 7.1 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 39.0 41.2 39.2 40.7 39.6 41.4 38.0 41.6 38.5 41.0 40.1 40.2
Number (thousands) 10,494 8,297 7,481 9,364 4,945 3,682 3,231 3,394 5,549 4,614 4,250 5,970
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 70.6 65.1 66.6 68.1 70.1 61.9 63.7 60.8 71.1 67.7 68.8 72.2
1–19 13.0 16.0 13.7 16.2 12.9 16.4 14.6 18.3 13.2 15.7 13.1 15.0
20–39 9.8 11.6 11.7 9.4 9.9 13.1 13.2 12.3 9.8 10.5 10.7 7.8
40–59 4.4 5.0 5.9 4.4 5.0 6.4 6.4 6.2 4.0 3.9 5.5 3.4
60–79 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.0
80 or more 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
50 or more 3.7 4.2 3.9 3.1 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.2 4.0 3.6 2.5
90 or more 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
100 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mean proportion 7.9 9.1 9.2 7.9 8.2 10.2 10.1 10.2 7.6 8.2 8.4 6.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 26.8 26.2 27.4 24.8 27.5 26.8 27.8 26.1 26.3 25.5 27.1 23.7
Number (thousands) 10,494 8,297 7,481 9,364 4,945 3,682 3,231 3,394 5,549 4,614 4,250 5,970
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 37.6 39.0 39.6 41.1 36.3 36.7 36.1 37.8 38.8 40.8 42.3 43.0
1–19 47.3 44.8 42.0 39.7 48.8 47.2 44.5 41.8 45.9 42.8 40.2 38.6
20–39 8.8 9.2 10.0 10.3 8.6 9.1 10.2 10.9 9.0 9.4 9.9 10.0
40–59 3.9 3.8 4.6 4.9 4.1 3.9 4.8 5.1 3.6 3.7 4.4 4.8
60–79 1.6 2.4 2.6 2.7 1.5 2.3 3.2 3.1 1.7 2.4 2.1 2.5
80 or more 0.9 0.8 1.2 1.3 0.7 0.7 1.2 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.3
50 or more 3.9 5.2 5.7 5.8 3.9 5.5 6.5 6.3 4.0 5.0 5.2 5.6
90 or more 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
100 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Mean proportion 8.5 9.2 10.2 10.4 8.5 9.2 10.9 11.2 8.5 9.2 9.6 10.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 13.6 15.0 16.9 17.7 13.3 14.5 17.1 18.0 14.0 15.5 16.7 17.5
Number (thousands) 10,494 8,297 7,481 9,364 4,945 3,682 3,231 3,394 5,549 4,614 4,250 5,970
Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 95.5 95.2 95.6 95.6 96.5 95.8 97.1 96.9 94.5 94.8 94.4 94.9
1–19 2.1 2.2 1.8 2.0 1.5 2.1 1.1 1.5 2.7 2.2 2.4 2.4
20–39 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.7
40–59 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.4
60–79 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0 0.2 0 0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
80 or more 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.2 0.9 0.7 0.6
50 or more 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 1.7 1.3 1.2 0.8
90 or more 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.2 0.9 0.7 0.6
100 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.6
Mean proportion 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 36.7 35.6 34.4 31.5 34.4 33.4 37.8 36.3 38.0 37.0 33.1 29.9
Number (thousands) 10,494 8,297 7,481 9,364 4,945 3,682 3,231 3,394 5,549 4,614 4,250 5,970
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or OlderTable 8.B3 Percentage distribution, by income source, sex, and marital status, 2006
Proportion of family income All persons Men Women
Married Nonmarried Married Nonmarried Married Nonmarried
Total Widowed Divorced Never married Total Widowed Divorced Never married Total Widowed Divorced Never married
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 59.2 68.9 72.6 59.5 66.3 55.6 69.3 73.1 63.5 70.8 63.7 68.7 72.4 57.2 62.7
1–19 7.4 3.3 3.0 4.3 3.1 7.4 3.0 3.2 2.6 1.9 7.4 3.4 3.0 5.2 4.2
20–39 7.3 3.8 3.5 4.7 3.6 7.6 4.5 4.2 5.6 4.0 6.9 3.5 3.4 4.2 3.3
40–59 8.7 5.7 5.6 6.7 4.9 9.6 5.8 5.6 7.3 4.1 7.5 5.7 5.6 6.4 5.5
60–79 8.9 8.9 7.8 12.0 8.6 10.0 8.4 7.3 10.8 7.3 7.5 9.0 7.9 12.7 9.8
80 or more 8.5 9.4 7.5 12.8 13.4 9.7 9.0 6.5 10.3 12.0 7.0 9.6 7.7 14.3 14.6
50 or more 22.3 21.6 18.5 28.4 23.9 25.2 20.3 16.9 24.2 20.9 18.5 22.0 18.9 30.9 26.4
90 or more 5.0 5.3 3.6 7.3 10.7 5.7 5.8 3.5 6.3 9.6 4.0 5.1 3.7 7.9 11.7
100 1.9 2.6 1.6 3.4 6.7 2.1 3.4 1.4 4.2 6.9 1.5 2.3 1.7 3.0 6.5
Mean proportion 21.4 19.3 16.5 25.3 22.7 23.9 18.8 15.5 22.5 19.8 18.2 19.5 16.8 26.9 25.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 52.4 62.0 60.3 62.5 67.4 53.8 61.3 57.7 61.7 67.9 50.2 62.3 60.8 62.9 67.1
Number (thousands) 19,739 15,897 10,608 3,093 1,340 11,124 4,128 1,993 1,150 601 8,614 11,769 8,615 1,944 739
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 6.1 7.3 5.1 9.9 15.8 6.8 8.8 5.8 10.4 14.7 5.2 6.8 4.9 9.6 16.7
1–19 8.1 8.0 7.6 9.7 6.4 8.9 6.1 5.7 7.2 5.7 6.9 8.7 8.0 11.2 6.9
20–39 12.9 11.6 10.8 14.0 11.8 14.0 11.8 11.0 13.5 10.9 11.5 11.5 10.7 14.3 12.5
40–59 12.1 10.2 10.3 10.7 9.7 12.3 11.2 11.8 11.8 10.6 11.7 9.8 9.9 10.1 9.0
60–79 14.6 11.4 11.8 9.9 11.7 14.3 10.9 12.4 8.8 9.5 15.1 11.6 11.7 10.5 13.4
80 or more 46.2 51.6 54.5 45.8 44.7 43.7 51.3 53.4 48.3 48.6 49.5 51.7 54.8 44.3 41.6
50 or more 66.6 68.0 71.4 61.7 60.6 63.7 67.8 71.8 63.6 63.1 70.3 68.1 71.3 60.5 58.7
90 or more 37.5 45.1 47.8 39.7 39.7 35.4 44.7 46.6 42.7 42.1 40.2 45.2 48.1 37.9 37.7
100 16.8 27.3 28.1 26.1 24.2 15.9 27.9 26.9 28.7 28.4 17.9 27.1 28.4 24.5 20.7
Mean proportion 65.4 67.5 70.4 62.3 60.9 63.2 67.3 70.4 64.3 63.4 68.2 67.6 70.4 61.2 58.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 69.7 72.9 74.1 69.2 72.3 67.9 73.8 74.7 71.7 74.3 72.0 72.5 74.0 67.7 70.6
Number (thousands) 19,739 15,897 10,608 3,093 1,340 11,124 4,128 1,993 1,150 601 8,614 11,769 8,615 1,944 739
Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 8.7 10.1 7.8 12.6 19.1 9.6 12.0 9.7 13.0 17.0 7.6 9.4 7.3 12.4 20.9
1–19 15.0 12.8 12.3 15.0 10.9 16.2 12.9 12.5 13.6 13.4 13.4 12.8 12.2 15.8 8.9
20–39 20.4 16.0 15.5 17.3 17.1 21.0 16.6 17.1 15.9 14.6 19.5 15.8 15.1 18.1 19.2
40–59 18.7 15.0 15.1 16.0 14.3 18.2 18.2 18.5 18.7 18.0 19.3 13.9 14.3 14.4 11.3
60–79 14.4 12.7 13.6 10.7 11.7 13.5 11.7 14.3 8.7 8.7 15.7 13.1 13.4 11.9 14.1
80 or more 22.9 33.3 35.8 28.4 26.8 21.5 28.6 27.8 30.0 28.3 24.6 35.0 37.7 27.4 25.6
50 or more 45.7 53.6 57.0 47.4 44.7 43.1 49.7 51.9 47.8 46.5 49.1 55.0 58.2 47.2 43.3
90 or more 16.9 27.6 29.4 23.5 23.5 16.0 23.7 22.4 25.0 24.3 18.1 28.9 31.0 22.7 22.8
100 9.1 18.2 18.5 17.9 16.8 8.7 16.8 14.2 18.7 21.1 9.6 18.8 19.5 17.5 13.4
Mean proportion 48.8 54.8 57.5 50.1 47.8 47.0 51.5 52.6 51.1 48.9 51.2 56.0 58.6 49.4 46.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 53.5 61.0 62.4 57.3 59.1 52.0 58.5 58.3 58.7 59.0 55.4 61.8 63.3 56.4 59.3
Number (thousands) 19,739 15,897 10,608 3,093 1,340 11,124 4,128 1,993 1,150 601 8,614 11,769 8,615 1,944 739
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 83.0 87.0 86.6 87.5 87.1 83.4 86.8 84.8 89.2 88.2 82.6 87.0 87.0 86.5 86.3
1–19 4.6 2.8 3.1 2.6 1.4 4.5 2.3 2.5 2.4 1.3 4.7 3.0 3.2 2.7 1.6
20–39 4.8 3.7 4.2 3.0 2.8 4.7 3.1 4.3 2.2 2.8 4.9 4.0 4.2 3.5 2.9
40–59 4.2 2.9 2.7 3.5 4.3 4.2 3.5 3.3 3.7 4.8 4.2 2.7 2.6 3.4 3.8
60–79 2.4 2.1 2.2 1.5 2.1 2.3 2.4 3.0 0.9 1.3 2.5 1.9 2.0 1.8 2.7
80 or more 1.0 1.4 1.3 1.9 2.2 1.0 1.8 2.1 1.6 1.6 1.0 1.3 1.1 2.1 2.7
50 or more 5.5 4.7 4.4 5.0 7.0 5.3 5.7 6.1 4.4 5.8 5.7 4.4 4.0 5.3 8.0
90 or more 0.4 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.6 0.4 1.1 1.5 0.7 1.0 0.3 0.8 0.6 1.2 2.0
100 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.5 1.0
