Social Security Programs

International

"Fast-Track" Strategies in Long-Term Public Disability Programs Around the World
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 72 No. 1 (released February 2012)
by David Rajnes

This article examines fast-track procedures in long-term public disability programs in the United States and several other countries. Such procedures share a common goal of accelerating applicants—generally for those with severe disabilities, blindness, or facing terminal illness—through the disability determination process.

Caregiver Credits in France, Germany, and Sweden: Lessons for the United States
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 4 (released November 2011)
by John Jankowski

Analysts have long considered caregiver credits, or pension credits, provided to individuals for time spent out of the workforce caring for dependent children and sick or elderly relatives, as a way to improve the adequacy of retirement benefits for women in the United States. This article examines the experiences of France, Germany, and Sweden with caregiver credits, focusing particularly on the design, administration, and cost of these programs.

Next Generation of Individual Account Pension Reforms in Latin America
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 1 (released February 2011)
by Barbara E. Kritzer, Stephen J. Kay, and Tapen Sinha

This article examines the recent reforms in individual account systems in Latin America, with a focus on the recent overhaul of the Chilean system and major reforms in Mexico, Peru, and Colombia. The authors analyze key elements of pension reform in the region relating to individual accounts: system coverage, fees, competition, investment, the impact of gender on benefits, financial education, voluntary savings, and payouts.

U.S. Social Security at 75 Years: An International Perspective
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 70 No. 3 (released August 2010)
by Dalmer D. Hoskins

Among the social security systems of industrialized countries, has the U.S. Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance program followed a unique historical path? This article finds that the historical development of the U.S. Social Security system follows closely in many respects the model provided by older social insurance systems, particularly that of Germany. However, certain aspects of the U.S. Social Security experience stand out as exceptional from an international perspective, including the persistent rejection of general revenue financing, the significance attributed to long-range (75-year) projections, and the relative generosity of dependents' benefits.

Permanent Disability Social Insurance Programs in Japan
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 70 No. 1 (released February 2010)
by David Rajnes

This article examines the experience of Japan's social insurance permanent disability programs and compares its key features with the Social Security Disability Insurance program operating in the United States. It analyzes the determination and appeals processes in Japan for claiming permanent social insurance disability pensions. Trends in the number of Japanese disability program beneficiaries and benefit expenditures are also discussed.

The Research Contributions of the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 69 No. 4 (released December 2009)
by Steven A. Sass

This article reviews the research contributions of the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College over its 10-year history and their implications for Social Security and retirement income policy in three major areas: (1) Social Security's long-term financing shortfall, (2) the adequacy of retirement incomes, and (3) labor force participation at older ages as a means to improve retirement income security. The center has received substantial funding support from the Social Security Administration (SSA) in each area and has also successfully leveraged SSA's investment by attracting funding from other sources.

Chile's Next Generation Pension Reform
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 68 No. 2 (released October 2008)
by Barbara E. Kritzer

Since its inception in 1981, Chile's system of mandatory individual retirement accounts has become a model for pension reformers around the world. A March 2008 comprehensive pension reform law made major changes that address some key policy challenges including worker coverage, gender equity, pension adequacy, and administrative fees. The cornerstone of the new law sets up a basic universal pension as a supplement to the individual accounts system.

KiwiSaver: New Zealand's New Subsidized Retirement Savings Plans
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 67 No. 4 (released May 2008)
by Barbara E. Kritzer

On July 1, 2007, New Zealand introduced KiwiSaver, a new subsidized retirement savings plan. All new entrants to the labor force and anyone starting a new job are automatically enrolled in a plan and may opt out if they wish. Anyone younger than age 65, including the self-employed and anyone not in the labor force, may choose to set up a KiwiSaver account. The government provides tax credits for both employer and account holder contributions, a one-time tax-free payment to each account, and an annual fee subsidy to defray administrative costs.

Design and Implementation Issues in Swedish Individual Pension Accounts
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 65 No. 4 (released May 2005)
by R. Kent Weaver

Sweden's new multipillar pension system includes a system of mandatory fully funded individual accounts. The Swedish system offers contributors more than 600 fund options from a variety of private-sector fund managers. However, in the most recent rounds of fund choice, more than 90 percent of new labor market entrants have not made an active choice of funds and thus have ended up in a government-sponsored default fund.

The Swedish system offers a number of lessons about implementing a mandatory individual account tier. Centralized administration keeps administrative costs down but requires considerable lead time. A very large number of fund options are likely to be offered unless strong entry barriers are in place. Engaging new labor market entrants in fund choice is likely to be difficult. A significant percentage of those making an active fund choice may choose funds that are very specialized and risky. Finally, special care must be devoted to designing a default fund and continual consumer communication.

Social Security Reform in Central and Eastern Europe: Variations on a Latin American Theme
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 64 No. 4 (released June 2003)
by Barbara E. Kritzer

