Women, Marriage, and Social Security Benefits Revisited

by Christopher R. Tamborini and Kevin Whitman
Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 67 No. 4, 2007
Table equivalent for Chart 1. Percentage distribution of women Social Security beneficiaries aged 62 or older by type of benefit, 1960–2005
Type of benefit 1960 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005
Retired-only 38.7 42.1 42.3 41.0 38.5 36.9 36.2 38.0 41.4
Spouse-only 32.8 22.4 19.6 17.6 16.4 15.3 14.3 12.9 11.4
Widow-only 23.4 26.8 26.1 25.4 24.9 24.3 23.6 21.5 19.3
Dually entitled/spouse 2.4 3.4 4.4 6.2 8.7 10.4 11.5 12.0 12.0
Dually entitled/widow 2.1 5.0 7.4 9.6 11.5 13.0 14.4 15.6 16.0
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record. Reported in SSA 2007 (Table 5.A14).
NOTES: All data for 2005 and dual entitlement data for 1995 and 2000 are based on a 10-percent sample. All other years are 100 percent data. Worker benefits excludes special age-72 beneficiaries and disabled adult children. Dually entitled includes disabled workers. Widow only beneficiaries include disabled widows and mothers.