# How Postsecondary Education Improves Adult Outcomes for Supplemental Security Income Children with Severe Hearing Impairments

by Robert R. Weathers II, Gerard Walter, Sara Schley, John Hennessey, Jeffrey Hemmeter, and Richard V. Burkhauser
Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 67, No. 2, 2007
Table equivalent for Chart 1. Time series of the percentage of NTID applicants and graduates who were SSI children, by year of application (percent)
Year of application Percent of applicants who
1982 18.07 8.33
1983 10.53 8.60
1984 13.29 6.45
1985 12.35 13.08
1986 14.15 7.14
1987 17.07 11.56
1988 19.76 16.67
1989 21.65 15.04
1990 29.05 20.95
1991 27.53 20.56
1992 27.81 17.58
1993 37.20 21.18
1994 32.22 18.85
1995 32.42 27.45
1996 36.47 29.90
1997 29.90 11.86
1998 36.41 17.24
1999 41.57 28.57
SOURCES: Social Security Administration (SSA) calculations using the data file of administrative records from the National Technical Institute for the Deaf linked to data from SSA's Supplemental Security Record, Master Earnings File, and Numident file.
NOTE: NTID = National Technical Institute for the Deaf; SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
Table equivalent for Chart 2. Probability that SSI children will remain in the adult SSI program for 1–10 years after age 19, by NTID status (percent)
Years since age 19 Graduated Withdrew Accepted,
did not
attend
Not
accepted
All SSI children
with a primary
diagnosis of
deafness
1 98.70 97.3 97.93 98.88 96.34
2 96.54 94.59 96.37 97.77 93.07
3 94.81 90.81 94.3 94.41 89.53
4 92.21 86.85 92.75 89.94 85.18
5 83.12 80.36 84.46 84.36 80.75
6 74.03 74.05 75.65 79.33 76.01
7 63.08 66.17 65.53 73.10 71.02
8 49.92 59.98 58.81 65.49 65.75
9 41.23 52.89 52.43 57.04 61.07
10 35.31 47.77 44.69 48.36 57.09
SOURCES: Social Security Administration (SSA) calculations using the data file of administrative records from the National Technical Institute for the Deaf linked to data from SSA's Supplemental Security Record, Master Earnings File, and Numident file.
NOTE: NTID = SSI = Supplemental Security Income; National Technical Institute for the Deaf.
Table equivalent for Chart 3. Probability that SSI children will remain off the adult SSI program after first exit, by NTID status (percent)
Years since first SSI exit Graduated Withdrew Accepted,
did not
attend
Not
accepted
All SSI children
with a primary
diagnosis of
deafness
1 96.63 92.82 94.59 92.82 92.07
2 94.39 89.15 92.62 87.09 86.53
3 91.12 85.39 89.35 83.36 83.17
4 88.41 81.52 82.11 79.12 79.28
5 88.41 78.26 82.11 75.86 76.84
6 88.41 76.68 78.72 73.91 74.88
7 85.58 74.74 74.84 73.91 72.96
8 85.58 74.74 70.01 73.91 71.51
9 85.58 74.74 66.90 73.91 70.64
10 85.58 72.82 66.90 73.91 67.80
SOURCES: Social Security Administration (SSA) calculations using the data file of administrative records from the National Technical Institute for the Deaf linked to data from SSA's Supplemental Security Record, Master Earnings File, and Numident file.
NOTE: SSI = Supplemental Security Income; NTID = National Technical Institute for the Deaf.
Table equivalent for Chart 4. Age/earnings profiles for SSI children who graduated from NTID compared with those who withdrew (mean annual earnings in dollars)
18 433.60 509.95
19 548.14 646.35
20 712.29 1,041.22
21 1,014.60 1,917.45
22 1,488.96 2,832.60
23 3,096.15 4,093.94
24 5,091.19 5,420.12
25 7,773.99 6,645.59
26 10,623.73 7,618.26
27 12,688.73 8,615.03
28 14,724.92 9,727.15
29 15,913.53 10,787.78
30 17,560.42 11,610.11
SOURCES: Social Security Administration (SSA) calculations using the data file of administrative records from the National Technical Institute for the Deaf linked to data from SSA's Supplemental Security Record, Master Earnings File, and Numident file.
NOTES: Data include zero earners.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income; NTID = National Technical Institute for the Deaf; Poly. = polynomial trend line.
Table equivalent for Chart 5. Age/earnings profiles for SSI children who graduated from NTID compared with those who were accepted but chose not to attend (mean annual earnings in dollars)
not attend
18 433.60 409.44
19 548.14 613.78
20 712.29 976.52
21 1,014.60 1,317.91
22 1,488.96 2,383.01
23 3,096.15 3,564.17
24 5,091.19 5,295.26
25 7,773.99 6,585.57
26 10,623.73 7,664.71
27 12,688.73 9,351.27
28 14,724.92 9,729.42
29 15,913.53 11,063.33
30 17,560.42 12,158.55
SOURCES: Social Security Administration (SSA) calculations using the data file of administrative records from the National Technical Institute for the Deaf linked to data from SSA's Supplemental Security Record, Master Earnings File, and Numident file.
NOTES: Data include zero earners.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income; NTID = National Technical Institute for the Deaf; Poly. = polynomial trend line.
Table equivalent for Chart 6. Age/earnings profiles for SSI children who graduated from NTID compared with those who were not accepted (mean annual earnings in dollars)
18 433.60 307.13
19 548.14 387.30
20 712.29 738.14
21 1,014.60 1,426.78
22 1,488.96 2,627.12
23 3,096.15 3,776.01
24 5,091.19 4,656.32
25 7,773.99 5,269.25
26 10,623.73 6,337.49
27 12,688.73 7,240.66
28 14,724.92 7,595.99
29 15,913.53 8,230.02
30 17,560.42 8,841.52
SOURCES: Social Security Administration (SSA) calculations using the data file of administrative records from the National Technical Institute for the Deaf linked to data from SSA's Supplemental Security Record, Master Earnings File, and Numident file.
NOTES: Data include zero earners.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income; NTID = National Technical Institute for the Deaf; Poly. = polynomial trend line.
Table equivalent for Chart 7. Age/earnings profiles for SSI children using polynomial trend lines, by NTID status (mean annual earnings in dollars)
not attend
Not
accepted
All deaf former
SSI children
18 433.60 509.95 409.44 307.13 472.96
19 548.14 646.35 613.78 387.30 854.19
20 712.29 1,041.22 976.52 738.14 1,467.87
21 1,014.60 1,917.45 1,317.91 1,426.78 2,254.73
22 1,488.96 2,832.60 2,383.01 2,627.12 2,945.91
23 3,096.15 4,093.94 3,564.17 3,776.01 3,561.73
24 5,091.19 5,420.12 5,295.26 4,656.32 4,190.96
25 7,773.99 6,645.59 6,585.57 5,269.25 4,744.96
26 10,623.73 7,618.26 7,664.71 6,337.49 5,209.11
27 12,688.73 8,615.03 9,351.27 7,240.66 5,613.80
28 14,724.92 9,727.15 9,729.42 7,595.99 5,956.44
29 15,913.53 10,787.78 11,063.33 8,230.02 6,267.75
30 17,560.42 11,610.11 12,158.55 8,841.52 6,822.08
SOURCES: Social Security Administration (SSA) calculations using the data file of administrative records from the National Technical Institute for the Deaf linked to data from SSA's Supplemental Security Record, Master Earnings File, and Numident file.
NOTES: Data include zero earners.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income; NTID = National Technical Institute for the Deaf.