Annual Statistical Supplement, 2012

 

Social Welfare and the Economy

Poverty

Table 3.E1 Weighted average poverty thresholds for nonfarm families, by size, 1959–2011 (in dollars)
Year Unrelated individuals Families Annual average CPI a
2 persons 3 persons 4 persons 5 persons 6 persons 7 persons 8 persons 9 persons or more
All ages Under age 65 Aged 65 or older All ages Householder under age 65 Householder aged 65 or older
1959 1,467 1,503 1,397 1,894 1,952 1,761 2,324 2,973 3,506 3,944 . . . . . . . . . 29.2
1960 1,490 1,526 1,418 1,924 1,982 1,788 2,359 3,022 3,560 4,002 . . . . . . . . . 29.6
1961 1,506 1,545 1,433 1,942 2,005 1,808 2,383 3,054 3,597 4,041 . . . . . . . . . 29.9
1962 1,519 1,562 1,451 1,962 2,027 1,828 2,412 3,089 3,639 4,088 . . . . . . . . . 30.3
1963 1,539 1,581 1,470 1,988 2,052 1,850 2,442 3,128 3,685 4,135 . . . . . . . . . 30.6
1964 1,558 1,601 1,488 2,015 2,079 1,875 2,473 3,169 3,732 4,193 . . . . . . . . . 31.0
1965 1,582 1,626 1,512 2,048 2,114 1,906 2,514 3,223 3,797 4,264 . . . . . . . . . 31.5
1966 1,628 1,674 1,556 2,107 2,175 1,961 2,588 3,317 3,908 4,388 . . . . . . . . . 32.5
1967 1,675 1,722 1,600 2,168 2,238 2,017 2,661 3,410 4,019 4,516 . . . . . . . . . 33.4
1968 1,748 1,797 1,667 2,262 2,333 2,102 2,774 3,553 4,188 4,706 . . . . . . . . . 34.8
1969 1,840 1,893 1,757 2,383 2,458 2,215 2,924 3,743 4,415 4,958 . . . . . . . . . 36.7
1970 1,954 2,010 1,861 2,525 2,604 2,348 3,099 3,968 4,680 5,260 . . . . . . . . . 38.8
1971 2,040 2,098 1,940 2,633 2,716 2,448 3,229 4,137 4,880 5,489 . . . . . . . . . 40.5
1972 2,109 2,168 2,005 2,724 2,808 2,530 3,339 4,275 5,044 5,673 . . . . . . . . . 41.8
1973 2,247 2,307 2,130 2,895 2,984 2,688 3,548 4,540 5,358 6,028 . . . . . . . . . 44.4
1974 2,495 2,562 2,364 3,211 3,312 2,982 3,936 5,038 5,950 6,699 . . . . . . . . . 49.3
1975 2,724 2,797 2,581 3,506 3,617 3,257 4,293 5,500 6,499 7,316 . . . . . . . . . 53.8
1976 2,884 2,959 2,730 3,711 3,826 3,445 4,540 5,815 6,876 7,760 . . . . . . . . . 56.9
1977 3,075 3,152 2,906 3,951 4,072 3,666 4,833 6,191 7,320 8,261 . . . . . . . . . 60.6
1978 3,311 3,392 3,127 4,249 4,383 3,944 5,201 6,662 7,880 8,891 . . . . . . . . . 65.2
1979 3,689 3,778 3,479 4,725 4,878 4,390 5,784 7,412 8,775 9,914 . . . . . . . . . 72.6
1980 4,190 4,290 3,949 5,363 5,537 4,983 6,565 8,414 9,966 11,269 12,761 14,199 16,896 82.4
1981 4,620 4,729 4,359 5,917 6,111 5,498 7,250 9,287 11,007 12,449 14,110 15,655 18,572 90.9
1982 4,901 5,019 4,626 6,281 6,487 5,836 7,693 9,862 11,684 13,207 15,036 16,719 19,698 96.5
1983 5,061 5,180 4,775 6,483 6,697 6,023 7,938 10,178 12,049 13,630 15,500 17,170 20,310 99.6
1984 5,278 5,400 4,979 6,762 6,983 6,282 8,277 10,609 12,566 14,207 16,096 17,961 21,247 103.9
