Longitudinal Patterns of Participation in the Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income Programs for People with Disabilities

by Kalman Rupp and Gerald F. Riley
Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71 No. 2, 2011
Table equivalent for Chart 1. Age distribution among subgroups representing first disability program of entry, CY 2000
Age at first disability entry DI SSI Both
18 0.12 6.87 0.51
19 0.15 2.54 0.81
20 0.24 1.49 0.98
21 0.23 1.62 1.05
22 0.28 1.12 1.32
23 0.32 1.14 1.00
24 0.35 0.83 0.94
25 0.38 1.00 1.21
26 0.42 0.88 1.22
27 0.48 1.20 1.43
28 0.56 1.09 1.24
29 0.70 1.09 1.46
30 0.69 1.19 1.37
31 0.82 1.28 1.42
32 0.90 1.3 1.69
33 0.92 1.56 1.81
34 1.11 1.66 1.80
35 1.33 1.86 2.04
36 1.42 1.90 2.40
37 1.52 1.87 2.60
38 1.63 2.01 2.43
39 1.82 2.10 2.73
40 1.92 2.19 2.58
41 2.11 2.15 2.87
42 2.15 2.28 3.01
43 2.28 2.24 2.70
44 2.53 2.57 3.12
45 2.44 2.44 3.21
46 2.61 2.37 2.80
47 2.71 2.70 2.53
48 2.88 2.34 2.74
49 3.12 2.32 2.91
50 4.08 2.88 3.66
51 3.66 2.67 2.84
52 4.05 2.82 2.98
53 4.37 2.84 3.22
54 3.82 2.75 3.05
55 4.62 3.33 3.44
56 4.73 3.05 3.29
57 5.20 2.99 3.41
58 4.75 2.93 3.09
59 4.76 2.97 2.97
60 4.96 3.04 2.88
61 4.16 2.35 2.15
62 3.58 1.88 0.62
63 1.58 1.41 0.29
64 0.54 0.89 0.17
SOURCE: Authors' calculations from Social Security administrative record data extracted from the TRF, version 8.
Table equivalent for Chart 2. Comparison of distribution of CY 2000 awardees first entitled to disability benefits on the basis of "musculoskeletal" and "mental" as primary impairment, by longitudinal patterns of disability benefit eligibility
Longitudinal participation pattern Musculosckeletal Mental a
DI-only entrants 73.6 47.7
DI-only to joint DI/SSI 9.0 14.3
SSI-only entrants 8.0 21.7
SSI/DI serial entrants 2.0 3.6
SSI-only to joint SSI/DI 6.2 10.3
SSI/DI simultaneous entrants 0.8 1.5
Any other pattern following first SSI entry 0.4 1.0
SOURCE: Authors' calculations from Social Security administrative record data extracted from the TRF, version 8.
a. Not including intellectual disability (formerly known as mental retardation).
Table equivalent for Chart 3. Percentage distribution of benefit eligibility status during the first 12 months among SSI/DI serial entrants, CY 2000
Month DI-only Concurrent DI/SSI SSI-only Noneligible Dead or aged 65 or older
1 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0
2 0.6 6.2 86.1 7.1 0.0
3 8.2 8.5 76.6 6.8 0.0
4 19.0 16.7 58.0 6.1 0.2
5 40.4 35.4 21.6 2.2 0.4
6 77.2 21.7 0.0 0.1 1.0
7 97.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.2
8 96.8 0.0 0.0 0.2 3.0
9 95.9 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.9
10 95.2 0.0 0.0 0.3 4.5
11 94.2 0.0 0.0 0.3 5.4
12 93.6 0.0 0.0 0.4 6.0
SOURCE: Authors' calculations from Social Security administrative record data extracted from the TRF, version 8.
Table equivalent for Chart 4. Percentage distribution of benefit eligibility status during the first 12 months among SSI-only to joint SSI/DI entrants, CY 2000
Month DI-only Concurrent DI/SSI SSI-only Noneligible Dead or aged 65 or older
1 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0
2 0.5 12.4 84.2 2.9 0.0
3 1.1 27.7 68.7 2.4 0.1
4 3.4 44.7 50.0 1.7 0.2
5 7.7 72.3 18.8 1.0 0.3
6 13.2 86.1 0.1 0.0 0.6
7 21.1 77.9 0.1 0.1 0.9
8 28.2 70.6 0.2 0.1 1.1
9 33.4 65.0 0.2 0.1 1.3
10 37.5 60.5 0.3 0.1 1.6
11 40.3 57.5 0.2 0.2 1.9
12 43.0 54.5 0.1 0.2 2.2
SOURCE: Authors' calculations from Social Security administrative record data extracted from the TRF, version 8.
Table equivalent for Chart 5. Trends in the proportion of survivors younger than age 65 in each program eligibility status category, by month
Month DI-only SSI-only Concurrent DI/SSI Noneligible
1 70 29 1 0
2 69 27 3 1
3 69 25 5 1
4 69 22 7 1
5 70 18 11 1
6 72 15 12 1
7 74 15 10 1
8 74 14 10 1
9 75 14 9 2
10 75 14 9 2
11 75 14 9 2
12 75 14 9 2
13 75 14 9 2
14 74 14 10 2
15 74 14 10 2
16 75 14 9 2
17 75 14 9 3
18 75 14 8 3
19 75 14 8 3
20 76 13 8 3
21 76 13 7 3
22 76 13 7 3
23 76 13 7 3
24 77 13 7 3
25 77 13 7 3
26 77 13 6 4
27 77 13 6 4
28 77 13 6 4
29 77 13 6 4
30 77 13 6 4
31 77 13 6 4
32 77 13 6 4
33 77 13 6 4
34 77 13 6 4
35 77 13 6 4
36 77 13 5 4
37 77 13 5 4
38 77 13 5 5
39 77 13 5 5
40 77 13 5 5
41 77 13 5 5
42 77 13 5 5
43 77 13 5 5
44 77 13 5 5
45 77 12 5 5
46 77 12 5 5
47 77 12 5 5
48 77 12 5 5
49 77 12 5 5
50 77 12 5 5
51 77 12 5 6
52 77 12 5 6
53 77 12 5 6
54 76 12 5 6
55 76 12 5 6
56 76 12 5 6
57 76 12 5 6
58 76 12 5 6
59 76 12 5 6
60 76 12 5 6
SOURCE: Authors' calculations from Social Security administrative record data extracted from the TRF, version 8.
Table equivalent for Chart 6. Cumulative distribution of duration of time between first month of benefit eligibility and first month of actual payment among disability program entrants, by selected diagnostic categories
Months Neoplasms Circulatory Musculoskeletal
5 or less 77 56 31
11 or less 89 73 49
17 or less 96 85 67
23 or less 98 93 80
29 or less 99 96 89
35 or less 100 98 94
41 or less 100 99 97
47 or less 100 100 99
53 or less 100 100 99
59 or less 100 100 100
SOURCE: Authors' calculations from Social Security administrative record data extracted from the TRF, version 8.