Annual Statistical Supplement, 2005

 

Other Social Insurance, Veterans' Benefits, and Public Assistance

Public Assistance

TANF/AFDC and Emergency Assistance

Table 9.G1 Average monthly number of families and recipients, total amount of cash assistance, and average monthly payment, selected years 1936–2004
Year Temporary Assistance for Needy Families/
Aid to Families with Dependent Children a
Emergency Assistance b
Average monthly number (thousands) Amount of assistance c Average
monthly
number
of families
(thousands)
Total
assistance
payments
during year
(thousands
of dollars)
Average
monthly
payment
per family
(dollars)
Families Recipients Total
(thousands
of dollars)
Monthly average (dollars)
Total Children Family Recipient
1936 147 534 361 49,678 28.15 7.75 . . . . . . . . .
1940 349 1,182 840 133,770 31.98 9.43 . . . . . . . . .
1945 259 907 656 149,667 48.18 13.75 . . . . . . . . .
1950 644 2,205 1,637 551,653 71.33 17.64 . . . . . . . . .
1955 612 2,214 1,673 617,841 84.17 23.26 . . . . . . . . .
1960 787 3,005 2,314 1,000,784 105.75 27.75 . . . . . . . . .
1961 869 3,354 2,587 1,156,769 110.97 28.74 . . . . . . . . .
1962 931 3,676 2,818 1,298,774 116.30 29.44 . . . . . . . . .
1963 947 3,876 2,909 1,365,851 120.19 29.36 . . . . . . . . .
1964 992 4,118 3,091 1,510,352 126.88 30.57 . . . . . . . . .
1965 1,039 4,329 3,256 1,660,186 133.20 31.96 . . . . . . . . .
1966 1,088 4,513 3,411 1,863,925 142.83 34.42 . . . . . . . . .
1967 1,217 5,014 3,771 2,266,400 155.19 37.67 . . . . . . . . .
1968 1,410 5,705 4,275 2,849,298 168.41 41.62 . . . . . . . . .
1969 1,698 6,706 4,985 3,563,427 174.89 44.28 7.5 6,699 117.23
1970 2,208 8,466 6,214 4,852,964 183.13 47.77 7.5 11,396 126.14
1971 2,762 10,241 7,434 6,203,528 187.16 50.48 11.1 19,843 148.54
1972 3,049 10,947 7,905 6,909,260 188.87 52.60 19.9 44,180 184.91
1973 3,148 10,949 7,902 7,212,035 190.91 54.89 18.8 39,265 174.05
1974 3,230 10,864 7,822 7,916,563 204.27 60.72 31.3 64,031 170.38
1975 3,498 11,346 8,095 9,210,995 219.44 67.65 38.3 77,516 168.85
1976 3,579 11,304 8,001 10,140,543 236.10 74.75 27.5 55,673 168.43
1977 3,588 11,050 7,773 10,603,820 246.27 79.97 32.8 66,132 168.05
1978 3,522 10,570 7,402 10,730,415 253.89 84.60 34.5 80,919 195.24
1979 3,509 10,312 7,179 11,068,864 262.86 89.45 35.7 84,043 195.92
1980 3,712 10,774 7,419 12,475,245 280.03 96.49 48.6 113,238 194.29
1981 3,835 11,079 7,527 12,981,115 282.04 97.64 49.1 123,467 209.51
1982 3,542 10,258 6,903 12,877,906 303.02 103.60 27.5 102,344 278.54 d
1983 3,686 10,761 7,098 13,837,228 312.82 107.16 30.0 125,246 283.15 d
1984 3,714 10,831 7,144 14,503,710 325.44 111.60 32.1 141,137 276.97 d
1985 3,701 10,855 7,198 15,195,835 342.15 116.65 32.6 157,304 312.98 d
1986 3,763 11,038 7,334 16,033,074 355.04 121.05 34.8 178,284 362.45 d
1987 3,776 11,027 7,366 16,372,535 361.37 123.73 42.4 213,903 358.29 d
1988 3,749 10,915 7,329 16,826,794 374.07 128.47 48.8 278,906 420.89 d
1989 3,799 10,993 7,420 17,465,943 383.14 132.40 48.7 296,841 461.45 d