1985 5,469 5,593 5,156 6,998 7,231 6,503 8,573 10,989 13,007 14,696 16,656 18,512 22,083 107.6
1986 5,572 5,701 5,255 7,138 7,372 6,630 8,737 11,203 13,259 14,986 17,049 18,791 22,497 109.6
1987 5,778 5,909 5,447 7,397 7,641 6,872 9,056 11,611 13,737 15,509 17,649 19,515 23,105 113.6
1988 6,022 6,155 5,674 7,704 7,958 7,157 9,435 12,092 14,304 16,146 18,232 20,253 24,129 118.3
1989 6,310 6,451 5,947 8,076 8,343 7,501 9,885 12,674 14,990 16,921 19,162 21,328 25,480 124.0
1990 6,652 6,800 6,268 8,509 8,794 7,905 10,419 13,359 15,792 17,839 20,241 22,582 26,848 130.7
1991 6,932 7,086 6,532 8,865 9,165 8,241 10,860 13,924 16,456 18,587 21,058 23,605 27,942 136.2
1992 7,143 7,299 6,729 9,137 9,443 8,487 11,186 14,335 16,952 19,137 21,594 24,053 28,745 140.3
1993 7,363 7,518 6,930 9,414 9,728 8,740 11,522 14,763 17,449 19,718 22,383 24,838 29,529 144.5
1994 7,547 7,710 7,108 9,661 9,976 8,967 11,821 15,141 17,900 20,235 22,923 25,427 30,300 148.2
1995 7,763 7,929 7,309 9,933 10,259 9,219 12,158 15,569 18,408 20,804 23,552 26,237 31,280 152.4
1996 7,995 8,163 7,525 10,233 10,564 9,491 12,516 16,036 18,952 21,389 24,268 27,091 31,971 156.9
1997 8,183 8,350 7,698 10,473 10,805 9,712 12,802 16,400 19,380 21,886 24,802 27,593 32,566 160.5
1998 8,316 8,480 7,818 10,634 10,972 9,862 13,003 16,660 19,680 22,228 25,257 28,166 33,339 163.0
1999 8,501 8,667 7,990 10,869 11,214 10,075 13,290 17,029 20,127 22,727 25,912 28,967 34,417 166.6
2000 8,794 8,959 8,259 11,239 11,590 10,419 13,738 17,603 20,819 23,528 26,754 29,701 35,060 172.2
2001 9,039 9,214 8,494 11,569 11,920 10,715 14,128 18,104 21,405 24,195 27,517 30,627 36,286 177.1
2002 9,183 9,359 8,628 11,756 12,110 10,885 14,348 18,392 21,744 24,576 28,001 30,907 37,062 179.9
2003 9,393 9,573 8,825 12,015 12,384 11,133 14,680 18,810 22,245 25,122 28,544 31,589 37,656 184.0
2004 9,645 9,827 9,060 12,334 12,714 11,430 15,067 19,307 22,831 25,788 29,236 32,641 39,048 188.9
2005 9,973 10,160 9,367 12,755 13,145 11,815 15,577 19,971 23,613 26,683 30,249 33,610 40,288 195.3
2006 10,294 10,488 9,669 13,167 13,569 12,201 16,079 20,614 24,382 27,560 31,205 34,774 41,499 201.6
2007 10,590 10,787 9,944 13,540 13,954 12,550 16,530 21,203 25,080 28,323 32,233 35,816 42,739 207.3
2008 10,991 11,201 10,326 14,051 14,489 13,030 17,163 22,025 26,049 29,456 33,529 37,220 44,346 215.3
2009 10,956 11,161 10,289 13,991 14,439 12,982 17,098 21,954 25,991 29,405 33,372 37,252 44,366 214.5
2010 11,139 11,344 10,458 14,218 14,676 13,194 17,374 22,314 26,439 29,897 34,009 37,934 45,220 218.1
2011 11,484 11,702 10,788 14,657 15,139 13,609 17,916 23,021 27,251 30,847 35,085 39,064 46,572 224.9
SOURCE: Census Bureau, Current Population Survey.
NOTES: CPI = Consumer Price Index; . . . = not applicable.