Mean proportion 6.5 5.6 5.6 5.7 6.7 6.3 6.3 7.2 5.0 5.9 6.6 5.4 5.2 6.2 7.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 38.1 43.1 41.4 45.8 51.7 38.0 47.5 47.3 46.1 49.8 38.2 41.6 39.8 45.7 53.1
Number (thousands) 19,739 15,897 10,608 3,093 1,340 11,124 4,128 1,993 1,150 601 8,614 11,769 8,615 1,944 739
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 62.4 74.7 72.7 77.8 80.3 63.0 69.3 63.7 73.9 77.3 61.5 76.5 74.7 80.1 82.7
1–19 17.3 11.5 13.3 8.6 6.4 17.0 10.8 14.4 8.2 5.4 17.6 11.8 13.0 8.8 7.3
20–39 12.7 7.9 8.3 7.5 7.7 12.4 10.6 12.6 9.5 8.5 13.1 6.9 7.3 6.4 7.0
40–59 5.5 4.1 3.9 4.5 3.8 5.4 7.1 6.9 6.6 5.7 5.5 3.1 3.2 3.2 2.3
60–79 1.6 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.7 2.5 1.7 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.1
80 or more 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.9 0 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6
50 or more 4.0 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.8 4.0 4.9 4.5 4.3 6.5 4.0 2.7 2.9 2.7 1.6
90 or more 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.7 0 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0
100 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.6 0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0
Mean proportion 9.8 6.8 7.0 6.4 6.2 9.6 9.3 10.3 8.1 8.5 10.0 5.9 6.3 5.4 4.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 26.0 26.8 25.6 28.8 31.6 26.0 30.4 28.3 31.0 37.3 25.9 25.2 24.7 27.2 25.5
Number (thousands) 19,739 15,897 10,608 3,093 1,340 11,124 4,128 1,993 1,150 601 8,614 11,769 8,615 1,944 739
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 32.5 47.7 46.3 50.4 49.2 32.8 47.2 44.4 48.0 50.7 32.0 47.9 46.7 51.8 48.0
1–19 49.0 36.9 37.2 37.4 33.6 49.1 37.3 37.8 39.6 30.3 48.9 36.7 37.0 36.1 36.3
20–39 10.5 8.4 9.2 5.7 9.1 10.3 7.7 8.8 6.3 7.6 10.8 8.6 9.3 5.3 10.2
40–59 4.5 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.3 4.5 4.2 4.6 3.8 5.2 4.6 3.8 4.0 4.2 1.8
60–79 2.4 2.1 2.2 1.7 2.4 2.3 2.6 3.2 1.8 4.1 2.6 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.0
80 or more 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.7 2.4 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.5 2.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.8 2.7
50 or more 5.4 4.8 4.9 3.9 7.0 5.3 5.6 6.3 3.7 9.4 5.6 4.4 4.5 3.9 5.0
90 or more 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 2.1 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.2 1.4 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.5 2.7
100 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 1.8 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.2 1.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 2.0
Mean proportion 10.4 8.4 8.9 7.0 9.6 10.2 8.7 9.7 7.1 11.1 10.7 8.3 8.7 7.0 8.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 15.4 16.1 16.6 14.2 18.8 15.1 16.5 17.5 13.6 22.5 15.8 16.0 16.4 14.6 16.0
Number (thousands) 19,739 15,897 10,608 3,093 1,340 11,124 4,128 1,993 1,150 601 8,614 11,769 8,615 1,944 739
Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 97.1 93.4 94.3 93.5 90.4 97.0 95.2 95.7 95.9 93.4 97.2 92.8 94.0 92.0 87.9
1–19 1.4 2.9 2.7 2.4 3.2 1.4 1.9 2.1 0.8 2.4 1.4 3.2 2.9 3.3 3.9
20–39 0.8 1.6 1.4 2.0 2.0 0.8 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.8 1.8 1.4 2.5 2.7
40–59 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.5 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.6 1.1 0.1 0.9 0.7 0.8 1.7
60–79 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.8
80 or more 0.5 1.1 0.8 1.3 2.3 0.5 1.0 0.7 1.3 1.6 0.5 1.1 0.8 1.3 3.0
50 or more 0.6 1.6 1.3 1.6 3.1 0.6 1.3 0.9 1.5 2.3 0.6 1.7 1.3 1.6 3.8
90 or more 0.5 1.1 0.8 1.3 2.3 0.5 0.9 0.7 1.2 1.4 0.5 1.1 0.8 1.3 3.0
100 0.5 1.0 0.8 1.1 2.1 0.5 0.9 0.7 1.2 1.0 0.5 1.1 0.8 1.1 3.0
Mean proportion 1.0 2.3 1.9 2.5 4.3 1.0 1.9 1.4 2.1 2.8 1.0 2.5 2.0 2.7 5.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 33.1 35.5 32.7 37.9 44.9 32.8 39.0 32.7 50.8 42.3 33.4 34.7 32.7 34.1 46.0
Number (thousands) 19,739 15,897 10,608 3,093 1,340 11,124 4,128 1,993 1,150 601 8,614 11,769 8,615 1,944 739
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or OlderTable 8.B4 Percentage distribution, by source of family income, family Social Security beneficiary status, sex, and marital status, 2006
Proportion of family income Persons in beneficiary families Persons in nonbeneficiary families
All Men Women All Men Women
Total Married Non- married Total Married Non- married Total Married Non- married Total Married Non- married Total Married Non- married Total Married Non- married
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 66.6 62.1 72.3 62.8 58.9 73.6 69.4 66.1 71.8 33.4 28.6 38.6 28.9 24.9 37.7 37.4 34.6 38.9
1–19 5.9 7.9 3.4 6.7 8.0 3.3 5.3 7.8 3.5 2.0 2.2 1.8 1.8 2.3 0.8 2.2 2.1 2.3
20–39 6.0 7.6 3.9 7.1 8.0 4.7 5.2 7.2 3.7 3.2 3.9 2.5 3.8 4.2 2.9 2.7 3.5 2.3
40–59 7.6 9.0 5.9 9.0 10.1 6.1 6.7 7.7 5.9 4.9 5.5 4.1 4.9 5.4 3.6 4.9 5.7 4.4
60–79 9.2 9.1 9.3 9.9 10.3 8.7 8.6 7.5 9.5 6.3 7.2 5.3 7.1 7.5 6.2 5.6 6.7 4.9
80 or more 4.7 4.3 5.1 4.5 4.8 3.6 4.8 3.7 5.7 50.2 52.5 47.7 53.5 55.7 48.9 47.3 47.4 47.2
50 or more 18.1 18.4 17.8 19.4 20.8 15.4 17.2 15.3 18.6 59.0 62.8 55.0 62.8 66.1 55.8 55.7 57.3 54.7
90 or more 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 0.7 1.2 1.0 1.3 43.4 44.6 42.0 45.9 47.2 43.0 41.1 40.3 41.6
100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 23.5 21.5 25.7 24.0 22.1 28.0 23.1 20.3 24.6
Mean proportion 16.7 17.7 15.5 18.2 19.7 13.9 15.7 15.2 16.0 56.7 60.1 53.2 60.6 63.4 54.8 53.3 54.7 52.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 50.1 46.7 55.9 48.8 47.9 52.7 51.2 44.9 56.9 85.2 84.1 86.6 85.3 84.3 88.0 85.1 83.7 85.9
Number (thousands) 32,315 18,024 14,291 13,693 10,061 3,632 18,622 7,963 10,660 3,321 1,715 1,606 1,559 1,063 496 1,761 652 1,110
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 71.5 70.6 72.5 72.0 71.5 73.2 71.0 69.1 72.1
1–19 8.5 8.4 8.5 8.6 9.3 6.4 8.4 7.3 9.2 3.9 4.0 3.7 4.4 4.8 3.5 3.4 2.7 3.8
20–39 13.2 13.7 12.6 14.5 15.0 13.0 12.3 12.1 12.5 3.3 4.4 2.2 3.8 4.2 2.8 2.9 4.6 1.9
40–59 12.0 12.8 11.0 13.0 13.3 12.4 11.3 12.3 10.5 3.2 3.8 2.7 3.2 3.7 2.0 3.3 3.8 2.9
60–79 14.1 15.6 12.2 14.4 15.3 12.0 13.8 15.9 12.3 4.3 4.8 3.8 3.9 4.3 3.1 4.6 5.5 4.1
80 or more 52.2 49.5 55.7 49.5 47.1 56.2 54.2 52.4 55.5 13.8 12.5 15.2 12.7 11.4 15.3 14.9 14.3 15.2
50 or more 72.1 71.0 73.4 70.1 68.5 74.4 73.5 74.2 73.0 20.3 20.1 20.4 18.8 18.4 19.7 21.5 22.9 20.7
90 or more 43.9 40.1 48.7 41.0 38.2 49.0 46.0 42.5 48.6 11.4 10.4 12.6 10.5 9.4 12.7 12.3 11.9 12.5
100 23.1 18.0 29.6 20.8 17.2 30.8 24.8 19.0 29.1 6.1 4.5 7.7 4.9 4.1 6.8 7.0 5.2 8.1
Mean proportion 71.2 69.8 72.9 69.6 68.0 74.0 72.3 72.0 72.6 19.3 19.1 19.5 18.1 17.7 18.8 20.4 21.3 19.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 71.2 69.8 72.9 69.6 68.0 74.0 72.3 72.0 72.6 67.7 64.9 70.8 64.6 62.1 70.2 70.3 69.0 71.1
Number (thousands) 32,315 18,024 14,291 13,693 10,061 3,632 18,622 7,963 10,660 3,321 1,715 1,606 1,559 1,063 496 1,761 652 1,110
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 84.7 82.7 87.3 84.2 83.0 87.5 85.2 82.4 87.2 85.4 86.1 84.5 85.4 87.0 82.1 85.3 84.8 85.6
1–19 4.1 4.9 3.0 4.2 4.8 2.4 4.0 5.1 3.2 1.6 1.8 1.3 2.1 2.3 1.7 1.1 1.1 1.1