The Latin American model of social security reform with individual accounts has been adopted by a number of Central and Eastern European countries. That alternative to a pay-as-you-go system is sometimes advocated as a desirable model for solving problems in developed systems such as that of the United States. This article describes the Central and Eastern European systems and compares them with the Latin American systems.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Different Social Welfare Strategies
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 3 (released July 1994)
by Lawrence H. Thompson
Recent European Trends in Disability and Related Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 2 (released April 1994)
by Ilene R. Zeitzer
Developments and Trends in Social Security, 1990–1992: Overview of Principal Trends
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55 No. 4 (released October 1992)
by Dalmer D. Hoskins
Social Security for State-Sector Workers in the People's Republic of China: The Reform Decade and Beyond
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 54 No. 10 (released October 1991)
by Lillian Liu
Investment of Social Security Reserves in Three Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 53 No. 2 (released February 1990)
by Leif Haanes-Olsen
National Expenditures on Social Security and Health in Selected Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 53 No. 1 (released January 1990)
by Joseph G. Simanis
Administrative Costs for Social Security Programs in Selected Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 11 (released November 1988)
by Alexander Estrin
International Social Security Agreements: The U.S. Experience
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 9 (released September 1988)
by Paul Butcher and Joseph Erdos
Commentary: Earnings Replacement Rate of Old-Age Benefits: An International Comparison
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 8 (released August 1988)
by Max Horlick
The Earnings Replacement Rate of Old-Age Benefits: An International Comparison
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 8 (released August 1988)
by Max Horlick
Social Security Reform in Denmark
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 11 (released November 1987)
by Leif Haanes-Olsen
Social Security Reforms in Japan
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 8 (released August 1987)
by Lillian Liu
Recent Social Security Developments in the People's Republic of China
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 4 (released April 1987)
by Lillian Liu
Developments in the Equalization of Treatment of Men and Women Under Social Security in the Federal Republic of Germany
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 2 (released February 1987)
by Peter Puidak
Social Security Reform Proposals in the United Kingdom: The White Paper
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 49 No. 5 (released May 1986)
by Daniel Wartonick
Social Security Problems in Western European Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 47 No. 2 (released February 1984)
by Lillian Liu
Highlights From Canadian Government Green Paper: Better Pensions for Canadians
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 46 No. 8 (released August 1983)
Slowing Down Pension Indexing: The Foreign Experience
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 46 No. 6 (released June 1983)
by Daniel Wartonick and Michael D. Packard
Farmers' Pensions and the Polish Economic Crisis
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 46 No. 4 (released April 1983)
by Joseph G. Simanis
Social Security Trends and Developments in Industrialized Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 46 No. 3 (released March 1983)
by Ilene R. Zeitzer
Retirement Options Under the Swedish National Pension System
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 45 No. 11 (released November 1982)
by Michael D. Packard
Consumer Price Indexes for the Elderly: British Experience
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 45 No. 1 (released January 1982)
by Lois S. Copeland
International Trends in Disability Program Growth
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 44 No. 10 (released October 1981)
by Lois S. Copeland
Chile Changes Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 44 No. 5 (released May 1981)
by Barbara E. Kritzer
Children's Allowances in the United Kingdom
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 43 No. 10 (released October 1980)
by Lynn M. Ellingson
European Attitudes Toward Retirement
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 43 No. 6 (released June 1980)
by Daniel Wartonick
Variable Employer Contribution Rates in Finland
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 43 No. 2 (released February 1980)
by Leif Haanes-Olsen
Recent Changes in French Family Allowance Policy
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 42 No. 12 (released December 1979)
by Lynn M. Ellingson
Social Security: A Worldwide Issue
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 42 No. 8 (released August 1979)
by Stanford G. Ross
German Provisions for Deferred Retirement
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 42 No. 6 (released June 1979)
by Max Horlick and Ingrid Wooten
Recent Social Security Developments in Japan
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 10 (released October 1978)
by Angus Simmons
Social Security and Job-Creation Measures: Recent French Experience
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 9 (released September 1978)
by Lois S. Copeland
Italy's Indexing, Minimum Benefits, and Pension Reform
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 8 (released August 1978)
by Frank B. McArdle
Israel's Program Revision for Families with Children
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 7 (released July 1978)
by Leif Haanes-Olsen
Flexible Retirement Features Abroad
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 5 (released May 1978)
by Martin B. Tracy
Impact of Recession on Swiss Pension Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 4 (released April 1978)
by Frank B. McArdle
Recent Social Security Developments in Austria
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 2 (released February 1978)
by Lois S. Copeland
Earnings-Replacement Rate of Old-Age Benefits, 1965–75, Selected Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 1 (released January 1978)
by Leif Haanes-Olsen
Kinship and Social Security in a Micronesian Society
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 10 (released October 1977)
by Keith M. Marshall and Mark Borthwich
New Retirement-Age Features in Belgium
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 7 (released July 1977)
by Lois S. Copeland
Earnings Index and Old-Age Benefits in West Germany
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 3 (released March 1977)
by Max Horlick
Effect of Recession on Financing of German Pension Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 2 (released February 1977)
by Lois S. Copeland
France Gradually Lowers Retirement Age
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 12 (released December 1976)
by Lois S. Copeland
Maintaining Value of Social Security Benefits During Inflation: Foreign Experience
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 11 (released November 1976)
by Martin B. Tracy
Housewives and Pensions Foreign Experience
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 9 (released September 1976)
by Robert W. Weise, Jr.
Impact of Recession on Financing of French Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 7 (released July 1976)
by Lois S. Copeland
Administrative Costs for Social Security Programs in Selected Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 6 (released June 1976)
by Max Horlick
Social Security Funding Practices in Selected Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 5 (released May 1976)
by Leif Haanes-Olsen
New Retirement Options in Sweden
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 3 (released March 1976)
by Leif Haanes-Olsen
Payroll Taxes Under Social Security Programs: Cross-National Survey
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 12 (released December 1975)
by Martin B. Tracy
Social Security Revision in the United Kingdom
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 11 (released November 1975)
by Martin B. Tracy
Canada Pension Plan Amended
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 8 (released August 1975)
by Robert W. Weise, Jr.
New Contributory Pension Program in New Zealand
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 3 (released March 1975)
by Martin B. Tracy
Lower Pensionable Age in Norway
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 37 No. 1 (released January 1974)
by Leif Haanes-Olsen
Social Security Revisions in Spain
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 36 No. 4 (released April 1973)
by Max Horlick
Major Social Security Issues: Japan, 1972
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 36 No. 3 (released March 1973)
by Paul Fisher
Recent Changes in Russian Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 35 No. 10 (released October 1972)
by Joseph G. Simanis
Social Reports of the German Federal Republic, 1970–71
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 35 No. 7 (released July 1972)
by Paul Fisher
Social Security Provisions for Young Adults in Industrialized Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 11 (released November 1971)
by Max Horlick
Introduction of Survivor Pension Program in India
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 8 (released August 1971)
by Dalmer D. Hoskins
Recent Changes in Mexican Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 7 (released July 1971)
by Robert W. Weise, Jr.
Role of the Contribution Ceiling in Social Security Programs: Comparison of Five Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 2 (released February 1971)
by Max Horlick and Robert Lucas
Recent Social Security Reforms in France
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 1 (released January 1971)
by Dalmer D. Hoskins
Adjustment of Old-Age Pensions in Foreign Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 33 No. 5 (released May 1970)
by Max Horlick and Doris Lewis
The Earnings Replacement Rate of Old-Age Benefits: An International Comparison
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 33 No. 3 (released March 1970)
by Max Horlick
Growth of Pensions in Rumania
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 33 No. 2 (released February 1970)
by Joseph G. Simanis
Recent Changes in Norwegian Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 33 No. 1 (released January 1970)
by Leif Haanes-Olsen
New International Standards for Medical Care and Sickness Benefits Under Social Security Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 10 (released October 1969)
by William M. Yoffee
Social Security Changes in Italy
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 6 (released June 1969)
by Robert W. Weise, Jr.
British White Paper On Social Security Reform
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 5 (released May 1969)
New Survivor Pensions in Finland
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 5 (released May 1969)
British Commonwealth Areas of the Caribbean
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 4 (released April 1969)
by Robert W. Weise, Jr.
Contribution and Benefit Increases in Switzerland
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 3 (released March 1969)
by Max Horlick
The Trust Territory Social Security System
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 2 (released February 1969)
by Robert J. Myers
Bermuda's New Social Security Law
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 2 (released February 1969)
Further Social Security Amendments in France
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 1 (released January 1969)
by Robert W. Weise, Jr.
Improvements in Belgian Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 12 (released December 1968)
by Robert Lucas
Extension of Social Security Coverage in Chile
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 9 (released September 1968)
Changes in Italian Social Security System
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 7 (released July 1968)
by Max Horlick and Robert Lucas
Recent Developments in Argentine Pension Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 6 (released June 1968)
by Robert Lucas
Social Security Abroad
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 5 (released May 1968)
Social Security Abroad
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 4 (released April 1968)
New International Instruments on Invalidity, Old-Age, and Survivors Pensions
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 10 (released October 1967)
by William M. Yoffee
Social Security and Development Planning: Some Issues
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 6 (released June 1967)
by Paul Fisher
Social Security Issues: Fiftieth International Labor Conference
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 29 No. 11 (released November 1966)
by Robert J. Myers and William M. Yoffee
Income-Loss Protection Against Short-Term Sickness, 1948–64
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 29 No. 1 (released January 1966)
by Saul Waldman
Social Security in the New African Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 29 No. 1 (released January 1966)
by Daniel S. Gerig
Canada Pension Plan of 1965
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 11 (released November 1965)
by Daniel S. Gerig and Robert J. Myers
Relation of Social Security Expenditures to Gross National Product in 45 Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 6 (released June 1965)
by Werner Hasenberg
Report on the Fifteenth General Assembly of the International Social Security Association
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 2 (released February 1965)
by William M. Yoffee
Technical Cooperation Activities of the Social Security Administration
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 27 No. 9 (released September 1964)
Social Security Programs of Foreign Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 27 No. 9 (released September 1964)
International Social Security Organizations: United States Participation
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 27 No. 9 (released September 1964)
Developments in Foreign Social Security Plans
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 26 No. 5 (released May 1963)
Medical Benefits for Old-Age Pensioners Under Foreign Social Security Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 26 No. 1 (released January 1963)
by Daniel S. Gerig and Carl H. Farman
Canada's Old-Age Security Program: First Decade of Operations
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 25 No. 12 (released December 1962)
by Robert J. Myers
Developments in Foreign Social Security Plans
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 25 No. 11 (released November 1962)
A Report on the Fourteenth General Meeting of the International Social Security Association
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 25 No. 2 (released February 1962)
A Quarter Century of Social Security Abroad
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 8 (released August 1960)
by Daniel S. Gerig
Automatic Cost-of-Living Adjustment of Pensions in Foreign Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 3 (released March 1960)
by Daniel S. Gerig
Medical Benefits For Pensioners Under Foreign Social Security Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 1 (released January 1960)
by Daniel S. Gerig and Carl H. Farman
New Graduated Retirement Benefits in Great Britain
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 9 (released September 1959)
Social Security in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 8 (released August 1959)
European Multilateral Social Security Treaties
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 2 (released February 1959)
by Daniel S. Gerig
Foreign Social Security Programs in 1958
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 11 (released November 1958)
by Daniel S. Gerig
Provisions for the Protection of Children in Sweden
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 9 (released September 1958)
by Margaret Emery
International Social Security Association Meeting
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 7 (released July 1958)
Provisions for the Protection of Children in Belgium and Sweden
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 6 (released June 1958)
by Margaret Emery
Canadian Programs for the Aged
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 5 (released May 1958)
by Robert J. Myers
Social Security in Central America
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 11 (released November 1957)
by Carl H. Farman
World Trends in Social Security Benefits, 1955 to 1957
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 8 (released August 1957)
by Carl H. Farman
World Trends in Social Security Benefits, 1935–55
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 5 (released May 1956)
by Carl H. Farman
Social Security in Israel
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 7 (released July 1954)
by Wilbur J. Cohen and Carl H. Farman
Cost of the British Social Services, 1938–52
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 2 (released February 1954)
Social Security in India
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 5 (released May 1953)
by Wilbur J. Cohen
Minimum Standards of Social Security: New International Convention
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 10 (released October 1952)
by Robert J. Myers
Income-Maintenance Programs for the Aged, United States and Great Britain
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 9 (released September 1952)
Social Welfare Expenditures, United States and Great Britain, 1949–50
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 7 (released July 1952)
New International Convention on Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 10 (released October 1951)
by Robert J. Myers
Egyptian Social Security Law
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 10 (released October 1950)
Turkish Retirement and Health Insurance Acts, 1949–50
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 8 (released August 1950)
Social Security Agreements in Western Europe
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 4 (released April 1950)
World Developments in Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 3 (released March 1950)
by Carl H. Farman
Coverage of the Self-Employed Under Old-Age and Survivors Insurance: Foreign Experience
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 8 (released August 1949)
by Wilbur J. Cohen
Dependents in Social Security Systems of Great Britain, New Zealand, Australia, and Canada
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 9 (released September 1948)
by Elva Marquard
The Second Inter-American Conference on Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 3 (released March 1948)
by Wilbur J. Cohen
The New Swiss Program of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 11 (released November 1947)
by Max Bloch
Second Session of UN's Social Commission
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 11 (released November 1947)
by Dorothy Lally
Employment Security and the Future
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 11 (released November 1947)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
Social Security in Latin America, 1945-47
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 9 (released September 1947)
by Carl H. Farman
UN's Economic and Social Council Initiates Broad Plans of Work
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 7 (released July 1947)
by Ellen S. Woodward
Some Recent Developments in Social Service in Great Britain
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 6 (released June 1947)
by John S. Morgan
Social Insurance Reform in Czechoslovakia: Background and Plans
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 6 (released June 1947)
by Max Bloch
Social Security in Columbia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, and Haiti
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 6 (released June 1947)
Social Security in Chile
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 5 (released May 1947)
by Wilbur J. Cohen
International Children's Emergency Fund
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 4 (released April 1947)
by Katharine F. Lenroot
The New British System of Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 2 (released February 1947)
by Carl H. Farman and Catherine Perrins
UN Organizes in the Social Field: The Social Commission
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 8 (released August 1946)
by Savilla M. Simons
International Action Toward Social Security for Seamen
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 8 (released August 1946)
by Ida C. Merriam
The First Two Years of Social Insurance in Mexico
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 7 (released July 1946)
by Wilbur J. Cohen
Social Insurance in Venezuela
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 4 (released April 1946)
by Oscar M. Powell
The New Zealand Social Security Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 9 (released September 1945)
by Jacob Fisher
Developments in Other Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 8 (released August 1945)
Foreign Experience in Social Insurance Contributions for Agricultural and Domestic Workers
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 2 (released February 1945)
by Wilbur J. Cohen
A Social Security Plan for Great Britain: The Government's White Paper
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 7, No. 11 (released November 1944)
The Mexican Social Insurance Law
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 3 (released March 1943)
by Gustavo-Adolfo Rohen y Galvez
Social Security for Great Britain--A Review of the Beveridge Report
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 1 (released January 1943)
by Martha D. Ring
British Proposals for the Future of Social Insurance and Services
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 5, No. 12 (released December 1942)
by Elizabeth L. Otey
The First Inter-American Conference on Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 5, No. 10 (released October 1942)
by Wilbur J. Cohen
Bibliography on War Measures of Foreign Countries in Social Insurance and Related Fields
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 5, No. 4 (released April 1942)
by Fred Safier and Arthur F. Ackermann
Foreign Provisions for the Dependents of Mobilized Men
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 4 (released April 1941)
by Marianne Sakmann
Social Insurance and Related Measures in Wartime Europe
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 6 (released June 1940)
by Almon F. Rockwell
Social Democracy in Sweden
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 2 (released February 1940)
by Helen Fisher Hohman
Social Insurance for Special Groups in France
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 10 (released October 1939)
by Almon F. Rockwell
The Use of a Stamp System for Social Insurance in France
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 6 (released June 1939)
by Michael Fooner
The New Zealand Social Security Act
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 5 (released May 1939)
by Almon F. Rockwell
Old-Age Insurance for Agricultural Workers in Western Europe
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 6 (released June 1938)
by Thomas C. Blaisdell, Jr.

United States

Proposed Revisions to the Special Minimum Benefit for Low Lifetime Earners
Policy Brief No. 2014-01 (released September 2014)
by Glenn R. Springstead, Kevin Whitman, and Dave Shoffner

Social Security's special minimum benefit is declining in relative value, does not provide a full benefit equal to the poverty threshold, and reaches fewer beneficiaries each year. Members of Congress and other key policymakers have proposed several methods for revising the special minimum benefit, either as part of reforming Social Security more broadly or as stand-alone policy options. Most of the new options would index the benefit to wages, helping ensure its sustainability into the future. The options differ in how they define a “year of coverage,” how many years of coverage are required to be eligible for any benefit increase, and how much the full benefit increase should be. Those choices will determine who will receive the benefit increase and how adequate their benefit will be.

The Social Security Windfall Elimination and Government Pension Offset Provisions for Public Employees in the Health and Retirement Study
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 74 No. 3 (released August 2014)
by Alan L. Gustman, Thomas L. Steinmeier, and Nahid Tabatabai

This article examines the Social Security Windfall Elimination Provision and Government Pension Offset. These provisions reduce the Social Security benefits of workers (and the resulting benefits of their spouses) if the prime beneficiary worked in “noncovered” employment (in which Social Security payroll taxes were not paid) and the noncovered job provided a pension, or if the spouse or survivor earned a pension from noncovered work. Using Health and Retirement Study data uniquely suited to the analysis, the authors calculate the household-level average lifetime benefit reductions resulting from these provisions and examine them in the context of lifetime Social Security income, pension income, and total wealth. The analysis also isolates the effects of pensions from noncovered employment on benefit adjustments and wealth.

Source, Form, and Amount of In-kind Support and Maintenance Received by Supplemental Security Income Applicants and Recipients
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 74 No. 3 (released August 2014)
by Joyce Nicholas

This article examines the in-kind support and maintenance (ISM) received by Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program applicants and recipients. Social Security defines ISM as unearned income received by SSI applicants and recipients in the form of food and/or shelter from anyone living within or outside their households. About 9 percent of SSI recipients have their benefit rates reduced because of ISM during any given year. Using data from the Modernized SSI Claims System, the author quantifies the source, form, and amount of ISM received by SSI recipients. The article reveals that SSI recipients are more likely to receive ISM from outside than inside their homes, receive assistance in the form of shelter rather than food, and allege assistance that is equal to or less than the current ISM caps.

The Social Security Statement: Background, Implementation, and Recent Developments
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 74 No. 2 (released May 2014)
by Barbara A. Smith and Kenneth A. Couch

In 1995, the Social Security Administration (SSA) began mailing annual earnings and benefit statements to workers aged 60 or older. By 2000, SSA was sending these statements to all workers aged 25 or older. It was the largest customized mailing ever undertaken by a federal agency. This article describes the development and implementation of the Social Security Statement; the changes in its distribution, content, and appearance over time; its relationship to SSA's strategic plans; and the surveys SSA commissioned to measure public awareness and knowledge of Social Security.

The Effects of Alternative Demographic and Economic Assumptions on MINT Simulations: A Sensitivity Analysis
Research and Statistics Note No. 2014-03 (released April 2014)
by Patrick J. Purcell and Dave Shoffner

The Social Security Administration's (SSA's) Modeling Income in the Near Term (MINT) estimates income/wealth of future retirees. Estimates are based on demographic information from the Survey of Income and Program Participation: individual earnings histories and projections of interest rates, wage growth, mortality rates, and disability rates. Historically, MINT simulations were based exclusively on SSA's Office of the Chief Actuary's (OCACT's) intermediate-cost projections of key demographic/economic variables. The authors present the results of a sensitivity analysis in which they ran MINT using OCACT's low-cost/high-cost projections of mortality and disability trends. Those simulations estimated characteristics of the population aged 65 or older in 2040 under alternative projections of mortality/disability trends. The authors then describe simulations in which future real rates of return on stocks held in retirement accounts differ from the historical mean real rate of return used in baseline simulations. Sensitivity analyses can help MINT users choose model parameters with the greatest impact on simulation results.