Poverty thresholds in dollars for larger families before 1981 are:
Year 7 persons
or more
1959 4,849
1960 4,921
1961 4,967
1962 5,032
1963 5,092
1964 5,156
1965 5,248
1966 5,395
1967 5,550
1968 5,789
1969 6,101
1970 6,468
1971 6,751
1972 6,983
1973 7,435
1974 8,253
1975 9,022
1976 9,588
1977 10,216
1978 11,002
1979 12,280
1980 13,955
 
Beginning with poverty reports for 1981, the Census Bureau discontinued making distinctions based on householder's sex or between farm and nonfarm families of the same size and composition. Additionally, larger Current Population Survey samples permitted separate poverty income criteria for families of 7, 8, and 9 or more persons. The Social Security Administration developed separate criteria for these larger families by number of children for the base year 1978 on the same basis as the original poverty matrix for smaller families, and has since updated the criteria by means of the all-items CPI. For additional details, see Census Bureau's Current Population Reports Series P-60, No. 133, "Characteristics of the Population Below the Poverty Level, 1980."
a. Beginning in January 1978, the Bureau of Labor Statistics introduced a new price index for all urban consumers (CPI-U) for all items (1982–1984 = 100) that forms a continuous series with the earlier index for urban wage earners and for clerical workers as of December 1977.
CONTACT: Bernadette D. Proctor (301) 763-3213 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 3.E2 Number and percentage of poor persons, by age, at end of selected years 1959–2011
Age and family status a 1959 1970 1980 1990 b 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011
Total population c (millions)
All ages 176.5 202.5 225.0 248.6 263.7 275.9 293.1 305.7 308.5
Children under 18 in families— 64.0 69.9 62.2 64.9 70.3 70.6 72.0 73.0 72.4
With male householder d 58.3 60.8 50.6 49.5 52.1 54.5 54.4 53.5 52.5
With female householder 5.7 9.0 11.5 15.4 18.2 16.1 17.6 19.6 19.9
18–54 e 81.0 94.9 116.3 132.3 140.7 147.4 153.6 155.1 155.3
55–64 15.5 18.4 21.7 21.3 21.1 23.8 31.0 37.0 38.0
65 or older 15.6 19.3 24.7 30.1 31.7 33.0 35.5 39.2 41.5
In families 11.9 13.4 16.7 20.1 21.1 22.3 23.8 26.6 28.5
Unrelated individuals 3.7 5.8 8.0 10.0 10.6 10.7 11.7 12.5 13.0
Men 1.2 1.4 1.7 2.3 2.7 2.9 3.4 3.9 4.1
Women 2.5 4.4 6.3 7.7 7.9 7.8 8.3 8.6 8.9
Number poor c (millions)
All ages 39.5 25.3 29.3 33.6 36.4 31.1 36.9 46.2 46.3
Children under 18 in families— 17.2 10.5 11.1 13.3 14.4 11.1 12.3 15.7 15.5
With male householder d 13.1 5.7 5.2 5.3 5.6 4.9 5.0 6.9 6.4
With female householder 4.1 4.8 5.9 8.0 8.9 6.2 7.3 8.8 9.1
18–54 e 13.4 8.2 12.2 14.6 16.5 14.1 18.0 22.6 22.5
55–64 3.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.7 3.7 4.1
65 or older 5.5 4.7 3.9 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.6
In families 3.2 2.0 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.4
Unrelated individuals 2.3 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.2
Men 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5
Women 1.6 2.2 2.0 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.7
Percentage poor c
All ages 22.4 12.6 13.0 13.5 13.8 11.3 12.6 15.1 15.0
Children under 18 in families— 26.9 15.0 17.9 20.5 20.5 15.7 17.1 21.4 21.4
With male householder d 22.4 9.3 10.4 10.7 10.7 8.9 9.2 12.8 12.1
With female householder 72.2 53.4 50.8 52.1 48.6 38.4 41.6 45.0 45.8
18–54 e 16.5 8.7 10.5 11.0 11.7 9.6 11.7 14.6 14.5
55–64 21.5 11.4 9.5 9.7 10.2 9.4 8.7 10.1 10.7
65 or older 35.2 24.6 15.7 12.2 10.5 10.2 10.1 9.0 8.7
In families 26.9 14.7 8.5 5.9 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.3 5.0
Unrelated individuals 61.9 47.1 30.6 24.8 21.4 20.8 19.5 16.7 16.7
Men 59.0 38.9 24.4 17.3 14.3 18.3 15.6 14.6 12.8
Women 63.3 49.7 32.3 26.9 23.8 21.8 21.1 17.7 18.5
SOURCES: Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, public-use file of the March 2012 Income Supplement. Data for 1970 are based on the 1970 Census of Population controls.
