Medicare (Hospital Insurance, Part A)

Longitudinal Patterns of Medicaid and Medicare Coverage Among Disability Cash Benefit Awardees
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 72 No. 3 (released August 2012)
by Kalman Rupp and Gerald F. Riley

This article analyzes the effect of longitudinal interactions between the Disability Insurance (DI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) programs in providing access to Medicare and Medicaid, using a sample of administrative records spanning 84 months. Our study is the first effort to link and analyze record data on participation in all four of these major, and highly interrelated, public benefit programs in the United States. We find that SSI facilitates high levels of Medicaid coverage for SSI awardees overall and provides access to Medicaid for many DI awardees during the 24-month Medicare waiting period. Many people who exit SSI retain their Medicaid coverage, but the gap in coverage between continuing SSI participants and those who leave the program increases over time. After Medicare kicks in, public health insurance coverage is virtually complete among awardees with some DI involvement, including dual Medicaid and Medicare coverage for some.

Military Veterans and Social Security: 2010 Update
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 2 (released May 2011)
by Anya Olsen and Samantha O'Leary

More than one 1 of 5 adult Social Security beneficiaries has served in the military, and veterans and their families comprise 35 percent of the beneficiary population. Using data from the March 2010 Current Population Survey (CPS), this article presents the sociodemographic characteristics of the veteran beneficiary and the total veteran populations. The article draws comparisons with findings from the March 2000 CPS and the March 2004 CPS, and describes trends in the size and demographic makeup of the veteran population using data from the Department of Veterans Affairs' VetPop2007 projection model.

Using Matched Survey and Administrative Data to Estimate Eligibility for the Medicare Part D Low-Income Subsidy Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 70 No. 2 (released May 2010)
by Erik Meijer, Lynn A. Karoly, and Pierre-Carl Michaud

This article uses matched survey and administrative data to estimate, as of 2006, the size of the population eligible for the Low-Income Subsidy (LIS), which was designed to provide "extra help" with premiums, deductibles, and copayments for Medicare Part D beneficiaries with low income and limited assets. The authors employ individual-level data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation and the Health and Retirement Study to cover the potentially LIS-eligible noninstitutionalized and institutionalized populations of all ages. The survey data are matched to Social Security administrative data to improve on potentially error-ridden survey measures of income components and program participation.

Disability Benefit Coverage and Program Interactions in the Working-Age Population
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 68 No. 1 (released August 2008)
by Kalman Rupp, Paul S. Davies, and Alexander Strand

It is widely known that about three-fourths of the working-age population is insured for Disability Insurance (DI), but the substantial role played by the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program in providing disability benefit coverage is not well understood. Using data from the 1996 panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) we find that over one-third (36 percent) of the working-age population is covered by SSI in the event of a severe disability. Three important implications follow: (1) SSI increases the overall coverage of the working-age population; (2) SSI enhances the bundle of cash benefits available to disabled individuals; and (3) interactions with other public programs—most notably the SSI path to Medicaid coverage—also enhance the safety net. Ignoring these implications could lead to inaccurate inferences in analytic studies.

Characteristics of Noninstitutionalized DI and SSI Program Participants
Research and Statistics Note No. 2008-02 (released January 2008)
by Anne DeCesaro and Jeffrey Hemmeter
Medicare Premium Buy-in Programs: Results of SSA Demonstration Projects
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 63 No. 3 (released July 2001)
by Mark Nadel, Lisa Alecxih, Rene Parent, and James Sears

In response to a Congressional mandate, SSA tested six different techniques to increase enrollment in programs that pay some Medicare expenses, such as premiums, for low-income individuals. This article describes these outreach projects, provides estimates of the eligible population, and discusses what could be expected for future efforts based on the results of the project.

Eligibility for the Medicare Buy-in Programs, Based on a Survey of Income and Program Participation Simulation
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 63 No. 3 (released July 2001)
by Kalman Rupp and James Sears

Fewer people appear eligible for Medicare buy-in programs than most earlier research indicated, implying that participation rates may be higher than previously believed. The authors estimate a 63 percent rate of participation among those eligible for the combined Qualified Medicare Beneficiary and Specified Low-Income Medicare Beneficiary programs in 1999. The estimates are based on Survey of Income and Program Participation data matched to the Social Security Administration's administrative records. The matched data provide information of better quality than the data used in previous studies.

Summary of Legislation of Interest to SSA Enacted During the 103rd Congress
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 4 (released October 1994)

During the 103rd Congress, some 400 bills of interest to SSA were introduced. Of these, nine that affect SSA programs were enacted. This note covers these enactments.

