SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2012

 

Recipients Who Work

Table 40. Blind and disabled recipients who work, selected months 1976–2012
Month All blind and disabled recipients a Blind and disabled recipients who work
Total Receiving SSI b Section 1619(b) participants Total as a percentage of all blind and disabled recipients
December  
1976 2,088,242 70,719 70,719 . . . 3.4
1977 2,186,771 83,697 83,697 . . . 3.8
1978 2,249,025 87,697 87,697 . . . 3.9
1979 2,277,859 92,270 92,270 . . . 4.1
1980 2,334,241 99,276 99,276 . . . 4.3
1981 2,340,785 102,632 102,632 . . . 4.4
1982 2,314,364 107,803 102,288 5,515 4.7
1983 2,391,262 113,899 108,734 5,165 4.8
1984 2,499,046 -- -- -- --
1985 2,633,552 -- -- -- --
1986 2,795,756 -- -- -- --
1987 2,945,244 172,855 157,223 15,632 5.9
1988 3,046,074 189,144 173,519 15,625 6.2
1989 3,172,270 205,837 187,583 18,254 6.5
1990 3,386,603 219,932 196,415 23,517 6.5
1991 3,681,050 229,619 202,355 27,264 6.2
1992 4,126,816 248,917 217,268 31,649 6.0
1993 4,544,777 265,649 230,350 35,299 5.8
1994 4,870,564 282,476 241,793 40,683 5.8
1995 5,115,014 298,635 251,633 47,002 5.8
1996 5,252,991 308,300 256,395 51,905 5.9
1997 5,189,724 319,855 262,766 57,089 6.2
1998 5,293,829 326,475 266,933 59,542 6.2
1999 5,317,861 340,618 271,353 69,265 6.4
2000 5,395,935 360,427 276,855 83,572 6.7
2001 5,500,481 346,110 269,655 76,455 6.3
2002 5,618,506 340,910 258,733 82,177 6.1
2003 5,740,683 323,682 252,585 71,097 5.6
2004 5,850,359 328,204 254,523 73,681 5.6
2005 5,977,788 336,570 258,365 78,205 5.6
2006 6,113,277 349,420 260,070 89,350 5.7
2007 6,252,564 357,344 259,793 97,551 5.7
2008 6,416,726 355,761 256,280 99,481 5.5
2009 6,582,261 340,175 248,641 91,534 5.2
2010 6,801,164 318,537 245,786 72,751 4.7
2011 6,996,435 312,779 247,011 65,768 4.5
2012 7,174,609 313,634 245,714 67,920 4.4
2010  
March 6,673,188 332,139 247,257 84,882 5.0
June 6,727,965 326,339 246,602 79,737 4.9
September 6,782,394 322,450 246,960 75,490 4.8
December 6,801,164 318,537 245,786 72,751 4.7
2011  
March 6,885,741 316,790 245,487 71,303 4.6
June 6,940,447 315,605 245,458 70,147 4.5
September 6,975,037 315,098 247,485 67,613 4.5
December 6,996,435 312,779 247,011 65,768 4.5
2012  
March 7,068,067 310,874 245,619 65,255 4.4
June 7,094,992 312,442 246,290 66,152 4.4
September 7,155,872 314,957 246,796 68,161 4.4
December 7,174,609 313,634 245,714 67,920 4.4
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: . . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
b. Includes section 1619(a) participants and SSI recipients earning less than the substantial gainful activity level ( $1,040 effective January 2013).