NOTES: Table includes civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers and percentages, see Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60.
a. Income and poverty status refer to the calendar year shown; family status is as of March of the succeeding year.
b. Based on revised methodology.
c. Includes armed forces in the United States living off post or with families on post. Excludes unrelated individuals under age 16.
d. Includes children in families with both spouses present and in families with male householder with no spouse present.
e. Includes persons under age 18 listed as unrelated individual, family householder, spouse of householder, or other family member.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 3.E3 Shares of money income from earnings and other sources for aged and nonaged families, 2011
Type of money income received during year Aged family units Nonaged family units
Individuals aged 65 or older living alone or with nonrelatives only Multiperson families with householder aged 65 or older Individuals under age 65 living alone or with nonrelatives only Multiperson families with householder under age 65
Total Poor a Nonpoor Total Poor a Nonpoor Total Poor a Nonpoor Total Poor a Nonpoor
Number of families and unrelated individuals (millions) 13.0 2.2 10.8 14.4 0.7 13.7 41.3 10.3 31.0 66.1 8.8 57.3
Percentage receiving income of specified type b
Earnings 17.8 4.0 20.3 47.1 18.5 48.4 82.4 48.8 90.2 92.9 68.6 96.2
Public program payments
Social Security c 89.8 83.6 91.0 89.6 71.6 90.4 8.4 15.7 6.7 12.6 13.3 12.5
Supplemental Security Income 4.5 17.3 2.2 4.5 16.3 4.0 4.6 16.8 1.8 3.9 10.6 3.0
Other public assistance 2.6 3.5 2.4 3.5 5.0 3.5 10.0 19.8 7.8 12.8 23.5 11.4
Other programs d 4.7 0.7 5.4 10.0 4.7 10.2 8.8 8.4 8.9 12.5 11.6 12.7
Other sources
Dividends, interest, rent 49.7 21.8 54.8 62.2 26.6 63.9 38.4 18.7 43.0 48.8 11.0 53.9
Employment-related pensions, alimony, annuities 39.7 6.0 45.8 51.0 13.4 52.8 6.5 4.6 6.9 14.6 15.6 14.4
Percentage distribution of income, by type
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Earnings 21.1 2.2 22.0 39.3 13.1 39.5 87.1 42.2 88.5 89.5 65.5 89.9
Public program payments
Social Security c 43.1 82.3 41.4 30.9 64.8 30.7 2.5 19.2 2.0 2.3 9.9 2.1
Supplemental Security Income 0.8 10.8 0.4 0.5 9.6 0.5 0.9 17.6 0.4 0.4 6.4 0.3
Other public assistance 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 1.6 0.4 1.9 10.1 1.6 1.0 7.3 0.9
Other programs d 1.8 0.2 1.9 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.8 6.0 1.7 1.3 5.6 1.2
Other sources
Dividends, interest, rent 11.1 1.4 11.5 9.5 2.6 9.6 2.8 1.6 2.8 2.8 0.7 2.8
Employment-related pensions, alimony, annuities 21.4 2.5 22.3 17.7 6.6 17.8 3.0 3.2 2.9 2.8 4.6 2.8
Median income (dollars) 19,704 8,886 22,842 49,096 11,765 50,924 30,000 7,313 35,075 65,000 12,000 74,000
SOURCE: Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, public-use file of the March 2012 Income Supplement.
NOTES: Table includes civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers and percentages, see Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60.
a. Poverty status based on money income of all family members after receipt of Social Security and any other cash transfer payments.
b. Received by individuals or any family member at any time during 2011. Most individuals or families received more than one type of income during the year.
c. Social Security may include more than one type of income during the year.