Social Welfare Legislation, 1993
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57 No. 2 (released April 1994)
by Rita L. DiSimone
Income, Assets, and Health Insurance: Economic Resources for Meeting Acute Health Care Needs of the Aged
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55 No. 1 (released January 1992)
by Linda Del Bene and Denton R. Vaughan
Medicare Costs Prior to Retirement for Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 54 No. 4 (released April 1991)
by Barry V. Bye, Janice M. Dykacz, John C. Hennessey, and Gerald F. Riley
Social Security Related Legislation in 1989
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 53 No. 5 (released May 1990)
Eliminating the Medicare Waiting Period for Social Security Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 52 No. 5 (released May 1989)
by Barry V. Bye and Gerald F. Riley
Statistical Methods for the Estimation of Costs in the Medicare Waiting Period for Social Security Disabled Worker Beneficiaries
ORES Working Paper No. 37 (released March 1989)
by Barry V. Bye and Gerald F. Riley

This paper presents the statistical methods used to estimate Medicare costs in the waiting period that were presented in text tables 2–3 of Bye and Riley (1989). The first part describes the development of Medicare utilization equations for each Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) program status group. The second part describes how these equations were used to predict expected costs per month and how the monthly estimates were aggregated to yield estimates of costs in the full 2-year waiting period and in the second year only. Finally, there is a brief discussion of the accuracy of the predictions.