20–39 4.6 5.1 4.0 4.6 5.0 3.3 4.6 5.1 4.2 1.7 2.0 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 2.5 1.3
40–59 3.7 4.3 3.0 4.1 4.3 3.7 3.4 4.3 2.8 2.8 3.3 2.2 2.7 3.0 2.0 2.8 3.8 2.3
60–79 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.0 1.8 2.0 1.6 1.9 1.8 2.2 1.7 2.5 1.3
80 or more 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 6.8 4.8 9.1 6.3 4.4 10.4 7.3 5.4 8.4
50 or more 4.6 5.2 3.9 4.9 5.1 4.6 4.4 5.3 3.7 10.4 8.9 12.1 9.8 7.9 13.9 11.0 10.5 11.3
90 or more 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 5.1 3.2 7.0 4.5 2.9 8.0 5.5 3.7 6.6
100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.2 0.7 3.8 1.4 0.7 2.9 3.0 0.8 4.2
Mean proportion 5.7 6.3 5.0 6.0 6.2 5.3 5.5 6.4 4.8 9.8 8.4 11.3 9.3 7.6 13.0 10.3 9.8 10.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 37.3 36.4 39.0 37.7 36.4 42.6 37.1 36.4 37.8 67.2 60.9 73.2 63.9 58.4 72.5 70.1 64.4 73.7
Number (thousands) 32,315 18,024 14,291 13,693 10,061 3,632 18,622 7,963 10,660 3,321 1,715 1,606 1,559 1,063 496 1,761 652 1,110
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 65.8 60.2 73.0 62.1 60.6 66.2 68.6 59.6 75.3 87.4 85.4 89.5 87.4 85.4 91.8 87.3 85.4 88.5
1–19 15.9 18.6 12.5 16.6 18.4 11.8 15.3 18.8 12.7 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.5 2.9 2.7 3.0
20–39 11.5 13.7 8.7 13.0 13.4 11.9 10.3 14.0 7.6 1.6 2.3 0.9 2.0 2.5 0.8 1.4 2.1 1.0
40–59 5.3 5.9 4.6 6.4 5.9 8.0 4.4 5.9 3.4 0.9 1.4 0.5 1.1 1.5 0 0.8 1.0 0.7
60–79 1.4 1.6 1.2 1.6 1.5 1.9 1.2 1.6 0.9 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.9 0.6 2.3 2.0 2.4
80 or more 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 4.9 5.6 4.2 4.5 5.0 3.4 5.3 6.7 4.5
50 or more 3.3 3.6 3.0 4.0 3.6 5.0 2.8 3.5 2.3 7.3 8.4 6.1 6.7 7.9 4.0 7.9 9.2 7.1
90 or more 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 4.6 5.5 3.6 4.3 4.9 3.1 4.8 6.4 3.8
100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.9 2.6
Mean proportion 8.6 9.9 6.9 9.8 9.8 10.1 7.6 10.0 5.8 7.3 8.6 6.0 6.9 8.1 4.1 7.7 9.3 6.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 25.1 24.8 25.5 26.0 24.8 29.8 24.2 24.8 23.5 58.0 58.7 56.8 54.5 55.7 50.0 61.0 63.7 59.0
Number (thousands) 32,315 18,024 14,291 13,693 10,061 3,632 18,622 7,963 10,660 3,321 1,715 1,606 1,559 1,063 496 1,761 652 1,110
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 38.4 31.8 46.7 35.9 32.1 46.2 40.3 31.4 46.9 47.9 39.6 56.8 44.0 39.3 54.2 51.4 40.0 58.0
1–19 44.3 49.6 37.6 46.5 49.6 37.7 42.7 49.6 37.5 37.1 43.2 30.5 41.2 44.5 34.3 33.4 41.2 28.8
20–39 9.9 10.8 8.8 10.0 10.6 8.3 9.9 11.1 9.0 5.9 7.1 4.6 5.9 7.3 3.0 5.8 6.7 5.3
40–59 4.4 4.7 4.1 4.6 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.7 4.1 2.4 2.9 1.9 3.0 3.1 2.8 1.9 2.6 1.5
60–79 2.4 2.6 2.2 2.6 2.5 2.9 2.3 2.7 2.0 1.0 1.3 0.7 1.0 1.1 0.7 1.0 1.6 0.7
80 or more 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 5.7 6.0 5.5 4.8 4.7 5.0 6.5 8.0 5.7
50 or more 4.9 5.1 4.5 5.2 5.1 5.4 4.6 5.2 4.2 7.5 8.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.3 8.0 9.8 6.9
90 or more 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0 0.1 0.1 0.1 5.2 5.6 4.8 4.6 4.4 5.0 5.8 7.5 4.7
100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.8 5.0 4.6 4.3 3.9 5.0 5.2 6.7 4.4
Mean proportion 9.4 10.2 8.3 9.7 10.1 8.6 9.2 10.5 8.2 10.8 12.1 9.5 10.5 11.0 9.5 11.1 13.8 9.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 15.2 15.0 15.6 15.1 14.8 16.0 15.3 15.2 15.4 20.8 20.0 22.0 18.8 18.1 20.7 22.8 23.0 22.6
Number (thousands) 32,315 18,024 14,291 13,693 10,061 3,632 18,622 7,963 10,660 3,321 1,715 1,606 1,559 1,063 496 1,761 652 1,110
Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 96.4 97.7 94.8 97.3 97.6 96.3 95.7 97.7 94.2 86.4 90.9 81.7 90.1 91.5 87.2 83.1 89.8 79.2
1–19 2.0 1.4 2.7 1.5 1.4 1.7 2.3 1.3 3.1 2.8 1.7 4.0 2.0 1.6 3.1 3.5 1.9 4.4
20–39 1.1 0.8 1.6 0.9 0.7 1.2 1.3 0.8 1.7 1.5 1.1 1.8 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.8 1.0 2.2
40–59 0.4 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.8 0.8 0.5 1.2 0.3 0.4 0.2 1.3 0.6 1.7
60–79 0.1 0 0.2 0 0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.7
80 or more 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.0 5.5 10.7 6.0 4.9 8.3 9.8 6.5 11.8
50 or more 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.5 8.9 6.1 11.8 6.5 5.6 8.6 10.9 7.1 13.2
90 or more 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7.9 5.5 10.5 5.8 4.9 7.8 9.8 6.5 11.8
100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7.7 5.5 10.0 5.7 4.9 7.3 9.5 6.5 11.2
Mean proportion 0.8 0.4 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.9 0.4 1.3 9.4 6.5 12.6 6.9 5.9 9.1 11.6 7.4 14.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 21.2 18.9 22.6 20.6 18.8 23.9 21.5 19.0 22.3 69.3 70.9 68.5 70.2 69.7 71.0 68.9 72.6 67.8
Number (thousands) 32,315 18,024 14,291 13,693 10,061 3,632 18,622 7,963 10,660 3,321 1,715 1,606 1,559 1,063 496 1,761 652 1,110
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or OlderTable 8.B5 Percentage distribution, by source of family income, race, Hispanic origin, and sex, 2006
Proportion of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
All persons Men Women All persons Men Women All persons Men Women All persons Men Women
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 64.6 60.1 68.0 61.0 58.7 62.5 43.4 42.6 44.1 47.2 44.8 48.9
1–19 5.8 6.5 5.2 4.6 5.2 4.2 2.6 2.7 2.5 3.0 2.9 3.1
20–39 5.8 6.8 5.0 4.9 5.7 4.3 6.0 7.1 5.3 4.5 4.5 4.6
40–59 7.3 8.5 6.4 8.4 9.6 7.6 4.8 5.6 4.2 8.0 9.9 6.6
60–79 8.6 9.4 8.0 10.4 10.1 10.5 13.0 14.3 12.0 14.2 15.1 13.5
80 or more 7.9 8.7 7.3 10.8 10.6 10.9 30.2 27.8 32.0 23.2 22.9 23.3
50 or more 20.6 23.0 18.9 25.8 25.7 25.8 45.7 44.3 46.7 41.6 43.5 40.3
90 or more 4.4 5.1 3.9 7.0 7.3 6.8 19.4 19.8 19.2 15.3 16.0 14.7
100 1.9 2.1 1.7 4.0 4.9 3.4 6.7 5.9 7.2 10.5 11.0 10.2
Mean proportion 19.3 21.6 17.5 23.5 24.2 23.0 42.0 41.6 42.3 37.6 39.1 36.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 54.5 54.2 54.9 60.2 58.6 61.4 74.2 72.4 75.6 71.2 70.9 71.4
Number (thousands) 30,973 13,366 17,608 3,010 1,179 1,830 1,164 487 677 2,373 1,004 1,369
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 5.7 6.5 5.0 9.7 9.9 9.6 25.2 25.1 25.2 19.2 19.6 18.9
1–19 7.7 8.0 7.4 7.0 5.9 7.7 19.0 16.9 20.5 12.5 11.5 13.3
20–39 12.3 13.5 11.4 12.4 12.3 12.4 12.1 13.6 11.0 13.4 15.7 11.7
40–59 11.4 12.2 10.8 9.9 11.2 9.1 7.1 7.3 7.0 8.4 8.7 8.1
60–79 13.8 13.8 13.7 8.8 9.0 8.7 9.0 10.1 8.3 10.0 10.4 9.7
80 or more 49.1 45.9 51.6 52.2 51.7 52.5 27.6 27.0 28.0 36.4 34.1 38.2
50 or more 68.5 65.6 70.7 65.3 65.8 64.9 40.9 42.5 39.8 50.4 48.1 52.1
90 or more 41.0 37.7 43.5 47.1 46.9 47.2 23.8 23.3 24.2 32.7 30.6 34.2
100 20.4 18.0 22.2 35.7 34.8 36.3 14.4 13.3 15.2 24.3 22.1 25.9
Mean proportion 67.3 64.9 69.1 66.6 66.9 66.4 42.4 43.0 41.9 52.1 50.8 53.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 71.3 69.4 72.7 73.7 74.2 73.4 56.7 57.4 56.1 64.6 63.2 65.6
Number (thousands) 30,973 13,366 17,608 3,010 1,179 1,830 1,164 487 677 2,373 1,004 1,369
Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 8.1 9.2 7.3 13.8 14.0 13.6 29.5 30.9 28.6 21.4 21.7 21.2
1–19 13.8 15.4 12.6 11.7 11.7 11.8 23.0 20.6 24.7 16.0 16.2 15.8
20–39 18.7 20.3 17.6 17.1 17.7 16.8 13.5 14.1 13.1 15.1 17.5 13.4
40–59 17.8 18.9 16.9 12.7 13.4 12.2 9.3 10.6 8.4 9.9 9.6 10.0
