Committee on Economic Security (CES)

"Social Security In America"









By virtue of and pursuant to the authority vested in me by the National Industrial Recovery Act (ch. 90, 48 Stat. 195) , I hereby establish (1) the Committee on Economic Security (hereinafter referred to as the Committee), consisting of the Secretary of Labor, chairman, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Agriculture, and the Federal Emergency Relief Administrator; and (2) the Advisory Council on Economic Security (hereinafter referred to as the Advisory Council), the original members of which shall be appointed by the President, and additional members of which may be appointed from time to time by the Committee.

The Committee shall study problems relating to the economic security of individuals and shall report to the President not later than December 1, 1934, its recommendations concerning proposals which in its judgment will promote greater economic security.

The Advisory Council shall assist the Committee in the consideration of all matters coming within the scope of its investigations.

The Committee shall appoint (1) a technical board on economic security, consisting of qualified representatives selected from various departments and agencies of the Federal Government, and (2) an executive director, who shall have immediate charge of studies and investigations to be carried out under the general direction of the technical board, and who shall, with the approval of the technical board, appoint such additional staff as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this order.


THE WHITE HOUSE, June 29, 1934

(No. 6757)



Frances, Perkins, Secretary of Labor, chairman. Henry Morgenthau, Jr., Secretary of the Treasury. Homer Cummings, Attorney General. Henry A. Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture. Harry L. Hopkins, Federal Emergency Relief Administrator.



Frank P. Graham, president, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N. C., chairman.
Paul Kellogg, editor, The Survey, New York City, vice chairman.
Gerard Swope, president, General Electric Co., New York City.
Morris E. Leeds, president, Leeds & Northrop, Philadelphia, Pa.
Sam Lewisohn, vice president, Miami Copper Co., New York City.
Walter C. Teagle, president, Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey, New York City.
Marion B. Folsom, assistant treasurer, Eastman Kodak Co., Rochester, N. Y.
William Green, president, American Federation of Labor, Washington, D. C.
George M. Harrison, president, Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Paul Scharrenberg, secretary-treasurer, California State Federation of Labor, San Francisco, Calif.
Henry Ohl, Jr., president, Wisconsin State Federation of Labor, Milwaukee.
Belle Sherwin, former president, National League of Women Voters, Washington, D. C.
Grace Abbott, University of Chicago, and former chief, United States Children's Bureau.
Raymond Moley, editor, Today, and former Assistant Secretary of State.
George H. Nordlin, chairman, grand trustees, Fraternal Order of Eagles, St. Paul, Minn.
George Berry, president, International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union, Tennessee.
John G. Winant, Governor of New Hampshire.
Mary Dewson, National Consumers League, New York City.
Louis J. Taber, master, National Grange, Cleveland.
Monsignor John A. Ryan, director, department of social action, National Catholic Welfare Conference, Washington, D. C.
Helen Hall, president, National Federation of Settlements and director of the Henry Street Settlement, New York City.
Joel D. Hunter, general superintendent, United Charities of Chicago.
Elizabeth Morrissey, Notre Dame College, Baltimore, Md.


Arthur J. Altmeyer, Second Assistant Secretary of Labor, chairman.
Winfield W. Riefler, executive director, Central Statistical Board; chairman, executive committee.


Otto Beyer, Labor Relations Director, Office of the Federal Coordinator of Transportation.
Thomas H. Eliot, Associate Solicitor, Department of Labor.
Corrington Gill, Assistant Administrator, Federal Emergency Relief Administration.
Walton H. Hamilton, chairman, Advisory Council, National Recovery Administration; chairman, medical problems subcommittee.
A. H. Hansen, Chief Economic Analyst, Department of State; chairman, unemployment insurance subcommittee.
Alexander Holtzoff, assistant to Attorney General, Department of Justice.
Murray W. Latimer, chairman, Railroad Retirement Board; chairman, old-age security subcommittee.
William M. Leiserson, chairman, National Mediation Board.
Isador Lubin, Commissioner of Labor Statistics, Department of Labor.
H. A. Millis, board member, National Labor Relations Board.
H. B. Myers, Assistant Director, Research and Statistics, Federal Emergency Relief Administration.
Herman Oliphant, general counsel, Treasury Department.
Stuart Rice, Assistant Director, Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
H. R. Tolley, Assistant Administrator, Division of Program Planning, Agricultural Adjustment Administration.
Victor N. Valgren, senior agricultural economist, Department of Agriculture.
Jacob Viner, assistant to the Secretary, Treasury Department.
Aubrey Williams, Assistant Administrator, Federal Emergency Relief Administration; chairman, public employment and public assistance subcommittee.
E. Willard Jensen, Executive Secretary, Business Advisory Council, Department of Commerce.
Josephine Roche, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury.


Prof. James W. Glover, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., chairman.
Prof. Henry L. Reitz, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.
Prof. A. L. Mowbray, University of California, Berkeley, Calif.
M. A. Linton, president, Provident Mutual Life Insurance Co., Philadelphia, Pa.


Dr. Harvey Gushing, professor of neurology, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
Dr. Thomas Parran, Jr., New York State Commissioner of Health, New York City.
Dr. James Deacon Bruce, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Dr. Stewart R. Roberts, professor of clinical medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga.
Dr. Rexwald Brown, Santa Barbara, Calif.
Dr. James Alexander Miller, professor, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City.


Dr. Walter L. Bierring, president, American Medical Association, Des Moines, Iowa.
Dr. Robert B. Greenough, president, American College of Surgeons, Boston.
Dr. George M. Piersol, past president, American College of Physicians, Philadelphia.
Dr. George Crile, Cleveland Clinic Hospital, Cleveland.
Dr. J. Shelton Horsley, Richmond, Va.