Medicare Utilization by Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries: A Longitudinal Analysis
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50 No. 12 (released December 1987)
by Barry V. Bye, Gerald F. Riley, and James Lubitz
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 49 No. 8 (released August 1986)
by Mary Ross and Carol Hayes
Deficit Reduction Act of 1984: Provisions Related to the Medicare and Medicaid Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 47 No. 11 (released November 1984)
Utilization of Medicaid Services by AFDC Recipients
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 46 No. 6 (released June 1983)
by Henrietta J. Duvall
Medicare Patients: Geographic Differences in Hospital Discharge Rates and Multiple Stays
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 6 (released June 1977)
by Marian Gornick
Ten Years of Medicare: Impact on the Covered Population
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 39 No. 7 (released July 1976)
by Marian Gornick
Medicare Patients: Regional Differences in Length of Hospital Stays, 1969–71
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 7 (released July 1975)
by Marian Gornick
Medicare, Number of Persons Insured, July 1,1973
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 6 (released June 1975)
by Martin Ruther
Some Aspects of Medicare Experience With Group-Practice Prepayment Plans
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 38 No. 3 (released March 1975)
by Mildred Corbin and Aaron Krute
HIP Incentive Reimbursement Experiment: Utilization and Costs of Medical Care, 1969 and 1970
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 37 No. 12 (released December 1974)
by Ellen W. Jones, Paul M. Densen, Isidore Altman, Sam Shapiro, and Howard West
An Analysis of Medicare Administrative Costs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 37 No. 8 (released August 1974)
by Ronald J. Vogel and Roger D. Blair
Disability Beneficiaries Eligible for Medicare
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 37 No. 7 (released July 1974)
by Martin Ruther
The Financial Position of Private Community Hospitals, 1961–71
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 36 No. 11 (released November 1973)
by Julian H. Pettengill
Impact of Cost-Sharing on Use of Ambulatory Services Under Medicare, 1969
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 36 No. 10 (released October 1973)
by Evelyn Peel and Jack Scharff
Meeting the SMI Deductible Under Medicare, 1966–70
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 36 No. 9 (released September 1973)
Hospital Costs and the Medicare Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 36 No. 8 (released August 1973)
by Karen Davis
Medical Care Price Changes Under The Economic Stabilization Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 36 No. 6 (released June 1973)
by Loucele A. Horowitz
Age Differences in Medical Care Spending, Fiscal Year 1972
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 36 No. 5 (released May 1973)
by Barbara S. Cooper and Nancy L. Worthington
Utilization and Reimbursements Under Medicare for 1967 and 1968 Decedents
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 36 No. 5 (released May 1973)
by Paula A. Piro and Theodore Lutins
Community Hospital Expenses and Revenues: Pre-Medicare Inflation
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 35 No. 10 (released October 1972)
by Karen Davis
Trends in Hospital Use by the Aged
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 35 No. 7 (released July 1972)
by Julian H. Pettengill
Effect of Changing Technology on Hospital Costs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 35 No. 5 (released May 1972)
by Saul Waldman
Medical Care Price Changes in Medicare's First Five Years
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 35 No. 3 (released March 1972)
by Loucele A. Horowitz
Five Years of Medicare—A Statistical Review
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 12 (released December 1971)
by Howard West
Medicare Reimbursement for Services in 1967
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 8 (released August 1971)
Early Effects of Medicare on the Health Care of the Aged
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 4 (released April 1971)
by Regina Loewenstein
Use of Medical Services Under Medicare
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34 No. 3 (released March 1971)
by Jerome Green and Jack Scharff
Medical Care Outlays for Aged and Nonaged Persons, 1966–69
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 33 No. 7 (released July 1970)
by Barbara S. Cooper
Medical Care Costs of the Disabled
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 33 No. 7 (released July 1970)
by Henry P. Brehm and Robert H. Cormier
Current Medicare Survey: Hospital Insurance Sample
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 11 (released November 1969)
by Sara Jane Peterson
Medical Care Outlays for Aged and Nonaged Persons, 1966–68
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 9 (released September 1969)
by Dorothy P. Rice and Barbara S. Cooper
Medical Care and Health Insurance Coverage: Their Use by Disabled Adults
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 6 (released June 1969)
by Mildred E. Cinsky and Gertrude Stanley
Medicare Discharged Patients, July 1–December 31, 1966
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 5 (released May 1969)
by Ida L. Hellman
Medical Prices and Their Control
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 3 (released March 1969)
by Robert M. Ball
Persons Insured Under Medicare, July 1, 1967
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32 No. 3 (released March 1969)
by Harry L. Savitt
Medical Care Price Changes in Medicare's First Two Years
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 11 (released November 1968)
by Dorothy P. Rice and Loucele A. Horowitz
Utilization and Cost of General Hospital Care: Canada and the United States, 1948–66
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 11 (released November 1968)
by Louis S. Reed and Willine Carr
Financial Position of Hospitals in the Early Medicare Period
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 10 (released October 1968)
by Paul J. Feldstein and Saul Waldman
Medicare and Federal Employees Health Benefits Programs: Their Coordination
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 9 (released September 1968)
by Louis S. Reed
Medical Care Price Changes in Medicare's First Year
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 1 (released January 1968)
by Loucele A. Horowitz
Health Insurance for the Aged: Participating Home Health Agencies
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 9 (released September 1967)
by David Allen
Health Insurance Coverage Complementary to Medicare
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 8 (released August 1967)
by Louis S. Reed and Kathleen Myers
Trends in Medical Care Prices
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 7 (released July 1967)
by Dorothy P. Rice and Loucele A. Horowitz
Medicare's First Year
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 7 (released July 1967)
by Robert M. Ball
Medicare's Early Months: A Program Round-Up
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 7 (released July 1967)
by Arthur E. Hess
The Positive Impact of Medicare on the Nation's Health Care Systems
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 7 (released July 1967)
by William H. Stewart
Health Insurance for the Aged: Participating Extended-Care Facilities
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 6 (released June 1967)
by David Allen
Health Insurance for the Aged: Claims Reimbursed for Hospital and Medical Services
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 5 (released May 1967)
Current Medicare Survey: The Medical Insurance Sample
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 4 (released April 1967)
by Jack Scharff
Enrollment in the Health Insurance Program for the Aged
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 3 (released March 1967)
Health Insurance for the Aged: The Statistical Program
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 30 No. 1 (released January 1967)
by Howard West
Employee-Benefit Plan Adjustments to Health Insurance for the Aged
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 29 No. 7 (released July 1966)
by Kathleen Myers
Health Insurance for People Aged 65 and Over: First Steps in Administration
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 29 No. 2 (released February 1966)
by Robert M. Ball
Hospital Insurance, Supplementary Medical Insurance, and Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance: Financing Basis Under the 1965 Amendments
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 10 (released October 1965)
by Robert J. Myers and Francisco Bayo
Private Consumer Expenditures for Medical Care and Voluntary Health Insurance, 1948–63
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 27 No. 12 (released December 1964)
by Louis S. Reed
Private Consumer Expenditures for Medical Care and Voluntary Health Insurance, 1948–62
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 26 No. 12 (released December 1963)
by Louis S. Reed and Dorothy P. Rice
Medical Care Costs of Aged OASI Beneficiaries: Highlights from Preliminary Data, 1957 Survey
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 22 No. 4 (released April 1959)
Medicare: Uniformed Services Program for Dependents
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 20 No. 7 (released July 1957)
by Paul I. Robinson