African Americans: Description of Social Security and Supplemental Security Income Participation and Benefit Levels Using the American Community Survey
Research and Statistics Note No. 2014-01 (released January 2014)
by Patricia P. Martin and John L. Murphy

The authors use American Community Survey (ACS) data to compare Social Security and Supplemental Security Income program participation and benefit levels of African Americans with those of the general population. The ACS data show that African Americans are more likely to be Supplemental Security Income recipients, and less likely to be Social Security beneficiaries. Higher rates of poverty, disability, and mortality among African Americans mean that they are also more likely to rely on Social Security survivor and disability benefits than are other beneficiaries.

The Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) and the Aged: How and Why the SPM and Official Poverty Estimates Differ
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 73 No. 4 (released November 2013)
by Benjamin Bridges and Robert V. Gesumaria

In November 2011, the Census Bureau released its first report on the Supplemental Poverty Measure. The SPM addresses many criticisms of the official poverty measure and is intended to provide an improved statistical picture of poverty. This article examines the extent of poverty identified by the two measures. First, we look at how the SPM and official estimates differ for various aged and nonaged groups. Then, we look at why the SPM poverty rate for the aged is much higher than the official rate.

How Do Trends in Women's Labor Force Activity and Marriage Patterns Affect Social Security Replacement Rates?
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 73 No. 4 (released November 2013)
by April Yanyuan Wu, Nadia S. Karamcheva, Alicia H. Munnell, and Patrick J. Purcell

Changes in the role of women in the economy and in the family have affected both the amount and the type of Social Security benefits they receive in retirement. Women's labor force participation rate increased from less than 40 percent in 1950 to more than 70 percent in 2011. Over much of the same period, marriage rates fell and divorce rates rose. This article examines how women's higher earnings and lower marriage rates have affected Social Security replacement rates over time for individuals and for households.

Prevalence, Characteristics, and Poverty Status of Supplemental Security Income Multirecipients
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 73 No. 3 (released August 2013)
by Joyce Nicholas

This article looks at Supplemental Security Income (SSI) multirecipients. Using matched administrative and survey data, the author quantifies the prevalence of SSI recipients who live with other recipients (not including an SSI-eligible spouse). The author also conducts family- and household-level analyses to shed light on the social and economic characteristics of SSI multirecipients. The article reveals that SSI multirecipients represent about one-fifth of the SSI population and that their poverty rates vary according to family and household composition characteristics.

Social Security Income Measurement in Two Surveys
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 73 No. 3 (released August 2013)
by Howard M. Iams and Patrick J. Purcell

The deduction of Medicare premiums from Social Security benefit payments complicates the estimation of Social Security income in household surveys. Although the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey (CPS) and Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) both aim to collect and record gross Social Security benefit income before Medicare premium deductions, comparing the survey data with Social Security records indicates that the CPS and SIPP estimates differ and suggests that some survey respondents may report net benefit income.

Outcome Variation in the Social Security Disability Insurance Program: The Role of Primary Diagnoses
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 73 No. 2 (released May 2013)
by Javier Meseguer

This article investigates the role that primary impairments play in explaining heterogeneity in disability decisions. Using claimant-level data within a hierarchical framework, the author explores variation in outcomes along three dimensions: state of origin, adjudicative stage, and primary diagnosis. The findings indicate that the impairments account for a substantial portion of claimant-level variation in initial allowances. Furthermore, the author finds that the predictions of an initial and a final allowance are highly correlated when applicants are grouped by impairment. In other words, diagnoses that are more likely to result in an initial allowance also tend to be more likely to receive a final allowance.

Modeling Behavioral Responses to Eliminating the Retirement Earnings Test
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 73 No. 1 (released February 2013)
by Anya Olsen and Kathleen Romig

The retirement earnings test (RET) is an often-misunderstood aspect of the Social Security program. Policymakers have proposed reforming the RET as a way to encourage working at older ages. However, this could also cause earlier benefit claiming. We use Modeling Income in the Near Term data to analyze the complete repeal of the earnings test for beneficiaries aged 60 or older, first assuming no behavioral responses to repeal and secondly assuming changes to benefit claiming and workforce participation behaviors. Our lifetime results show that the assumed behavioral response—particularly the benefit claiming change—has a bigger effect than the RET policy change itself.

Profile of Social Security Disabled Workers and Dependents Who Have a Connection to Workers' Compensation or Public Disability Benefits
Research and Statistics Note No. 2012-03 (released September 2012)
by Rene Parent, Incigul Sayman, and Kevin Kulzer

This note provides a comprehensive profile of the characteristics of disability beneficiaries with a connection to workers' compensation or public disability benefits (PDBs). The 8.3 percent of disabled workers who have this connection tend to be economically better off, more frequently middle aged, male, afflicted with a musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorder, and tend to wait longer to apply for social security disability benefits after onset than the general disabled-worker population. In our analysis, we have included a special focus on California, as this state represents a large portion of the PDB workload, and its experience has a substantial effect on the national picture.

Longitudinal Patterns of Medicaid and Medicare Coverage Among Disability Cash Benefit Awardees
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 72 No. 3 (released August 2012)
by Kalman Rupp and Gerald F. Riley

This article analyzes the effect of longitudinal interactions between the Disability Insurance (DI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) programs in providing access to Medicare and Medicaid, using a sample of administrative records spanning 84 months. Our study is the first effort to link and analyze record data on participation in all four of these major, and highly interrelated, public benefit programs in the United States. We find that SSI facilitates high levels of Medicaid coverage for SSI awardees overall and provides access to Medicaid for many DI awardees during the 24-month Medicare waiting period. Many people who exit SSI retain their Medicaid coverage, but the gap in coverage between continuing SSI participants and those who leave the program increases over time. After Medicare kicks in, public health insurance coverage is virtually complete among awardees with some DI involvement, including dual Medicaid and Medicare coverage for some.

The Growth in Social Security Benefits Among the Retirement-Age Population from Increases in the Cap on Covered Earnings
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 72 No. 2 (released May 2012)
by Alan L. Gustman, Thomas L. Steinmeier, and Nahid Tabatabai

This article investigates how raising the maximum level of earnings subject to the Social Security payroll tax leads to the "leakage" of portions of the additional revenue into higher benefit payments. Using data from the Health and Retirement Study, the authors simulate the effects of changes in maximum taxable earnings for cohorts approaching retirement age over a 24-year period. They find, roughly, that almost half of the additional tax revenue from having raised the maximum earnings subject to the payroll tax has leaked into higher benefits.

"Fast-Track" Strategies in Long-Term Public Disability Programs Around the World
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 72 No. 1 (released February 2012)
by David Rajnes

This article examines fast-track procedures in long-term public disability programs in the United States and several other countries. Such procedures share a common goal of accelerating applicants—generally for those with severe disabilities, blindness, or facing terminal illness—through the disability determination process.

Comparing Earnings Estimates from the 2006 Earnings Public-Use File and the Annual Statistical Supplement
Research and Statistics Note No. 2012-01 (released January 2012)
by Michael Compson

The Social Security Administration recently released the 2006 Earnings Public-Use File (EPUF). The EPUF contains earnings information for individuals drawn from a systematic random 1-percent sample of all Social Security numbers issued before January 2007. This note presents the process of evaluating the earnings data in EPUF. It also identifies and explains four key differences between the data in EPUF and the estimates published in the Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin. The note specifically compares EPUF data with Annual Statistical Supplement estimates of earnings, number of workers with earnings, median earnings by sex and age group, and percentage of workers with earnings below the taxable maximum by sex. After accounting for the expected differences, the remaining discrepancies between EPUF and Annual Statistical Supplement estimates are relatively small.

Caregiver Credits in France, Germany, and Sweden: Lessons for the United States
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 4 (released November 2011)
by John Jankowski

Analysts have long considered caregiver credits, or pension credits, provided to individuals for time spent out of the workforce caring for dependent children and sick or elderly relatives, as a way to improve the adequacy of retirement benefits for women in the United States. This article examines the experiences of France, Germany, and Sweden with caregiver credits, focusing particularly on the design, administration, and cost of these programs.

What Can We Learn from Analyzing Historical Data on Social Security Entitlements?
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 4 (released November 2011)
by Joyce Manchester and Jae G. Song

Data from administrative records of the Social Security Administration allow us to examine patterns of initial entitlement to Old-Age Insurance benefits as well as Disability Insurance benefits. We follow cohorts born in different years over their lifetimes to identify changes in entitlements by age over time. Breaking out single birth cohorts shows close adherence in entitlement ages to rule changes as well as increasing shares of cohorts relying on the Disability Insurance program in middle age.

The Evolution of Social Security's Taxable Maximum
Policy Brief No. 2011-02 (released September 2011)
by Kevin Whitman and Dave Shoffner

Since its inception, Social Security has featured a taxable maximum (or "tax max"). In 1937, payroll taxes applied to the first $3,000 in earnings. In 2011, payroll taxes apply to the first $106,800 in earnings. This policy brief summarizes the changes that have occurred to the tax max and to earnings patterns over this period. From 1937 to 1975, Congress increased the tax max on an ad-hoc basis. Increases were justified by the desire to improve system financing and maintain meaningful benefits for middle and higher earners. Since 1975, the tax max has generally increased at the same rate as average wages each year. Some policymakers propose increasing the tax max beyond wage-indexed levels to help restore financial balance and to reflect growing earnings inequality, as workers earning more than the tax max have experienced higher earnings growth rates than other workers in recent decades.

Longitudinal Outcomes of an Early Cohort of Ticket to Work Participants
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 3 (released August 2011)
by Gina A. Livermore and Allison Roche

Using data from the 2004–2006 National Beneficiary Surveys matched to Social Security administrative data, this study follows a cohort of disability beneficiaries participating in the Ticket to Work program for several years to assess changes in their service use, health status, employment, and income.

Social Security Disability Beneficiaries with Work-Related Goals and Expectations
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 3 (released August 2011)
by Gina A. Livermore

This study uses survey and administrative data to analyze the characteristics of working-age Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income beneficiaries who report having work goals or expectations, and the extent to which these beneficiaries become employed and leave the disability rolls during a 4-year period.

Employment of Individuals in the Social Security Disability Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 3 (released August 2011)
by Paul O'Leary, Gina A. Livermore, and David C. Stapleton

This article introduces and highlights the key findings of the other articles presented in this special issue, which focuses on the employment of beneficiaries in the Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income programs.

Employment among Social Security Disability Program Beneficiaries, 1996–2007
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 3 (released August 2011)
by Arif Mamun, Paul O'Leary, David C. Wittenburg, and Jesse Gregory

Using linked administrative data from program and earnings records, we summarize the 2007 employment rates of working-age (18–64) Social Security disability program beneficiaries at the national and state levels, as well as changes in employment since 1996. Substantial variation exists within the population. Disability Insurance beneficiaries and those younger than age 40 were much more likely to work relative to other Social Security beneficiaries. There are also strong regional differences in the employment rates among disability beneficiaries of working age, and these differences are persistent over time.

Managing Independence: The Governance Components of the National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 2 (released May 2011)
by Kevin Whitman

This article reviews the management components of the National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust (NRRIT) and their relationship to political independence. Centralized equity investment is sometimes proposed as a method for improving Social Security program financing and, echoing the debate over the NRRIT, politicized investment decisions are seen as one potential obstacle to the policy's success. This article does not advocate for or against investing Social Security's trust fund assets in equities, but examines the NRRIT's structure and experience to provide background information for policymakers.

Who Never Receives Social Security Benefits?
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 2 (released May 2011)
by Kevin Whitman, Gayle L. Reznik, and Dave Shoffner

Approximately 4 percent of the aged population will never receive Social Security benefits. This article examines the prevalence, demographic characteristics, and economic well-being of these never-beneficiaries. Most never-beneficiaries do not have sufficient earnings to be eligible for benefits, and most of these insufficient earners are either late-arriving immigrants or infrequent workers. About 44 percent of never-beneficiaries are in poverty, compared with about 4 percent of current and future beneficiaries.