1990 4,057 11,695 7,917 19,066,541 391.67 135.86 56.0 348,986 476.50 d
1991 4,467 12,930 8,715 20,930,600 390.44 134.89 59.7 302,894 422.07 d
1992 4,829 13,773 9,303 21,655,881 373.71 131.03 52.7 272,853 431.41 d
1993 5,012 14,205 9,574 22,688,016 377.24 133.10 56.8 387,113 568.17 d
1994 5,035 14,154 9,570 22,827,399 377.78 134.30 60.5 802,258 1,105.95 d
1995 4,791 13,418 9,135 21,608,686 375.31 134.21 84.1 3,447,361 3,415.93 d
1996 4,434 12,321 8,469 20,614,437 386.68 139.44 69.8 2,708,401 3,235.10 d
1997 3,740 10,376 7,042 22,031,399 490.01 176.95 81.8 403,138 410.74 d
1998 e 3,050 8,347 6,034 12,925,846 353.13 129.04 . . . . . . . . .
1999 2,554 6,824 4,863 10,925,434 356.48 133.42 . . . . . . . . .
2000 2,213 5,768 4,260 10,472,620 394.36 151.30 . . . . . . . . .
2001 2,102 5,352 3,981 10,007,329 396.74 155.82 . . . . . . . . .
2002 2,045 5,058 3,790 9,716,966 395.96 160.09 . . . . . . . . .
2003 2,021 4,919 3,708 9,534,573 393.18 161.53 . . . . . . . . .
2004 1,978 4,738 3,595 9,431,003 397.41 165.89 . . . . . . . . .
SOURCE: Department of Health and Human Services.
NOTES: Includes nonmedical vendor payments. Includes Alaska and Hawaii, beginning in 1943; Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, beginning in October 1950; and Guam, beginning in July 1959.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Thirty-four states had converted to TANF as of January 1, 1997; 8 phased in over the next 5 months; the remaining 12 waited until July 1, 1997.
b. Reporting initiated July 1969. Number of states with program: 1969–1970, 23; 1971, 24; 1972, 27; 1973–1975, 29; 1976–1978, 26; 1979, 24; 1980–1984, 27; 1985–1986, 28; 1987, 29; 1988, 30; 1989, 31; 1990, 33; 1991, 34; 1992, 34; 1993, 35; 1994, 49; 1995, 50; 1996, 51; and 1997, 34. Program ended June 30, 1997.
c. TANF expenditures include cash payments and services.
d. Excludes family count and expenditures for states providing only partial data.
e. 1998 was the first full year under the TANF data reporting system for all states.
CONTACT: Anne Saulnier (202) 401-5104.
Table 9.G2 Average monthly number of families and recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and total amount of assistance, by state or other area, 2004
State or area TANF
effective
date a
Average monthly number Amount of assistance b
Families Recipients Total
(thousands
of dollars)
Monthly average (dollars)
Total Children Family Recipient
All areas . . . 1,977,589 4,737,504 3,594,853 9,431,003 397.41 165.89
Alabama 11/15/96 19,441 46,124 35,984 46,548 199.52 84.10
Alaska 7/1/97 4,853 13,514 9,195 38,759 665.58 239.00
Arizona 10/1/96 48,121 111,046 81,719 160,818 278.50 120.68
Arkansas 7/1/97 9,653 21,401 16,114 26,075 225.10 101.53
California 11/26/96 460,687 1,104,733 903,026 3,464,381 626.67 261.33
Colorado 7/1/97 14,707 38,179 27,635 61,342 347.57 133.89
Connecticut 10/1/96 20,516 42,264 30,144 104,693 425.26 206.43
Delaware 3/10/97 5,646 12,684 9,635 16,666 245.98 109.50
District of Columbia 3/1/97 17,260 43,658 32,662 68,490 330.69 130.73
Florida 10/1/96 58,617 116,006 94,531 176,420 250.81 126.73