60–79 14.4 13.5 15.0 9.4 10.3 8.8 7.4 8.1 6.9 10.0 10.2 9.9
80 or more 27.2 22.8 30.5 35.3 32.9 36.8 17.2 15.7 18.3 27.6 24.8 29.6
50 or more 50.0 45.2 53.6 49.9 48.0 51.1 29.2 29.3 29.2 42.1 39.3 44.1
90 or more 21.1 17.3 24.0 30.3 28.5 31.4 14.5 13.2 15.5 23.5 21.1 25.2
100 12.2 9.9 14.0 24.2 22.2 25.5 10.2 9.7 10.5 17.6 15.5 19.2
Mean proportion 52.0 48.4 54.8 53.6 52.5 54.4 32.8 32.6 33.0 45.0 43.1 46.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 56.7 53.3 59.2 62.2 61.0 62.9 46.6 47.2 46.2 57.3 55.0 58.9
Number (thousands) 30,973 13,366 17,608 3,010 1,179 1,830 1,164 487 677 2,373 1,004 1,369
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 84.6 84.2 85.0 85.5 84.4 86.2 88.0 88.0 88.0 92.2 91.7 92.6
1–19 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.3 4.0 2.8 4.3 4.2 4.5 1.8 1.7 1.9
20–39 4.4 4.3 4.5 3.3 3.3 3.4 4.2 4.8 3.7 2.3 2.4 2.2
40–59 3.8 4.2 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.3 1.3 0.9 1.5 2.0 2.1 2.0
60–79 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.7 2.9 2.5 1.3 0.7 1.7 1.2 1.6 1.0
80 or more 1.1 1.1 1.1 2.1 2.4 1.9 0.9 1.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.4
50 or more 5.1 5.3 4.9 6.4 7.4 5.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 3.4 2.3
90 or more 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.2 1.6 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.3 0
100 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.4 0 0 0 0 0.1 0
Mean proportion 6.1 6.3 5.9 6.7 7.2 6.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.1 3.6 2.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 39.6 39.8 39.5 45.9 46.1 45.8 35.1 35.1 35.2 40.4 42.8 38.4
Number (thousands) 30,973 13,366 17,608 3,010 1,179 1,830 1,164 487 677 2,373 1,004 1,369
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 66.0 63.0 68.4 79.5 76.5 81.4 83.2 81.1 84.8 84.7 83.8 85.3
1–19 15.6 16.2 15.2 8.8 9.0 8.6 7.8 8.1 7.6 7.3 7.5 7.1
20–39 11.2 12.5 10.2 6.5 8.6 5.1 4.4 5.0 3.9 4.8 5.7 4.2
40–59 5.2 6.2 4.4 2.9 3.6 2.5 2.2 3.0 1.6 2.1 1.7 2.4
60–79 1.5 1.7 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.4
80 or more 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.3 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.4 0.5 0.5 0.6
50 or more 3.7 4.3 3.2 3.7 3.9 3.5 3.3 3.8 2.9 1.8 1.7 1.8
90 or more 0.4 0.4 0.3 1.2 0.9 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.4 0.3 0.2 0.4
100 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.7 1.5 1.8 1.4 0.3 0.2 0.4
Mean proportion 8.8 9.9 8.0 6.1 6.9 5.6 5.3 6.2 4.7 4.0 4.1 3.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 25.9 26.8 25.2 29.8 29.6 29.9 31.7 32.8 30.7 25.8 25.3 26.2
Number (thousands) 30,973 13,366 17,608 3,010 1,179 1,830 1,164 487 677 2,373 1,004 1,369
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 36.1 33.7 37.9 69.5 66.6 71.3 43.0 41.3 44.2 69.5 66.8 71.4
1–19 45.3 47.6 43.7 25.6 28.1 24.1 43.7 44.9 42.9 23.7 25.4 22.5
20–39 10.3 10.3 10.4 2.5 2.4 2.5 8.3 9.7 7.4 4.3 4.7 4.1
40–59 4.6 4.7 4.5 1.3 2.0 0.8 3.6 2.8 4.2 1.0 0.9 1.0
60–79 2.5 2.7 2.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.2 0.4
80 or more 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.6
50 or more 5.6 5.8 5.4 1.9 2.1 1.7 2.8 2.5 3.0 1.9 2.8 1.3
90 or more 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.5
100 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.4
Mean proportion 10.3 10.5 10.1 3.3 3.3 3.3 7.1 7.2 7.0 3.7 4.3 3.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 16.1 15.8 16.3 10.7 9.9 11.3 12.4 12.2 12.5 12.2 13.0 11.5
Number (thousands) 30,973 13,366 17,608 3,010 1,179 1,830 1,164 487 677 2,373 1,004 1,369
Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 96.6 97.3 96.0 88.0 92.1 85.4 87.3 88.5 86.4 87.5 88.7 86.5
1–19 1.6 1.2 1.9 4.8 3.1 5.9 5.5 5.2 5.8 5.8 5.2 6.3
20–39 0.9 0.7 1.0 3.0 1.9 3.8 2.0 2.3 1.8 2.9 2.9 3.0
40–59 0.3 0.2 0.3 1.6 1.0 2.0 1.3 0.5 1.9 1.4 1.1 1.7
60–79 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.1 1.0 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.4
80 or more 0.5 0.4 0.6 1.9 1.8 1.9 3.5 3.1 3.8 1.9 1.6 2.1
50 or more 0.7 0.5 0.8 3.3 2.3 3.9 5.0 4.0 5.8 2.8 2.2 3.2
90 or more 0.5 0.4 0.6 1.8 1.8 1.9 3.5 3.1 3.8 1.9 1.6 2.1
100 0.5 0.4 0.6 1.8 1.8 1.8 3.5 3.1 3.7 1.9 1.6 2.1
Mean proportion 1.1 0.9 1.3 4.5 3.2 5.3 5.6 5.0 6.1 4.3 3.8 4.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 32.3 32.3 32.4 37.2 40.8 36.0 44.4 43.3 45.1 34.4 33.7 34.7
Number (thousands) 30,973 13,366 17,608 3,010 1,179 1,830 1,164 487 677 2,373 1,004 1,369
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or OlderTable 8.B6 Percentage distribution, by source of family income, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and marital status, 2006
Proportion of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
Married Non- married Married Non- married Married Non- married Married Non- married Married Non- married Married Non- married Married Non- married Married Non- married
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 56.9 69.2 65.0 70.4 47.6 73.7 57.0 64.4 41.9 46.2 47.4 41.1 43.2 48.1 48.9 48.9
1–19 7.7 3.2 7.6 3.3 7.3 2.4 5.2 3.9 3.0 1.1 4.2 1.1 4.3 0.1 4.5 2.2
20–39 7.5 4.8 6.9 3.6 8.2 2.2 7.8 3.1 7.9 2.9 6.3 4.4 5.3 3.0 6.2 3.5
40–59 9.5 5.8 7.2 5.8 13.0 5.0 12.3 6.0 5.6 6.0 5.5 3.0 11.3 6.9 9.4 4.8
60–79 9.6 8.7 7.3 8.6 12.5 6.9 7.2 11.6 15.2 9.4 11.7 12.3 13.3 18.6 11.4 14.9
80 or more 8.9 8.3 6.0 8.3 11.3 9.7 10.6 11.0 26.5 34.4 25.0 38.1 22.7 23.4 19.7 25.7
50 or more 24.0 20.0 17.2 20.2 30.7 18.9 24.2 26.4 44.4 44.0 39.6 52.8 42.0 46.4 35.2 43.5
90 or more 5.0 5.4 3.3 4.3 8.3 5.8 7.7 6.5 18.8 24.9 17.3 20.9 15.8 16.6 13.4 15.6
100 1.8 3.2 1.2 2.0 5.4 4.1 4.2 3.2 5.6 7.6 5.4 8.8 10.9 11.1 10.1 10.2
Mean proportion 22.7 18.5 17.0 18.0 29.1 17.5 23.9 22.7 41.4 42.7 37.1 46.8 38.8 39.7 33.7 38.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 52.7 60.0 48.6 60.8 55.6 66.7 55.6 63.8 71.2 79.3 70.4 79.6 68.3 76.4 65.8 74.9
Number (thousands) 9,886 3,480 7,731 9,877 680 499 464 1,367 409 78 316 361 664 340 536 833
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 6.0 7.8 4.2 5.7 8.2 12.3 8.4 10.0 23.4 33.7 24.3 25.9 18.5 21.9 16.3 20.6
1–19 8.7 6.0 6.7 8.0 6.9 4.6 5.9 8.4 17.5 14.2 14.7 25.6 12.5 9.5 11.0 14.8
20–39 13.8 12.6 11.7 11.3 16.3 6.7 9.5 13.4 14.3 9.9 11.3 10.8 14.6 17.7 12.4 11.3
40–59 12.5 11.5 11.6 10.2 12.5 9.4 13.2 7.7 7.8 4.3 8.7 5.5 9.2 7.7 8.4 7.9
60–79 14.6 11.7 15.3 12.5 10.7 6.6 13.1 7.2 11.4 3.0 12.8 4.3 10.8 9.6 12.0 8.3
80 or more 44.4 50.3 50.5 52.4 45.4 60.4 50.0 53.3 25.5 34.8 28.2 27.9 34.3 33.6 39.9 37.1
50 or more 64.7 67.9 71.5 70.1 61.7 71.4 68.5 63.7 42.7 41.3 47.2 33.4 49.0 46.2 57.0 48.9
90 or more 35.6 43.5 40.7 45.7 40.1 56.3 43.9 48.3 22.8 25.8 25.9 22.8 30.0 31.6 35.4 33.5
100 15.2 25.7 17.4 26.0 27.4 44.8 31.1 38.1 12.6 17.1 13.1 16.9 20.0 26.2 24.5 26.9
Mean proportion 64.0 67.3 69.2 69.0 63.5 71.4 67.8 65.9 43.2 42.1 46.2 38.2 51.2 50.0 56.7 50.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 68.2 73.0 72.2 73.1 69.2 81.4 74.0 73.2 56.4 63.5 61.1 51.6 62.8 64.0 67.7 64.1
Number (thousands) 9,886 3,480 7,731 9,877 680 499 464 1,367 409 78 316 361 664 340 536 833
Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 8.5 10.9 6.3 8.2 13.4 14.9 12.4 14.0 28.2 45.0 29.5 27.8 20.6 23.8 19.1 22.5