Distributional Effects of Price Indexing Social Security Benefits
Policy Brief No. 2010-03 (released November 2010)
by Mark A. Sarney

This policy brief compares five options (four progressive price indexing and one full price indexing option) set forth by the Social Security Advisory Board to index initial benefits to price growth. It examines the distribution of benefits of Social Security beneficiaries aged 62 or older in 2030, 2050, and 2070 using Modeling Income in the Near Term (MINT) model projections. The brief finds that the full price indexing option Shield 0% would more than achieve long-term solvency by reducing benefits by about 35 percent in 2070 and would increase the aged poverty rate compared with scheduled levels. The four progressive price indexing options (Shields 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%) would produce smaller benefit reductions by exempting varying proportions of lower earners from price indexing. Those options would not increase poverty above scheduled levels, but would reduce benefits for some low earners because their auxiliary benefits come from the reduced benefits of a higher-earning spouse. The progressive price indexing options would make Social Security more progressive compared with scheduled and payable benefits, both when looking at household benefit reductions by household income in a given year and when examining the distribution of lifetime taxes and benefits.

Distributional Effects of Reducing the Social Security Benefit Formula
Policy Brief No. 2010-02 (released November 2010)
by Glenn R. Springstead

A person's Social Security benefit, or primary insurance amount (PIA), is 90 percent of the lowest portion of lifetime earnings, plus 32 percent of the middle portion of lifetime earnings, plus 15 percent of the highest portion of lifetime earnings. This policy brief analyzes the distributional effects of three options (the three-point, five-point and upper) discussed by the Social Security Advisory Board to reduce the PIA. The first option would reduce the PIA by 3 percentage points; the second would reduce it by 5 percentage points; and the third would reduce the 32 and 15 percentages of the PIA to 21 and 10 percent, respectively. The third option would exempt about one quarter of the lowest earning beneficiaries, while reducing benefits by a median average of 19 percent in 2070. None would eliminate Social Security's long-term fiscal imbalance, although the third option would eliminate more (76 percent) of the deficit than the three-point (18 percent) and five-point (31 percent) options.

Administering Social Security: Challenges Yesterday and Today
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 70 No. 3 (released August 2010)
by Carolyn Puckett

During its 75-year history, the Social Security Administration (SSA) has faced many administrative challenges. This article depicts some of those challenges—involving legislative demands, staffing and workloads, infrastructure and technology, logistics and procedures, emergency response operations, and other matters—and the steps that SSA has taken to deal with them.

The Development of Social Security in America
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 70 No. 3 (released August 2010)
by Larry DeWitt

This article examines the origins and legislative development of the U.S. Social Security program over its 75-year history. It traces the major amendments adopted over the decades and provides a summary assessment of the impact and importance of Social Security as a central pillar of the U.S. social welfare system.

The Future Financial Status of the Social Security Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 70 No. 3 (released August 2010)
by Stephen C. Goss

This article describes four concepts—solvency, sustainability, shortfalls, and solutions—as they apply to the financial status of the Social Security program as well as how Social Security financing fits in the general federal budget. The little-understood basis for future projected shortfalls is explained and detailed in relation to the possible solutions.

Distributional Effects of Raising the Social Security Payroll Tax
Policy Brief No. 2010-01 (released April 2010)
by Dave Shoffner

This policy brief analyzes the lifetime tax effects of two options for addressing the Social Security system's long-range solvency by raising the Social Security payroll tax rate. The first, an immediate increase, would have raised the payroll tax rate from its current 12.4 percent to 14.4 percent in 2006; the second, a phased increase, would raise the payroll tax rate to 14.5 percent in 2020, and then to 16.6 percent in 2050. The brief also analyzes a comparative scenario in which the current tax rate is maintained through 2041 and then raised each year as needed to pay scheduled benefits. The lifetime taxes of people born 1936–2015 are analyzed using Modeling Income in the Near Term (MINT) projections. Results show that the longer a tax rate increase is delayed, the fewer workers are affected, but also the higher the increase in lifetime taxes for later generations. The results also show that both options reduce the cross-cohort variability in the ratio of benefits received to taxes paid.

Permanent Disability Social Insurance Programs in Japan
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 70 No. 1 (released February 2010)
by David Rajnes

This article examines the experience of Japan's social insurance permanent disability programs and compares its key features with the Social Security Disability Insurance program operating in the United States. It analyzes the determination and appeals processes in Japan for claiming permanent social insurance disability pensions. Trends in the number of Japanese disability program beneficiaries and benefit expenditures are also discussed.

The Research Contributions of the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 69 No. 4 (released December 2009)
by Steven A. Sass

This article reviews the research contributions of the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College over its 10-year history and their implications for Social Security and retirement income policy in three major areas: (1) Social Security's long-term financing shortfall, (2) the adequacy of retirement incomes, and (3) labor force participation at older ages as a means to improve retirement income security. The center has received substantial funding support from the Social Security Administration (SSA) in each area and has also successfully leveraged SSA's investment by attracting funding from other sources.

Social Security Administration's Master Earnings File: Background Information
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 69 No. 3 (released October 2009)
by Anya Olsen and Russell E. Hudson

The Social Security Administration (SSA) receives reports of earnings for the U.S. working population each year from employers and the Internal Revenue Service. The earnings information received is stored at SSA as the Master Earnings File (MEF) and is used to administer Social Security programs and to conduct research on the populations served by those programs. This article documents the history, content, limitations, complexities, and uses of the MEF (and data files derived from the MEF). It is intended for researchers who use earnings data to study work patterns and their implications, and for those interested in understanding the data used to administer the current-law programs.

An Empirical Study of the Effects of Social Security Reforms on Benefit Claiming Behavior and Receipt Using Public-Use Administrative Microdata
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 69 No. 3 (released October 2009)
by Hugo Benítez-Silva and Na Yin

In the past few years, the Social Security Old-Age and Survivors Insurance benefit system in the United States has undergone some of the most significant changes since its inception. Using the public-use microdata extract from the Master Beneficiary Record, we are able to uncover a number of interesting trends in benefit claiming behavior and level of benefit receipt, which can help us understand how the changes in the system are shaping the retirement benefit claiming behavior of older Americans.

Distributional Effects of Raising the Social Security Taxable Maximum
Policy Brief No. 2009-01 (released July 2009)
by Kevin Whitman

As of 2009, Social Security's Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance program limits the amount of annual earnings subject to taxation at $106,800, and this value generally increases annually based on changes in the national average wage index. This brief uses Modeling Income in the Near Term (MINT) projections to compare the distributional effects of four options for raising the maximum taxable earnings amount beyond its scheduled levels. Two of the options would raise this value so that it covers 90 percent of all covered earnings and two would remove the maximum completely. Within each set of options, the proposals are differentiated by whether the new taxable amounts are used in computing benefits. Most workers would not be affected by these proposals, but some higher earners would experience a substantial increase in taxes. Correspondingly, benefit increases are largely isolated to higher earners, although the return in benefits for taxes paid would also decline. Because the proposals are targeted toward high earners, Social Security's progressivity would increase.

Access Restrictions and Confidentiality Protections in the Health and Retirement Study
Research and Statistics Note No. 2009-01 (released July 2009)
by Lionel P. Deang and Paul S. Davies

Organizations involved in statistical surveys of human subjects face two important and competing challenges: protecting data confidentiality while maximizing data accessibility to potential researchers. This note examines how the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), conducted by the Institute for Social Research of the University of Michigan, attempts to balance data confidentiality with the desire to broaden the pool of potential data users. Current HRS procedures are summarized and compared with those of organizations with similar programs, and potential ways to expand HRS use without compromising confidentiality are discussed.

The Story of the Social Security Number
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 69 No. 2 (released July 2009)
by Carolyn Puckett

The use of the Social Security number (SSN) has expanded significantly since its inception in 1936. Created merely to keep track of the earnings history of U.S. workers for Social Security entitlement and benefit computation purposes, it has come to be used as a nearly universal identifier. Assigned at birth, the SSN enables other government agencies to identify individuals in their records and private industry to track an individual's financial information. This article explores the history and meaning of the SSN and the Social Security card, as well as the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) SSN master file, generally known as the Numident. The article also traces the historical expansion of SSN use and steps SSA has taken to enhance SSN integrity.

Uses of Administrative Data at the Social Security Administration
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 69 No. 1 (released May 2009)
by Jennifer McNabb, David Timmons, Jae G. Song, and Carolyn Puckett

This article discusses the advantages and limitations of using administrative data for research, examines how linking administrative data to survey results can be used to evaluate and improve survey design, and discusses research studies and SSA statistical products and services that are based on administrative data.

Elderly Poverty and Supplemental Security Income
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 69 No. 1 (released May 2009)
by Joyce Nicholas and Michael Wiseman

Provided here are the absolute and relative poverty status of 2002 elderly Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients. Official poverty estimates are generated from the Current Population Survey's Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS/ASEC). The poverty study presented here differs from previous studies in that it is based on CPS/ASEC income and weight records conditionally adjusted by matching Social Security administrative data. This effort improves the coverage of SSI receipt and the accuracy of SSI estimates. The adjusted CPS/administrative matched data reveal lower 2002 poverty rates among elderly persons (with and without SSI payments) than those generated from the unadjusted CPS/ASEC data.

A Legislative History of the Social Security Protection Act of 2004
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 68 No. 4 (released March 2009)
by Erik Hansen

The Social Security Protection Act of 2004 (SSPA), with its administrative remedies and program protections, can be seen as another incremental step in the development of a social insurance program that best meets the evolving needs of American society. This article discusses the legislative history of the SSPA in detail. It also includes summaries of the provisions and a chronology of the modification of these proposals as they passed through the House and Senate, and ultimately to the president's desk.

A Progressivity Index for Social Security
Issue Paper No. 2009-01 (released January 2009)
by Andrew G. Biggs, Mark A. Sarney, and Christopher R. Tamborini

Using the Social Security Administration's MINT (Modeling Income in the Near Term) model, this paper analyzes the progressivity of the Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program for current and future retirees. It uses a progressivity index that provides a summary measure of the distribution of taxes and benefits on a lifetime basis. Results indicate that OASDI lies roughly halfway between a flat replacement rate and a flat dollar benefit for current retirees. Projections suggest that progressivity will remain relatively similar for future retirees. In addition, the paper estimates the effects of several policy changes on progressivity for future retirees.

The Effects of Wage Indexing on Social Security Disability Benefits
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 68 No. 3 (released December 2008)
by L. Scott Muller

Researchers David Autor and Mark Duggan have hypothesized that the Social Security benefit formula using the average wage index, coupled with a widening distribution of income, has created an implicit rise in replacement rates for low-earner disability beneficiaries. This research attempts to confirm and quantify the replacement rate creep identified by Autor and Duggan using actual earnings histories of disability-insured workers over the period 1979–2004. The research finds that disability replacement rates are rising for many insured workers, although the effect may be somewhat smaller than that suggested by Autor and Duggan.

Alternate Measures of Replacement Rates for Social Security Benefits and Retirement Income
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 68 No. 2 (released October 2008)
by Andrew G. Biggs and Glenn R. Springstead

Replacement rates are common and useful tools used by individuals and policy analysts to plan for retirement and assess the sufficiency of Social Security benefits and overall retirement income. Because the calculation and meaning of replacement rates differs depending on the definition of preretirement earnings, this article examines four alternative measures: final preretirement earnings, constant income payable from the present value of lifetime earnings (PV payment), wage-indexed average of lifetime earnings, and inflation-adjusted average of lifetime earnings (CPI average). The article also calculates replacement rates for Social Security beneficiaries aged 64–66 in 2005.

An Overview of the Railroad Retirement Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 68 No. 2 (released October 2008)
by Kevin Whitman

The Railroad Retirement program was established in the 1930s. It provides retirement, survivor, unemployment, and sickness benefits to individuals who have spent a substantial portion of their career in railroad employment, as well as to these workers' families. This article describes the history, benefit structure, and funding of the Railroad Retirement program.