Homer Folks, New York State Charities Aid Association, New York City.
Dr. Eugene L. Bishop, Commissioner of Public Health of Nashville, Tenn.
Dr. A. L. Chelsey, secretary, Minnesota Board of Health, St. Paul.
Dr. Allen W. Freeman, dean, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore.
Dr. Clarence Hincks, director, National Committee for Mental Hygiene, New York City.
Dr. Thomas Parran, Jr., Commisisoner of Health of New York State, Albany, N. Y.
Dr. Milton J. Rosenau, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Mass.
Dr. John J. Sippy, health officer, San Joaquin, Calif.
Katherine Tucker, R. N., director, National Organization for Public Health Nursing, New York City.
C.E. A. Winslow, D. P. H., professor of public health, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.
Abel Wolman, chief, bureau of sanitary engineering, Maryland Department of Health, Baltimore.
Dr. Felix J. Underwood, secretary, Mississippi Board of Health, Jackson, Miss.
Louis I. Dublin, statistician and vice president, Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., New York City.


Dr. J. Rollin French, president, Western Hospital Association.
Rev. Charles G. Jarrel, president, Protestant Hospital Association.
Robert G. Jolly, president, American Hospital Association.
Father Alphonse J. Schwitalla, president, Catholic Hospital Association.
Dr. Arthur C. Bachmeyer, dean, Cincinnati General Hospital.
Michael M. Davis, Ph. D., chairman, Council on Community Relations of American Hospital Association.
Dr. Nathaniel W. Faxon, director, Strong Memorial Hospital of Rochester.
Dr. S. S. Goldwater, commissioner of hospitals, Department of Health, New York City.
Dr. Robert C. Buerki, University Hospital of Madison.
Dr. Winford Smith, medical director, Johns Hopkins Hospital of Baltimore.
Dr. Frederic A. Washburn, Boston commissioner of institutions.
Dr. Watson S. Rankin, director, hospital and orphan sections, Duke Endowment.


Dr. Frank M. Casto, president, American Dental Association of Cleveland.
Dr. J. Ben Robinson, president, American College of Dentists of Baltimore.
Dr. Le Roy M. S. Miner, dean of Dental School of Harvard.
Dr. Alfred Walker, chairman of the Judicial Council of American Dental Association.


George A. Coleman, D. D. S., Philadelphia.
Dr. O. W. Brandhorst, St. Louis.
Dr. John T. Hanks, New York.
Dr. John T. O'Rourke, Louisville.
Dr. Bissell Palmer, New York.
Dr. Herbert E. Phillips, Chicago.
Dr. Roy Green, Sacramento.


Miss Dorothy Kahn, director, Philadelphia County Relief Board, Philadephia, chairman.
Miss Edith Abbott, dean, Graduate School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago, Chicago.
Miss Gay Shepperson, administrator, Georgia Relief Commission, Atlanta.
Frank Bane, director, American Public Welfare Association, Chicago.
Miss Elizabeth Wisner, director, School of Social Work, Tulane University, New Orleans.
Father John O'Grady, executive secretary, Catholic Conference of Charities, Washington, D. C.
Dr. Ellen Potter, director of medicine, Department of Institutions and Agencies, Trenton, N. J.
Prentice Murphy, executive secretary,, Children's Bureau of Philadelphia.
Jacob Kepecs, Jewish Home-Finding Society of Chicago.
Linton B. Swift, general director, Family Welfare Association of America, New York City.
Walter West, executive director, American Association of Social Workers, New York City.
Fred H. Hoehler, director of public welfare, Cincinnati.


Homer Folks, secretary, State Charities Aid Association, New York City.
Jacob Kepecs, president, Child Welfare League of America, Chicago.
Dr. Grover F. Powers, professor of pediatrics, Yale Medical School, New Haven.
Dr. Clifford G. Grulee, secretary, American Academy of Pediatrics, Chicago.
Dr. Fred L. Adair, department of obstetrics and gynecology, University of Chicago.
Miss Jane M. Hoey, associate director, Welfare Council of New York City.
Prentice Murphy, executive secretary, Children's Bureau of Philadelphia.
Dr. T. F. Abercrombie, president, conference of State and provincial health authorities, State Board of Health, Atlanta, Ga.
Rev. Bryant McEntegard, New York City.


Netta Ford, R. N., president, Pennsylvania State Nurses' Association, York, Pa.
Elizabeth Fox, R. N., director, Visiting Nurse Association, New Haven, Conn.
Susan C. Francis, R. N., president, American Nurses' Association, Children's Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa.
Sister John Gabriel, R. N., educational director and hospital consultant, Sisters of Charity of Providence in the Northwest, Seattle, Wash.
Amelia Grant, R. N., president, National Organization for Public Health Nursing; director, bureau of nursing, New York City Department of Health, New York, N. Y.


Marion Howell, R. N., director, School of Nursing, Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.
Clara D. Noyes, R. N., director, American Red Cross Nursing Service, Washington, D. C.
Mrs. Alma H. Scott, R. N., acting director, American Nurses' Association, New York, N. Y.
Marion Sheahan, R. N., director of public health nursing, New York State Department of Health, Albany, N. Y.
Isabel Stewart, R. N., professor of nursing education, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, N. Y.
Effie J. Taylor, R. N., president, National League for Nursing Education, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.
Katharine Tucker, R. N., general director, National Organization for Public Health Nursing, New York, N. Y.
Jane Van de Vrede, R. N., director, Women's Division of Unemployment Relief, Atlanta, Ga.
Marguerite Wales, R. N., director of nursing service, Henry Street Visiting Nurse Association, New York, N. Y.