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 41. Blind and disabled recipients who work, by state or other area, December 2012
State or area All blind and disabled recipients Recipients who work
Number Percentage of all blind and disabled recipients
All areas 7,174,609 313,634 4.4
Alabama 167,020 3,478 2.1
Alaska 11,297 742 6.6
Arizona 101,819 3,638 3.6
Arkansas 106,906 4,024 3.8
California 946,092 38,900 4.1
Colorado 62,157 3,502 5.6
Connecticut 55,475 3,879 7.0
Delaware 15,410 900 5.8
District of Columbia 25,015 674 2.7
Florida 412,839 10,149 2.5
Georgia 224,454 5,915 2.6
Hawaii 19,587 745 3.8
Idaho 27,967 1,578 5.6
Illinois 250,250 12,081 4.8
Indiana 120,707 5,465 4.5
Iowa 47,976 6,269 13.1
Kansas 46,252 3,890 8.4
Kentucky 183,637 4,280 2.3
Louisiana 169,354 5,699 3.4
Maine 35,693 1,823 5.1
Maryland 101,314 5,969 5.9
Massachusetts 166,037 8,416 5.1
Michigan 256,844 12,034 4.7
Minnesota 83,205 10,754 12.9
Mississippi 117,391 2,607 2.2
Missouri 134,072 6,982 5.2
Montana 17,632 1,858 10.5
Nebraska 25,551 2,902 11.4
Nevada 35,183 1,657 4.7
New Hampshire 18,711 1,248 6.7
New Jersey 143,963 6,965 4.8
New Mexico 55,301 1,957 3.5
New York 574,254 26,327 4.6
North Carolina 212,505 7,252 3.4
North Dakota 8,042 1,246 15.5
Ohio 292,153 17,415 6.0
Oklahoma 91,546 3,985 4.4
Oregon 72,796 4,421 6.1
Pennsylvania 354,865 14,833 4.2
Rhode Island 29,703 1,336 4.5
South Carolina 108,675 4,245 3.9
South Dakota 13,654 2,012 14.7
Tennessee 171,101 4,489 2.6
Texas 554,954 16,840 3.0
Utah 28,435 2,260 7.9
Vermont 15,249 1,174 7.7
Virginia 135,652 6,098 4.5
Washington 132,010 5,445 4.1
West Virginia 77,762 2,154 2.8
Wisconsin 108,673 10,383 9.6
Wyoming 6,573 727 11.1
Outlying area  
Northern Mariana Islands 896 12 1.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: Includes section 1619(b) participants.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 42. Percentage distribution of all blind and disabled recipients and those who work aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2012
Diagnostic group All blind and disabled recipients Recipients who work a
Total  
Number 4,869,484 298,554
Percent 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 0.8 2.2
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 2.7 0.9
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1.4 0.8
Injuries 2.6 1.4
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 1.6 4.7
Developmental disorders 0.7 1.1
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 1.0 1.4
Intellectual disability 19.1 39.9
Mood disorders 16.5 8.5
Organic mental disorders 4.0 4.0
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 8.9 5.6
Other mental disorders 5.7 4.2
Neoplasms 1.3 0.9
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.4 0.4
Circulatory system 4.3 1.4
Digestive system 1.0 0.4
Genitourinary system 1.0 0.6
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 12.8 4.5
Nervous system and sense organs b 7.7 8.8
Respiratory system 2.0 0.7
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.2 0.1
Other 0.3 0.4
Unknown 4.0 7.1
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
b. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than diseases of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment does not meet the definition of blindness.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 43. All blind and disabled recipients, those who work, and section 1619(b) participants aged 18–64, by age, December 2012
Age All blind and disabled recipients a Recipients who work a Section 1619(b) participants
Number Percent Number Percentage of all blind and disabled recipients Number Percentage of all blind and disabled recipients
Total 4,934,657 100.0 298,554 6.1 65,173 1.3
18–21 366,867 7.4 29,485 8.0 2,310 0.6
22–25 361,518 7.3 47,213 13.1 8,828 2.4
26–29 323,042 6.5 40,061 12.4 9,755 3.0
30–39 724,266 14.7 64,031 8.8 16,249 2.2
40–49 990,571 20.1 51,171 5.2 13,287 1.3
50–59 1,540,360 31.2 50,885 3.3 11,387 0.7
60–64 628,033 12.7 15,708 2.5 3,357 0.5
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 44. Blind and disabled recipients in December 2011, by program status and earnings in December 2012
Program status in December 2011 Total Receiving payments in December 2012 Not receiving payments in December 2012
Ineligible because of earned income Other excess income Other nonpay
Section 1619(b) Reasons no longer eligible
Section 1619(a) Have earnings No earnings Do not need or use Medicaid Can pay for equivalent coverage Both
All blind and disabled recipients 6,925,173 11,106 218,398 6,108,509 63,840 357 117 147 140,099 382,600
Receiving payments  