Estimating the First Instance of Substantive-Covered Earnings in the Labor Market
Research and Statistics Note No. 2008-04 (released September 2008)
by Michael Compson
Women, Marriage, and Social Security Benefits Revisited
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 67 No. 4 (released May 2008)
by Christopher R. Tamborini and Kevin Whitman

This article uses a Restricted-Use File of the 2001 Marital History Topical Module to the U.S. Census Bureau's Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to examine women's marital histories in relation to Social Security spouse and widow benefit eligibility. To assess marital trends over time, the authors compare SIPP estimates to data reported in Iams and Ycas. 1988 article, "Women, Marriage and Social Security Benefits," which used the 1985 Marital History Supplement to the Current Population Survey. The results shed light on important links between sociodemographic trends in marriage and Social Security beneficiaries. Over three-fourths of women aged 40 to 69 in 2001 already had marital histories that guarantee them the option of a spouse or widow benefit at retirement. However, a smaller proportion of these women would be potentially eligible to receive spouse or widow benefits compared to their counterparts in 1985 due to changes in patterns in marriage, particularly among younger women in the baby-boom cohort. Notable shifts include rising proportions of currently divorced women without a 10-year marriage and never-married women.

Have People Delayed Claiming Retirement Benefits? Responses to Changes in Social Security Rules
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 67 No. 2 (released February 2008)
by Jae G. Song and Joyce Manchester

Using a 1 percent sample of Social Security Administration data, this article documents and analyzes responses in the entitlement age for old-age benefits following the recent changes in Social Security rules. Both rules, the removal of the retirement earnings test (RET) for persons who are at the full retirement age (FRA) through age 69 in 2000 or later and a gradual increase in the FRA for those who reach age 62 in 2000 or later, are expected to affect the age at which people claim Social Security retirement benefits (or entitlement age) and the work behavior of older Americans.

Design and Implementation Issues in Swedish Individual Pension Accounts
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 65 No. 4 (released May 2005)
by R. Kent Weaver

Sweden's new multipillar pension system includes a system of mandatory fully funded individual accounts. The Swedish system offers contributors more than 600 fund options from a variety of private-sector fund managers. However, in the most recent rounds of fund choice, more than 90 percent of new labor market entrants have not made an active choice of funds and thus have ended up in a government-sponsored default fund.

The Swedish system offers a number of lessons about implementing a mandatory individual account tier. Centralized administration keeps administrative costs down but requires considerable lead time. A very large number of fund options are likely to be offered unless strong entry barriers are in place. Engaging new labor market entrants in fund choice is likely to be difficult. A significant percentage of those making an active fund choice may choose funds that are very specialized and risky. Finally, special care must be devoted to designing a default fund and continual consumer communication.

Workers' Compensation: A Background for Social Security Professionals
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 65 No. 4 (released May 2005)
by Ann Clayton

This article provides a brief history and background of workers' compensation programs for occupationally injured and ill workers in the United States. It presents the basic principle involved in workers' compensation and briefly discusses the disability benefits to which workers are generally entitled. It also discusses why there are settlements in this disability program and the availability of information about the amounts paid in workers' compensation cases for obtaining an offset for Social Security Disability Insurance benefits paid to the worker. Finally, the article explains the rationale behind the public policy on coordination of Disability Insurance and workers' compensation in the new paradigm of disability and return to work.

Poverty-level Annuitization Requirements in Social Security Proposals Incorporating Personal Retirement Accounts
Issue Paper No. 2005-01 (released April 2005)
by Dave Shoffner, Andrew G. Biggs, and Preston Jacobs

In the current discussions of Social Security reform, voluntary personal retirement accounts have been proposed. Recent research and debate have focused on several aspects of these accounts, including how such accounts would affect aggregate saving, system finances, and benefit levels. Little attention, however, has been paid to policies that would govern the distribution of account balances. This analysis considers such policies with respect to the annuitization of account balances at retirement using the Social Security Administration's Modeling Income in the New Term (MINT) model and a modified version of a recent legislative proposal to evaluate the effects of partial annuitization requirements.

Stochastic Models of the Social Security Trust Funds
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 65 No. 1 (released May 2004)
by Clark Burdick and Joyce Manchester

The 2003 Trustees Report on the Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance Trust Funds contains, for the first time, results from a stochastic model of the combined trust funds of the OASDI programs. To help interpret the new stochastic results and place them in context, the Social Security Administration's Office of Policy arranged for three external modeling groups to produce alternative stochastic results. This article demonstrates that the stochastic models deliver broadly consistent results even though they use significantly different approaches and assumptions. However, the results also demonstrate that the variation in trust fund outcomes differs as the approach and assumptions are varied.

Stochastic Models of the Social Security Trust Funds
Research and Statistics Note No. 2003-01 (released March 2003)
by Joyce Manchester and Clark Burdick
Summary of Legislation of Interest to SSA Enacted During the 103rd Congress
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 4 (released October 1994)

During the 103rd Congress, some 400 bills of interest to SSA were introduced. Of these, nine that affect SSA programs were enacted. This note covers these enactments.

The Challenge of the 21st Century: Innovating and Adapting Social Security Systems to Economic, Social, and Demographic Changes in the English-Speaking Americas
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 4 (released October 1994)
by Martynas A. Yčas