1–19 16.1 13.4 13.2 12.1 13.8 8.8 11.0 12.1 21.7 14.9 18.8 29.9 17.4 13.7 16.5 15.4
20–39 21.2 17.7 19.7 15.9 22.4 11.3 19.4 15.9 15.1 9.0 15.2 11.3 16.2 20.2 13.6 13.2
40–59 18.8 19.0 19.9 14.6 13.6 13.1 15.7 11.0 10.7 10.3 11.0 6.2 10.2 8.4 10.0 10.1
60–79 14.0 11.9 16.2 14.2 9.1 11.9 11.4 8.0 9.5 0.5 10.4 3.8 11.0 8.6 11.7 8.8
80 or more 21.3 27.1 24.6 35.0 27.7 40.0 30.2 39.1 14.8 20.4 15.2 21.0 24.5 25.3 29.0 30.1
50 or more 43.8 49.0 50.0 56.5 40.9 57.8 46.6 52.5 30.3 24.4 31.2 27.4 39.8 38.2 45.8 43.0
90 or more 15.7 22.0 17.9 28.7 22.9 36.1 24.3 33.8 12.2 18.2 12.7 18.0 19.8 23.5 23.0 26.6
100 8.0 15.0 9.1 17.7 17.3 28.8 19.1 27.7 8.8 14.7 7.9 12.8 13.3 19.8 16.8 20.8
Mean proportion 47.5 51.0 51.9 57.1 48.1 58.4 51.9 55.2 33.2 29.7 34.1 32.1 43.3 42.6 47.2 45.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 51.9 57.2 55.5 62.1 55.5 68.6 59.3 64.2 46.2 53.9 48.3 44.4 54.5 56.0 58.4 59.2
Number (thousands) 9,886 3,480 7,731 9,877 680 499 464 1,367 409 78 316 361 664 340 536 833
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 83.4 86.4 82.8 86.7 80.2 90.0 79.1 88.6 89.5 80.4 85.8 89.9 91.2 92.7 88.6 95.2
1–19 4.5 2.3 4.7 3.1 5.4 2.1 5.0 2.0 3.9 5.3 4.0 5.0 1.8 1.3 1.9 1.9
20–39 4.7 3.2 4.8 4.2 3.9 2.6 4.9 2.8 4.8 4.5 6.0 1.7 2.6 2.1 4.3 0.9
40–59 4.3 4.0 4.2 2.8 4.6 0.8 4.7 2.8 0.6 2.8 2.5 0.7 2.4 1.5 3.4 1.1
60–79 2.2 2.4 2.5 1.9 3.6 2.1 4.2 2.0 0.7 0.7 0.6 2.7 1.5 1.6 1.1 0.9
80 or more 0.9 1.6 0.9 1.3 2.3 2.5 2.2 1.8 0.5 6.4 1.1 0 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.1
50 or more 5.2 5.7 5.5 4.4 9.0 5.3 9.2 4.7 1.5 9.2 2.9 2.7 3.3 3.5 3.6 1.4
90 or more 0.4 0.9 0.3 0.8 1.4 1.7 0.9 1.0 0.5 2.9 1.1 0 0.2 0.6 0 0.1
100 0 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.4 1.5 0.1 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0 0
Mean proportion 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.5 8.7 5.2 9.1 5.4 3.3 8.9 5.2 3.3 3.6 3.4 4.7 1.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 37.8 47.0 37.9 41.1 43.8 52.2 43.3 47.3 31.4 45.5 36.8 33.1 41.1 46.9 40.8 34.8
Number (thousands) 9,886 3,480 7,731 9,877 680 499 464 1,367 409 78 316 361 664 340 536 833
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 61.3 67.5 59.8 75.0 75.7 77.7 75.5 83.4 79.9 87.3 78.9 90.0 82.0 87.3 80.3 88.6
1–19 17.7 11.9 18.4 12.7 11.8 5.4 11.5 7.6 8.6 4.9 9.9 5.6 8.7 5.1 10.1 5.2
20–39 13.1 10.9 13.7 7.5 7.7 9.9 8.0 4.1 5.4 3.0 6.0 2.1 6.6 4.1 6.2 2.8
40–59 5.8 7.3 5.9 3.3 2.3 5.3 2.5 2.5 2.7 4.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.9 2.0 2.7
60–79 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 0.9 1.3 0 1.6 0 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.2
80 or more 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 1.4 0.7 1.2 1.6 2.1 0 2.0 0.8 0.3 1.0 0.5 0.6
50 or more 4.0 5.1 4.0 2.7 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4 4.2 1.5 4.7 1.4 1.6 2.1 2.2 1.6
90 or more 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 1.2 0.4 0.9 1.5 2.1 0 2.0 0.8 0 0.5 0.2 0.6
100 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.7 0 0.3 0.8 2.1 0 2.0 0.8 0 0.5 0.2 0.6
Mean proportion 10.0 9.8 10.4 6.1 6.6 7.4 6.6 5.2 6.7 3.5 6.8 2.8 4.2 3.8 4.8 3.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 25.8 30.1 25.8 24.5 27.3 33.0 26.9 31.4 33.5 27.7 32.1 28.2 23.6 29.9 24.2 28.5
Number (thousands) 9,886 3,480 7,731 9,877 680 499 464 1,367 409 78 316 361 664 340 536 833
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 30.4 43.1 30.0 44.1 61.4 73.7 61.0 74.8 39.8 49.1 39.1 48.6 63.3 73.5 63.1 76.8
1–19 50.6 39.0 50.0 38.7 31.1 24.0 31.7 21.5 44.3 47.9 44.7 41.2 27.6 21.1 27.3 19.4
20–39 10.8 8.9 11.2 9.8 3.5 1.0 3.5 2.1 11.3 1.0 10.5 4.6 5.4 3.3 6.1 2.8
40–59 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.2 2.5 1.3 1.6 0.6 3.1 1.2 4.8 3.6 1.4 0.1 1.4 0.7
60–79 2.5 3.1 2.8 2.2 1.0 0.1 1.4 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.8 1.2 1.1 1.1 0
80 or more 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.5 0 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.6 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.3
50 or more 5.6 6.5 5.9 4.9 3.0 0.9 2.9 1.3 2.7 1.4 2.3 3.6 3.1 2.0 2.9 0.3
90 or more 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.2
100 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.5 0 0.8 0.5 0 0.4 0 1.1 0.6 1.0 0.9 0
Mean proportion 10.7 9.9 11.2 9.2 4.5 1.7 4.7 2.8 7.9 3.7 7.6 6.5 5.0 3.0 5.3 2.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 15.4 17.4 16.1 16.4 11.6 6.4 12.0 11.0 13.0 7.3 12.4 12.7 13.7 11.2 14.3 8.5
Number (thousands) 9,886 3,480 7,731 9,877 680 499 464 1,367 409 78 316 361 664 340 536 833
Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 97.5 96.8 97.7 94.7 95.5 87.6 94.4 82.3 89.0 85.9 88.7 84.4 90.3 85.8 90.8 83.8
1–19 1.2 1.3 1.2 2.5 3.1 3.0 2.9 7.0 3.7 12.9 3.1 8.1 4.4 6.7 5.7 6.8
20–39 0.7 0.9 0.6 1.4 1.1 2.9 2.0 4.4 2.7 0 2.8 0.9 2.8 3.1 1.9 3.7
40–59 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.2 2.1 0 2.6 0.6 0 0.8 2.9 0.8 1.7 0.6 2.4
60–79 0 0.1 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.3 1.3 0.4 0 0 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5
80 or more 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.9 0 4.4 0.3 2.5 3.5 1.2 4.5 3.2 1.2 2.3 0.7 3.0
50 or more 0.5 0.7 0.4 1.0 0.3 5.0 0.6 5.0 4.6 1.2 5.3 6.2 1.8 2.9 1.1 4.6
90 or more 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.8 0 4.2 0.3 2.4 3.5 1.2 4.5 3.2 1.2 2.3 0.7 3.0
100 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.8 0 4.2 0.3 2.3 3.5 1.2 4.5 3.0 1.2 2.3 0.7 3.0
Mean proportion 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.8 0.8 6.5 1.4 6.6 5.4 2.4 6.3 6.0 3.2 4.9 2.3 6.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 31.6 33.9 29.9 33.2 17.1 52.7 25.1 37.1 49.6 17.2 55.7 38.4 33.2 34.4 25.5 38.1
Number (thousands) 9,886 3,480 7,731 9,877 680 499 464 1,367 409 78 316 361 664 340 536 833
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or OlderTable 8.B7 Percentage distribution, by source of family income and quintile of per-capita family total money income, 2006
Proportion of family income Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 63.5 80.5 77.4 67.8 53.3 39.2
1–19 5.6 3.5 4.8 5.5 6.7 7.3
20–39 5.7 2.6 4.4 6.3 8.5 6.7
40–59 7.4 3.4 4.2 7.2 10.9 11.0
60–79 8.9 3.8 4.8 7.3 10.8 17.5
80 or more 8.9 6.1 4.4 5.9 9.8 18.3
50 or more 21.9 11.8 10.9 17.2 27.6 41.7
90 or more 5.1 5.2 2.9 3.1 5.6 8.8
100 2.2 4.2 1.7 1.3 2.0 1.9
Mean proportion 20.5 11.5 11.4 16.5 25.4 37.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 56.0 58.8 50.4 51.3 54.3 61.2
Number (thousands) 35,636 6,868 7,202 7,188 7,190 7,187
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 6.7 12.5 4.0 3.7 5.3 8.0
1–19 8.0 1.6 2.5 4.1 7.7 23.9
20–39 12.3 4.6 5.0 9.0 15.5 27.0
40–59 11.2 5.0 7.3 11.5 17.8 14.2
60–79 13.2 8.2 11.5 17.3 18.1 10.5
80 or more 48.6 68.1 69.7 54.2 35.5 16.4
50 or more 67.2 78.9 85.4 77.2 62.0 33.1
90 or more 40.9 62.2 61.1 44.0 27.0 10.9
100 21.5 43.3 34.6 18.5 8.8 3.3
Mean proportion 66.3 76.5 81.3 73.1 60.7 40.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 71.1 87.4 84.7 75.9 64.2 44.0
Number (thousands) 35,636 6,868 7,202 7,188 7,190 7,187
Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 9.3 15.6 5.7 5.3 8.2 12.1