Section 1619(a) 11,762 4,065 1,613 2,414 2,036 18 4 7 582 1,023
Have earnings 235,228 2,232 169,816 36,450 8,438 42 3 10 7,003 11,234
No earnings 6,612,439 3,556 43,264 6,061,096 14,470 64 25 18 126,072 363,874
Not receiving payments  
Section 1619(b) 65,744 1,253 3,705 8,549 38,896 233 85 112 6,442 6,469
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 45. Blind and disabled recipients who work, by state or other area, December 2012
State or area Total Section 1619(a) participants Section 1619(b) participants Other blind and disabled recipients who work
Number Percentage of total Number Percentage of total Number Percentage of total
All areas 313,634 11,823 3.8 67,920 21.7 233,891 74.6
Alabama 3,478 172 4.9 852 24.5 2,454 70.6
Alaska 742 19 2.6 243 32.7 480 64.7
Arizona 3,638 137 3.8 885 24.3 2,616 71.9
Arkansas 4,024 106 2.6 767 19.1 3,151 78.3
California 38,900 2,107 5.4 8,094 20.8 28,699 73.8
Colorado 3,502 99 2.8 640 18.3 2,763 78.9
Connecticut 3,879 107 2.8 795 20.5 2,977 76.7
Delaware 900 23 2.6 212 23.6 665 73.9
District of Columbia 674 (X) (X) 210 31.2 (X) (X)
Florida 10,149 470 4.6 2,852 28.1 6,827 67.3
Georgia 5,915 264 4.5 1,343 22.7 4,308 72.8
Hawaii 745 32 4.3 221 29.7 492 66.0
Idaho 1,578 61 3.9 370 23.4 1,147 72.7
Illinois 12,081 449 3.7 2,463 20.4 9,169 75.9
Indiana 5,465 167 3.1 1,179 21.6 4,119 75.4
Iowa 6,269 122 1.9 1,327 21.2 4,820 76.9
Kansas 3,890 95 2.4 734 18.9 3,061 78.7
Kentucky 4,280 182 4.3 946 22.1 3,152 73.6
Louisiana 5,699 335 5.9 1,475 25.9 3,889 68.2
Maine 1,823 64 3.5 485 26.6 1,274 69.9
Maryland 5,969 213 3.6 1,423 23.8 4,333 72.6
Massachusetts 8,416 317 3.8 2,210 26.3 5,889 70.0
Michigan 12,034 377 3.1 2,281 19.0 9,376 77.9
Minnesota 10,754 197 1.8 2,037 18.9 8,520 79.2
Mississippi 2,607 124 4.8 645 24.7 1,838 70.5
Missouri 6,982 178 2.5 1,436 20.6 5,368 76.9
Montana 1,858 44 2.4 319 17.2 1,495 80.5
Nebraska 2,902 66 2.3 475 16.4 2,361 81.4
Nevada 1,657 52 3.1 336 20.3 1,269 76.6
New Hampshire 1,248 32 2.6 357 28.6 859 68.8
New Jersey 6,965 220 3.2 1,447 20.8 5,298 76.1
New Mexico 1,957 95 4.9 535 27.3 1,327 67.8
New York 26,327 1,119 4.3 5,930 22.5 19,278 73.2
North Carolina 7,252 266 3.7 1,576 21.7 5,410 74.6
North Dakota 1,246 26 2.1 316 25.4 904 72.6
Ohio 17,415 432 2.5 2,885 16.6 14,098 81.0
Oklahoma 3,985 150 3.8 903 22.7 2,932 73.6
Oregon 4,421 101 2.3 801 18.1 3,519 79.6
Pennsylvania 14,833 565 3.8 3,190 21.5 11,078 74.7
Rhode Island 1,336 41 3.1 244 18.3 1,051 78.7
South Carolina 4,245 120 2.8 681 16.0 3,444 81.1
South Dakota 2,012 40 2.0 417 20.7 1,555 77.3
Tennessee 4,489 138 3.1 892 19.9 3,459 77.1
Texas 16,840 891 5.3 4,477 26.6 11,472 68.1
Utah 2,260 53 2.3 452 20.0 1,755 77.7
Vermont 1,174 53 4.5 352 30.0 769 65.5
Virginia 6,098 236 3.9 1,338 21.9 4,524 74.2
Washington 5,445 241 4.4 1,458 26.8 3,746 68.8
West Virginia 2,154 133 6.2 566 26.3 1,455 67.5
Wisconsin 10,383 215 2.1 1,657 16.0 8,511 82.0
Wyoming 727 (X) (X) (X) (X) 518 71.3
Outlying area  
Northern Mariana Islands 12 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 46. Blind and disabled recipients who work and their average earnings, by selected characteristics, December 2012
Characteristic Number Percent Average earnings (dollars)
Total 313,634 100.0 526
Age  
Under 18 2,353 0.8 615
18–21 29,485 9.4 467
22–25 47,213 15.1 534
26–29 40,061 12.8 572
30–39 64,031 20.4 563
40–49 51,171 16.3 563
50–59 50,885 16.2 506
60–64 15,708 5.0 442
65 or older 12,727 4.1 318
Sex  
Male 172,503 55.0 525
Female 141,131 45.0 527
Earned income a  
Wages 288,556 92.0 546
Self-employment income 26,530 8.5 339
Earnings (dollars)  
65 or less 81,512 26.0 40
66–99 16,918 5.4 82
100–199 39,098 12.5 141
200–299 27,976 8.9 239
300–399 21,554 6.9 338
400–499 18,021 5.7 438
500–599 16,710 5.3 537
600–699 14,063 4.5 636
700–799 10,839 3.5 739
800–899 9,469 3.0 835
900–999 7,065 2.3 938
1,000–1,099 6,851 2.2 1,031
1,100–1,199 4,427 1.4 1,139
1,200–1,299 5,118 1.6 1,234
1,300–1,399 3,454 1.1 1,340
1,400 or more 30,559 9.7 2,272
Unearned income a  
None 165,562 52.8 623
Social Security benefits 133,705 42.6 392
Other pensions 1,340 0.4 399
Income based on need 158 0.1 730
Asset income 4,888 1.6 404
Other 14,810 4.7 637
Work incentives a  
Section 1619(a) 11,823 3.8 1,298
Section 1619(b) 67,920 21.7 1,318
Plan to achieve self-support (PASSb 315 0.1 824
Impairment-related work expenses (IRWE) 3,157 1.0 670
Blind work expenses (BWE) 1,410 0.4 1,090
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: Includes section 1619(b) participants.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income or both earned and unearned income, or they may benefit from more than one work incentive provision.