d. Unemployment insurance, workers' compensation, or veterans' payments.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 3.E4 Current living arrangements of persons aged 65 or older, by sex and poverty status, March 2012
Living arrangement Population (thousands) Percentage distribution Percentage officially poor
Total Poor Nonpoor Total Poor Nonpoor
All persons aged 65 or older
Total 41,507 3,620 37,886 100.0 100.0 100.0 8.7
Unrelated individuals 13,017 2,187 10,830 31.4 60.4 28.6 16.8
Family members 28,490 1,434 27,057 68.6 39.6 71.4 5.0
Householder or spouse 26,111 1,225 24,885 62.9 33.8 65.7 4.7
Other relative a 2,380 208 2,171 5.7 5.7 5.7 8.7
Poor by own income 1,038 158 880 2.5 4.4 2.3 15.2
Not poor by own income 1,342 50 1,292 3.2 1.4 3.4 3.7
Men
Subtotal 18,332 1,134 17,198 44.2 31.3 45.4 6.2
Unrelated individuals 4,069 525 3,544 9.8 14.5 9.4 12.9
Family members 14,263 610 13,654 34.4 16.8 36.0 4.3
Householder 8,968 336 8,632 21.6 9.3 22.8 3.7
Spouse of householder 4,825 228 4,597 11.6 6.3 12.1 4.7
Other relative a 471 46 425 1.1 1.3 1.1 9.8
Poor by own income 176 35 141 0.4 1.0 0.4 20.1
Not poor by own income 295 11 284 0.7 0.3 0.8 3.6
Women
Subtotal 23,174 2,486 20,688 55.8 68.7 54.6 10.7
Unrelated individuals 8,948 1,662 7,286 21.6 45.9 19.2 18.6
Family members 14,227 824 13,403 34.3 22.8 35.4 5.8
Householder, no husband present 1,983 272 1,710 4.8 7.5 4.5 13.7
Householder with husband present 3,751 149 3,601 9.0 4.1 9.5 4.0
Wife of householder 6,585 240 6,345 15.9 6.6 16.7 3.6
Other relative a 1,908 162 1,746 4.6 4.5 4.6 8.5
Poor by own income 862 123 739 2.1 3.4 2.0 14.2
Not poor by own income 1,047 39 1,007 2.5 1.1 2.7 3.8
SOURCE: Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, public-use file of the March 2012 Income Supplement.
NOTES: Living arrangements as of March 2012.
Poverty status in 2011 as reflected by income of unrelated individual or family money income for year compared with official poverty income criterion for families of appropriate size and composition.
Table includes civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers and percentages, see Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60.
a. Aged family members who are neither the family householder nor the spouse of the householder. Official poverty classification is based on combined income of all related persons living together. Persons in this group are classified here on the basis of official poverty criteria for family income and on a comparison of their own income with official poverty criteria for elderly persons maintaining their own households. The hidden poor are other relatives in nonpoor households whose own income is below the official poverty line for unrelated individuals or married couples.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 3.E6 Percentage distribution of aged families receiving Social Security benefits, by share of income from benefits and race, 2011
Social Security share of money income for year a Individuals aged 65 or older living alone or with nonrelatives only Multiperson families with householder aged 65 or older
Total Poor Nonpoor Percent poor Total Poor Nonpoor Percent poor
All races b
Number (thousands) 12,990 2,171 10,819 . . . 14,431 731 13,700 . . .
Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 16.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 5.1
No Social Security benefits 11.5 23.7 9.0 34.5 11.0 37.4 9.6 17.2
Some Social Security benefits 88.5 76.3 91.0 14.4 89.0 62.6 90.4 3.6
Less than one-fourth of income 8.5 0.5 10.1 0.9 21.2 0.7 22.3 0.2
One-fourth to one-half of income 16.6 2.1 19.5 2.1 24.7 3.0 25.8 0.6
One-half to three-fourths of income 17.5 4.8 20.1 4.6 18.6 9.2 19.1 2.5
Three-fourths or more of income 45.9 68.9 41.2 25.1 24.5 49.7 23.2 10.3
White only
Number (thousands) 11,129 1,652 9,477 . . . 12,565 539 12,026 . . .
Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 14.8 100.0 100.0 100.0 4.3
No Social Security benefits 10.4 22.7 8.3 32.3 9.8 36.4 8.6 15.9
Some Social Security benefits 89.6 77.3 91.7 12.8 90.2 63.6 91.4 3.0
Less than one-fourth of income 9.0 0.5 10.5 0.9 21.0 0.6 21.9 0.1
One-fourth to one-half of income 17.0 2.0 19.6 1.8 25.1 2.3 26.1 0.4
One-half to three-fourths of income 18.1 4.9 20.4 4.0 19.1 8.9 19.6 2.0
Three-fourths or more of income 45.5 69.9 41.2 22.8 25.0 51.8 23.8 8.9
Black only
Number (thousands) 1,418 416 1,002 . . . 1,179 136 1,044 . . .
Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 29.3 100.0 100.0 100.0 11.5
No Social Security benefits 15.3 21.7 12.7 41.5 16.0 34.8 13.5 25.1
Some Social Security benefits 84.7 78.3 87.3 27.1 84.0 65.2 86.5 8.9
Less than one-fourth of income 5.5 0.4 7.6 2.0 21.8 0.1 24.6 0.1
One-fourth to one-half of income 12.8 2.5 17.0 5.8 22.6 5.0 24.9 2.5
One-half to three-fourths of income 14.1 4.8 18.0 10.0 15.4 9.7 16.2 7.3
Three-fourths or more of income 52.2 70.6 44.6 39.7 24.1 50.3 20.7 24.0
SOURCE: Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, public-use file of the March 2012 Income Supplement.
NOTES: Civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers and percentages, see Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Payments under Social Security program any time in 2011 to any family member as reported in the March 2012 Current Population Survey.
b. Includes other races.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 3.E8 Poverty guidelines for families of specified size, 1965–2012 (in dollars)
Date of issuance a 1 person 2 persons 3 persons 4 persons 5 persons 6 persons 7 persons 8 persons Increment b
December 1965 1,540 1,990 2,440 3,130 3,685 4,135 4,635 5,135 500
August 1967 1,600 2,000 2,500 3,200 3,800 4,200 4,700 5,300 500
September 1968 1,600 2,100 2,600 3,300 3,900 4,400 4,900 5,400 500
September 1969 1,800 2,400 3,000 3,600 4,200 4,800 5,400 6,000 600
December 1970 1,900 2,500 3,100 3,800 4,400 5,000 5,600 6,200 600
November 1971 2,000 2,600 3,300 4,000 4,700 5,300 5,900 6,500 600
October 1972 2,100 2,725 3,450 4,200 4,925 5,550 6,200 6,850 650
March 1973 2,200 2,900 3,600 4,300 5,000 5,700 6,400 7,100 700
May 1974 2,330 3,070 3,810 4,550 5,290 6,030 6,770 7,510 740
March 1975 2,590 3,410 4,230 5,050 5,870 6,690 7,510 8,330 820
April 1976 2,800 3,700 4,600 5,500 6,400 7,300 8,200 9,100 900
April 1977 2,970 3,930 4,890 5,850 6,810 7,770 8,730 9,690 960
April 1978 3,140 4,160 5,180 6,200 7,220 8,240 9,260 10,280 1,020
May 1979 3,400 4,500 5,600 6,700 7,800 8,900 10,000 11,100 1,100
April 1980 3,790 5,010 6,230 7,450 8,670 9,890 11,110 12,330 1,220
March 1981 4,310 5,690 7,070 8,450 9,830 11,210 12,590 13,970 1,380
April 1982 4,680 6,220 7,760 9,300 10,840 12,380 13,920 15,460 1,540
February 1983 4,860 6,540 8,220 9,900 11,580 13,260 14,940 16,620 1,680
February 1984 4,980 6,720 8,460 10,200 11,940 13,680 15,420 17,160 1,740
March 1985 5,250 7,050 8,850 10,650 12,450 14,250 16,050 17,850 1,800
February 1986 5,360 7,240 9,120 11,000 12,880 14,760 16,640 18,520 1,880
February 1987 5,500 7,400 9,300 11,200 13,100 15,000 16,900 18,800 1,900
February 1988 5,770 7,730 9,690 11,650 13,610 15,570 17,530 19,490 1,960
February 1989 5,980 8,020 10,060 12,100 14,140 16,180 18,220 20,260 2,040
February 1990 6,280 8,420 10,560 12,700 14,840 16,980 18,120 21,260 2,140
February 1991 6,620 8,880 11,140 13,400 15,660 17,920 20,180 22,440 2,260
February 1992 6,810 9,190 11,570 13,950 16,330 18,710 21,090 23,470 2,380
February 1993 6,970 9,430 11,890 14,350 16,810 19,270 21,730 24,190 2,460
February 1994 7,360 9,840 12,320 14,800 17,280 19,760 22,240 24,720 2,480
February 1995 7,470 10,030 12,590 15,150 17,710 20,270 22,830 25,390 2,560
March 1996 7,740 10,360 12,980 15,600 18,220 20,840 23,460 26,080 2,620
March 1997 7,890 10,610 13,330 16,050 18,770 21,490 24,210 26,960 2,720
February 1998 8,050 10,850 13,650 16,450 19,250 22,050 24,850 27,650 2,800