The Social Security Programs in the United States are complex and have evolved over a long span of years. However, it is possible to categorize much of this experience into two different eras in which Social Security functioned in a distinctive environment, and a third era that is now beginning. The middle third of this century was an "age of invention," in which the programs grew rapidly under favorable social and economic conditions. Since then, the programs have experienced an "age of accommodation," in which growing financial constraints have permitted only limited changes in the program. We can look forward to an "age of maturation" in the decades to come, as most persons reaching retirement will have been covered by Social Security during their entire working careers. The declining ratio of workers to beneficiaries and a wide range of demographic and social changes will present significant challenges. The Social Security programs must change considerably to respond to the demands of a new era, and vigorous efforts to do so are underway.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Different Social Welfare Strategies
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 3 (released July 1994)
by Lawrence H. Thompson
Social Welfare Legislation, 1993
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 2 (released April 1994)
by Rita L. DiSimone
Social Security and the Emigration of Immigrants
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 1 (released January 1994)
by Harriet Orcutt Duleep
Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1991
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 1 (released January 1994)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Social Security Beneficiaries Enrolled in the Direct Deposit Program, December 1992
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 1 (released January 1994)
by Joseph Bondar
Social Security Related Legislation in 1993
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 1 (released January 1994)
Private Social Welfare Expenditures, 1972–91
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 1 (released January 1994)
by Wilmer L. Kerns
Social Security Programs in the United States, 1993
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 56 No. 4 (released October 1993)
Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1990
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 56 No. 2 (released April 1993)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Social Security Numbers Issued: A 20-Year Review
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 56 No. 1 (released January 1993)
by Wayne S. Long
Average Wages for 1985–90 for Indexing Under the Social Security Act
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55 No. 4 (released October 1992)
by Michael D. Clingman and Jeffrey L. Kunkel
Overview of Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1990
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55 No. 4 (released October 1992)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Private Social Welfare Expenditures, 1972–90
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55 No. 3 (released July 1992)
by Wilmer L. Kerns
State and Local Government Workers Covered Under Social Security, 1987
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55 No. 2 (released April 1992)
by Wayne S. Long
Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1989
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55 No. 2 (released April 1992)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Origin of the Term "Social Security"
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55 No. 1 (released January 1992)
Overview of Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1989
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 54 No. 11 (released November 1991)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Social Security Programs in the United States
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 54 No. 9 (released September 1991)
Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1988
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 54 No. 5 (released May 1991)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Social Security Related Legislation in 1990
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 54 No. 5 (released May 1991)
Private Social Welfare Expenditures, 1972–88
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 54 No. 2 (released February 1991)
by Wilmer L. Kerns and Milton P. Glanz
Overview of Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1988
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 53 No. 12 (released December 1990)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Social Security Related Legislation in 1989
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 53 No. 5 (released May 1990)
Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Years 1965–87
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 53 No. 2 (released February 1990)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
National Expenditures on Social Security and Health in Selected Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 53 No. 1 (released January 1990)
by Joseph G. Simanis
Public Attitudes Toward Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 52 No. 12 (released December 1989)
by Sally R. Sherman
Private Social Welfare Expenditures, 1972–87
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 52 No. 11 (released November 1989)
by Wilmer L. Kerns and Milton P. Glanz
Social Security Programs in the United States
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 52 No. 7 (released July 1989)
Social Security Related Legislation in 1988
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 52 No. 4 (released April 1989)
Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1986
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 52 No. 2 (released February 1989)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Overview of Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1986
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 11 (released November 1988)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Employment Covered Under the Social Security Program, 1985
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 10 (released October 1988)
by Wayne S. Long
International Social Security Agreements: The U.S. Experience
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 9 (released September 1988)
by Paul Butcher and Joseph Erdos
Private Social Welfare Expenditures, 1972–85
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 8 (released August 1988)
by Wilmer L. Kerns and Milton P. Glanz
Commentary: Measuring Expenditures for Social Welfare Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 6 (released June 1988)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Social Welfare in the United States, 1934–54
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 6 (released June 1988)
by Ida C. Merriam
Social Security Related Legislation in 1987
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 4 (released April 1988)
Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1985
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 4 (released April 1988)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Social Security Beneficiaries Enrolled in the Direct Deposit Program, December 1986
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 2 (released February 1988)
by Joseph Bondar
Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1985: Overview
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51 No. 1 (released January 1988)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
State and Local Government Employees Covered Under Social Security, 1984
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 12 (released December 1987)
by Wayne S. Long
The Future of Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 8 (released August 1987)
by Dorcas R. Hardy
The Relationships Between Public and Private Pension Schemes: An Introductory Overview
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 7 (released July 1987)
by Max Horlick
Public Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1984
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 6 (released June 1987)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Fast Facts and Figures about Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 5 (released May 1987)
by Sally R. Sherman
Private Social Welfare Expenditures, 1972–84
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 5 (released May 1987)
by Milton P. Glanz
Social Security Programs in the United States, 1987
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 4 (released April 1987)
Social Security Related Legislation in 1986
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 1 (released January 1987)
Constitutional Background to the Social Security Act of 1935
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 1 (released January 1987)
by Eduard A. Lopez
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 49 No. 8 (released August 1986)
by Mary Ross and Carol Hayes
Fast Facts and Figures about Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 49 No. 6 (released June 1986)
Regional and State Patterns of Population Change and Benefit Receipt, 1980–84
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 49 No. 4 (released April 1986)
Social Security Related Legislation in 1985
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 49 No. 3 (released March 1986)
Social Security Programs in the United States
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 49 No. 1 (released January 1986)
Social Security: Fifty Years in Review
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 48 No. 9 (released September 1985)
Messages Commemorating Social Security's 50th Anniversary
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 48 No. 8 (released August 1985)
by Ronald Reagan, Margaret M. Heckler, Martha A. McSteen, John A. Svahn, William J. Driver, Stanford G. Ross, James Bruce Cardwell, Robert M. Ball, Charles I. Schottland, Wilbur J. Cohen, John J. Corson, Alvin M. David, Jack S. Futterman, Ida C. Merriam, Robert J. Myers, and Jo Anne B. Ross
Fifty Years of Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 48 No. 8 (released August 1985)
by Martha A. McSteen
Fifty Years of Operations in the Social Security Administration
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 48 No. 6 (released June 1985)
by Michael A. Cronin
The Evolution of Privacy and Disclosure Policy in the Social Security Administration
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 48 No. 6 (released June 1985)
by Sandy Crank
Employment Covered Under the Social Security Program, 1935–84
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 48 No. 4 (released April 1985)
by William J. Nelson, Jr.
Women Social Security Beneficiaries Aged 62 or Older, 1960–83
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 48 No. 2 (released February 1985)
by Barbara A. Lingg
Women and Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 48 No. 2 (released February 1985)
by Virginia P. Reno
Goldfarb and Mathews: Legal Challenges to the Dependency Test for Spouse's Benefits
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 47 No. 12 (released December 1984)
by Edmund T. Donovan
Social Welfare Expenditures, 1981 and 1982
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 47 No. 12 (released December 1984)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Deficit Reduction Act of 1984: Provisions Related to the OASDI and SSI Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 47 No. 11 (released November 1984)
Present Policies and Methods Regarding the Long-Term Adjustment of Benefits
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 47 No. 10 (released October 1984)
by Harry C. Ballantyne
Administration and Service Delivery in the SSI Program: The First 10 Years
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 47 No. 8 (released August 1984)
by William Farrell, Rene Parent, and Michael Tenney
Social Security Beneficiaries Enrolled in the Direct Deposit Program, December 1983
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 47 No. 5 (released May 1984)
by Joseph Bondar
Changing the Method for Calculating Quarters of Coverage: The Impact on Workers' Insured Status
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 47 No. 4 (released April 1984)
by William J. Nelson, Jr.
Purchasing Power of U.S. Social Security Benefits Abroad, 1970–82
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 46 No. 9 (released September 1983)
by Jonathan Aldrich, Alan Fox, and Eduard A. Lopez
Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1980
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 46 No. 8 (released August 1983)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Social Security Amendments of 1983: Legislative History and Summary of Provisions
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 46 No. 7 (released July 1983)
by John A. Svahn and Mary Ross
Summary of 1982 Legislation Affecting SSI, OASDI, and Medicare
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 46 No. 7 (released July 1983)
Report of the National Commission on Social Security Reform
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 46 No. 2 (released February 1983)
Civil Service Retirement System Annuitants and Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 46 No. 2 (released February 1983)
by Robert Dalrymple, Susan Grad, and Duke Wilson
Low-Income Energy Assistance Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 46 No. 1 (released January 1983)
by Donald E. Rigby and Charles G. Scott
State and Local Government Employees Covered Under Social Security, 1977–81
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 45 No. 12 (released December 1982)
by Bertram Kestenbaum
Meaning of the Social Security Number
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 45 No. 11 (released November 1982)
by Erma W. Barron and Felix Bamberger
The Earnings Replacement Rate of Old-Age Benefits in 12 Countries, 1969–80
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 45 No. 11 (released November 1982)
by Jonathan Aldrich
Actual Costs of the Social Security System Over the Years Compared with 1935 Estimates
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 45 No. 3 (released March 1982)
by Robert J. Myers
Restoration of Certain Minimum Benefits and Other OASDI Program Changes: Legislative History and Summary of Provisions
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 45 No. 3 (released March 1982)
by John A. Svahn
Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1979
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 44 No. 11 (released November 1981)
by Ann Kallman Bixby
Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1981: Legislative History and Summary of OASDI and Medicare Provisions
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 44 No. 10 (released October 1981)
by John A. Svahn
National Commission on Social Security: Recommendations
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 44 No. 5 (released May 1981)
Administrative Expenses Under OASDI
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 44 No. 3 (released March 1981)
by Bruce D. Schobel
Forty-Fifth Anniversary of Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 43 No. 8 (released August 1980)
by William J. Driver
Women Social Security Beneficiaries Aged 62 and Older, 1960–79
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 43 No. 7 (released July 1980)
by Barbara A. Lingg
Changing Commitments of American Women to Work and Family Roles
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 43 No. 6 (released June 1980)
by Helena Znaniecka Lopata and Kathleen Fordham Norr
Report of the Universal Social Security Coverage Study Group: Executive Summary
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 43 No. 6 (released June 1980)
Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1978
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 43 No. 5 (released May 1980)
by Alma W. McMillan and Ann Kallman Bixby
Social Security Beneficiaries Using Direct Deposit Procedure, December 1978
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 43 No. 3 (released March 1980)
by Barbara A. Lingg
Reports of the 1979 Advisory Council on Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 43 No. 2 (released February 1980)
Social Welfare Expenditures Under Public Programs, Fiscal Year 1977
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 42 No. 6 (released June 1979)
by Alma W. McMillan
Men and Women: Changing Roles and Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 42 No. 5 (released May 1979)
Social Security and Private Saving: Another Look
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 42 No. 5 (released May 1979)
Social Security Related Legislation in 1978
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 42 No. 3 (released March 1979)
The Bulletin Turns Forty
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 6 (released June 1978)
Task Force Report on Treatment of Women Under Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 5 (released May 1978)
Effect of Social Security on Saving: Review of Studies Using U.S. Time-Series Data
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 5 (released May 1978)
by Louis Esposito
Social Security Amendments of 1977: Legislative History and Summary of Provisions
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 3 (released March 1978)
by John Snee and Mary Ross
Earnings-Replacement Rate of Old-Age Benefits, 1965–75, Selected Countries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 41 No. 1 (released January 1978)
by Leif Haanes-Olsen
Federal Grants to State and Local Governments, Fiscal Year 1976 and Transition Quarter
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 10 (released October 1977)
by Sophie R. Dales
Lifetime Covered Earnings and Quarters of Coverage of Retired and Disabled Workers, 1972
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 10 (released October 1977)
by Barbara A. Lingg
OASDI Representative Payees, 1973
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 9 (released September 1977)
by Frederick L. Cone
Federal Civil Service and Military Retirement Programs Legislation, 94th Congress
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 5 (released May 1977)
by Alfred M. Skolnik
Legislation in 1976
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 2 (released February 1977)
State Supplementation Under SSI, 1975
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 2 (released February 1977)
by Sue C. Hawkins
Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1976
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 1 (released January 1977)
by Alfred M. Skolnik and Sophie R. Dales
Social Security Numbers Issued to Indochina Refugees in 1975
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 11 (released November 1976)
by Harold A. Grossman
Federal Grants to State and Local Governments, Fiscal Year 1975: A Quarter-Century Review
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 9 (released September 1976)
by Sophie R. Dales
Automatic Increases Under the Social Security Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 7 (released July 1976)
by Alfred M. Skolnik
Social Security in the Coming Decade: Questions for a Mature System
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 3 (released March 1976)
by Juanita M. Kreps
Social Security Act Amendments
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 3 (released March 1976)
Social Welfare Expenditures, 1950-75
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 1 (released January 1976)
by Alfred M. Skolnik and Sophie R. Dales
Effect of OASDI Benefit Increase, June 1975
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 11 (released November 1975)
by Barbara A. Lingg
Federal Grants to State and Local Governments, Fiscal Year 1974
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 9 (released September 1975)
by Sophie R. Dales
Social Security—Forty Years Later
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 8 (released August 1975)
Quadrennial Advisory Council on Social Security: Summary of Major Findings and Recommendations
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 8 (released August 1975)
Automatic Increases Under the Social Security Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 7 (released July 1975)
by Albert Rettig
Social Security, Saving, and Capital Formation
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 7 (released July 1975)
by Selig D. Lesnoy and John C. Hambor
Blacks and Social Security Benefits: Trends, 1960–73
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 4 (released April 1975)
by Gayle B. Thompson
Social Welfare Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1974
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 1 (released January 1975)
by Alfred M. Skolnik and Sophie R. Dales
Effect of Social Security on Personal Saving
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 37 No. 11 (released November 1974)
by Alicia H. Munnell
Effect of OASDI Benefit Increases, 1974
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 37 No. 10 (released October 1974)
by Barbara A. Lingg
Federal Grants to State and Local Governments, Fiscal Year 1973
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 37 No. 10 (released October 1974)
by Sophie R. Dales
Social Security Act Amendments, End of 1973
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 37 No. 4 (released April 1974)
Social Welfare Expenditures, 1972–73
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 37 No. 1 (released January 1974)
by Alfred M. Skolnik and Sophie R. Dales
Social Security Amendments of 1972: Summary and Legislative History
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 36 No. 3 (released March 1973)
by Robert M. Ball
Social Insurance Legislation of 1972
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 36 No. 2 (released February 1973)
OASDI Benefit Amounts Under 1972 Amendments
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 36 No. 1 (released January 1973)
by Harry Shulman
Social Welfare Expenditures, 1971–72
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 35 No. 12 (released December 1972)
by Alfred M. Skolnik and Sophie R. Dales
Social Security Numbers Issued, 1937–71
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 35 No. 7 (released July 1972)
by Herbert R. Tacker
Administrative Developments in the Social Security Programs Since 1965
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 35 No. 4 (released April 1972)
by Jack S. Futterman
Exemption of Clergyman from Social Security Coverage
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 35 No. 3 (released March 1972)
Social Welfare Expenditures, 1970–71
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 12 (released December 1971)
by Alfred M. Skolnik and Sophie R. Dales
Benefit Amounts Under 1971 Amendments