b. Number of working recipients with a PASS. See Tables 53–56 for data on all recipients with a PASS.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 47. Number of section 1619 participants and percentage change from prior period, selected months 1982–2012
Month Section 1619(a) participants Section 1619(b) participants a
Number Percentage change from prior period Number Percentage change from prior period
December  
1982 287 . . . 5,515 . . .
1983 392 36.6 5,165 -6.3
1984 -- -- -- --
1985 -- -- -- --
1986 -- -- -- --
1987 14,559 . . . 15,632 . . .
1988 19,920 36.8 15,625 0.0
1989 25,655 28.8 18,254 16.8
1990 13,994 -45.5 23,517 28.8
1991 15,531 11.0 27,264 15.9
1992 17,603 13.3 31,649 16.1
1993 20,028 13.8 35,299 11.5
1994 24,315 21.4 40,683 15.3
1995 28,060 15.4 47,002 15.5
1996 31,085 10.8 51,905 10.4
1997 34,673 11.5 57,089 10.0
1998 37,271 7.5 59,542 4.3
1999 25,528 -31.5 69,265 16.3
2000 27,542 7.9 83,572 20.7
2001 22,100 -19.8 76,455 -8.5
2002 17,271 -21.9 82,177 7.5
2003 17,132 -0.8 71,097 -13.5
2004 17,114 -0.1 73,681 3.6
2005 17,621 3.0 78,205 6.1
2006 17,394 -1.3 89,350 14.3
2007 16,939 -2.6 97,551 9.2
2008 16,142 -4.7 99,481 2.0
2009 11,900 -26.3 91,534 -8.0
2010 11,305 -5.0 72,751 -20.5
2011 11,763 4.1 65,768 -9.6
2012 11,823 0.5 67,920 3.3
2010  
March 11,485 -3.5 84,882 -7.3
June 11,550 0.6 79,737 -6.1
September 11,410 -1.2 75,490 -5.3
December 11,305 -0.9 72,751 -3.6
2011  
March 11,208 -0.9 71,303 -2.0
June 11,021 -1.7 70,147 -1.6
September 11,131 1.0 67,613 -3.6
December 11,763 5.7 65,768 -2.7
2012  
March 11,452 -2.6 65,255 -0.8
June 11,681 2.0 66,152 1.4
September 11,898 1.9 68,161 3.0
December 11,823 -0.6 67,920 -0.4
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: When the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level is periodically raised, SSI recipients with earnings below the increased SGA level become eligible for regular SSI benefits rather than the special cash payments under section 1619(a). This can lead to decreases in the number of 1619(a) participants.
. . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes blind participants. Of the 67,920 participants in December 2012, 970 were blind.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 48. Ranking of state or other area, by section 1619 participants as a percentage of all blind and disabled recipients in state aged 18–64, December 2012
State or area Ranking All blind and disabled recipients a Section 1619 participants
Number Percent
All areas   4,934,657 76,832 1.56
North Dakota 1 6,107 336 5.50
South Dakota 2 9,526 441 4.63
Iowa 3 35,907 1,430 3.98
Wyoming 4 5,039 199 3.95
Minnesota 5 60,408 2,177 3.60
Vermont 6 11,878 395 3.33
Alaska 7 8,708 253 2.91
Nebraska 8 19,181 530 2.76
Montana 9 13,334 349 2.62
New Hampshire 10 14,941 378 2.53
Kansas 11 32,878 812 2.47
Utah 12 20,515 495 2.41
Wisconsin 13 77,436 1,829 2.36
Connecticut 14 39,438 877 2.22
Delaware 15 10,411 230 2.21
Maryland 16 72,405 1,590 2.20
Massachusetts 17 118,037 2,462 2.09