1–19 14.0 2.1 3.7 6.5 13.7 43.5
20–39 18.4 5.7 7.7 14.7 27.6 35.8
40–59 17.1 5.8 10.7 24.1 37.1 7.0
60–79 13.7 10.0 18.2 29.0 10.0 1.0
80 or more 27.5 60.8 54.0 20.3 3.3 0.7
50 or more 49.2 74.0 78.2 62.5 29.4 3.2
90 or more 21.7 53.1 41.6 12.1 2.3 0.6
100 13.2 36.9 23.1 5.5 1.1 0.3
Mean proportion 51.5 71.1 72.6 56.3 38.3 20.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 56.8 84.3 77.0 59.5 41.7 22.8
Number (thousands) 35,636 6,868 7,202 7,188 7,190 7,187
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 84.8 95.9 92.7 85.3 78.1 72.5
1–19 3.8 1.6 1.9 3.5 4.4 7.8
20–39 4.3 1.2 2.2 4.6 5.8 7.6
40–59 3.6 0.5 1.3 3.8 6.7 5.7
60–79 2.2 0.4 1.1 1.7 3.4 4.5
80 or more 1.2 0.4 0.8 1.0 1.6 1.9
50 or more 5.2 1.0 2.3 4.5 8.2 9.5
90 or more 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.9
100 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1
Mean proportion 6.1 1.4 3.0 5.7 9.4 10.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 40.0 35.0 40.8 39.2 42.8 38.8
Number (thousands) 35,636 6,868 7,202 7,188 7,190 7,187
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 67.8 88.9 74.6 57.5 56.2 62.9
1–19 14.7 5.6 15.1 17.8 16.2 18.5
20–39 10.5 2.2 7.3 18.0 15.5 9.3
40–59 4.9 1.1 2.1 5.6 10.2 5.3
60–79 1.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.5 3.8
80 or more 0.6 1.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2
50 or more 3.7 2.6 1.6 2.6 5.3 6.4
90 or more 0.5 1.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.1
100 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.1 0
Mean proportion 8.4 3.6 5.3 10.8 12.7 9.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 26.3 32.8 20.9 25.4 28.9 26.0
Number (thousands) 35,636 6,868 7,202 7,188 7,190 7,187
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 39.3 69.6 51.6 36.2 25.5 14.9
1–19 43.6 25.0 40.1 49.0 53.2 49.9
20–39 9.5 2.7 6.3 11.1 13.5 13.8
40–59 4.3 0.4 1.6 3.0 5.6 10.4
60–79 2.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 1.8 8.6
80 or more 1.0 2.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 2.3
50 or more 5.1 2.6 0.7 2.1 4.3 15.8
90 or more 0.6 1.9 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.6
100 0.4 1.9 0.1 0.2 0 0.1
Mean proportion 9.5 4.2 4.6 7.7 10.8 20.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 15.7 13.7 9.5 12.0 14.5 23.6
Number (thousands) 35,636 6,868 7,202 7,188 7,190 7,187
Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 95.5 86.9 95.6 97.1 98.6 98.8
1–19 2.1 4.1 1.9 2.1 1.1 1.2
20–39 1.2 3.2 1.9 0.5 0.2 0.1
40–59 0.5 1.6 0.4 0.3 0 0
60–79 0.1 0.5 0 0 0.1 0
80 or more 0.8 3.8 0.1 0.1 0 0
50 or more 1.0 4.8 0.3 0.2 0.1 0
90 or more 0.7 3.7 0.1 0.1 0 0
100 0.7 3.7 0.1 0 0 0
Mean proportion 1.6 6.2 1.1 0.5 0.2 0.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 34.7 47.2 24.7 17.9 13.6 6.1
Number (thousands) 35,636 6,868 7,202 7,188 7,190 7,187
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Per-capita family total money income quintile limits are $10,466, $15,183, $21,411, and $34,193.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or OlderTable 8.B8 Percentage distribution, by source of family income, number of persons in family, and quintile of per-capita family total money income, 2006
Proportion of family income Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Earnings
Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 83.7 96.9 94.8 89.2 77.3 58.8
1–19 2.7 1.1 1.9 2.1 3.4 5.1
20–39 2.8 0.2 1.4 2.8 5.2 4.5
40–59 3.4 0.7 1.0 2.8 6.3 6.8
60–79 3.6 0 0.1 1.2 3.9 13.4
80 or more 3.8 1.2 0.8 2.0 4.0 11.4
50 or more 9.2 1.4 1.1 4.7 11.5 28.6
90 or more 2.8 1.2 0.8 1.8 3.8 6.8
100 1.7 1.0 0.6 1.6 2.7 2.8
Mean proportion 8.9 1.7 1.9 5.2 11.5 25.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 54.4 52.5 37.0 47.6 50.8 60.9
Number (thousands) 11,655 2,298 2,520 2,287 2,315 2,236
Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 64.1 88.4 82.0 70.1 51.7 35.0
1–19 7.3 3.6 6.8 7.5 9.4 8.5
20–39 6.5 2.5 3.8 7.4 10.0 7.9
40–59 7.7 1.6 3.1 6.3 13.0 13.0
60–79 7.8 1.2 2.4 5.7 10.0 17.6
80 or more 6.7 2.8 1.9 2.9 5.9 18.1
50 or more 18.7 4.7 5.9 11.8 24.4 42.3
90 or more 3.6 2.5 1.4 1.8 3.6 7.9
100 1.3 1.8 1.3 0.8 1.2 1.3
Mean proportion 18.1 5.4 6.8 12.7 23.0 38.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 50.3 46.1 37.6 42.5 47.7 59.1
Number (thousands) 18,802 3,250 3,689 3,909 3,778 4,176
Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 15.8 32.6 16.4 9.1 8.0 6.0
1–19 5.8 7.6 4.5 5.4 4.4 6.9
20–39 9.8 7.2 14.3 10.2 10.7 6.4
40–59 15.2 12.7 16.9 21.1 13.3 12.5
60–79 24.9 17.1 25.3 27.9 28.1 29.1
80 or more 28.6 22.8 22.6 26.4 35.5 39.2
50 or more 62.3 47.4 54.8 67.2 72.5 76.4
90 or more 15.9 18.7 13.5 11.4 16.3 19.2
100 6.7 15.4 6.0 2.6 3.1 2.9
Mean proportion 55.3 43.6 52.5 58.0 62.6 65.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 65.7 64.6 62.8 63.7 68.0 69.3
Number (thousands) 5,179 1,321 993 992 1,097 776
Retirement benefits
Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 5.3 10.7 1.9 2.1 4.3 8.1
1–19 2.7 0.4 0.1 0.6 0.8 12.1
20–39 7.6 0.7 0.5 3.6 8.0 26.2
40–59 9.5 2.7 3.9 8.9 17.7 15.1
60–79 12.2 6.9 9.2 14.6 18.8 11.8
80 or more 62.7 78.6 84.5 70.3 50.4 26.8
50 or more 79.9 87.0 96.6 89.3 78.7 45.7
90 or more 55.3 73.6 78.6 60.6 40.5 20.0
100 33.9 57.0 53.2 32.7 17.0 7.5
Mean proportion 77.0 83.8 91.6 84.1 72.9 50.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 81.3 93.7 93.3 85.9 76.2 54.9
Number (thousands) 11,655 2,298 2,520 2,287 2,315 2,236
Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 5.0 8.7 2.4 2.7 4.1 7.5
1–19 7.2 0.4 0.7 1.8 4.8 25.6
20–39 11.6 2.0 3.1 6.8 16.1 27.2
40–59 11.6 4.1 6.9 11.3 19.3 15.1
60–79 14.7 7.6 12.9 20.7 20.4 11.0
80 or more 49.8 77.2 74.1 56.8 35.2 13.6
50 or more 69.8 86.8 90.8 83.1 63.9 31.0
90 or more 40.6 70.9 62.3 44.7 25.6 7.8
100 18.5 46.2 30.2 14.5 6.1 1.5
Mean proportion 68.2 83.7 85.2 76.5 62.4 38.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 71.8 91.6 87.3 78.6 65.1 41.9
Number (thousands) 18,802 3,250 3,689 3,909 3,778 4,176
Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 15.7 25.0 15.5 11.6 11.7 10.8
1–19 22.9 6.5 15.1 21.6 32.5 48.9
20–39 25.3 17.7 23.9 30.5 29.3 27.9
40–59 13.5 11.3 17.4 18.8 12.5 6.7
60–79 9.9 12.1 12.3 10.5 8.9 4.0
80 or more 12.7 27.4 15.8 7.1 5.0 1.7
50 or more 29.2 45.4 37.1 26.0 20.1 8.7
90 or more 9.3 20.9 12.7 3.1 3.6 1.0
100 4.5 12.5 3.7 1.5 1.0 0.7
Mean proportion 35.5 46.4 41.0 34.4 29.3 20.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 42.1 61.9 48.5 38.9 33.2 22.8
Number (thousands) 5,179 1,321 993 992 1,097 776
Social Security
Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 8.2 13.3 3.7 3.7 6.9 13.8
1–19 7.0 0.3 0.8 1.6 4.2 29.3
20–39 13.3 1.1 1.9 7.0 16.9 41.1
40–59 16.5 3.2 5.7 15.6 46.8 11.7
60–79 14.4 8.3 12.7 31.2 17.6 2.0
80 or more 40.8 73.9 75.2 40.9 7.5 2.2
50 or more 63.6 83.9 92.2 80.2 50.8 6.9
90 or more 34.1 66.7 65.2 27.8 5.4 2.0
100 22.7 51.3 42.7 13.7 2.7 0.9
Mean proportion 62.6 80.1 85.6 70.4 48.7 24.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 68.1 92.3 88.9 73.1 52.3 28.9
Number (thousands) 11,655 2,298 2,520 2,287 2,315 2,236
Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 7.5 12.5 3.8 3.9 7.0 10.8
1–19 13.7 1.0 1.5 4.2 10.2 46.3
20–39 19.6 2.9 6.5 13.9 33.6 36.7
