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Population Projections

  1. American
    Indians and
    Alaska Natives
  2. Early
    Eligibility Age
    Beneficiaries
  3.  Lifetime 
    Low
    Earners

  4.  Oldest 
    Old
  5.  Sporadic 
    Low
    Earners
  6. Spousal-
    Only
    Beneficiaries
  7. Survivor-
    Only
    Beneficiaries
  8. Women
    & Dual
    Entitlement

Women & Dual Entitlement, 2025–2080

Released: April 2012
Next expected update: Winter 2015

We project that the proportion of women who receive Social Security benefits based on their own work—as opposed to their spouses' work—will increase over time.

  • More than half of female beneficiaries over age 60 will receive benefits based solely on their own work in 2025. By 2080, over 70 percent of women will receive such benefits.
  • Over one-third of women will be dually entitled (receive a benefit based both on their own and their spouse's work) in 2025. By 2080, this proportion will decline to 25 percent.
  • About 7 percent of women will receive benefits based solely on their spouses' earnings in 2025. By 2080, fewer than 4 percent of women will receive these benefits.
Projected Basis of Entitlement, Selected Years
Percentage of women aged 60 or older
Area chart linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Modeling Income in the Near Term, Version 6 (MINT6) microsimulation model using 2011 Trustees Report assumptions.