Idaho 18 20,291 419 2.06
Maine 19 27,965 539 1.93
New York 20 375,867 6,803 1.81
Washington 21 98,138 1,641 1.67
New Jersey 22 97,243 1,602 1.65
Virginia 23 96,031 1,536 1.60
Illinois 24 175,088 2,800 1.60
Oregon 25 54,744 870 1.59
Missouri 26 98,654 1,566 1.59
Hawaii 27 15,129 240 1.59
New Mexico 28 37,569 595 1.58
Colorado 29 46,005 722 1.57
Oklahoma 30 64,785 1,003 1.55
Louisiana 31 113,281 1,743 1.54
Pennsylvania 32 240,401 3,651 1.52
Indiana 33 86,994 1,320 1.52
California 34 632,827 9,535 1.51
Texas 35 345,339 5,176 1.50
Ohio 36 215,046 3,222 1.50
Nevada 37 25,657 374 1.46
Arizona 38 68,334 970 1.42
District of Columbia 39 18,121 251 1.39
Michigan 40 190,025 2,557 1.35
Rhode Island 41 21,302 277 1.30
Florida 42 257,122 3,202 1.25
Arkansas 43 67,940 842 1.24
North Carolina 44 144,306 1,784 1.24
West Virginia 45 60,120 677 1.13
South Carolina 46 74,875 774 1.03
Georgia 47 153,159 1,548 1.01
Mississippi 48 78,633 733 0.93
Alabama 49 119,036 996 0.84
Kentucky 50 132,047 1,089 0.82
Tennessee 51 125,919 989 0.79
Northern Mariana Islands 52 515 3 0.58
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 49. Section 1619(a) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months 2011–2012
State or area December 2011 September 2012 December 2012
Number Average earnings (dollars) Number Average earnings (dollars) Number Average earnings (dollars)
All areas 11,763 1,265 11,898 1,268 11,823 1,298
Alabama 200 1,212 178 1,231 172 1,268
Alaska 24 1,222 22 1,212 19 1,205
Arizona 149 1,211 154 1,210 137 1,246
Arkansas 115 1,237 120 1,264 106 1,281
California 2,198 1,341 2,215 1,347 2,107 1,380
Colorado 86 1,268 94 1,261 99 1,304
Connecticut 84 1,259 85 1,290 107 1,297
Delaware (X) (X) 23 1,216 23 1,273
District of Columbia 54 1,215 (X) (X) (X) (X)
Florida 470 1,225 469 1,235 470 1,255
Georgia 252 1,231 238 1,222 264 1,263
Hawaii 24 1,292 20 1,263 32 1,332
Idaho 52 1,234 48 1,244 61 1,266
Illinois 451 1,239 487 1,234 449 1,274
Indiana 121 1,234 150 1,222 167 1,257
Iowa 107 1,310 112 1,285 122 1,298
Kansas 88 1,258 96 1,239 95 1,272
Kentucky 196 1,242 178 1,241 182 1,256
Louisiana 340 1,228 309 1,232 335 1,271
Maine 59 1,288 53 1,261 64 1,338
Maryland 206 1,230 206 1,221 213 1,273
Massachusetts 414 1,305 311 1,236 317 1,290
Michigan 300 1,240 357 1,250 377 1,276
Minnesota 173 1,207 197 1,237 197 1,263
Mississippi 130 1,226 124 1,217 124 1,249
Missouri 188 1,234 187 1,256 178 1,271
Montana 36 1,220 46 1,310 44 1,301
Nebraska 74 1,282 71 1,244 66 1,288
Nevada 54 1,252 55 1,248 52 1,255
New Hampshire 28 1,318 25 1,259 32 1,305
New Jersey 215 1,244 221 1,246 220 1,293
New Mexico 109 1,257 101 1,254 95 1,288
New York 1,200 1,296 1,230 1,301 1,119 1,323
North Carolina 257 1,237 250 1,238 266 1,272
North Dakota 29 1,282 20 1,242 26 1,244
Ohio 392 1,230 423 1,231 432 1,273
Oklahoma 121 1,241 125 1,257 150 1,287
Oregon 91 1,230 94 1,235 101 1,266
Pennsylvania 599 1,236 584 1,237 565 1,264
Rhode Island 34 1,253 38 1,249 41 1,272
South Carolina 103 1,222 115 1,231 120 1,257