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 9 (released September 1971)
by Harry Shulman
Reports of the 1971 Advisory Council on Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 6 (released June 1971)
State and Local Government Employment Covered Under OASDHI
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 4 (released April 1971)
by Herbert R. Tacker
Social Welfare Expenditures, 1969–70
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 33 No. 12 (released December 1970)
by Alfred M. Skolnik and Sophie R. Dales
Effect of OASDI Benefit Increases
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 33 No. 6 (released June 1970)
Automatic Adjustment of OASDHI Cash Benefits
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 33 No. 5 (released May 1970)
by Daniel N. Price and Robert O. Brunner
Administrative Expenses of the Social Security Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 9 (released September 1969)
by Robert J. Myers
Social Security Numbers Issued, 1967
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 6 (released June 1969)
Project Moneywise
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 5 (released May 1969)
by Anne Hamilton
Reports to Congress on OASDHI Studies
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 3 (released March 1969)
Impact of 1967 Amendments on Benefit Awards
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 11 (released November 1968)
by Harry Shulman
Coordination Between the Railroad Retirement and Social Security Systems
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 9 (released September 1968)
by Abraham M. Niessen
Social Security and Social Change
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 8 (released August 1968)
by Wilbur J. Cohen
Social Security Perspectives
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 8 (released August 1968)
by Robert M. Ball
Young Adults and Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 8 (released August 1968)
by Ida C. Merriam
Social Security Amendments of 1967: Summary and Legislative History
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 2 (released February 1968)
by Wilbur J. Cohen and Robert M. Ball
Social Security Numbers Issued, 1966
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 1 (released January 1968)
Special Awards to Persons 72 and Over, Oct.Dec. 1966
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 8 (released August 1967)
by William T. Rabin
Aged Persons Receiving Both OASDI and PA, Early 1966
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 5 (released May 1967)
Workers Entitled to Minimum Retirement Benefits Under OASDHI
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 3 (released March 1967)
by Lenore A. Epstein
Railroad Retirement Amendments of 1966
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 2 (released February 1967)
by Marice C. Hart
Social Security Payments to Noninsured Persons
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 29 No. 9 (released September 1966)
by Wilbur J. Cohen, Robert M. Ball, and Robert J. Myers
Report of the Advisory Council on Public Welfare
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 29 No. 9 (released September 1966)
Policy Issues in Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 29 No. 6 (released June 1966)
by Robert M. Ball
Farmers and Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 29 No. 3 (released March 1966)
by Edward I. Reinsel and John C. Ellickson
Benefits Awarded Under 1965 Amendments, September–November 1965
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 29 No. 3 (released March 1966)
Railroad Retirement Act as Amended in 1965
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 29 No. 2 (released February 1966)
by Marice C. Hart
Social Security Amendments of 1965: Summary and Legislative History
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 9 (released September 1965)
by Wilbur J. Cohen and Robert M. Ball
Impersonality and Administration
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 9 (released September 1965)
by Jack S. Futterman
Social Security Legislation: Thirty Years in Review
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 8 (released August 1965)
Social Security Protection After Thirty Years
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 8 (released August 1965)
by Lenore A. Epstein, Alfred M. Skolnik, and Ben H. Thompson
References on the Origin and Development of Social Security in the United States
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 8 (released August 1965)
Social Security Legislation in 1964
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 5 (released May 1965)
Overlap of Benefits Under OASDI and Other Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 4 (released April 1965)
by Ida C. Merriam
Railroad Retirement System: Ninth Actuarial Valuation
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 2 (released February 1965)
by Abraham M. Niessen
Technical Cooperation Activities of the Social Security Administration
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 27 No. 9 (released September 1964)
Railroad Retirement Act as Amended in 1963
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 27 No. 1 (released January 1964)
by Marice C. Hart
Social Welfare Opportunities and Necessities Attendant on Disarmament
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 26 No. 10 (released October 1963)
by Ida C. Merriam
Social Security Advisory Councils
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 26 No. 9 (released September 1963)
by James E. Marquis
Employers, Workers, and Earnings Under OASDI
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 25 No. 12 (released December 1962)
by Roslyn Arnold
Filial Responsibility and the Aging, or Beyond Pluck and Luck
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 25 No. 5 (released May 1962)
by Alvin L. Schorr
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1960
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 25 No. 2 (released February 1962)
by George Aberle, Jr.
Railroad Retirement Act, As Amended in 1961
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 24 No. 12 (released December 1961)
by Marice C. Hart
Railroad Workers with Employment Covered by the Social Security Act, 1959
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 24 No. 11 (released November 1961)
by Alden F. Bixby
Old-Age Benefits In Current-Payment Status, By State, December 31, 1960
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 24 No. 9 (released September 1961)
by Hammett Buchanan
Social Security Amendments of 1961: Summary and Legislative History
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 24 No. 9 (released September 1961)
by Wilbur J. Cohen and William L. Mitchell
Twenty-five Years of Social Security in the South
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 24 No. 8 (released August 1961)
by Ida C. Merriam
Need for Trained Social Work Staff: A Ten-Year Goal
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 24 No. 8 (released August 1961)
by Alvin L. Schorr
Amendments to the Public Assistance Provisions of the Social Security Act, 1961
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 24 No. 7 (released July 1961)
Coverage Extension Under Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 24 No. 6 (released June 1961)
by Saul Waldman
Family Benefits in Current-Payment Status, June 30, 1960
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 24 No. 3 (released March 1961)
Civil Service Retirement Act Amendments, 1960
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 24 No. 3 (released March 1961)
by John P. Jones
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1959
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 24 No. 1 (released January 1961)
by George Aberle, Jr.
Social Security Legislation in the Eighty-Sixth Congress
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 11 (released November 1960)
by William L. Mitchell
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance Program: History of the Benefit Formula
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 9 (released September 1960)
by Marice C. Hart
Old-Age Benefits in Current-Payment Status, by State, December 31, 1959
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 9 (released September 1960)
by Gerald Hutchinson and Hammett Buchanan
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance After Twenty-Five Years
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 8 (released August 1960)
by Victor Christgau
References on the Origin and Development of Social Security in the United States
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 8 (released August 1960)
Social Security Status of the American People
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 8 (released August 1960)
by Ida C. Merriam
Significant Events, 1935–60
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 8 (released August 1960)
Past and Future Perspectives in Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 8 (released August 1960)
by William L. Mitchell
Title V of the Social Security Act: What It Has Meant to Children
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 8 (released August 1960)
by Katherine B. Oettinger
Persons Receiving OASDI, OAA, or Both, June 30, 1959
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 7 (released July 1960)
Some Approaches to Management Improvement in Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 5–6 (released May 1960)
by Jack S. Futterman
Family Benefits in Current-Payment Status, June 30, 1959
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 5–6 (released May 1960)
by Harry C. Ballantyne
Public Assistance: Report of the Advisory Council
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 2 (released February 1960)
Child Welfare Services: Report of the Advisory Council
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 23 No. 2 (released February 1960)
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1958
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 10 (released October 1959)
International Conference on Homemaker Services
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 9 (released September 1959)
by Maude Morlock
Initial Effects of the 1958 PA Amendments on Assistance Payments
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 9 (released September 1959)
by Maurice Ellis and Garnett A. Lester
1959 Amendments to the Railroad Retirement Act
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 7 (released July 1959)
by Jacob A. Lazerson
Family Budgets and Fee Schedules of Voluntary Agencies
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 4 (released April 1959)
by Mollie Orshansky
National Conference on Homemaker Services
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 4 (released April 1959)
Source of Funds Expended for Public Assistance Payments, 1957–68
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 3 (released March 1959)
Proposed Social Security Budget, 1959–60
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 3 (released March 1959)
by Sophie R. Dales
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance Provisions: Summary of Legislation, 1935–58
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 1 (released January 1959)
by Robert J. Myers
Railroad Workers with Employment Covered by the Social Security Act
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 11 (released November 1958)
by Samuel A. Block and Samuel Chmell
Social Security Amendments of 1958: A Summary and Legislative History
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 10 (released October 1958)
by Charles I. Schottland
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance: Financing Basis and Policy Under the 1958 Amendments
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 10 (released October 1958)
by Robert J. Myers
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1957
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 9 (released September 1958)
Experience Under Financial Interchange, OASDI and Railroad Retirement System
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 9 (released September 1958)
Old-Age Benefits in Current-Payment Status, by State, December 31, 1957
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 7 (released July 1958)
State and Local Government Employment Under OASDI, July–December 1957
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 7 (released July 1958)
by Dorothy McCamman
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance: Benefit Payments to Persons Living Abroad
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 7 (released July 1958)
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance: Development of Agricultural Coverage
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 6 (released June 1958)
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance: Administrative Expenses
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 3 (released March 1958)
by Robert J. Myers
Proposed Social Security Budget, 1958–59
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 21 No. 3 (released March 1958)
by Sophie R. Dales
Public Assistance Terms
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 10 (released October 1957)
Social Welfare Expenditures in the United States, 1955–56
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 10 (released October 1957)
by Ida C. Merriam
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1956
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 9 (released September 1957)
Old-Age Benefits in Current-Payment Status, December 31, 1956
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 8 (released August 1957)
Employment, Workers, and Wages Under OASDI
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 7 (released July 1957)
State and Local Government Employment Under OASDI, January 1957
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 7 (released July 1957)
by Dorothy McCamman
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance Provisions: Summary of Legislation, 1935–56
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 7 (released July 1957)
by Robert J. Myers
Elective Coverage Under Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 5 (released May 1957)
by Irwin Wolkstein
1956 Amendments to the Railroad Retirement Act
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 5 (released May 1957)
by John A. MacDougall
Old-Age Insurance Beneficiaries, January–June 1956
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 3 (released March 1957)
Proposed Social Security Budget, 1957–58
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 3 (released March 1957)
Old-Age Benefits in Current-Payment Status, by Sex of Beneficiary and State, End of 1955
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 2 (released February 1957)
Employers, Workers, and Wages Under OASI
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 2 (released February 1957)
Recipients of Old-Age Assistance: Their Requirements
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 2 (released February 1957)
by Charles E. Hawkins
Social Welfare Expenditures in the United States, 1954–55
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 10 (released October 1956)
by Ida C. Merriam
Social Security Amendments of 1956: A Summary and Legislative History
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 9 (released September 1956)
by Charles I. Schottland
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1955
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 8 (released August 1956)
State and Local Government Employment Under OASI, April 1956
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 7 (released July 1956)
Old-Age Benefits in Current-Payment Status, December 31, 1955
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 6 (released June 1956)
Employers, Workers, and Wages Under OASI
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 6 (released June 1956)
Proposed Social Security Budget, 1956–57
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 3 (released March 1956)
State and Local Government Employment Under OASI, October 1955
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 2 (released February 1956)
by Dorothy McCamman
Life Insurance in Force as Survivor Benefits Under OASI, 1955
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 2 (released February 1956)
Old-Age Insurance Benefit Awards, January–June 1955
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 2 (released February 1956)
Family Benefits in Current-Payment Status, June 30, 1955
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19 No. 1 (released January 1956)
Employers, Workers, and Wages Under OASI
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 10 (released October 1955)
Twenty Years of Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 10 (released October 1955)
by Edwin E. Witte
Social Welfare in the United States, 1934–54
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 10 (released October 1955)
by Ida C. Merriam
Old-Age Benefit Awards, 1954
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 9 (released September 1955)
Social Security Objectives and Achievements
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 8 (released August 1955)
by Wilbur J. Cohen
Significant Events, 1935–55
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 8 (released August 1955)
Old-Age and Survivors Insurance After Twenty Years
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 8 (released August 1955)
by Victor Christgau
Social Security Protection, 1935–55
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 8 (released August 1955)
by Lenore A. Epstein, Dorothy McCamman, and Alfred M. Skolnik
References on the Origin and Development of Social Security in the United States
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 8 (released August 1955)
The Social Security Act: The First Twenty Years
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 8 (released August 1955)
by Charles I. Schottland
Employers, Workers, and Wages Under OASI, April–September 1954
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 7 (released July 1955)
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1954
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 7 (released July 1955)
Old-Age Benefits in Current-Payment Status, December 31, 1954
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 6 (released June 1955)
Old-Age and Survivors Insurance: History of the Benefit Formula
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 5 (released May 1955)
by Robert J. Myers
Proposed Social Security Budget for 1955–56
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 3 (released March 1955)
Workers with Insured Status on January 1, 1955
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 2 (released February 1955)
Employers, Workers, and Wages Under OASI, January–March 1954
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 1 (released January 1955)
OASI Contributions for State and Local Government Employees
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 1 (released January 1955)
Old-Age and Survivors Insurance: Coverage Under the 1954 Amendments
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 18 No. 1 (released January 1955)
by James E. Marquis
Family Benefits in Current-Payment Status, December 31, 1953
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 9 (released September 1954)
Social Security Act Amendments of 1954: A Summary and Legislative History
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 9 (released September 1954)
by Wilbur J. Cohen, Robert M. Ball, and Robert J. Myers
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1953
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 8 (released August 1954)
Old-Age Insurance Benefits, 1953
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 7 (released July 1954)
Employers, Workers, and Wages Under OASI, April–June 1953
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 6 (released June 1954)
Old-Age Benefits in Current-Payment Status, December 31, 1953
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 6 (released June 1954)
Financial Interchange Between Railroad Retirement Program and OASI
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 5 (released May 1954)
Old-Age Assistance: Determining Extent of Children's Ability to Support
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 5 (released May 1954)
by Elizabeth Epler
Old-Age Assistance: Plan Provisions on Children's Responsibility for Parents
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 4 (released April 1954)
by Elizabeth Epler
Proposed Budget for Social Security Programs, 1954–55
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 3 (released March 1954)
Old-Age Benefits, January–June 1953
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 3 (released March 1954)
Assistance Expenditures Per Inhabitant, 1952–53
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 3 (released March 1954)
Worker Mobility During Working-Life Cycle
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 2 (released February 1954)
Workers with Insured Status on January 1, 1954
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 2 (released February 1954)
Family Benefits in Current-Payment Status, June 30, 1953
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 17 No. 1 (released January 1954)
Federal Social Security and Related Legislation, 1953
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 12 (released December 1953)
by Wilbur J. Cohen
Employers, Workers, and Wages, October 1952–March 1953
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 10 (released October 1953)
Trends in Institutional Care of the Aged
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 10 (released October 1953)
by Jacob Fisher
Family Benefits in Current-Payment Status, December 31, 1952
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 9 (released September 1953)
Extension of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance: A Summary of the Consultants' Report
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 9 (released September 1953)
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1952
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 8 (released August 1953)
Employers, Workers, and Wages, Third Quarter, 1952
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 8 (released August 1953)
Old-Age Insurance Benefits, 1952
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 7 (released July 1953)
Old-Age Benefits in Current-Payment Status, December 31, 1952
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 6 (released June 1953)
Retirement Protection for State and Local Employees: Ten Years of Growth
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 5 (released May 1953)
by Dorothy McCamman
Employers, Workers, and Wages, Second Quarter, 1952
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 5 (released May 1953)