Georgia 1/1/97 50,757 116,707 91,555 134,346 220.57 95.93
Hawaii 7/1/97 8,695 22,393 15,847 56,160 538.22 208.99
Idaho 7/1/97 1,866 3,415 2,744 6,738 300.88 164.43
Illinois 7/1/97 36,589 91,443 74,494 67,965 154.80 61.94
Indiana 10/1/96 50,084 129,386 99,449 118,679 197.47 76.44
Iowa 1/1/97 18,287 44,648 30,989 71,031 323.68 132.58
Kansas 10/1/96 17,089 44,576 30,560 63,139 307.89 118.04
Kentucky 10/18/96 35,652 78,046 57,892 103,986 243.06 111.03
Louisiana 1/1/97 17,530 41,706 34,534 57,033 271.12 113.96
Maine 11/1/96 9,765 26,593 18,157 43,225 368.86 135.45
Maryland 12/9/96 25,000 58,774 44,170 105,568 351.89 149.68
Massachusetts 9/30/96 49,527 106,631 74,450 308,371 518.86 241.00
Michigan 9/30/96 79,921 213,313 156,168 383,832 400.22 149.95
Minnesota 7/1/97 33,110 84,782 61,137 140,435 353.46 138.04
Mississippi 10/1/96 18,178 40,631 30,061 32,465 148.83 66.59
Missouri 12/1/96 40,872 99,069 70,098 117,452 239.47 98.80
Montana 12/16/96 5,122 13,824 9,307 20,107 327.16 121.20
Nebraska 12/1/96 10,679 25,925 18,736 43,809 341.85 140.82
Nevada 12/3/96 8,366 19,677 15,291 32,167 320.43 136.23
New Hampshire 10/1/96 6,061 14,048 9,692 36,614 503.41 217.19
New Jersey 2/1/97 45,440 109,374 81,327 208,968 383.23 159.22
New Mexico 7/1/97 17,709 46,080 32,627 64,442 303.24 116.54
New York 12/2/96 146,455 334,924 240,434 1,050,331 597.64 261.34
North Carolina 1/1/97 37,052 75,750 59,383 95,316 214.37 104.86
North Dakota 7/1/97 2,981 7,648 5,360 12,815 358.27 139.64
Ohio 10/1/96 84,660 186,209 140,544 322,901 317.84 144.51
Oklahoma 10/1/96 13,890 33,243 25,796 32,267 193.59 80.89
Oregon 10/1/96 18,863 43,193 32,042 95,135 420.30 183.55
Pennsylvania 3/3/97 90,739 238,581 170,123 353,579 324.72 123.50
Rhode Island 5/1/97 11,915 30,712 21,441 60,320 421.87 163.67
South Carolina 10/12/96 16,253 37,312 28,660 31,432 161.16 70.20
South Dakota 12/1/96 2,748 6,003 5,025 11,078 335.93 153.78
Tennessee 10/1/96 72,049 190,002 135,799 145,719 168.54 63.91
Texas 11/5/96 100,180 236,905 191,152 227,740 189.44 80.11
Utah 10/1/96 9,085 23,101 16,559 43,794 401.70 157.98
Vermont 9/20/96 4,802 12,148 7,781 30,947 537.11 212.30
Virginia 2/1/97 9,788 27,915 17,907 35,923 305.86 107.24
Washington 1/10/97 56,319 137,543 96,500 287,449 425.33 174.16
West Virginia 1/11/97 13,918 32,778 23,532 54,270 324.93 137.98
Wisconsin 9/30/96 22,437 53,943 42,412 122,583 455.29 189.37
Wyoming 1/1/97 336 604 531 807 200.12 111.23
Outlying areas
Guam 7/1/97 -- -- -- -- -- --
Puerto Rico 7/1/97 16,790 46,753 32,758 34,217 169.83 60.99
Virgin Islands 7/1/97 534 1,593 1,188 1,655 258.53 86.59
SOURCE: Department of Health and Human Services; aggregate data reported by states in Section 3 of the Final TANF Data Report.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Transition from Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) reporting systems occurred July 1, 1997, or 6 months after TANF effective date, whichever was later.
b. TANF expenditures include cash payments and services.
CONTACT: Anne Saulnier (202) 401-5104.