South Dakota 40 1,240 31 1,212 40 1,251
Tennessee 158 1,212 153 1,224 138 1,248
Texas 841 1,248 885 1,254 891 1,286
Utah 45 1,221 53 1,239 53 1,252
Vermont 41 1,262 55 1,313 53 1,362
Virginia 205 1,217 232 1,248 236 1,256
Washington 242 1,243 245 1,246 241 1,280
West Virginia 137 1,245 128 1,291 133 1,287
Wisconsin 183 1,227 203 1,248 215 1,292
Wyoming 20 1,291 (X) (X) (X) (X)
Outlying area  
Northern Mariana Islands (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 50. Section 1619(b) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months 2011–2012
State or area December 2011 September 2012 December 2012
Number Average earnings (dollars) Number Average earnings (dollars) Number Average earnings (dollars)
All areas 65,768 1,261 68,161 1,293 67,920 1,318
Alabama 818 1,368 846 1,365 852 1,405
Alaska a 210 1,624 235 1,640 243 1,637
Arizona 854 1,387 864 1,421 885 1,477
Arkansas 714 1,270 768 1,303 767 1,346
California 8,159 1,525 8,143 1,543 8,094 1,561
Colorado 640 1,207 682 1,184 640 1,227
Connecticut a 758 1,059 805 1,149 795 1,180
Delaware (X) (X) 217 1,279 212 1,390
District of Columbia 200 1,776 236 1,838 210 1,852
Florida 2,820 1,321 2,881 1,338 2,852 1,361
Georgia 1,327 1,323 1,346 1,410 1,343 1,425
Hawaii a 256 1,506 227 1,491 221 1,567
Idaho a 356 1,171 383 1,223 370 1,223
Illinois a 2,371 1,240 2,457 1,277 2,463 1,316
Indiana a 1,087 1,056 1,175 1,100 1,179 1,152
Iowa 1,193 900 1,280 965 1,327 982
Kansas a 694 1,095 713 1,031 734 1,052
Kentucky 861 1,306 909 1,363 946 1,386
Louisiana 1,444 1,257 1,468 1,261 1,475 1,290
Maine 441 1,096 495 1,165 485 1,189
Maryland 1,386 1,386 1,457 1,416 1,423 1,434
Massachusetts 2,351 1,351 2,226 1,424 2,210 1,447
Michigan 2,185 1,091 2,330 1,150 2,281 1,160
Minnesota a 1,869 996 1,940 1,034 2,037 1,036
Mississippi 654 1,256 649 1,303 645 1,364
Missouri a 1,366 989 1,441 1,009 1,436 1,037
Montana 307 1,046 328 1,234 319 1,275
Nebraska a 499 1,062 482 1,113 475 1,187
Nevada a 354 1,444 354 1,447 336 1,405
New Hampshire a 295 1,134 346 1,111 357 1,147
New Jersey 1,403 1,289 1,491 1,312 1,447 1,361
New Mexico 547 1,210 514 1,274 535 1,320
New York 5,745 1,388 5,848 1,414 5,930 1,445
North Carolina 1,440 1,157 1,574 1,196 1,576 1,217
North Dakota a 299 1,048 313 1,124 316 1,191
Ohio a 2,695 1,093 2,874 1,102 2,885 1,140
Oklahoma a 856 1,059 899 1,066 903 1,084
Oregon a 767 975 818 1,028 801 1,017
Pennsylvania 3,315 1,254 3,390 1,309 3,190 1,334
Rhode Island 269 1,319 246 1,342 244 1,371
South Carolina 701 1,197 709 1,260 681 1,291
South Dakota 368 908 404 987 417 1,005
Tennessee 878 1,202 929 1,275 892 1,318
Texas 4,050 1,319 4,419 1,363 4,477 1,385
Utah a 422 1,052 462 1,120 452 1,135
Vermont 328 1,162 334 1,158 352 1,235
Virginia a 1,298 1,200 1,383 1,243 1,338 1,224
Washington 1,407 1,295 1,453 1,329 1,458 1,369
West Virginia 543 1,535 597 1,528 566 1,566
Wisconsin 1,589 983 1,624 1,021 1,657 1,024
Wyoming 193 1,098 (X) (X) (X) (X)
Outlying area  
Northern Mariana Islands (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals.
