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Women's Eligibility Basis for Social Security Retirement
Benefits is Changing

September 2013
Table equivalent for chart: Percentage distribution of female Social Security beneficiaries aged 62 or older, by type of benefit and dual-entitlement status, selected years 1960–2010
Year Spouse or widow benefit of some type Retired–worker-only benefit
Dually entitled widow Dually entitled spouse Widow only Spouse only
1960 2.1 2.4 23.4 32.8 38.7
1970 5.0 3.4 26.8 22.4 42.1
1975 7.4 4.4 26.1 19.6 42.3
1980 9.6 6.2 25.4 17.6 41.0
1985 11.5 8.7 24.9 16.4 38.5
1990 13.0 10.4 24.3 15.3 36.9
1995 14.4 11.5 23.6 14.3 36.2
2000 15.6 12.0 21.5 12.9 38.0
2005 16.0 12.0 19.3 11.4 41.4
2010 15.5 12.1 17.0 9.6 46.3
SOURCES: Chart adapted from Iams and Tamborini (2012). 2010 figures are from the Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, 2012 Table 5.A14.