March 1999 8,240 11,060 13,880 16,700 19,520 22,340 25,160 27,980 2,820
February 2000 8,350 11,250 14,150 17,050 19,950 22,850 25,750 28,650 2,900
February 2001 8,590 11,610 14,630 17,650 20,670 23,690 26,710 29,730 3,020
February 2002 8,860 11,940 15,020 18,100 21,180 24,260 27,340 30,420 3,080
February 2003 8,980 12,120 15,260 18,400 21,540 24,680 27,820 30,960 3,140
February 2004 9,310 12,490 15,670 18,850 22,030 25,210 28,390 31,570 3,180
February 2005 9,570 12,830 16,090 19,350 22,610 25,870 29,130 32,390 3,260
January 2006 9,800 13,200 16,600 20,000 23,400 26,800 30,200 33,600 3,400
January 2007 10,210 13,690 17,170 20,650 24,130 27,610 31,090 34,570 3,480
January 2008 10,400 14,000 17,600 21,200 24,800 28,400 32,000 35,600 3,600
January 2009 10,830 14,570 18,310 22,050 25,790 29,530 33,270 37,010 3,740
January 2010 10,830 14,570 18,310 22,050 25,790 29,530 33,270 37,010 3,740
January 2011 10,890 14,710 18,530 22,350 26,170 29,990 33,810 37,630 3,820
January 2012 11,170 15,130 19,090 23,050 27,010 30,970 34,930 38,890 3,960
SOURCES: Department of Health and Human Services, Federal Register, vol. 77, no. 17 (January 26, 2012), pp. 4034–4035; earlier Federal Register notices (1968–2011); and Israel Putnam, "Poverty Thresholds: Their History and Future Development" [November 1970], p. 281 in Mollie Orshansky [editor], Documentation of Background Information and Rationale for Current Poverty Matrix (Technical Paper I of The Measure of Poverty), Washington, D.C., U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1977.
NOTES: Except for Alaska and Hawaii. Guidelines for Alaska and Hawaii since 1980 are:
Year Alaska Hawaii
1 person Increment 1 person Increment
1980 4,760 1,520 4,370 1,400
1981 5,410 1,720 4,980 1,580
1982 5,870 1,920 5,390 1,770
1983 6,080 2,100 5,600 1,930
1984 6,240 2,170 5,730 2,000
1985 6,560 2,250 6,040 2,070
1986 6,700 2,350 6,170 2,160
1987 6,860 2,380 6,310 2,190
1988 7,210 2,450 6,650 2,250
1989 7,480 2,550 6,870 2,350
1990 7,840 2,680 7,230 2,460
1991 8,290 2,820 7,610 2,600
1992 8,500 2,980 7,830 2,740
1993 8,700 3,080 8,040 2,820
1994 9,200 3,100 8,470 2,850
1995 9,340 3,200 8,610 2,940
1996 9,660 3,280 8,910 3,010
1997 9,870 3,400 9,070 3,130
1998 10,070 3,500 9,260 3,220
1999 10,320 3,520 9,490 3,240
2000 10,430 3,630 9,590 3,340
2001 10,730 3,780 9,890 3,470
2002 11,080 3,850 10,200 3,540
2003 11,210 3,930 10,330 3,610
2004 11,630 3,980 10,700 3,660
2005 11,950 4,080 11,010 3,750
2006 12,250 4,250 11,270 3,910
2007 12,770 4,350 11,750 4,000
2008 13,000 4,500 11,960 4,140
2009 13,530 4,680 12,460 4,300
2010 13,530 4,680 12,460 4,300
2011 13,600 4,780 12,540 4,390
2012 13,970 4,950 12,860 4,550
 
Separate figures for Alaska and Hawaii reflect Office of Economic Opportunity administrative practice beginning in the 1966–1970 period. The Census Bureau, producer of the primary version of the poverty measure (the poverty thresholds), does not produce separate figures for Alaska and Hawaii.
Before 1983, the guidelines shown are for nonfarm families only.
a. The guidelines are effective from the date of issuance (unless otherwise specified by a particular program using them).
b. Add this amount for each additional family member. Before 1973, increments between some of the smaller family sizes differed from the increment shown in the table. Beginning in 1973, the increment is the same for all family sizes in each year's set of guidelines.
CONTACT: Kendall Swenson (202) 690-7507 or statistics@ssa.gov.