40–59 18.8 5.1 12.0 30.7 39.6 5.4
60–79 15.4 10.8 23.9 34.0 7.9 0.7
80 or more 25.1 67.6 52.4 13.3 1.6 0
50 or more 48.9 81.5 82.5 65.0 23.8 1.6
90 or more 18.6 59.2 35.3 6.0 1.0 0
100 10.2 38.2 15.6 2.1 0.4 0
Mean proportion 51.3 77.1 74.3 55.8 37.7 19.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 55.5 88.0 77.3 58.0 40.5 21.3
Number (thousands) 18,802 3,250 3,689 3,909 3,778 4,176
Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 18.5 27.5 17.6 14.6 15.0 14.1
1–19 30.9 7.8 18.9 27.3 46.1 68.8
20–39 25.8 20.5 27.0 35.4 29.5 15.6
40–59 12.1 12.0 18.8 18.1 8.2 1.6
60–79 6.0 11.0 11.4 3.9 1.2 0
80 or more 6.7 21.2 6.3 0.7 0 0
50 or more 17.9 38.4 26.4 11.5 3.3 0.9
90 or more 4.7 14.3 5.2 0 0 0
100 2.5 8.7 1.4 0 0 0
Mean proportion 27.5 40.8 33.4 26.1 18.5 11.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 33.7 56.4 40.5 30.5 21.8 13.4
Number (thousands) 5,179 1,321 993 992 1,097 776
Government employee pensions
Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 86.8 96.8 95.2 90.0 81.3 69.7
1–19 1.9 1.3 0.6 1.3 1.5 5.2
20–39 3.6 0.8 1.0 3.6 4.7 8.4
40–59 3.3 0.4 0.9 2.1 6.7 6.7
60–79 2.5 0.3 1.2 2.4 2.6 5.9
80 or more 1.9 0.3 1.1 0.6 3.3 4.1
50 or more 5.7 0.8 2.5 3.7 8.2 14.0
90 or more 1.1 0.2 1.0 0.3 1.9 2.4
100 0.5 0.1 0.8 0.3 0.9 0.3
Mean proportion 6.3 1.1 2.8 4.5 9.6 14.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 48.1 34.3 57.1 45.1 51.4 47.0
Number (thousands) 11,655 2,298 2,520 2,287 2,315 2,236
Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 82.7 95.2 91.2 82.3 75.6 72.4
1–19 4.5 1.8 2.6 3.8 4.8 8.5
20–39 4.9 1.3 2.7 5.5 6.3 7.9
40–59 4.3 0.6 1.6 5.2 7.8 5.6
60–79 2.6 0.4 1.4 1.6 4.4 4.4
80 or more 1.0 0.7 0.6 1.6 1.1 1.1
50 or more 5.7 1.4 2.7 5.7 9.7 8.3
90 or more 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.2
100 0.1 0.3 0 0.1 0 0
Mean proportion 6.7 1.8 3.3 7.1 10.4 9.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 39.1 37.6 37.5 40.3 42.7 36.0
Number (thousands) 18,802 3,250 3,689 3,909 3,778 4,176
Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 87.8 96.1 91.8 86.5 80.2 80.8
1–19 5.9 1.7 2.5 7.2 8.8 11.4
20–39 3.7 1.4 3.8 3.6 6.6 3.7
40–59 1.9 0.3 1.4 2.2 2.8 3.5
60–79 0.6 0.4 0 0.5 1.4 0.6
80 or more 0.2 0.1 0.6 0 0.2 0
50 or more 1.8 0.7 0.6 2.0 3.0 3.1
90 or more 0.1 0.1 0 0 0.2 0
100 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mean proportion 3.1 1.1 2.4 3.1 5.2 4.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 25.3 27.8 29.5 23.2 26.1 23.1
Number (thousands) 5,179 1,321 993 992 1,097 776
Private pensions or annuities
Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 73.3 92.9 85.8 65.0 55.8 65.5
1–19 10.6 3.8 10.1 14.5 12.2 12.6
20–39 8.9 1.2 2.7 15.3 16.4 9.6
40–59 5.0 0.5 0.6 3.9 13.8 6.7
60–79 1.5 0.3 0.2 0.7 1.3 5.2
80 or more 0.7 1.2 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5
50 or more 4.0 1.7 0.7 3.1 6.1 8.8
90 or more 0.5 1.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
100 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.3 0
Mean proportion 7.8 2.3 2.6 9.0 14.3 11.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 29.2 32.7 18.7 25.7 32.3 32.7
Number (thousands) 11,655 2,298 2,520 2,287 2,315 2,236
Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 62.9 87.3 66.9 50.3 53.2 60.8
1–19 16.5 6.5 18.8 18.8 16.4 20.4
20–39 12.8 2.4 9.9 22.2 17.7 10.1
40–59 5.5 0.9 3.2 7.5 10.3 5.0
60–79 1.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.7 3.7
80 or more 0.6 1.9 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.1
50 or more 4.1 3.2 2.2 2.8 5.9 6.1
90 or more 0.5 1.8 0.4 0.1 0.5 0
100 0.2 0.7 0.3 0 0.1 0
Mean proportion 9.9 4.3 7.2 13.3 13.8 9.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 26.5 33.7 21.7 26.7 29.5 24.9
Number (thousands) 18,802 3,250 3,689 3,909 3,778 4,176
Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 73.7 85.9 74.9 68.4 67.5 67.0
1–19 17.2 6.3 13.8 21.7 23.8 25.4
20–39 6.1 3.4 9.5 7.6 6.0 4.8
40–59 2.2 2.8 1.5 2.0 1.9 2.8
60–79 0.3 0.6 0 0 0.9 0
80 or more 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.3 0 0
50 or more 1.5 2.7 1.4 0.5 1.3 0.9
90 or more 0.2 0.5 0 0.3 0 0
100 0.1 0.2 0 0.3 0 0
Mean proportion 4.8 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.4 4.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 18.3 30.8 19.9 16.2 16.6 12.7
Number (thousands) 5,179 1,321 993 992 1,097 776
Income from assets
Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 46.8 74.8 61.9 43.6 30.9 20.9
1–19 35.0 18.1 30.3 40.6 44.4 41.9
20–39 9.5 3.5 5.7 10.3 15.4 12.8
40–59 4.8 0.5 1.6 4.3 6.3 11.6
60–79 2.6 0.4 0.1 0.8 2.5 9.6
80 or more 1.3 2.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 3.1
50 or more 6.0 3.2 0.6 3.3 5.0 18.6
90 or more 0.7 2.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.8
100 0.6 2.2 0.2 0.3 0 0.3
Mean proportion 9.9 4.9 4.1 8.1 12.1 21.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 18.6 19.4 10.7 14.4 17.4 26.8
Number (thousands) 11,655 2,298 2,520 2,287 2,315 2,236
Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 32.5 63.9 43.5 30.2 20.7 11.1
1–19 48.4 30.3 46.5 53.4 56.3 52.4
20–39 10.9 2.8 7.7 12.9 14.7 14.9
40–59 4.7 0.4 2.0 2.9 6.2 10.7
60–79 2.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 1.8 8.5
80 or more 1.1 2.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 2.3
50 or more 5.5 2.9 0.9 1.8 4.5 15.8
90 or more 0.6 2.4 0 0.3 0.2 0.6
100 0.5 2.4 0 0.3 0 0.1
Mean proportion 10.7 4.7 5.5 8.4 11.6 21.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 15.8 13.1 9.8 12.1 14.6 23.6
Number (thousands) 18,802 3,250 3,689 3,909 3,778 4,176
Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 47.0 74.3 55.5 42.6 30.7 18.2
1–19 45.6 23.8 41.3 51.2 60.6 59.9
20–39 4.8 1.0 3.0 5.6 5.7 10.9
40–59 1.4 0.3 0 0.6 2.2 5.4
60–79 1.0 0.2 0.1 0 0.7 5.6
80 or more 0.1 0.4 0 0 0.1 0
50 or more 1.8 0.6 0.1 0.1 2.3 7.3
90 or more 0.1 0.3 0 0 0.1 0
100 0 0.1 0 0 0 0
Mean proportion 4.5 1.6 2.3 3.7 5.5 12.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 8.5 6.1 5.2 6.5 7.9 14.8
Number (thousands) 5,179 1,321 993 992 1,097 776
Cash public assistance
Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 95.8 85.2 96.8 98.2 99.3 99.4
1–19 1.4 4.5 1.1 0.7 0.3 0.5
20–39 1.0 2.9 1.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
40–59 0.4 1.2 0.5 0.5 0 0
60–79 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0
80 or more 1.2 5.9 0.2 0.1 0 0
50 or more 1.6 6.7 0.7 0.4 0.2 0
90 or more 1.2 5.8 0.2 0.1 0 0
100 1.2 5.7 0.2 0 0 0
Mean proportion 2.0 8.0 1.1 0.5 0.2 0.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 46.7 53.7 33.8 30.4 32.2 11.5
Number (thousands) 11,655 2,298 2,520 2,287 2,315 2,236
Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 97.0 90.3 96.7 98.0 99.1 99.4
1–19 1.0 2.3 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.5
20–39 0.9 1.9 2.1 0.6 0.2 0.1
40–59 0.4 1.8 0.4 0.2 0 0
60–79 0.1 0.4 0.1 0 0 0
80 or more 0.6 3.2 0 0.1 0 0
50 or more 0.8 4.4 0.1 0.1 0 0
90 or more 0.6 3.2 0 0.1 0 0
100 0.5 3.2 0 0 0 0
Mean proportion 1.2 5.2 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 39.7 54.0 27.3 22.3 13.5 8.8
Number (thousands) 18,802 3,250 3,689 3,909 3,778 4,176
Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 89.3 81.3 88.7 90.5 95.6 93.4
