SSA logo: link to Social Security Online home1119. Definition of Sharefarmer

1119.1 When does a sharefarming arrangement exist?

A sharefarmer is a self-employed person. A sharefarming arrangement exists if the arrangement provides for all of the following:

  1. The sharefarmer undertakes to produce a crop or livestock on the landowner's farm;

  2. The sharefarmer receives a share of the crop or livestock, or a share of the proceeds from their sale; and

  3. The amount of the sharefarmer's share depends upon the amount of the crop or the number of livestock produced.

If any one of these elements is not present, a “sharefarming” relationship does not exist.

1119.2 What are the other possible relationships?

There may, however, be a landlord-tenant relationship, or the person may be an employee of the landowner, or a partnership, or joint venture may exist between them.