Railroad Retirement and Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Work-History Records, 1937–50
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 4 (released April 1953)
by Irwin Wolkstein
Initial Effect of 1952 Amendments on Average OASI Monthly Benefits
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 3 (released March 1953)
New Types of Benefits, September 1950–September 1952
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 3 (released March 1953)
Workers with Insured Status on January 1, 1953
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 2 (released February 1953)
Long-Range Trends in Old-Age Assistance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 2 (released February 1953)
by Robert J. Myers
Employers, Workers, and Wages, First Quarter 1952
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 1 (released January 1953)
Old-Age Benefit Awards, January–June 1952
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 16 No. 1 (released January 1953)
OASI Benefit Formulas
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 12 (released December 1952)
Minimum Standards of Social Security: New International Convention
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 10 (released October 1952)
by Robert J. Myers
Social Security Act Amendments of 1952
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 9 (released September 1952)
by Wilbur J. Cohen
Income-Maintenance Programs for the Aged, United States and Great Britain
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 9 (released September 1952)
Employers, Workers, and Wages, Third Quarter 1951
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 8 (released August 1952)
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1951
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 8 (released August 1952)
Medical Services in the Old-Age Assistance Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 6 (released June 1952)
by Ruth White
Employers, Workers, and Wages, Second Quarter, 1951
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 5 (released May 1952)
Railroad Retirement Act Amendments of 1951: Financial and Actuarial Aspects
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 3 (released March 1952)
by Robert J. Myers
Proposed Budget for Social Security and Related Programs, 1952–53
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 3 (released March 1952)
Workers with Insured Status on January 1, 1952
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 2 (released February 1952)
Railroad Retirement Act Amendments of 1951: Benefit Provisions and Legislative History
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 2 (released February 1952)
by Robert J. Myers and Wilbur J. Cohen
Liberalized Eligibility Provisions and Old-Age Benefits, January–June 1951
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 1 (released January 1952)
Appeals Under Old-Age and Survivors Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 1 (released January 1952)
New Types of Benefits, September 1950–June 1951
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 1 (released January 1952)
Survivor Protection as of January 1, 1951
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 1 (released January 1952)
After Fifteen Years: A Report on Old-Age and Survivors Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 15 No. 1 (released January 1952)
by Oscar C. Pogge
Family Benefits in Current-Payment Status, June 30, 1951
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 12 (released December 1951)
Applicants for Account Numbers, January–March 1951
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 11 (released November 1951)
New International Convention on Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 10 (released October 1951)
by Robert J. Myers
Employers, Workers, and Wages, First Quarter, 1951
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 9 (released September 1951)
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1950
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 8 (released August 1951)
Women Workers and Their Dependents Under the 1950 Amendments
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 8 (released August 1951)
by Naomi Riches
Old-Age Benefit Awards, 1950
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 7 (released July 1951)
Employers, Workers, and Wages, October–December 1950
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 6 (released June 1951)
Amended OASI Benefit Formula
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 5 (released May 1951)
Liberalized Eligibility Provisions and Old-Age Benefits
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 5 (released May 1951)
New Types of OASI Benefits Awarded
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 5 (released May 1951)
Employer Identification Numbers Assigned, 1937–50
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 4 (released April 1951)
Workers and Dependents in the Population, 1940–50
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 4 (released April 1951)
Social Security at the Midcentury: Report for the Fiscal Year 1950
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 3 (released March 1951)
Proposed Budget for Social Security and Related Programs, 1951–52
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 3 (released March 1951)
Employers, Workers, and Wages, July–September 1950
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 3 (released March 1951)
Workers with Insured Status, Beginning of 1951
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 2 (released February 1951)
Initial Effect of Amendments on Average OASI Monthly Benefits
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 14 No. 2 (released February 1951)
Employers, Workers, and Wages, April–June 1950
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 12 (released December 1950)
Old-Age and Survivors Insurance: Coverage Under the 1950 Amendments
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 12 (released December 1950)
by George J. Leibowitz
Size of Firms Covered by Old-Age and Survivors Insurance, 1945–48
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 11 (released November 1950)
Social Security Act Amendments of 1950: A Summary and Legislative History
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 10 (released October 1950)
by Wilbur J. Cohen and Robert J. Myers
Social Security Act Amendments of 1950 in Brief
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 9 (released September 1950)
Employers, Workers, and Wages, First Quarter, 1950
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 9 (released September 1950)
Family Benefits Under Old-Age and Survivors Insurance, 1949
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 8 (released August 1950)
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1949
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 8 (released August 1950)
Primary Benefit Awards
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 7 (released July 1950)
Expenditures for Civilian Social Security and Related Public Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 7 (released July 1950)
Employers, Workers, and Wages, Fourth Quarter 1949
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 6 (released June 1950)
Proposed Budget for Social Security Programs, 1950–51
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 3 (released March 1950)
Family Benefits in Current-Payment Status, June 30, 1949
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 1–2 (released February 1950)
A Program for the Nation: Recommendations from the Annual Report
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 1–2 (released February 1950)
Employment Covered by Social Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 1–2 (released February 1950)
Workers with Permanently Insured Status on January 1, 1950
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 13 No. 1–2 (released February 1950)
Employers, Workers, and Wages, April–June 1949
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 11 (released November 1949)
Applicants for Account Numbers, April–June 1949
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 11 (released November 1949)
Social Insurance and Related Payments in 1948
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 8 (released August 1949)
Employers, Workers, and Wages, First Quarter, 1949
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 8 (released August 1949)
Employment Covered by Social Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 8 (released August 1949)
Family Benefits
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 7 (released July 1949)
Applicants for Account Numbers, 1948
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 7 (released July 1949)
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 4 (released April 1949)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
Employers, Workers, and Wages, Third Quarter, 1948
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 2 (released February 1949)
Budget Summary, 1949–50
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 2 (released February 1949)
A Comprehensive Social Security Program: Recommendations from the Annual Report
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 2 (released February 1949)
Workers with Permanently Insured Status on January 1, 1949
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 1 (released January 1949)
Social Security Recommendations: Excerpts from the President's Message
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 12 No. 1 (released January 1949)
Casting up Accounts in Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 12 (released December 1948)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
Employment Covered by Social Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 12 (released December 1948)
Trends in Recipient Rates for Old-Age Assistance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 10 (released October 1948)
by Walter M. Perkins
Size of Firms Covered by Old-Age and Survivors Insurance, March 1946
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 9 (released September 1948)
Assistance Payments in Relation to Federal Maximums
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 8 (released August 1948)
Social Insurance and Related Payments in 1947
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 8 (released August 1948)
Social Security Legislation, January-June 1948: Legislative History and Background
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 7 (released July 1948)
by Wilbur J. Cohen and James L. Calhoon
Employment Covered by Social Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 7 (released July 1948)
Primary Benefit Amounts, December 31, 1947
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 7 (released July 1948)
A Comprehensive Social Security Program: Excerpts From the President's Messages
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 11, No. 1 (released January 1948)
Ways To Improve the Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 12 (released December 1947)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
Employment Security and the Future
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 11 (released November 1947)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
Equality of Rights to Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 11 (released November 1947)
Social Security Legislation in 1947
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 9 (released September 1947)
Insurance Payments to Survivors of the Texas City Disaster
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 9 (released September 1947)
by Robert J. Myers
Earners and Dependents in Urban Families in Relation to Family Income
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 4 (released April 1947)
by Jacob Fisher
Social Security Recommendations
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 12 (released December 1946)
The Need for Social Security in the Postwar World
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 11 (released November 1946)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
Social Security Act Amendments of 1946
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 9 (released September 1946)
by Angela J. Murray
Community Prerogative and the Legal Rights and Freedom of the Individual
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 8 (released August 1946)
by A. Delafield Smith
The Appeals System in Old-Age and Survivors Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 7 (released July 1946)
by Ernest R. Burton
The Administrative Review in Federal-State Social Security Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 7 (released July 1946)
by William L. Mitchell
Improving Old-Age and Survivors Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 3 (released March 1946)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
Issues in Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 9, No. 2 (released February 1946)
Facing Forward to Peace: Recommendations of the Social Security Board in Its Tenth Annual Report
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 12 (released December 1945)
Trends in Old-Age Insurance and Old-Age Assistance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 9 (released September 1945)
by Merrill G. Murray and Elinor Pancoast
Milestones in the Development of the Social Security Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 8 (released August 1945)
Old-Age and Survivors Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 8 (released August 1945)
The First Decade in Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 8 (released August 1945)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
Ten Years in Review
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 8 (released August 1945)
Merit Systems in the Social Security Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 2 (released February 1945)
by Oscar M. Powell
Social Security During and After the War: Recommendations of the Board's Ninth Annual Report
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 7, No. 12 (released December 1944)
State Differences in Insurance Status Under Old-Age and Survivors Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 7, No. 8 (released August 1944)
by George H. Trafton and Leonard H. Feinroth
The Desirability of Extending Social Security to Employees of Nonprofit Institutions
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 7, No. 8 (released August 1944)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
Uninsured Workers With Wage Credits Under Old-Age and Survivors Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 7, No. 6 (released June 1944)
by George H. Trafton
The "Why" Survey of the Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 7, No. 3 (released March 1944)
by Roy E. Touchet
A Basic Minimum Program of Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 7, No. 1 (released January 1944)
The Basic Skill in Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 7, No. 1 (released January 1944)
by Karl de Schweinitz
Fact Finding in the Field Office
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 7, No. 1 (released January 1944)
by Ralph Gower
Social Security and the Armed Forces
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 11 (released November 1943)
Adjusting Administration to War Time
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 11 (released November 1943)
by Oscar M. Powell
Old-Age and Survivors Insurance for Small Businessmen
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 10 (released October 1943)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
Relationships of Home Relief to Private Employment and to Other Public Programs in New York City, 1940-42
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 3 (released March 1943)
by Elizabeth Epler
Extending the Social Security Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 3 (released March 1943)
Social Security and Post-War Planning
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 5, No. 12 (released December 1942)
by George E. Bigge
Desirability of Expanding the Social Insurance Program Now
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 5, No. 11 (released November 1942)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
The First Inter-American Conference on Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 5, No. 10 (released October 1942)
by Wilbur J. Cohen
Wages in Place of Benefits
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 5, No. 10 (released October 1942)
by Elizabeth Paschal and Elizabeth Koellner
Family Composition of Workers Represented in Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Claims
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 12 (released December 1941)
by George E. Immerwahr
Employment Characteristics of Interstate Workers in Covered Employment in 1938
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 12 (released December 1941)
by Ida C. Merriam and Elizabeth Bliss McClelland
Marital and Parental Status According to Age
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 11 (released November 1941)
by Robert J. Myers and Eugene A. Rasor
Insured Status Under Old-Age and Survivors Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 11 (released November 1941)
by Michael T. Wermel and Benjamin Mandel
Intake Practices in Local Public Assistance Agencies
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 10 (released October 1941)
by Margaret Leahy
Workers With Annual Taxable Wages of Less Than $200 in 1937-39
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 10 (released October 1941)
by Wayne F. Caskey
Effect of Increased Federal Participation in Payments for Old-Age Assistance in 1940
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 6 (released June 1941)
Employees and Their Wages Under Old-Age and Survivors Insurance, 1937-39
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 4 (released April 1941)
by John J. Corson
The Administration of General Relief in the States During 1940
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 3 (released March 1941)
by Dorothy R. Bucklin and Alden J. Teske
Movement of Workers Into and Out of Covered Employment, 1937 and 1938
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 2 (released February 1941)
by Merrill G. Murray and Michael T. Wermel
Distribution Patterns in Old-Age Assistance Payments Approved in 1938-39
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 1 (released January 1941)
Characteristics of Employees Under Old-Age Insurance in 1938
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 12 (released December 1940)
by John J. Corson
Higher Education Institutions and the Social Security Act
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 12 (released December 1940)
by Merrill G. Murray and Ilse M. Smith
Who Are the People Receiving Aid to the Blind and How Much Assistance Are They Receiving?
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 9 (released September 1940)
by Anne E. Geddes
Adequacy of Benefit Duration in Michigan, 1938-39: A Survey of Experience in a Minor Depression
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 9 (released September 1940)
by Paul L. Stanchfield
Wage Reports Must Be Right
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 8 (released August 1940)
by Philip S. Broughton
Social Security in Relation to Agriculture and Rural Areas
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 7 (released July 1940)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
Hearing and Review of Claims and Wage-Record Cases Under Old-Age and Survivors Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 7 (released July 1940)
by Irving Ladimer
Volume and Disposition of New Claims for Benefits in 1939
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 6 (released June 1940)
by Charles V. Kidd and Enid B. Francis
Old-Age and Survivors Insurance in its Relation to Public Employees
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 5 (released May 1940)
by D. C. Bronson
Interviewing
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 4 (released April 1940)
by Alice J. Webber
Social Insurance Payments in the United States
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 3 (released March 1940)
by Ruth Reticker
Industrial and Occupational Classifications of Third-Quarter Placements
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 1 (released January 1940)
Estimates of Persons with 1937 Wage Credits Who Attain Age 65 in Specified Years
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 12 (released December 1939)
by Robert J. Myers
Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance: A Summary of the 1939 Amendments
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 12 (released December 1939)
Public Relations in the Administration of Social Legislation
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 10 (released October 1939)
by Robert Huse
State Differences in Characteristics and Average Taxable Wages of Covered Employees, 1937
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 9 (released September 1939)
by Merrill G. Murray and Katherine D. Wood
Applicants for Account Numbers, by Age, Sex, and Color, January-March 1939
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 8 (released August 1939)
by Willard C. Smith and Katherine D. Wood
Estimated Numbers of Persons in Employments Excluded from Old-Age Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 2 (released February 1939)
by Harry J. Winslow and William K. Shaughnessy
Merit-System Standards in Social Security Administration
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 2 (released February 1939)
by Albert H. Aronson
Proposed Changes in the Social Security Act
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 1 (released January 1939)
Analysis of Grants to 586,000 Recipients of Old-Age Assistance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 11 (released November 1938)
Wages and Employment Under the Old-Age Insurance Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 9 (released September 1938)
by John J. Corson
Age, Sex, and Color of Applicants for Account Numbers
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 9 (released September 1938)
Three Years' Progress Toward Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 8 (released August 1938)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer
A New American Reality
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 8 (released August 1938)
by Frank Bane
Accounting Operations of the Bureau of Old-Age Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 6 (released June 1938)
by Joseph L. Fay and Max J. Wasserman
Administering Old-Age Insurance
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 5 (released May 1938)
by John J. Corson
Social Security and the Social Services
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 1–3 (released March 1938)
by Arthur J. Altmeyer