a. The Social Security Administration identifies persons as potential participants; the state makes final Medicaid determinations.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 51. Section 1619 participants and their average earnings, by selected characteristics, December 2012
Characteristic Section 1619(a) participants Section 1619(b) participants
Number Percent Average earnings (dollars) Number Percent Average earnings (dollars)
All participants 11,823 100.0 1,298 67,920 100.0 1,318
Age  
Under 18 91 0.8 1,338 296 0.4 --
18–21 1,279 10.8 1,274 2,310 3.4 1,370
22–25 2,022 17.1 1,278 8,828 13.0 1,327
26–29 1,587 13.4 1,297 9,755 14.4 1,374
30–39 2,499 21.1 1,305 16,249 23.9 1,362
40–49 2,199 18.6 1,309 13,287 19.6 1,311
50–59 1,744 14.8 1,313 11,387 16.8 1,277
60–64 329 2.8 1,300 3,357 4.9 1,170
65 or older 73 0.6 1,301 2,451 3.6 1,033
Sex  
Male 6,422 54.3 1,309 36,107 53.2 1,361
Female 5,401 45.7 1,285 31,813 46.8 1,270
Earned income a  
Wages 11,316 95.7 1,302 65,088 95.8 1,336
Self-employment income 591 5.0 1,220 3,455 5.1 1,050
Earnings (dollars)  
Less than 400 . . . . . . . . . 8,014 11.8 265
400–499 . . . . . . . . . 4,308 6.3 442
500–599 . . . . . . . . . 5,376 7.9 540
600–699 . . . . . . . . . 5,218 7.7 638
700–799 . . . . . . . . . 4,486 6.6 739
800–899 . . . . . . . . . 4,082 6.0 836
900–999 . . . . . . . . . 3,050 4.5 936
1,000–1,099 1,351 11.4 1,069 2,776 4.1 1,030
1,100–1,199 2,396 20.3 1,140 1,755 2.6 1,139
1,200–1,299 2,816 23.8 1,234 1,931 2.8 1,234
1,300–1,399 1,959 16.6 1,340 1,285 1.9 1,340
1,400 or more 3,301 27.9 1,535 25,639 37.7 2,368
Unearned income a  
None 11,105 93.9 1,300 22,453 33.1 2,216
Social Security benefits 237 2.0 1,283 42,888 63.1 808
Other pensions 9 0.1 1,208 282 0.4 1,272
Income based on need 9 0.1 1,281 37 0.1 1,625
Asset income 108 0.9 1,336 866 1.3 1,293
Other 369 3.1 1,228 3,533 5.2 1,506
Work incentives a  
Plan to achieve self-support (PASSb 87 0.7 1,646 0 0.0 0
Impairment-related work expenses (IRWE) 212 1.8 1,421 814 1.2 1,303
Blind work expenses (BWE) 0 0.0 0 339 0.5 1,938
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: -- = not available; . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income or both earned and unearned income, or they may benefit from more than one work incentive provision.
b. Includes 4 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 52. Percentage distribution of section 1619 participants aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2012
Diagnostic group All blind and disabled recipients Section 1619(a) participants Section 1619(b) participants
Total  
Number 4,869,484 11,659 65,173
Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 0.8 0.8 1.1
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 2.7 1.4 1.4
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1.4 1.6 1.4
Injuries 2.6 1.8 2.2
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 1.6 3.2 2.7
Developmental disorders 0.7 1.7 1.0
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 1.0 2.1 1.0
Intellectual disability 19.1 27.4 29.3
Mood disorders 16.5 14.4 12.9
Organic mental disorders 4.0 5.0 4.4
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 8.9 6.6 6.6
Other mental disorders 5.7 6.3 5.6
Neoplasms 1.3 1.4 1.4
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.4 1.0 0.8
Circulatory system 4.3 1.6 1.8
Digestive system 1.0 0.6 0.7
Genitourinary system 1.0 1.3 1.2
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 12.8 5.3 6.6
Nervous system and sense organs a 7.7 10.9 10.5
Respiratory system 2.0 1.1 1.0
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.2 0.2 0.2
Other 0.3 0.4 0.3
Unknown 4.0 4.0 6.0
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than diseases of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment does not meet the definition of blindness.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 53. Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area and provision, December 2012
State or area Plan to achieve self-support (PASSa Impairment-related work expenses (IRWE) Blind work expenses (BWE)
All areas 1,116 3,157 1,410
Alabama 6 79 20
Alaska 0 0 (X)
Arizona 9 40 11
Arkansas 12 23 10
California 195 159 204
Colorado 40 27 15
Connecticut 8 36 17
Delaware 0 28 3
District of Columbia (X) 0 0
Florida 24 190 62
Georgia 17 134 35
Hawaii (X) (X) 3
Idaho 3 8 8
Illinois 34 97 46
Indiana 17 60 21
Iowa 60 22 27
Kansas 31 143 15
Kentucky 17 38 24
Louisiana (X) 52 27
Maine 23 10 (X)
Maryland 9 111 19
Massachusetts 78 63 91
Michigan 57 43 31
Minnesota 15 45 31
Mississippi 3 12 13
Missouri 53 54 22
Montana 22 11 5
Nebraska 31 8 8
Nevada 4 11 10
New Hampshire 11 15 (X)
New Jersey 17 95 22
New Mexico 3 31 (X)
New York 113 329 139
North Carolina 12 186 66
North Dakota 7 5 3
Ohio 22 64 42
Oklahoma 10 38 8
Oregon (X) 24 20
Pennsylvania 20 100 47
Rhode Island 6 (X) 4
South Carolina 7 25 5
South Dakota 16 9 (X)
Tennessee 9 43 17
Texas 24 231 128
Utah (X) 25 8
Vermont 28 (X) (X)
Virginia 9 229 30
Washington (X) 72 27
West Virginia 4 21 9
Wisconsin 15 101 42
Wyoming (X) 3 0
Outlying area  
Northern Mariana Islands 0 0 (X)
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals.
