Old-Age (retirement), Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI)—popularly referred to as Social Security—provides monthly benefits to workers and their families when earnings stop or are reduced because the worker retires, dies, or becomes disabled. The amount of benefits received is based on the worker's level of earnings in employment or self-employment covered by the Social Security program.
|Congressional district||Number of beneficiaries||Monthly benefit amount
(thousands of dollars)
aged 65 or older
|Total||Retired workers a||Disabled workers||Widow(er)s b||Wives and
|Children||All beneficiaries||Retired workers||Widow(er)s b|
|United States, total||46,444,240||29,190,150||5,543,981||4,967,155||2,832,767||3,910,187||37,854,411||26,125,087||4,169,125||33,162,456|
|a. Includes special age-72 beneficiaries.|
|b. Includes nondisabled widow(er)s, disabled widow(er)s, widowed mothers and fathers, and parents.|
Supplemental Security Income
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a federal cash assistance program that provides monthly payments to low-income aged, blind, or disabled persons in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Northern Mariana Islands.
The former federal-state programs of Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled still operate in Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. These programs are administered at the federal level by the Secretary of Health and Human Services.