Research and Analysis by Lillian Liu

Income Security in Transition for the Aged and Children in the Soviet Union and in the Russian Federation
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 56 No. 1 (released January 1993)
by Lillian Liu

Public Pension Reform in Japan
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 63 No. 4 (released September 2001)
by Lillian Liu

The March 2000 pension reform in Japan focused on the long-term financial sustainability of the country's two-tiered public pension system. This article describes the prereform system, the reform process, the key changes stipulated by the reform, and the projected impact of the reform on future pension costs.

Recent Social Security Developments in the People's Republic of China
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 4 (released April 1987)
by Lillian Liu

Retirement Income Security in the United Kingdom
ORES Working Paper No. 79 (released November 1998)
by Lillian Liu

This study examines the United Kingdom's retirement income security system from the American perspective. It addresses issues that most concern U.S. analysts: how the United Kingdom has kept its future public pension costs at a manageable level, the extent to which privatization of public pensions has contributed to these savings, the popular appeal of individual pension accounts, and the impact of privatization on retirement income. These issues are best understood in the context of the U.K. pension program's particular institutional structure and policies, two of which—"contracting out" of public pensions and strong reliance on means-tested benefits—have been largely rejected in the evolution of U.S. policy to date.

Particular use is made of recently available data on coverage rates for public and private pension programs over the total working population and administrative records on inactive personal pension accounts.

Retirement Income Security in the United Kingdom
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 62 No. 1 (released June 1999)
by Lillian Liu

This article examines the U.K. retirement income security system from the American perspective. It addresses issues that most concern U.S. analysts: how the United Kingdom has kept its future public pension costs at a manageable level, the extent to which privatization of public pensions has contributed to low pensions costs, the popular appeal of individual pension accounts, and the impact of privatization on retirement income. These issues are best understood in the context of the U.K. pension program's particular institutional structure and policies, two of which—"contracting out" of public pensions, and strong reliance on means-tested benefits—have been largely rejected in the evolution of U.S. policy to date.

Particular use is made of recently available data on coverage rates for public and private pension programs over the total working population and administrative records on inactive personal pension accounts.

Social Security Problems in Western European Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 47 No. 2 (released February 1984)
by Lillian Liu

Social Security Reforms in Japan
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 8 (released August 1987)
by Lillian Liu

Social Security for State-Sector Workers in the People's Republic of China: The Reform Decade and Beyond
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 54 No. 10 (released October 1991)
by Lillian Liu