a. Includes 256 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 54. Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by selected characteristics and provision, December 2012
Characteristic Plan to achieve self-support (PASSa Impairment-related work expenses (IRWE) Blind work expenses (BWE)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Total 1,116 100.0 3,157 100.0 1,410 100.0
Age  
Under 18 2 0.2 1 (L) 0 0.0
18–21 48 4.3 178 5.6 36 2.6
22–25 139 12.5 557 17.6 120 8.5
26–29 119 10.7 558 17.7 193 13.7
30–39 246 22.0 776 24.6 368 26.1
40–49 256 22.9 500 15.8 322 22.8
50–59 247 22.1 387 12.3 257 18.2
60–64 48 4.3 129 4.1 74 5.2
65 or older 11 1.0 71 2.2 40 2.8
Sex  
Male 512 45.9 1,782 56.4 739 52.4
Female 604 54.1 1,375 43.6 671 47.6
Earned income b  
Wages 287 25.7 3,024 95.8 1,336 94.8
Self-employment income 77 6.9 149 4.7 84 6.0
Earnings (dollars)  
None 760 68.1 0 0.0 0 0.0
65 or less 20 1.8 276 8.7 122 8.7
66–99 7 0.6 116 3.7 32 2.3
100–199 21 1.9 377 11.9 148 10.5
200–299 24 2.2 341 10.8 107 7.6
300–399 26 2.3 291 9.2 76 5.4
400–499 28 2.5 270 8.6 79 5.6
500–599 18 1.6 277 8.8 57 4.0
600–699 42 3.8 211 6.7 59 4.2
700–799 20 1.8 169 5.4 58 4.1
800–899 28 2.5 145 4.6 53 3.8
900–999 27 2.4 88 2.8 38 2.7
1,000–1,099 15 1.3 74 2.3 52 3.7
1,100–1,199 15 1.3 48 1.5 33 2.3
1,200–1,299 10 0.9 62 2.0 52 3.7
1,300–1,399 12 1.1 41 1.3 35 2.5
1,400 or more 43 3.9 371 11.8 409 29.0
Unearned income b  
None 190 17.0 1,441 45.6 745 52.8
Social Security benefits 898 80.5 1,587 50.3 615 43.6
Other pensions 9 0.8 16 0.5 4 0.3
Income based on need 1 0.1 0 0.0 0 0.0
Asset income 14 1.3 39 1.2 20 1.4
Other 62 5.6 141 4.5 50 3.5
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
a. Includes 256 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
b. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income or both earned and unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 55. Percentage distribution of recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by diagnostic group and provision, December 2012
Diagnostic group All blind and disabled recipients Plan to achieve self-support (PASSa Impairment-related work expenses (IRWE) Blind work expenses (BWE)
Total  
Number 4,869,484 1,116 3,157 1,410
Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 0.8 1.3 3.6 0.8
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 2.7 1.5 0.5 0.4
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1.4 1.4 0.7 0.1
Injuries 2.6 4.8 2.1 0.2
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 1.6 2.9 6.7 0.3
Developmental disorders 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.0
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 1.0 0.4 0.6 0.0
Intellectual disability 19.1 3.9 43.3 2.2
Mood disorders 16.5 23.8 3.9 0.1
Organic mental disorders 4.0 3.1 3.2 0.2
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 8.9 9.1 3.5 0.1
Other mental disorders 5.7 6.3 2.5 0.1
Neoplasms 1.3 1.5 0.6 0.1
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.4 0.2 (L) 0.0
Circulatory system 4.3 1.4 1.5 0.9
Digestive system 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.0
Genitourinary system 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.4
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 12.8 8.7 3.1 0.1
Nervous system and sense organs b 7.7 12.1 15.6 87.1
Respiratory system 2.0 0.7 0.5 0.1
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0
Other 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0
Unknown 4.0 14.6 6.3 7.0
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
a. Includes 256 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
b. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than diseases of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment does not meet the definition of blindness.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 56. Percentage distribution of recipients with income excluded under specified work incentives, by amount excluded and provision, December 2012
Amount excluded (dollars) Plan to achieve self-support (PASSa Impairment-related work expenses (IRWE) Blind work expenses (BWE)
Total  
Number 860 3,157 1,410
Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under 25 0.2 17.5 19.9
25–49 0.6 19.1 11.1
50–99 1.4 30.7 14.3
100–199 2.6 19.9 17.5
200–299 5.7 6.4 10.7
300–499 13.5 4.0 11.6
500–599 7.8 1.0 3.5
600–699 12.4 0.4 2.6
700–799 12.0 0.4 1.9
800–899 7.9 0.1 1.8
900–999 6.5 0.1 1.1
1,000 or more 29.4 0.5 4.0
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Data do not include plans to achieve self-support that exclude only resources.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.