1–19 7.2 7.9 8.0 9.3 4.3 6.6
20–39 2.4 7.0 2.8 0.2 0.1 0
40–59 0.5 1.7 0.5 0 0 0
60–79 0.2 0.8 0 0 0 0
80 or more 0.4 1.4 0 0 0 0
50 or more 0.7 2.7 0.3 0 0 0
90 or more 0.3 1.3 0 0 0 0
100 0.3 1.3 0 0 0 0
Mean proportion 2.0 5.5 1.7 0.8 0.3 0.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 18.8 29.5 15.3 8.7 7.6 3.6
Number (thousands) 5,179 1,321 993 992 1,097 776
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Per-capita family total money income quintile limits are $10,466, $15,183, $21,411, and $34,193.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or OlderTable 8.B9 Percentage distribution, by source of family income, sex, and ratio of family total money income to the poverty threshold, 2006
Proportion of family income All persons Men Women
Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more
Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 89.7 89.6 85.8 81.2 51.5 84.5 86.4 86.2 81.5 50.1 91.8 91.3 85.6 81.0 52.8
1–19 2.1 2.2 3.4 4.1 6.9 2.5 2.3 3.5 4.1 7.3 2.0 2.1 3.4 4.1 6.5
20–39 1.8 1.3 2.7 3.0 7.6 3.2 1.7 2.7 3.0 8.3 1.3 1.1 2.7 3.0 6.9
40–59 1.4 1.8 2.6 4.2 9.9 1.5 2.5 2.4 4.5 10.6 1.3 1.4 2.7 4.0 9.2
60–79 0.8 1.6 2.1 4.0 12.4 1.3 2.1 2.5 3.0 12.3 0.6 1.4 2.0 4.6 12.5
80 or more 4.1 3.5 3.4 3.5 11.8 7.0 4.9 2.6 3.8 11.4 3.0 2.7 3.7 3.4 12.1
50 or more 5.4 6.1 6.3 10.0 29.7 8.6 8.1 5.9 9.6 29.6 4.1 5.1 6.5 10.3 29.8
90 or more 4.0 3.3 2.6 2.7 6.2 7.0 4.5 2.6 3.1 6.3 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.5 6.1
100 3.2 3.0 1.8 2.3 2.0 5.7 3.8 1.8 2.6 2.1 2.2 2.6 1.7 2.2 1.9
Mean proportion 6.0 6.0 7.2 9.6 27.4 9.7 8.2 6.7 9.3 27.7 4.6 4.9 7.4 9.7 27.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 58.9 58.1 50.4 50.9 56.5 62.4 60.3 48.5 50.6 55.4 56.3 56.4 51.2 51.0 57.5
Number (thousands) 3,072 2,240 2,415 4,755 23,154 872 743 767 1,787 11,082 2,200 1,497 1,647 2,967 12,073
Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 15.9 7.5 4.4 3.5 6.2 22.3 9.0 5.7 3.5 6.8 13.3 6.8 3.8 3.5 5.7
1–19 0.4 0.6 1.1 1.7 11.8 0.2 0.7 0.3 1.4 10.9 0.5 0.5 1.4 1.8 12.6
20–39 1.8 1.6 2.8 5.3 17.1 1.7 2.1 3.7 3.8 17.3 1.8 1.4 2.4 6.2 17.0
40–59 2.8 4.7 5.3 7.4 14.4 2.8 4.7 4.3 6.6 14.7 2.8 4.7 5.8 7.9 14.1
60–79 8.0 8.5 9.2 10.3 15.3 9.5 6.2 7.6 9.1 15.2 7.5 9.6 10.0 11.1 15.4
80 or more 71.1 77.1 77.1 71.8 35.2 63.5 77.4 78.3 75.6 35.1 74.1 76.9 76.5 69.5 35.2
50 or more 80.7 88.2 89.4 86.1 57.2 74.9 85.9 88.6 87.9 57.3 83.0 89.4 89.8 85.1 57.2
90 or more 66.0 73.0 70.2 62.8 26.9 61.6 72.8 71.2 66.3 26.8 67.7 73.1 69.7 60.7 26.9
100 48.6 52.4 44.2 36.5 9.5 45.3 56.1 45.8 39.7 9.5 50.0 50.6 43.4 34.6 9.5
Mean proportion 77.3 84.9 85.5 82.6 57.7 71.4 83.8 85.2 84.6 57.8 79.7 85.5 85.7 81.4 57.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 91.9 91.9 89.5 85.6 61.6 91.9 92.1 90.3 87.7 62.0 91.9 91.8 89.1 84.4 61.2
Number (thousands) 3,072 2,240 2,415 4,755 23,154 872 743 767 1,787 11,082 2,200 1,497 1,647 2,967 12,073
Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 19.6 10.1 6.5 5.2 9.0 26.4 12.0 8.2 5.2 9.8 17.0 9.2 5.8 5.3 8.3
1–19 0.4 1.1 1.9 2.5 20.7 0.9 1.0 1.7 2.5 20.4 0.2 1.1 2.0 2.5 20.9
20–39 2.1 3.0 4.1 7.9 25.7 1.8 2.9 4.4 5.9 25.7 2.2 3.0 3.9 9.1 25.7
40–59 3.8 4.8 7.4 10.6 22.3 4.1 4.0 4.9 9.3 22.6 3.7 5.2 8.5 11.3 22.1
60–79 8.9 11.1 10.9 19.3 13.7 9.2 10.1 9.6 16.9 13.1 8.9 11.6 11.4 20.7 14.3
80 or more 65.1 69.9 69.3 54.6 8.5 57.6 70.0 71.2 60.2 8.4 68.1 69.8 68.4 51.1 8.7
50 or more 76.3 83.8 85.0 79.2 32.4 69.7 82.2 84.2 81.8 31.7 79.0 84.6 85.4 77.7 33.0
90 or more 58.3 64.0 58.3 40.9 5.0 54.9 64.4 60.0 45.6 4.8 59.7 63.7 57.5 38.0 5.1
100 43.8 44.5 35.7 22.2 1.9 40.6 49.2 38.6 25.3 1.7 45.0 42.1 34.3 20.3 2.0
Mean proportion 72.5 79.8 79.8 73.5 38.5 66.0 79.0 79.7 76.2 38.0 75.1 80.3 79.8 71.9 39.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 90.2 88.8 85.4 77.6 42.3 89.7 89.8 86.8 80.4 42.2 90.4 88.4 84.7 75.9 42.5
Number (thousands) 3,072 2,240 2,415 4,755 23,154 872 743 767 1,787 11,082 2,200 1,497 1,647 2,967 12,073
Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 97.1 96.5 94.3 92.9 79.4 98.4 97.3 95.0 94.1 80.0 96.6 96.1 94.0 92.2 78.8
1–19 1.0 0.8 1.9 1.9 5.1 0.3 0.4 2.1 1.9 4.9 1.3 0.9 1.8 1.9 5.3
20–39 0.7 1.1 1.1 2.1 5.9 0.2 2.0 1.1 1.3 5.4 0.9 0.6 1.2 2.5 6.4
40–59 0.4 0.4 1.1 1.3 5.1 0.8 0 0.8 0.7 5.3 0.3 0.6 1.2 1.6 5.0
60–79 0.3 0.8 0.7 1.5 3.0 0 0.1 0.6 1.4 2.9 0.4 1.1 0.7 1.5 3.0
80 or more 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.4 1.5 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.7 1.5 0.6 0.5 1.1 0.3 1.6
50 or more 1.0 1.3 1.8 2.5 7.0 0.9 0.2 1.5 2.4 6.9 1.1 1.8 2.0 2.5 7.0
90 or more 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.2 0.7
100 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.1 0.2
Mean proportion 1.2 1.6 2.4 2.8 8.2 0.8 0.9 1.8 2.4 8.0 1.3 2.0 2.7 3.1 8.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 41.1 45.4 41.9 40.0 39.9 52.2 31.9 35.6 41.1 40.2 39.1 50.2 44.4 39.5 39.6
Number (thousands) 3,072 2,240 2,415 4,755 23,154 872 743 767 1,787 11,082 2,200 1,497 1,647 2,967 12,073
Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 92.0 92.0 85.2 73.3 59.4 91.2 93.0 88.0 74.4 57.5 92.3 91.5 84.0 72.7 61.0
1–19 3.1 4.0 10.6 15.1 17.6 2.6 2.4 8.0 14.9 17.8 3.3 4.8 11.8 15.2 17.5
20–39 1.5 2.1 1.9 8.1 14.0 1.5 2.4 1.9 7.2 14.8 1.5 1.9 1.9 8.6 13.2
40–59 0.7 0.3 1.2 2.3 6.8 1.2 0.2 0.9 2.3 7.6 0.5 0.3 1.3 2.2 6.1
60–79 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.4 1.9 0.8 1.1 0.1 0.3 2.0 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 1.9
80 or more 2.1 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.3 2.7 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.3 1.9 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.3
50 or more 2.9 1.6 1.5 2.4 4.5 4.0 2.0 1.7 2.3 4.9 2.5 1.5 1.3 2.4 4.1
90 or more 2.1 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.2 2.7 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.2 1.9 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.2
100 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.1 1.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.1
Mean proportion 3.5 2.5 3.0 5.9 10.8 4.5 2.8 2.8 5.7 11.5 3.1 2.4 3.1 6.1 10.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 43.9 31.6 20.4 22.2 26.5 51.3 40.0 23.5 22.3 27.0 40.5 28.1 19.2 22.2 25.9
Number (thousands) 3,072 2,240 2,415 4,755 23,154 872 743 767 1,787 11,082 2,200 1,497 1,647 2,967 12,073
Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 72.3 71.3 60.5 53.4 26.7 71.2 77.4 63.2 54.5 26.6 72.7 68.3 59.2 52.7 26.8
1–19 19.6 22.8 33.9 38.4 50.9 19.3 20.1 33.1 40.2 51.6 19.7 24.1 34.3 37.4 50.2
20–39 2.9 4.3 4.1 5.4 12.4 2.7 1.5 2.4 3.7 12.1 2.9 5.7 4.9 6.4 12.6
40–59 0.2 1.1 1.0 2.2 5.9 0 0.4 0.5 1.4 5.8 0.3 1.5 1.2 2.6 5.9
60–79 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.5 3.3 0.7 0 0.7 0.1 3.2 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.7 3.4
80 or more 4.6 0.4 0 0.1 0.9 6.1 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.8 4.0 0.2 0 0.2 1.0
50 or more 5.2 0.7 0.7 1.6 6.7 6.8 1.0 0.9 0.7 6.6 4.5 0.6 0.7 2.2 6.8
90 or more 4.3 0.4 0 0.1 0.3 6.0 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.3 3.6 0.2 0 0.1 0.3
100 4.2 0.2 0 0.1 0.1 5.8 0.7 0 0.1 0.1 3.5 0 0 0.1 0.1
Mean proportion 6.6 2.8 3.5 4.9 12.1 7.9 1.7 2.9 3.7 11.9 6.1 3.3